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Literature on the History of South Asia . Literature on the History of Southeast Asia
First posted on February 20th 2014






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Prehistory . to 1338 . 1336-1565 . 1565-1707 . 1707-1798 . 1799-1947 . since 1947




Prehistory


to 1336
Pandyan Dynasty 500 BCE-1600s CE, Chera Dynasty 3rd century BCE-12th century CE, Cholas (Cholas) 3rd century BCE-1279 CE, Hoysala Empire 1026-1343. Ports on the Malabar and Coromandel coasts were engaged in interregional trade (export articles : black pepper, textiles). The Cholas in 1025 undertook a raid against Srivijaya (Sumatra). From c.1000 CE onward, maritime trade more and more came into the hands of Muslim traders.
In the coastal regions, communities of Syriac Christians, Jews and Muslims attested to old trading connections. Inland, from the 9th century onward, Hinduism became dominant, Jainism maintained a minority position, while Buddhism declined, to face extinction about the 14th century.

1336-1565
Most of South India was part of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, capital Hampi. Calicut was a major trading port (black pepper, textiles), visited by Ibn Battuta in the 1340s, by Ming admiral Zheng He in 1403 and by Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in 1498. Attempts of the Portuguese to conquer Calicut failed.

1565-1707
In 1565 the Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar lost much territory to the allied Muslim Deccan sultans. Much of western South India came under the Sultanate of Bijapur (Adil Shahi Dynasty), the east under Golkonda (Qutb Shahi Dynasty). The remainder of Vijayanagar fragmented in 1643, the kingdoms of Mysore, Madurai and Tanjore being among its successors. The Malabar coast was divided into a number of smaller states, among them Kozhikode (Calicut).
From 1657 to 1707 the Mughal Empire fought a lenghty campaign with the object to conquer and annex South India. The Sultanates of Bijapur and Golkonda were terminated.
Portugal held Coastal strongholds since the early 16th century. In the 17th century, the Dutch, English, French and the Danes arrived to establish coastal forts of their own (Denmark : Trankebar 1620, England : Fort St. George at Madras 1644, Dutch Republic : Cochin in 1663 taken from the Portuguese, France : Pondicherry 1674).

1707-1799
Death of Aurangzeb; his attempt to conquer southern India has failed. Maratha states arose which controlled much of Central India; Hyderabad State from 1724 to 1798 nominally was part of the Mughal Empire. In a war with the Marathas, Haider Ali in 1758 consolidated the Sultanate of Mysore; Mysore fought wars with Britain in 1767, 1779, 1789 and 1799.

1757-1947
In the 4th Mysore War, Britain defeated the Sultanate of Mysore and replaced the (Muslim) Sultan by a Hindu Raja. Most of Southern India was administratively part of the Madras Presidency (headquarters Fort St. George, Madras). The princely states of Hyderabad (since 1798 independent), Cochin, Travancore and Mysore were under "indirect rule". French India included Pondicherry (capital), Yanaon, Carical and Mahe.
In an 1824 Treaty, the Netherlands ceded Dutch India (possessions in Malabar) to Britain. In 1845 Britain purchased Danish India (capital Tharangambadi, in Danish Trankebar). Until 1857 the Madras Presidency was administered by the E.I.C.; from 1858 until 1947 by the Colonial Office, as a crown colony.

since 1947
In 1947 British colonial rule ended. Plans for a state called Dravidistan (Dravida Nadu) did not materialize. The Madras Presidency and the princely states, most notably Hyderabad, Mysore, Cochin and Travancore, became part of the Union, since 1950 Republic of India. Hyderabad State was occupied, the monarchy terminated and the state partitioned in 1948. In 1954 the Republic of India annexed the French possessions of Yanaon, Carical, Pondicherry and Mahe (French India). South India administratively wasa reorganized into the states of Andhra Pradesh (Telugu-speaking), Tamil Nadu (Tamil-speaking), Kerala (Malayalam-speaking), Karnataka (Kannada-speaking; at the coast Konkani) and the Union Territory of Puducherri (former French India).






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Archaeology . Others
Country Profiles Modern
Historical
Links
Organizations Society of South Asian Archaeology
Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Archaeological Survey of India
Numismatic Society of India; Oriental Numismatic Society
International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA)
Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts
Government of Andhra Pradesh, Department of Archaeology & Museums
Government of Karnataka, Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage
Government of Kerala, Department of Archaeology
Government of Tamilnadu, Department of Archaeology
Kerala Council for Historical Research
Sharma Centre for Heritage Education
French Institute at Pondicherry
Institute of Asian Studies, Department of Tamil, Chennai
International Institute for Tamil Studies, Madras, India
Historical Dictionary E.G. Balfour, The Cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, IA
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909-1931, DSAL
Telugupedia
Timelines
Accounts of History
General
South Asian Perspective
European Perspective Institut Français de Pondicherry, Historical Atlas of South India - Timeline
Specific Periods
Until 600 BCE S. Gupta, The Bay of Bengal Interaction Sphere (1000 BC-AD 500) , Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 25, 2005 pp.21-30
R. Korisettar et al., Brahmagiri and Beyond : The Archaeology of the Southern Neolithic, pp.151-191 in S. Settar et al., ed., Indian Archaeology in Retrospect, vol.1 : Prehistory. Archaeology of South Asia, 2001, pt.1, pt.2
Fuller, D., An agricultural perspective on Dravidian Historical Linguistics : Archaeological crop packages, livestock and Dravidian crop vocabulary, pp.191-213 in P. Bellwood et al. (eds.) Assessing the Language/Farming Dispersal Hypothesis, 2003
Fuller, D. Q. Silence before sedentism and the advent of cash-crops: A status report on early agriculture in South Asia from plant domestication to the development of political economies (with an excursus on the problem of semantic shift among millets and rice). pp. 175-213 in Osada, T. (ed.), Proceedings of the Pre-Symposium of RIHN and 7th ESCA Harvard-Kyoto Roundtable, 2006 pt.1, pt.2, pt.3
N. Boivin et al., First Farmers in South India: The role of internal processes and external influences in the emergence and transformation of south India's earliest settled societies, in : R. Tewari (ed.), Pragdhara (Journal of the Uttar Pradesh State Department of Archaeology) [special section on 'First Farmers in Global Perspective'], 2007, pt.1, pt.2
Cooke, M. et al. Early Historic Agriculture in Southern Tamil Nadu: Archaeobotanical Research at Mangudi, Kodumanal and Perur, pp.341-350 in U. Franke-Vogt et al., South Asian Archaeology 2003
A. Brumm et al., Stone Axe Technology in Neolithic South India: New Evidence from the Sanganakallu-Kupgal Region, Mideastern Karnataka, Asian Perspectives 46 1 2007 pp.65-95
A. Brumm et al., Signs of Life: Engraved Stone Artefacts from Neolithic South India, Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 16 (2) 2006 pp.165-190
B.K.G. Rao, Development of Technology during the Iron Age in South India, pp.253-271 in vol.5 no.2 of Indian Journal of the History of Science (1970)
S.M. Menon et al., Megalithic Astronomy in South India, pp.1-6 in Nakamura, T. et al. (eds.), Mapping the Oriental Sky. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Oriental Astronomy. Tokyo, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. 2011.
