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Madras Presidency Cochin
First posted on March 5th 2004, last revised on May 16th 2010

The Hindu Kingdom of Travancore lasted from 1102 to 1949. From 1498 to the 17th century through ports such as Quilon in contact with the Portuguese, from the 17th century to 1824 with the V.O.C. respectively the Dutch. Since the Anglo-Mysore wars (1766-1799) a vassall of Madras Presidency. The Princely State of Travancore lasted until 1949. Travancore joined the Indian Union in 1947. In 1949, Travancore and Cochin were combined to form Travancore-Cochin. In 1956 Travancore-Cochin was merged with the District of Malabar to form the State of Kerala.

Students' Papers : Myeong Do Hyeong, The Clash of Cultures in Malabar : Encounters, Conflict and Interaction with European Culture, 1498-1947 (2012)

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Country Profiles Article Travancore, from Wikipedia
S. Mateer, "The land of charity:" a descriptive account of Travancore and its people, with especial reference to missionary labour (1871), posted on Internet Archive
Links Category : Kingdom of Travancore, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History Current Article Travancore, from Wikipedia
History and Culture, from Government of Kerala
Historical P. Shungoonny Menon, History of Travancore from the Earliest Times (1878), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods Kerala History : 12th Century and onward, 19th Century and onward, from Ananthapuri
I.H. Hacker, A Hundred Years in Travancore, 1806-1906: A History and Description of the Work Done by the London Missionary Society (1908), posted on Internet Archive
Politics J. Sutherland, Sketches of the relations subsisting between the British Government in India and the Different Native States, 1837, GB ; numerous entries on Travancore
Economy & Finances Profile, from State Bank of Travancore
Ethnography L.A. Krishna Iyer, The Travancore Tribes And Castes, vol.3 (1941), posted on Internet Archive
S. Mateer, Native Life in Travancore (1883), IA
Religion The history of the Church of Malabar, 1694, GB
Local History

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur (Travancore); Rulers : Tiruvidamkodu/Tiruvankur (Travancore)
Worldwide Guide for Women in Leadership : Indian Substates : T, scroll down for Travancore
Travancore, from Indian Princely States, by H. Soszynski
Category : Maharajas of Travancore, from Wikipedia
Population Figures India : historical demographical data of the administrative divisions, from Population Statistics by J. Lahmeyer; has population data for Travancore
Documents Historical Newspapers
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Travancore, pp.293-316 in vol.5 of A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sunnuds, Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries, 1864, GB
Document Collections
Historical Maps An atlas of the southern part of India, including plans of all the principal towns & cantonments, reduced from the grand trigonometrical survey of India, shewing also the Tenasserim provinces, 1854, IA, has map of Travancore
Madras, Mysore, Goa (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Travancore, Trichinopoli and ceylon (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., Eastern Hemisphere 527 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 500 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 400 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 335 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 323 BC, Easern Hemisphere 300 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 200 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 100 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 050 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 001 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 050 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 450 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 500 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 565 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 600 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 610 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 700 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 800 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1025 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Travankor, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German
Article Travancore, from EB 1911
Religious Article : Travancore, p.474 in Ch. Williams, The missionary Gazetteer, 1828, GB ; article on Trevanderum on the same page
Catholic Encyclopedia, articles Diocese of Quilon, Changanacherry
Ostindien, pp.677-696 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Malabar Coast : Quilon, pp.333-335, in vol.1 of W. Milburn, Oriental Commerce, 1813, GB
Geographical The Province of Travancore, pp.309-322 in W. Hamilton, A Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Description of Hindostan, 1820, GB
Province of Travancore, pp.212-215 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, Or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, 1822, GB
Travancore, pp.671-675 in vol.1 of W. Hamilton, The East Indian gazetteer, 1828, GB
Articles Travancore, Trivanderam, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Travancore State, from Imperial Gazetteer of India vol.24, posted by DSAL
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J.D. Munro, The High Ranges of Travancore (1880), IA
G.J.T. Spencer, Journal of a visitation to the provinces of Travancore and Tinnevelly ... 1840-1841 (1842), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives Kerala State Archives
Musea Museums and Zoos, Thiruvananthapuram City
Libraries State Central Library, Kerala
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Travancore, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalog of Travancore, from Numismaticon
Kerala Department of Archaeology, scroll down for Koyikkal Palace, Numismatic Museum
Coins of Kerala, from Karsha

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Travancore
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
on India Digital Library of India
Online Journals
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Encyclopedia, Yearbook Entries Article Travancore, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p. 623 (on events of 1912) [G]

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