600 BCE-600 CE Article : Sangam Period, Wikipedia 3rd C. BCE-4th C. CE
600-1450 V. Chibber, Breaching the Nadu: Lordship and Economic Development in Pre-Colonial South India, The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vo1.26, No.1, October 1998, pp.1-42
S.A. Abraham, Chera) Chola) Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India, Asian Perspectives vol.42 no.2 2003 pp.207-223
D.B. Carment, Political and Religious Transition in Medieval South India and Sri Lanka , thesis McMaster 1985
1450-1750 F. Guerreiro, Indianische Relation was sich in den Königreichen Pegu, Bengala, Bissnaga und etlich andern Ländern der gegen Auffgang gelegenen Indien von 1604 und etlich folgenden Jahren .. zugetragen, 1611, German trsl. of the Portuguese, GB
G.P. Maffei, Le istorie dell' Indie Orientali, edition of 1589, edition of 1749, in Italian, GB
1750-1914
since 1914
Historiography A. Ramnayaran, Kalki's Avatars: writing nation, history, region, and culture in the Tamil Public Sphere, thesis Ohio State 2006
D. Dinnell, Samrajyalaksmipithika : An Imperial Tantric Manual from Vijayanagara, thesis McGill 2011
S. James, Historicizing manipravalam textualizing the history of Kerala, thesis Mahatma Gandhi Univ. 2010
Administration / Politics
Military Article : Anglo-Mysore Wars, from Wikipedia
M. Taylor, Tippoo Sultaun : a tale of the Mysore War (1840), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, IA
Col. Evans, Operations in Mysore, pp.223-225 in pt.1 of The United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine, 1832, GB
Article : Samoothiri-Polarthiri war, from Wikipedia
The Shade of Swords : Inhuman Acts by Portugues Agressors in India, excerpts from M.J. Akbar's book 'The Shade of Swords'
Article : Mysore Invasion of Kerala (1763-1792), from Wikipedia
Article : Travancore-Dutch War 1741, from Wikipedia
Quilon and Cochin : a punitive expedition and a failed siege 1661-1662, The second siege of Cochin 1662, from T. Mostert, Chain of Command : The military system of the Dutch East India Company 1655-1663, thesis 2009
Historic Alleys : Manjeri Moplahs Revolt against Tipu
Article : Malabar Rebellion (Moplah Rebellion 1921), from Wikipedia
The Malabar Campaign (1921), from The Keep Military Museum
Malabar Days : Cannanore Fort
Article : Cranganore Fort, from Wikipedia
British Empire Armed Forces : Units : 77th Moplah Rifles, 78th Moplah Rifles
J.W. William, History of the Madras Army (1882), IA
Madras: Its Army and Commerce Viewed in Connection with Bengal Policy, by a Tax-payer (1872), posted on Internet Archive
H. Fraser, Memoir and Correspondence of General James Stuart Fraser of the Madras Army (1885), posted on Internet Archive
E. Lake, Journals of the Sieges of the Madras Army, in the Years 1817, 1818, and 1819: With Observations ... (1825), posted on Internet Archive
An account of the origin, progress, and consequences of the late discontents of the army on the Madras establishment (1810), posted on Internet Archive
E. Dodwell, Alphabetical list of the officers of the Madras army : with the dates of their respective promotion, retirement, resignation or death, whether in India or in Europe; from the year 1760, to the year 1834 inclusive, corrected to September 30, 1837 (1838), IA
Economy & Finances
General
Periods of Economic History S.J. Stephen, Pre-industrial Coromandel : a study of polity, economy and society (A.D 1500-1600), thesis Pondicherry 2010
J.R. Mohamad, Maritime activities economy and social customs of the Muslims of Coromandel Coast 1750-1900, thesis Pondicherry 2010
Article : Economy of the Kingdom of Mysore, from Wikipedia
Currency & Finances Article : Madras Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
History of the Chennai Central Excise
Trade M.R.E. Martsch, The Coromandel trade in the 17th century, thesis Wien 2013
L. Iyer, Trade and finance on the coromandel coast 1757-1833, thesis Hyderabad 2011
R. Lee, Constructing Community: Tamil Merchant Temples in India and China, 850-1281, thesis Columbia 2012
S. Tripati et al., An Indo-Arabian Type of Stone Anchor from Kannur, Kerala, West coast of India, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, vol.34 (1) 2005, pp.131-137; [on Malabar-Arab Trade]
Historic Alleys : Chau ju-kua's Chu fan Chi and Malabar
H.K. Randathani, Makhdums of Ponnani
M.H. Ilias, Narrating the History of Malabar's Omani Connection with Special Reference to the Life Histories of Cheraman Perumal and Saiyyid Fadl Moplah, 2011
Historic Alleys : The Zainuddin Makhdum's of Malabar
Ibn Khoury, The Stars of Arab Navigation in Ibn Magid's Works, 1990, GB; Ibn Magid lived in the 15th century, sailed the Indian Ocean
Historic Alleys : Chau ju-kua's Chu fan Chi and Malabar
P.M.C. Malekandathil, Portuguese Cochin and the maritime Trade of India, 1500-1663, thesis 2010
India. Shores without end, from Tanap; scroll down for Malabar, Coromandel
The Dutch in Kerala (Malabar), from Colonial Voyage (Marco Ramerini)
S. Anjana, From Merchant-Warriors to Landlords : the Changing Appearances of the V.O.C. in Cochin 1663-1795, 2007
Gewesten : Malabar, from V.O.C. Kenniscentrum, in Dutch
Malabar, from De V.O.C. site, in Dutch
Lijst van commandeurs van Malabar, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Colonial Imprints in India : the Dutch, from IHR Blog
Ramachandran Vaidyanadhan, Communication history of the Dutch in India (review)
Nick Balmer, Murdoch Brown, Malabar Days 2007
M. Ramerini, Chronology of Danish Colonial Settlements, [lists Calicut factory 1752-1791]
A. Martineau, Les origines de Mahe de Malabar, 1917, in French, IA
N. Balmer, Mahe, its establishment & its role under the EIC. Part 1, Malabar Days 2008
R. Jayasurya, Trade in the Madras Presidency, 1941-1947, thesis, posted by Language in India 2009
Shipbuilding, Navigation Sultan Qaboos Cultural Center : The Indian Ocean in World History
S. Tripati et al., An Indo-Arabian Type of Stone Anchor from Kannur, Kerala, West coast of India, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, vol.34 (1) 2005, pp.131-137; [on Malabar-Arab Trade]
J. Edye, Description of the various Classes of Vessels constructed and employed by the Natives of the Coasts of Coromandel, Malabar, and the Island of Ceylon, pp.1-15 in vol.1 of Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland , 1834, GB
Article : The Kadakkarapally Boat, from Wikipedia
R. Nath, Shipbuilding in India, Indian Defence Review 2007, [historical overview; chapter "The Medieval Period 1378-1797" on Malabar]
The Shipbuilding Industry of Beypore, from kozhicode.com
Agriculture V. Iyengar, Tanks of Karnataka. A historical perspective, India Water Portal 2004
Kew Gardens, Plant Cultures : Black Pepper : History
J.H. McCulloch, Maize in Pre-Columbian India, 2001
R.H. Elliot, The experiences of a planter in the jungles of Mysore (1871), IA
R.H. Elliot, Gold, Sport, and Coffee Planting in Mysore (1898), IA
E. Manak, Formulation of agricultural policy in Imperial India, 1872-1929 : a case of the Madras presidency, thesis Univ. of Hawaii 1979
Wh. Ainslie, Medical, Geographical, and Agricultural Report of a Committee Appointed by the Madras Government (1816), IA
Mining R.H. Elliot, Gold, Sport, and Coffee Planting in Mysore (1898), IA
Crafts S. Potukuchi, The World of the Weaver in the Northern Coromandel, 1750-1850, thesis Hyderabad 2011
Article : Calico (textile), from Wikipedia
Calico Entries, in N. Cox, K. Dannehl, Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820 2007, posted by British History Online
Social History C. Balasubramanian, status of women in Tamil Nadu during the Sangam age, 1976, Tamil Virtual Academy Library
W. Digby, The famine campaign in Southern India, Madras and Bombay Presidencies and Province of Mysore, 1876-1878 (1878), vol.1, IA
Article : Society in the Kingdom of Mysore, from Wikipedia
Article : Caste System in Kerala, from Wikipedia
Articles : Nair, Tharavad, from Wikipedia
Historic Alleys : Thomas Baber and the Nairs of Malabar
F. Fawcett, Nayars of Malabar, vol.III, 1915, IA
Article : Malayala Kshatriya, from Wikipedia
Countries and their Culture : South Asia : Nayar
Article : Caste system among Indian Christians, from Wikipedia
R. Prakash, Dalit Consciousness and its perspective on the basis of PRDS History in Kerala 2003
An Evaluation of the History of Pentecostal Dalits in Kerala
Historic Alleys : Damon, the Malabar Slave
N.P. Chekkutty, Malabar, 1811: The long road to freedom from slavery , 2011
Article : Mappila Riots 1836-1921, from Wikipedia
Indian Saga : Congress : Moplah Rebellion
Correspondence on Moplah outrages in Malabar vol.1 1849-1853, 1863, GB vol.2 1863, IA
G. Ravilochanan, Origin of Muslim Appeasement - Mahatma Gandhi and Moplah Rebellion, 2009
J. John, The Portuguese and the socio-cultural changes In Malabar: 1498-1663, thesis 2010
P. Kodoth, Framing Custom, Directing Practices : Authority, Property and Matriliny under Colonial Law in Nineteenthy Century Malabar, 2002
P. Granda, A plurality of elites : social change in the Madras Presidency, 1800-1855, thesis Kansas State 1974
K. Halvorsen, The Vassareddy succession dispute: female agency under the Company Raj : An exploration of south Indian womanhood, thesis Oslo 2008
U. Ganesan, Gender and Caste: Self-Respect Movement in the Madras Presidency, 1925-1950, thesis Cincinnati 2011
B.P. Wadia, Labour in Madras (1921), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.E. Trevelyan, On the education of the people of India, 1838, GB
S. Satthianadhan, History of Education in Madras Presidency (1894), IA
The practical manual of the Madras, or national system of education (1833), posted on Internet Archive
Wh. Ainslie, Medical, Geographical, and Agricultural Report of a Committee Appointed by the Madras Government (1816), posted on Internet Archive
H.W. Clarke, Report on the Railway Famine-traffic in the Presidencies of Madras and ... (1880), posted on Internet Archive
W. Digby, The Famine Campaign in Southern India (Madras and Bombay Presidencies and .. (1878), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Fr.C. Brown, Letters to and from the Government of Madras, Relative to the Disturbances ... (1838), posted on Internet Archive
J. Peggs, India's Cries to British Humanity, Relative to the Suttee, Infanticide, Britisch Connexion with Idolatry, Ghaut Murders and Slavery in India, 1830, GB
The Connexion of the East-India Company's Government with the Superstitious and Idolatrous Customs and Rites of the Natives of India, 1838, GB
East India Slavery, pp.148-154 in Th. Price, Slavery in America : with Notices of the Present State of Slavery and the Slave Trade throughout the World, 1837, GB
Ethnography C.S. Reddy, Factories and Ports in India: a study of the English settlement pattern on the Coromandel Coast 1630-1724, thesis Hyderabad 2011
C. Dias, Social history of Luso-Indians in Kerala, thesis Calicut 2009
H.K. Randathani, The Arab Immigrants - a Study on the Hadrami Diaspora in Malabar
Religion
General The TempleNet Encyclopedia, Temples of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
India Net Zone, Temples of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Introduction to Temples of Kerala
Hinduism M.L. Folk, Ascetics, Devotees, Disciples and Lords of the Matam: Monasteries in Medieval Tamilnadu , thesis Concordia 2013
L.C. Orr, Hindu temple women of the Chola period in south India, thesis McGill 1993
K. Muruganandan, Temples of Pudukkottai district: a comprehensive and comparative study, thesis Bharathidasan Univ. 2013
P.V. Munoz Gomez, El Shivaísmo y el Shaktismo en la danza y los templos del Tamilnadu, bajo la dinastía Chola, thesis Univ. de Chile 2006
A. Krishna, The Krishna Temple Complex, Hampi: An Exploration of its identity as a Medieval temple in the contemporary context, thesis Cornell 2008
R. Lee, Constructing Community: Tamil Merchant Temples in India and China, 850-1281, thesis Columbia 2012
Article : Hinduism in Kerala, from Wikipedia
S.G. Grady, A treatise on the Hindoo law of inheritance 1868, GB; reference to Malabar
Jainism T.K. Tukol, Jainism in South India, Jainism Literature Center, Harvard
G.V. Raju, Jainism in South India, Jainism Literature Center, Harvard
The Bhattarakas of Shravanabelgola and Mudabidri
Article : Jainism in Kerala, from Wikipedia
Introduction to Temples of Kerala
Blog Entry : Conversion of Jains to Islam in Kerala, 2008
Blog Entry : Buddhism and Jainism in Kerala, 2008, Malhar
P. Krueger, History of Jainism in Kerala
Karnataka's Hotbed of Jain Religion, from Deccan Herald
Article Tamil Jain, from Wikipedia
Buddhism Introduction to Temples of Kerala
Blog Entry : Buddhism and Jainism in Kerala, 2008, Mallar
Buddhism in Andhra Pradesh, from India in Profile
H.D. Mahathera, Buddhism in South India, (1964) trsl. 1968
Islam Article : Mappila, from Wikipedia
S.S.R. Vadlamudi, Daud Shah and socio-religious reform among Muslims in the Madras presidency, thesis UTexas 2010
Jewish Articles : Paradesi Jews, Cochin Jews, from Wikipedia
M.S. Sofaer, J.A. Waronka, The Synagogues of Kerala
Article : Cranganore, from Jewish Virtual Library
Syriac Christian Article : Saint Thomas Christians (Nasrani Christians), from Wikipedia
M. Geddes, The history of the Church of Malabar, 1694, GB
J. Hough, The history of Christianity in India vol.1 1839, vol.2 1839, vol.4 1845, vol.5 1860, GB
T. Yeates, Indian Church history, 1818, GB
E. Philipos, The Syrian Christians of Malabar: otherwise called the Christians of s. Thomas 1869, GB
J.C. Panjikaran, The Syrian Church in Malabar, 1912, IA
G. Menachery, W. Chakkalakkal, Kodungallur - The Cradle of Indian Christianity [Cranganore - Mizilis], 2000
M. Aprem, The history of the Assyrian church of the east in the twentieth century with special reference to the Syriac literature in Kerala, thesis Mahatma Gandhi Univ. 2010
Z. John, The liturgy of the Mar Thoma Syrian church of Malabar in the light of its history, thesis Durham 1994
Catholicism A. Devaraj, History of St John Baptist De La Salle Mission in Tamil Nadu, thesis Manonmaniam Sundaranar Univ. 2012
Residenza di Calicut, pp.42-47 in F. Barreto O.S.J., Relatione delle missioni e christianita che appartengono alla provincia di Malavar della compagnia di Giesu, 1645, in Italian, GB
Article : Latin Catholic Diocese of Quilon, from Wikipedia
Diocese of Kannur, History
Archdiocese of Hyderabad, from Catholic Hierarchy, from CBCI
Diocese of Mysore, from Catholic Hierarchy
Archdiocese of Bangalore, from Catholic Hierarchy
Diocese of Chikmagalur, from Catholic Hierarchy
Patron Saint Index : Diocese of Mangalore
Patron Saint Index : Diocese of Kottapuram, Diocese of Quilon
Civil History, History of the Diocese from Diocese of Quilon
History of Diocese of Kottapuram (Catholic)
History of Archdiocese of Trichur
Patron Saint Index : Diocese of Coimbatore, Diocese of Sivagangai
Protestantism Andhra Pradesh (India), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India), Nalgonda (India), from GAMEO
F. Penny, The church in Madras : being the history of the ecclesiastical and missionary action of the East India Company in the presidency of Madras, vol.1 (1904), vol.2 (1904), vol.3 (1904), IA
History of Regions
Historic Regions
Malabar D. Barbosa, A description of the coasts of East Africa and Malabar : in the beginning of the sixteenth century, trsl. and ed. by H.E.J. Stanley, 1866, GB
J.C. Visscher, Letters from Malabar, tr.: to which is added an account of Travancore, and fra Bartolomeo's travels in that country, trsl. by H. Drury, 1862, GB
Portuguese Discovery of the Passage to India, pp.71-, Portuguese Conquest of India in vol.1 of H. Murray, Historical and descriptive account of British India, 1832, GB
An Account of the Franks in Malabar, and of their villainous Proceedings in that country, pp.74- in Zayn al-Din Abd al-Aziz al-Malibari, Tohfut-ul-mujahideen, Oriental Translation Fund 1833, GB; trsl. by D. Lopez : Historia dos Portugueses no Malabar, in Portuguese, 1898, IA
Calicut, pp.55- in L.V. de Camoes, The Lusiad, trsl. by W.J. Mickle, 1773, GB
G.T.F. Raynal, A philosophical and political history of the settlements and trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies, vol.1 1804, vol.2 1804, vol.3 1804, vol.4 1804, vol.5 1804, vol.6 1804, GB
Ram Chandra Rao Punganuri, Memoirs of Hyder and Tippoo: rulers of Seringapatam, written in the Mahratta language, trsl. by C.P. Brown, 1849, GB
List of feudal states in Kerala, from Wikipedia
J. Biddulph, The Pirates of Malabar, 1907, GB
Maddy's Ramblings, Malabar Hill and the Pirates of Malabar [16th to 19th Century]
The First Indian Mutiny against the British - 1800 Mutiny - and Massacre of 150 British at Attingal Palace in Travancore, [actually a well-illustrated history of Kerala until 1850, covers Cochin, Calicut as well]
M. Ramerini, The Portuguese in Cochin [title should read : the Portuguese in Kerala]
M. Ramerini, The Dutch in Kerala (Malabar)
Historic States
Calicut V. Thanumalayan, History of the Zamorins of Calicut 1500 to 1800. A politico cultural study , thesis Manonmaniam Sundaranar Univ. 2013
Article History of Kozhicode, from Wikipedia
Article Saamoothiri / Zamorin, from Wikipedia
An Account of the Cities of Calicut and Bijanagur in the 15th century, translated from the Persic of Khondemir, pp.226-227 in vol.2 of The Asiatic Annual Register or a View of the History of Hindustan, 1801, GB
Cannanore Article : Kolathunadu, from Wikipedia
Article : Arakkal Kingdom, from Wikipedia
B.M. John, The Ali Rajas of Cannanore: status and identity at the interface of commercial and political expansion, 1663-1723, thesis Leiden 2007
Review of G. Bouchon, Mamale de Cananor. Un adversaire de l'Inde portugaise (1507-1528) Annales, Annee 1977 Volume 32 Numero 4 pp.711-713; from Tangentialia 2008
B.M. John, The Ali Rajas of Cannanore: status and identity at the interface of commercial and political expansion, 1663-1723, thesis Leiden 2007
Cochin F. Day, The land of the Permauls: or Cochin, its past and its present 1863, GB
Travancore The First Indian Mutiny against the British - 1800 Mutiny - and Massacre of 150 British at Attingal Palace in Travancore, [actually a well-illustrated history of Kerala until 1850, covers Cochin, Calicut as well]
M. Janerthanan, History of the Nayars of South Travancore, thesis 2010
Hyderabad B.P. Boitnann, The Nizam's last stand : Hyderabad's place in India's partition, thesis UTexas 2010
N. Mustapha, Muhammad Hamidullah and Islamic constitutional law, thesis Hyderabad 2002
Article : History of Hyderabad, India, from Wikipedia
History of Hyderabad, from Hyderabad Online
Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah Astarabadi Firishtah, History of the rise of the Mahomedan power in India till the year A.D. 1612, trsl. by J. Briggs, vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, 1829, GB
K. Leonard, The Hyderabad Political System and its Participants
Mysore Article Kingdom of Mysore, from Wikipedia
Mysore History, from mysore.net
B. Heyne, Statistical Fragments on the Mysore, pp.25-91, in : B. Heyne, Tracts, Historical and Statistical, on India, 1814, GB
E. Bell, The Rajah and Principality of Mysore; with a letter to Lord Stanley (1865), IA
E. Thurston, The Madras Presidency, with Mysore, Coorg and the associated states (1913), IA
R.K. Narayan, Mysore (1944), IA
F. Robson, The Life of Hyder Ally: with an Account of his Usurpation of the Kingdom of Mysore, 1786, GB
J.Fr. Michaud, Histoire des progres et de la chute de l'empire de Mysore: sous les regnes d'Hyder Ali et Tippoo Saib, 1809, in French, GB
M.D.L.T., The history of Hyder Shah, alias Hyder Ali Kan Bahadur, 1848, GB
Article : Administration of the Kingdom of Mysore, from Wikipedia
Ch.F. Greville, British India analyzed: The provincial and revenue establishments of Tippoo Sultaun and of the Mahomedan and British Conquerors in Hindostan, pt.1, 1795, pt.2, 1795, pt.3, 1795, GB
M. Wilks, Report on the interior administration, resources, and expenditure of the Government of Mysoor, under the System Prescribed by the Orders of the Government General in Council, dated 4th September 1799, 1805, GB
V.N. Mandlik, Adoption versus annexation : with remarks on the Mysore question (1866), IA
E. Bell, The mysore reversion: "an exceptional case" , 1866, GB
J. Sutherland, Sketches of the relations subsisting between the British Government in India and the Different Native States, 1837, GB ; numerous entries on Mysore
Ch.F. Greville, British India analyzed: The provincial and revenue establishments of Tippoo Sultaun and of the Mahomedan and British Conquerors in Hindostan, pt.1, 1795, pt.2, 1795, pt.3, 1795, GB
Dutch India S. Ravichandran, The Dutch East India Company settlements in Tamil Nadu, 1602-1825- a study in political economy, thesis Bharathidasan Univ. 2013
French India D. Agmon, An Uneasy Alliance: Traders, Missionaries, and Tamil Intermediaries in Eighteenth-Century French India, thesis Univ. of Michigan 2011
Arcot P. Wibulsilp, "I am Nawab of Arcot". Reconsidering the Political History of the Late Eighteenth Century Kingdom of Arcot Through the Eye of Nawab Muhammad Ali Wallajah (r.1749-1795), thesis Leiden 2012
Hoysala Empire Article : Hoysala Empire, Wikipedia
K.E. Kasdorf, Forming Dorasamudra: Temples of the Hoysala Capital in Context, thesis Columbia 2013
Pudukkottai N. Dirks, The Structure of Social and Political Relations in a South Indian Little Kingdom 1983
Historic Province
Madras Presidency Article : Madras Presidency, from Wikipedia
Ch. Lawson, Memories of Madras (1905), IA
E. Thurston, The Madras Presidency (1913), IA
Gl. Barlow, The Story of Madras (1921), IA
Some Madras Leaders (1922), IA
P.B. Smollett, Madras : Its Civil Administration (1858), IA
Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency (1885), IA
Standing Information Regarding the Official Administration of the Madras .. (1877), IA
The Civilian's South India: Some Places and People in Madras (1921), IA
S. Srinivasa Raghavaiyangar, Memorandum on the progress of the Madras presidency during the last forty years of British administration (1893), IA
E.B. Eastwick, Handbook of the Madras Presidency: With a Notice of the Overland Route to India (1879), IA
J. Bradshaw, Sir Thomas Munro and the British Settlement of the Madras Presidency (1894), IA
A.J. Arbuthnot, Major-General Sir Thomas Munro, Bart., K.C.B., Governor of Madras, a memoir (1889), IA
J.Th. Wheeler, Madras in the olden time: being a history of the presidency from the first foundation. Comp. from official records, vol.2 (1861), IA
Replies to the Governor-General Lord William Bentinck's Queries Respecting the Ryotwar System of Revenue Administration in the Presidency of Fort St. George by the Principal Collectors of Coimbatore and Salem, 1834, GB
A.Th. MacKenzie, Official papers concerning the construction of the Madras harbour (1902), IA
G.Th. MacKenzie, A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras (1883), IA
H.B. Grigg, A Manual of the Nilagiri District in the Madras Presidency (1880), IA
H. le Fanu, A manual of the Salem district in the presidency of Madras (1883), IA
A.J. Stuart, A manual of the Tinnevelly district in the Presidency of Madras (1879), IA
H. Morris, A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidency of Madras (1878), IA
A. Caldwell, A Political and General History of the District of Tinnevelly, in the Presidency of Madras: From ... (1881), IA
L. Moore, Malabar Law and Custom (1905), IA
T.K. Gopal Panikkar, Malabar and its Folk (1900), IA
Correspondence on Moplah outrages in Malabar for the years 1849-53 (1863), IA
R.S. Aiyar, History of the Nayaks of Madura (1924), IA
Gazetteers : Madura (1906), Trichinopoly (1907), Salem vol.1 (1918), vol.2 (1918), Cuddapah (1915), East Godavari (1915), IA
W. Hickey, The Tanjore Mahratta Principality in Southern India: The Land of the Chola, the Eden of the South (1874), IA
S.K. Balendusekharam, Nayakas of Tanjore (1975), IA
A. Gurumurthi, Temples of Cuddapah District (1990), IA
Tanjavur District A. Utz, Cultural exchange, imperialist violence, and pious missions: Local perspectives from Tanjavur and Lenape country, 1720-1760, thesis Penn State 2011
Modern Province
Andhra Pradesh AP Online, History of Andhra Pradesh
A. Galla, Society against the state : perspectives on the history of early Andhra Pradesh, thesis Australian Nat'l Univ. 1982
N. Saibabu, State and society in Andhra under the Kalyana Chalukyas (973 A.D.-1162 A.D.), thesis Acharya Nagarjuna Univ. 2011
B.R.P. Reddy, Anti-Zamindari struggles in Andhra rural politics during the 1930s and 1940s , thesis Hyderabad 2011
N.K. Meera, Gandhian ideology, swadeshi and the working of the handloom industry in coastal Andhra region c. 1900-1950, thesis Hyderabad 2011
D.M. Beckett-Hile, Development programs and the Maoist insurgency in Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh: a comparative analysis, thesis Calhoun 2012
Karnataka Classical Kannada, Prehistoric Era in Karnataka
V.R. Bolar, Turks in Karnataka, International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies vol.4 no.1, 2012 pp.419-428
Kerala M.T.N. Varghese, Kerala, 1947-1957 : a study of some significant factors leading to the Communist victory in 1957, thesis Australian Nat'l Univ. 1970
P. Govinda Pillai, The History and Significance of the First Communist Led Ministry in Kerala, 2007
A.B. Clarke, In Kerala (1916), IA
I.H. Hacker et al., Kerala, Land of Palms (1912), IA
Tamil Nadu T.S. Sridhar, Ancient Ports and Maritime Trade Centres in Tamilnadu and Their Significance , presentation 2005
Dravida Nadu Article : Dravida Nadu, Wikipedia
Telangana Article : Telangana, from Wikipedia
Local History
Chennai (Madras) C.S. Srinivasachari, History of the City of Madras (2005), IA
Institutions
Culture
General
Architecture TempleNet Encyclopedia
B.A. Sastri, Indian Architecture, Pallava or Dravidian Architecture, Hoysala Architecture, Chola Architecture, Pandya Architecture, Vijayanagar Architecture, Nayak Architecture
K.J. Oijevaar, The South Indian Hindu temple building design system. On the architecture of the Silpa Sastra and the Dravida style 2007
Literature L.E. Comeau, Making devotion beautiful in medieval South India: Literary methodology for the pleasure and praise of God, thesis UPenn 2013
ProKerala, History of Malayalam Literature
Malayalam Resource Centre, History of Malayalam Literature
Music L. Subramaniam, Music of India, Pt.I : Music of South India
Carnatic Music Krithi Audio Archive
Dance K. Poursine, A Brief History of Classical Dance from South India 2001
Textiles Woven Souls, Traditional Textiles of South India 2014
Indian Heritage, Traditional motifs used as a base design in weaving of South Indian textiles
Biographies G.R. Gleig, The life of Sir Thomas Munro, late governor of Madras, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1830, GB
Environmental History
General, Links India Environment Portal : Andhra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Climate Zones Article : Climatic Regions of India, Wikipedia
Map : India, Climatic Zones (Koeppen), Wikipedia
Ecoregions WWF Wildfinder
WWF : IM1401 Godavari-Krishna Mangroves, IM1301 Deccan Thorn Shrub Forests, IM0204 East Deccan Dry Evergreen Forests, IM0209 South Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forests, IM0111 Eastern Highlands Moist Deciduous Forests, IM0124 Malabar Coast Moist Deciduous Forests, IM0150 South Western Ghats Moist Deciduous Forests, IM0151 South Western Ghats Montane Rain Forests
T. Ravishankar et al., Atlas of Mangove Wetlands of India, pt.2 : Andhra Pradesh 2004
Land Use, Deforestation B. Wallach, Deforestation: The View from South India, 1985 revised 2004
G. Bourgeon et al., Consequences of underestimating ancient deforestation in South India for global assessments of climatic change, Current Science vol.102 no.12 2012 pp.1699-1703
A. Gupta, Impact of Deforestation on Indian Monsoon - A GCM Sensivity Study, J. Ind. Geophys. Union vol.9 no.2 2005 pp.97-104
M. Joshi et al., Tropical Deforestation and Forest Degradation : A Case Study from India, 2003
T.P. Trivedi et al. (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Degraded and Wastelands of India : Status and Spatial Distribution, 2010
Pollution R. Ramesh et al., Historical Pollution Trends in Coastal Environments of India, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 79: 2002 pp.151-176
Others Alisa Pereria, Cauvery Water Dispute, ICE Case Studies 1998
S.K. Devi, History of cyclones on the Coromandel coast with special reference to Tamil Nadu, 1800-1900, thesis Bharathidasan Univ. 2013
Historical Linguistics F.C. Southworth, Proto-Dravidian Agriculture, 2005
F.C. Southworth, Prehistoric implications of the Dravidian element in the NIA lexicon, with special reference to Marathi, International Journal of Dravidian Linguistics 34.1 2005 pp.17-28
M. Varadarajan, A brief History and Features of the Tamil Language
Eemaata, Telugu History
S. Nayyar, History Of Malayalam, Esamskriti 2002
Archaeology
General The Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR)
Archaeological Survey of India. Circle reports [1881-1921] (bibliography of official reports)
ABIA South and Southeast Asian Art and Archaeology Index, Project at IGNCA, New Delhi; ABIA Website
S. Rajavelu, Ships and Navigation in the Medieval South India, The MUA Collection, 2011 Museum of Underwater Archaeology
by Region
Andhra Pradesh Government of Andhra Pradesh, Department of Archaeology & Museums
Archaeological Survey of India, Excavations since Independence - Andhra Pradesh
Category : Archaeological Sites in Andhra Pradesh, Wikipedia
E. Mukkanti, The early farming cultures of Muneru river valley (Andhra Pradesh), thesis Acharya Nagarjuna Univ. 2013
Karnataka Government of Karnataka, Department of Archaeology, Museums and Heritage
Archaeological Survey of India, Excavations since Independence - Karnataka
Catagory : Archaeological Sites in Karnataka, Wikipedia
IGNCA, Archaeological Sites in Karnataka
Archaeological Service of India, Bangalore Circle
Kerala Government of Kerala, Department of Archaeology
Archaeological Survey of India, Excavations since Independence - Kerala
Category : Archaeological Sites in Kerala, Wikipedia
Archaeological Survey of India, Thrissur Circle
Pattanam Arcaeological Research, 5th Season Field Report, 2011
K.J. Nair, Megaliths in Kasaragod : Understanding an Unexplored Region, thesis Mahatma Gandhi Univ. 2007 very difficult to read; chapter 5
P. J Cherian, Pattanam archaeological site : The wharf context and the maritime exchanges, The MUA Collection 2011, Museum of Underwater Archaeology
Tamil Nadu Government of Tamilnadu, Department of Archaeology
Archaeological Survey of India, Excavations since Independence - Tamil Nadu
Category : Archaeological Sites in Tamil Nadu, Wikipedia
Archaeological Survey of India, Chennai Circle
Tamil Nadu Archaeology, Collection of archaeology news from in and around Tamil Nadu
Sundaresh et al., Marine Archaeological Investigations on Tamil Nadu Coast, India: An Overview, The MUA Collection 2011 Museum of Underwater Archaeology
N. Athiyaman, Nautical Terms as Gleaned from Ancient Tamil Literature, The MUA Collection 2011 Museum of Underwater Archaeology
V. Selvakumar, Archaeological, Literary and Ethnographic Evidence for Traditional Boat-building in Kerala, South India, The MUA Collection 2011 Museum of Underwater Archaeology
B. Sasisekaran, Metallurgy and Metal Industry in Ancient Tamilnadu - An Archaeological Study, Indian Journal of the History of Science 37.1 2002 pp.17-29
R. Palanivel et al., Microstructural and Microanalytical Study - (Sem) of Archaeological Pottery Artefacts, Rom. Journ. Phys., vol.55 nos.3-4 pp.333-341, Bucharest, 2010
A.S. Gaur et al., Underwater explorations of a Sangam period (300 BC-AD 400) port town at Poompuhar, east coast of India, pp.33-32 in vol.1 of R.K. Sharma et al. (ed.), Revealing India's past (recent trends in art and archaeology) Prof. Ajay Mitra Shastri commemoration volume, 2005
V.P.Y. Kumar, Archaeology of Amaravathi river valley, Tamil Nadu, thesis Pondicherry 2011
Others E. Bell, Remarks on the Mysore blue-book, 1866, GB
A.E. Freitas Cavalleiro e Sousa, De Portugal a Calecut, monographia historico-critica do descobrimento do caminho maritimo da India, 1898, in Portuguese, IA
Sita Anantha Raman, From Chattrams to National Schools : Educational Philanthropy in South India, 18th to 20th Centuries, Selected Papers in Asian Studies 1994
V R Muraleedharan and D Veeraraghavan, Anti-malarial policy in the Madras Presidency: an overview of the early decades of the twentieth century., Medical History 1992
A. J. H. Russell, A Statistical Approach to the Epidemiology of Cholera in Madras Presidency (1925), posted by PNAS
N. Rajendran, The Impact Of The 1857 Revolt In Tamilnadu, People's Democracy 2007
Jain Report : (Decentralization in Tamil Nadu), Historical Perspective
Michael Katten, Colonial Lists/Indian Power : Identity Politics in Nineteenth Century Telugu-Speaking India, Columbia UP no date

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Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
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Historical Data
Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), Indian States, scroll down
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Mysore (Mayssur), p.50 in 1799 pt.1, p.51 in 1800 pt.1, p.52 in 1801 pt.1, p.52 in 1802 pt.1, pp.48-49 in 1803 pt.1, of Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch, in German, GB
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British Provenience C.U. Aitchison, A Collection Treaties, Engagement, And Sunnuds, vol.5 (1876), vol.5 : The treaties, &c., relating to Hyderabad, Mysore, Coorg, the Madras Presidency, and Ceylon, IA
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W. Logan, A collection of treaties, engagements and other papers of importance relating to British affairs in Malabar, 1879, IA
Dutch Provenience J.E. Heeres (ed.), Corpus Diplomaticum Neerlando-Indicum, Verzameling van politieke contracten en verdere Verdragen door de Nederlanders in het Oosten gesloten, van Privilegiebrieven aan hen verleend, enz., vol.1 1907, covering 1596-1650, IA; here English-language ToC
Portuguese Provenience Biker, J.F.J., Collecçao de tratados e concertos de pazes que o estado da India Portugueza fez com os reis e senhores com quem teve relaçoes nas partes da Asia e Africa Oriental desde o principio da conquista ate ao fim do secolo XVIII. Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional, vol.1 1881, covering 1507-1643, IA; vol.2 1882, covering 1604-1719, IA; vol.3 1883, covering 1661-1739, IA; vol.4 1884, covering 1510-1699, IA; Vol.5 1885, covering 1606-1717, IA; vol.6 1885, covering 1708-1750, IA; vol.7 1885, covering 1753-1762, IA; vol.8 1885. covering 1762-1794, IA; vol.9 1885, covering 1790-1798, IA; vol.10 1885, covering 1725-1840, IA; vol.11 1886, covering 1799-1839, IA; vol.12 1886, covering 1746-1851, IA; vol.13 1887, covering 1719-1885, IA; search for Calecut, Calicut
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Portuguese Provenience Joao Baptista Lavanha, Da Asia de Joao de Barros e de Diogo de Couto, vol.1 : Nova Edicao offerecida a Sua Magestade D. Maria I. Rainha Fidelissima , 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.2 : Decada Primeira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.3 : Decada Segunda. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.4 : Decada Segunda. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.5 : Decada Terceira. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.6 : Decada Terceira. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.7 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1777 ; vol.8 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1777 ; vol.9 : Vida de Joao de Barros por Manoel Severim de Faria e Indice Geral das Quatro Decadas de sua Asia, 1778 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.10 : Decada Quarta. Parte Primeira, 1778 ; vol.11 : Decada Quarta. Parte Segunda, 1778 ; vol.12 : Decada Quinta. Parte Primeira, 1779 ; vol.13 : Decada Quinta. Parte Segunda, 1780 ; vol.14 : Decada Sexta. Parte Primeira, 1781 ; vol.15 : Decada Sexta. Parte Secunda, 1781 ; vol.16 : Decada Setima. Parte Primeira, 1782 ; vol.17 : Decada Setima. Parte Segunda, 1783 ; vol.18 : Decada Oitava., 1786 ; vol.19 : Decada Nona., 1786 ; vol.20 : . Decada Decima. Parte Primeira., 1788 ; vol.21 : Decada Decima. Parte Segunda., 1788 ; vol.22 : Decada Undecima da Asia. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram no Descubrimento dos Mares, e Conquistas das Terras do Oriente, Em Quanto Governaram a India, Manoel de Sousa Coutinho e Mathias de Alboquerque, supprindo a que falta de Diogo de Couto, Chronista, e Guarda Mor da Torre do Tombo do Estado da India, 1788 ; Da Asia de Diogo de Couto. Dos Feitos, que os Portugueses Fizeram na Conquista, e Descubrimento das Terras, e Mares do Oriente. vol.23 : Decada Duodecima, 1788, in Portuguese, GB; search for Calecut
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Document Collections
South Asian Provenience Historical Documents, from Malankara Syria : Christian Resources
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E. Moor (ed.), A Compilation of all the Government and General - Government - General - Brigade and Garrison Orders - Minutes of Council - Commands of the Hon. Company - or Regulations, from whatever Authority Promulgated, from the year 1750 to 31st of July 1801, that are now in force and operating on the discipline or expoenditure of the Bombay Army , 1801, GB
Selection of Records of the Madras Government : The Dutch in Malabar, trsl. of selections 1 and 2, 1911, IA
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Copies and Extracts of Advices to and from India, Relative to the Cause, Progress and Successful Termination of the War with the Late Tippoo Sultan, Chief of Mysore, 1800, GB
Dutch Provenience H.K. s'Jacob (ed.), De Nederlanders in Kerala 1663-1701. De memories en instructies betreffende het commandement Malabar van de Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie 1976, RGP
French Provenience A. Martineau (ed.), Correspondance du Conseil superieur de Pondichery et de la Compagnie vol.2 : 1736-1738, n.d., vol.5 : 1755-1759, n.d., in French, GB
J.F. Dupleix, Memoire pour le Sieur Dupleix contre la Compagnie des Indes , 1759, in French, GB
Portuguese Provenience Bullarium patronatus Portugalliae regum in Ecclesiis Africae, Asiae atque Oceaniae, vol.1 : 1171-1600, 1868, vol.2 : 1601-1700, 1861, in Latin, GB; search for Collicuthia
Collecçao de monumentos ineditos para a historia das conquistas dos Portuguezes, em Africa, Asia e America, Seria I : Historia de Asia, vol.1, 1858, vol.1 pt.2, 1859, vol.2 pt.1, 1860, vol.3 pt.1, 1862, vol.3 pt.2, 1863, vol.4 pt.1, 1864, vol.4 pt.2, 1866, vol.5, 1868, in Portuguese, GB; search for Calecut
Individual Documents Report on the Administration of Mysore 1864, GB
Report on Public Instruction, 1867/68-1880/81, GB
Report on Revenue Administration, 1866-67, GB
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E.Ch. Prinsep, Record of Services of the Honourable East India Company's Civil Servants in the Madras .. (1885), posted on Internet Archive
Census of India 1911 vol.12, The section dealing with industries and industrial occupations in the presidency by Alfred Chatterton, posted on Internet Archive
G. Pigot, Original papers relative to Tanjore: containing all the letters which passed, and the conferences which were held, between His Highness the Nabob of Arcot and Lord Pigot, on the subject of the restoration of Tanjore. Together with the material part of Lord Pigot's last dispatch to the East India Company (1777), IA
An enquiry into the policy of making conquests for the Mahometans in India, by the British arms; in answer to a pamphlet entitled "Considerations on the conquest of Tanjore." (1779), IA
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The case of His Highness Prince Azeem Jah, Nawaub of the Carnatic, and Soubahdar of Arcot. In Support of the Petitions by His Highness to the Imperial Parliament of Great Britain (1859), IA
DBQs Asia for Educators
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An atlas of the southern part of India, including plans of all the principal towns & cantonments, reduced from the grand trigonometrical survey of India, shewing also the Tenasserim provinces, 1854, IA, has Hyderabad circars maps
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Maps : India 1795, Wikipedia
Map India 1937, from Find my Past
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India 1805, India 1823, India 1848, (Joppen 1907) from Wikipedia
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Hindsight, Detail Map : The Partition of Mysore, from History of India in Maps
Linguistic Map of South India, Railway Lines S. India 1914, Madras Presidency Administrative, 1936, from Wikipedia
Contemporary, Detail Map of Hyderabad (city), from Maps of India
Madras, Mysore, Goa (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Travancore, Trichinopoli and ceylon (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Maps : Madras Presidency 1909, Northern Half Madras Presidency 1909, Southern Half, Madras and Environs, (J.G. Bartholomew/Imperial Gazetteer of India), posted by DSAL
Historical Secular
Encyclopedia Entries on Provinces/Regions Article Haidarabad, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Articles : Hyderabad, India (State), Hyderabad, India (Capital), from Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 edition, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Article Maissur, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German
Article Mysore (State), from EB 1911
on Cities/Subregions Article Haidarabad, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Articles : Hyderabad, India (Capital), from Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 edition, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Article : St. George, p.690 in vol.7 of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1797, GB
Article : St. George, p.668 in vol.9 of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1823, GB
Madras Presidency, pp.189-190 in vol.8 of Encyclopaedia americana, 1838, GB
Retro Bibliothek, search Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1893-1897 for Madras Presidency-related articles, in German
Articles Madras Presidency, Diistricts : Laccadive Islands, Kanara, Malabar District, Coorg (Nilgiri), Coimbatore District, Trichinopoly District, Tinnevelly District, Tanjore District, Arcot, Salem, India, Chingleput District, Bellary District, Anantapur District, Kurnool District, Nellore District, Cuddapah, Guntur District, Godavari District, Vizagapatam District, Ganjam District, Cities : Mangalore, Calicut, Cannanore, Tellicherry, Madras, Princely States : Banganapalle, Sandur, Pudukkottai
Religious Catholic Encyclopedia, articles Diocese of Mysore
Articles : Diocese of Quilon, Archdiocese of Verapoly, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Article Madras, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Economic Golconda, p.115 in J.Chr. Schedel, Historisches Handbuch für Kaufleute, 1793, in German, GB
Das ehemalige Königreich Golconda, pp.369-372 in vol.1 of Chr. Meiners, Betrachtungen über die Fruchtbarkeit, oder Unfruchtbarkeit, über den vormahligen und gegenwärtigen Zustand der vornehmsten Länder in Asien, 1795, in German, GB
Mysore Country, pp.129-130 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, and Commercial Instructor, 1811, GB
Malabar, p.34 in vol.3 of C.G. Ludovici, Allgemeine Schatz-Kammer Der Kauffmannschafft , 1742, in German, GB
Calicut, p.657 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Calicut, p.125 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Calicut, pp.325-327 in W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
Calicut, pp.61-62 in W. Dickinson, Universal Commerce, 1818, GB
Calicut, pp.118-119 in W. Anderson, The London commercial dictionary, and sea-port gazetteer, 1819, GB
Calicut, p.120 in G.T. Flügel, The merchant's assistant, or, Merchantile instructer, 1834, GB
Malabar, p.94 in P. Kelly, Oriental Metrology, 1834, GB
Coromandel, pp.81-82, Madras, p.168, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Political Discours du Roy de Calicut, pp.917-925 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1613, in French, GB
Discours du Roy de Calicut, pp.915-923 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1614, in French, GB
Discours du Roi de Calicut, pp.183-191 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires royaumes, seigneuries, duchez, et principautez du monde, 1621, in French, GB
Discours de l'estat du Roy de Calicut, pp.917-925 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1628, in French, GB
Discours du Roy de Calicut, pp.653-659 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires et principautez du monde representez par la description des pays et moeurs des habitans, richesses des provinces, les forces, le gouvernement, la religion, et les princes qui ont gouverne chacun estat , 1630, in French, GB
Estats du Roy de Calecut, pp.589-594 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Discours du Roy de Calicut, pp.804-808 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde , 1659, in French, GB
Discours de l'estat du Roy de Calicut, pp.1134-1140 in P. d'Avity, Nouveau theatre du monde: contenant les estats, empires, royaumes, et principautez, representez par l'ordre et veritable description des pays, moeurs des peuples, forces, 1661, in French, GB
Discours du Roy de Calicut, pp.804-808 in P. d'Avity, Les estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde, 1665, in French, GB
Geographical The Coast of Golconda, pp.251-256 in J. Huddart, The oriental navigator, or, New directions for sailing to and from the East, 1801, GB
The Province of Hyderabad, pp.122-142 in vol.2 of W. Hamilton, A geographical, statistical, and historical description of Hindostan and the Adjacent Countries, 1820, GB
Hyderabad, pp.364-365 in The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary, 1822, GB
Province of Hyderabad, pp.156-157 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography: or a Description of all Parts of the World, 1825, GB
Hyderabad, p.563 in vol.4 of J. Bell, A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific, 1836, GB
Hyderabad, p.454 in vol.3 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1836, GB
Hydrabad, p.470 in S.A. Mitchell, Mitchell's geographical reader: a system of modern geography 1840, GB
B.L. Rice, Mysore: a gazetteer compiled for government (1897) vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Mysore, in R. Brookes, The General Gazetteer or Compendious Geographical Dictionary, 1812, GB ; unpaginated
Province of Mysore, pp.194-205 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, Or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Mysore State, from Imperial Gazetteer of India vol.18, posted by DSAL
Kingdom of Calicut, pp.152-157 in D. Barbosa, A description of the coasts of East Africa and Malabar: in the beginning of the sixteenth century, 1866, GB
Calicut, in S. Franck, Weltbuch: spiegel vnd bildtnis des gantzen Erdtbodens , 1542, in German, GB
Il regno di Calicut, p.187 in vol.2 of Claudio Tolomeo, Geografia cioe descrittione vniuersale della terra, 1598, in Italian, GB
Il Re di Calecut ou Malavar, pp.441-443 in G.P. Belli, Geografia istorico-politica , 1689, in Italian, GB
Calicut, p.47 in J.B. Bourguignon d' Anville, A geographical illustration of the map of India, 1759, GB
Calicut, p.330 in J. Payne, Universal geography formed into a new and entire system 1794, GB
Malabar, pp.459-468 in vol.5 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
Calicut, p.206 in J. Hudden, The Oriental Navigator, 1801, GB
Calicut, p.237 in J. Pinkerton, Modern Geography, 1804, GB
Calicoet, pp.276-277 in vol.1 of G. Bruining, Algemeen Aardrijkskundig Woordenboek, 1821, in Dutch, GB
Calicut, pp.209-210 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1825, GB
Calicut, pp.536- in J. Walker, A gazetteer of Southern India, 1855, GB
Calicut, pp.176-177 in E. Thornton, A Gazetteer of the territories under the government of the East India Company and of the native States on the continent of India , 1858, GB
Imperial Gazetteer of India 1909-1931, Entries Calicut vol.9 pp.289-291, Cannanore vol.9 pp.298-299, Cochin vol.10 pp.340-355, Malabar vol.17 pp.53-72, Quilon vol.21 pp.21-23, DSAL
Ethnological
Historical Kingdom of Golconda, pp.239-243 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
Golconda, p.525 in vol.2 of J.Chr. Iselin, Neu-vermehrtes historisch- und geographisches allgemeines Lexicon, 1747, in German, GB
El Reyno de Golconda, p.101 in vol.7 of P.M. Velarde, Geographia Historica, 1752, in Spanish, GB
Der Staat Mysore im südlichen Deccan, pp.251-278 in vol.5 of J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der drey letzten Jahrhunderte, 1806, in German, GB
Das Königreich Malabar, pp.141-142 in G. Marcel, Conspectus historiae universalis 1696, in German, GB
Collicuthia, p.138 in P. Braccioloni Historiae de varietate fortunae libri quatuor, 1723, in Latin, GB
Calicut, p.165 in Abu Zayd Hasan ibn Yazid Sirafi, al-tajir Sulayman, Ancient accounts of India and China, ed. by E. Renaudot, 1733, GB
Malabar, pp.234-236 in vol.1 of T. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744, GB
Zamorin, p.1164 in Suppl. vol.6 of J.C. Beck, Neu-vermehrtes Historisch- und Geographisches Allgemeines Lexicon, 1744, in German, GB
Calecut, pp.737-738 in vol.2 of J.P. Schmidt, Allgemeine Geschichte der Handlung und Schiffahrt, 1754, in German, GB
Tour Guides J.B. Seely, The road book of India 1825, GB
Forbes, East India and colonial guide 1841, GB
Anglo-Hindustanee Handbook 1850, GB
E.B. Eastwick, A handbook for India 1859, GB
Travelogues F. Hamilton, A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar, 1807, GB
Ibn Battuta, Descriptio terrae Malabar, trsl. into Latin by H. Apetz, 1819, GB
Abd er Razzak, Journey to Hindoostan, pp.13- in R.H. Major (ed.), India in the fifteenth Century, 1857, GB
E. Renaudot, Anciennes Relations Des Indes Et De La Chine, De deux Voyageurs Mahometans (Abu-Zaid Hasan Ibn-Yazid, Sulaiman at-Tagir), 1718, in French, GB
Journey overland to India and Abyssinia, by Covilham and de Payva, pp.288-291 in vol.2 of R. Kerr, A general history and collection of voyages and travels, 1824, GB; Pero da Covilhao, from Discoverers Web; Article : Pro de Covilha, from Wikipedia
Zheng He's Inscription, posted by M. Los
L. de Varthema, The travels of Ludovico di Varthema : in Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix : in Persia, India, and Ethiopia, A.D. 1503 to 1508, edited by J. Winter Jones, Hakluyt Society 1863, GB; extensive coverage of Calicut
J.P. Berjeau, Le Second voyage de Vasco da Gama a Calicut : relation flamande editee vers MDIV, 1881, in Flemish/French, IA; Calcoen, a Dutch narrative of the second voyage of Vasco da Gama to Calicut, printed at Antwerp 1874, IA
Voyage of Captain Walter Peyton to India : Occurrences at Calicut (1616), pp.232-239 in vol.9 of R. Kerr (ed.), A general history and collection of voyages and travels , 1813, GB
The Kingdom of Calicut, pp.119-128 in S. Purchas' narrative, in Early travels in India: being reprints of rare and curious narratives of old travellers in India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries : first series, comprising Purchas's Pilgrimage and Travels of van Linschoten, 1864, GB
Calecut, pp.265-289 in M. Schipano, Viaggi di Pietro Della Valle il pellegrino, 1663, in Italian, GB
Quanto successe in detta citta, e di la in Calecut, sin dentro la serra, pp.85-89 in Prima Speditione All'Indie Orientali del P. F. Giuseppe di Santa Maria 1666, in Italian, GB
Calecut pp.256-259 in Voyages de Mr de Thevenot contenant la relation de l'Indostan, des nouveaux Mogols et des autres peuples & pays des Indes, 1684, in French, GB
Franz Pyrard's Reisen und Abenteuer : Calicut, p.123 in vol.2 of Neue Litteratur und Völkerkunde, 1787, in German, GB
Calicut, pp.223-224 in A. Delano, A narrative of voyages and travels in the northern and southern hemispheres, 1817, GB
Calicut, pp.169-186 in R.F. Burton, Goa, and the Blue Mountains: or, Six months of sick leave, 1851, GB
J.Ph. Berjeau, Calcoen, a Dutch narrative of the second voyage of Vasco da Gama to Calicut, printed at Antwerp (1874), posted on Internet Archive
Resident Memoirs
Institutions Archives Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
National Archives of India
Andhra Pradesh State Archives & Research Institute
Karnataka State Archives, Archives Wiki Entry
Kerala State Archives; Archives Wiki Entry
Tamil Nadu Archives ; Archives Wiki Entry, TANAP Entry
Musea Wikipedia, List of Museums in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Salar Jung Museum, Hyderabad, India
Pazhassiraja Museum and Art Gallery, Kozhikode
Government Museum Chennai
DakshinaChitra, cross cultural living museum of art, architecture, lifestyles, crafts and performing arts of South India; located in Chennai
Monuments Archaeological Survey of India, Alphabetical List of Monuments - Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Lighthouses of India : Tamil Nadu and Puducherry; West Bengal, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh; Kerala and Karnataka
Showcaves : Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Northern Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Libraries Libraries and Archives in South Asia Wiki
State Central Library, Kerala
Public Libraries in Karnataka
Department of Libraries, Tamil Nadu
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Hyderabad, from FOTW
Flag of Mysore, from FOTW
Flag of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Classical Kannada, Numismatics in Karnataka
Deccan Sultanates : Bijapur, Golkonda, Ahmednagar, Bidar and Berar Coins, Hyderabad Nijam Coins, from My Collection of South India Coins, by Rajesh Kotha
Hyderabad State Copper Coins
Pre-Colonial India & Princely States: Coinage, from RBI Monetary Museum, scroll down for Hyderabad
Coin Catalog of Mysore, from Numismaticon
Tippoo Sultan of Mysore, pp.699-726 in vol.2 of W. Marsden, Numismata orientalia illustrata, 1825, GB
Kerala Department of Archaeology, scroll down for Koyikkal Palace, Numismatic Museum
Coins of Kerala, from Karsha
CoinIndia : The Coin Galleries : Cannanore
NumisMaster Coin Price Guide : Indian Princely States, Cannanore, Cochin, Travancore, India Portuguese, Cochin, India Dutch
Oriental Coins Database : Cannanore, Cochin, Travancore
Ancient Coins of Karnataka, from Kamat's Potpourri
Coins of Bijapur Sultanate, from South Asia Coin Group, Coin Cabinet
Coins of Bidar Sultanate, from South Asia Coin Group, Coin Cabinet
Coins of the Bahmani Sultanate, from South Asia Coin Group, Coin Cabinet
Vijayanagara Coins by Sri Oruganti Harihariah
Coins of Madras Presidency, from Bharat Coins, from Indian Coins

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies
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Historical C. Stewart, A descriptive catalogue of the Oriental Library of the late Tippoo Sultan of Mysore, 1809, GB
Kerala History Bibliography
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Orientalium atque Asiaticarum, Par.8 : Indicarum rerum scriptores, pp.248-250 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; Par.10 : Aliis certas tantum provinciae Indiae Orientalium descripserunt, pp.252-253; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Scriptores de littore Malabarico, pp.4-5 in vol.2.2 of Struve/Meusel, Bibliotheca Historica 1786, GB
Historia Asiae : Littus Malabaricum, pp.167-168 in vol.8 of J.D. Reuss, Repertorium commentationum a societatibus litterariis editarum, 1810, GB
Modern J.J. Gotthold, World Bibliographical Series 85 : Indian Ocean, Oxford : Clio 1988 [G]
A Select List of Books on Karnataka, from American Institute of Indian Studies
Jyotsna Kamat, Social Life in Medieval Karnataka, bibliography
Kerala Bibliography, by CHSS
Bibliography on Tamil History, Ethnicity, Culture, Srilankan Tamils and Tamilnadu Politics, posted by Tamil Electronic Library
on South Asia RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Sacred Groves of India - an Annotated Bibliography, by Malhotra / Gokhale / Das
Simon Charsley, A Dalit Bibliography
on Religions
Online Libraries Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Digital South Asia Library, Univ. of Chicago
Digitial Library of Indian History Books, from Indic Studies
Tamil Virtual Academy Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) : India
Shodhganga
Online Journals
General Listings Directory of Open Access Journals
on South India
on South Asia Ancient Asia, Journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology
Indologica Taurinensia 1973-
on Religions
General Accounts K.A.N. Sastri, A History of South India, (1955) 4th ed. Oxford UP 2002
Specific Topics Y. Vaikuntham, State, Economy and Social Transformation. Hyderabad State 1724-1948, New elhi : Manohar 2002 [G]
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Masood Ali Khan, The History of the Urdu Press. A case study of Hyderabad, New Delhi : Classical Publishing Company 1995 [G]
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Omar Khaldi, Memoirs of Cyril Jones. People, Society, and Railways in Hyderabad, New Delhi : Manohar 1991 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]