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Haryana Bihar
First posted on November 28th 2005, last revised on May 30th 2010

Established in 1831 as the Northwestern Provinces (recent acquisitions of the Bengal Presidency) which at that time included the Central Provinces (separated in 1861) and Ajmer-Merwara (separated in 1871). Annexation of Oudh (Awadh) in 1858. Now officially named the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, the name "Northwestern Provinces" continued to be used.
Upon independence of India in 1947, U.P. (the United Provinces) were renamed into Uttar Pradesh (so that the abbreviation conveniently could be maintained). A number of minor princely states were absorbed. Uttar Pradesh is the Republic of India's most populous state, even after Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand) was split off in 2000.

Uttar Pradesh since 2000 . Uttar Pradesh 1971-2000 . Uttar Pradesh 1947-1971

Timeline : Uttar Pradesh

Historical Atlas, Uttar Pradesh, British India, India Page

Students' Paper : Lee Yeonhwa, A Social History of Hindustan (Sept. 2008)

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Country Profiles Current from India Net Zone; from Wikipedia; from Webindia 123
Links General Category : Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries
Accounts of History Current History of Uttar Pradesh, from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia; Political History of Uttar Pradesh, from UP Portal; Political History, from Government of Uttar Pradesh
Specific Periods
Politics Politics in Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
> Category : Indian Political Parties - Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances The Economy of Uttar Pradesh, from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia, from Economy Watch
Uttar Pradesh Crafts, from India Crafts
T.Sh. Gopal, Economic Prosperity of the United Provinces (1951), posted on Internet Archive
A.Ch. Chatterjee, Notes on the Industries of the United Provinces (1908), posted on Internet Archive
Th. Monson, The industrial organization of an Indian province (1906), posted on Internet Archive
Social History Tahera Aftab, History of the Progress and Development of Women's Education in the North-Western Provinces 1858-1900, diss. Karachi 1985
Ethnography People of Uttar Pradesh, from Webindia 123
Religion Article Babri Mosque, from Wikipedia
Uttar Pradesh Jain Shrines, from India Tourism
Temples of Uttar Pradesh, from Indian Temples Portal; from India Net Zones
Gorakhpur Diocese, Jhansi Diocese, Agra Archdiocese, Allahabad Diocese, from CBCI
History of Regions Article Awadh, from Wikipedia
Indian Princely States, by H. Soszynski, index page
List of Indian Princely States, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Agra, from Wikipedia
History of Allahabad, from Wikipedia
History of Ayodhya (Oudh), from Wikipedia
History of Kanpur, from India Tourism
Lucknow History, from India Site, from Wikipedia
History of Varanasi, from Wikipedia
Institutions Universities in Uttar Pradesh, from UP Education Profile
Others India Environment Portal : Uttar Pradesh
Terrestrial Ecoregions : Indo-Malayan, from WWF; scroll down for Lower Gangetic Plains Moist Deciduous Forests, Upper Gangetic Plains Moist Deciduous Forests
E. Benskin, Afforestation in the United Provinces (1922), posted on Internet Archive

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, at UUtrecht
Population of Cities : India, Uttar Pradesh, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996)
India Election Database, results since 1989
Election Database, from Election Commission of India, results since 1977
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
Documents Historical Newspapers Uttar Pradesh Article Archive, from Keepmedia
Modern Newspapers links from IPL
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of Uttar Pradesh, by Peter Langer
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge)
Constitutions, Laws D. Dale, Alphabetical index to the regulations of government for the whole of the Territories under the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal, 1830, GB
Document Collections D. Dewar, Notes on the English pre-mutiny records in the United Provinces (1911), posted on Internet Archive
Report of the United Provinces Zamindari Abolition Committee vol.1, vol.2 (1948), posted on Internet Archive
Report of the United Provinces Provincial Banking Enquiry Committee vol.3, vol.4 1929-1930, posted on Internet Archive
Historical Maps see here
Maps of Uttar Pradesh, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
NW Provinces, West Nepal, Oudh (Constable 1893), from Historical Maps of India
United Provinces (Bartholomew 1909), posted by DSAL
Delhi 1914, posted by Ronnie Johnson
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., Eastern Hemisphere 527 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 500 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 400 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 335 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 323 BC, Easern Hemisphere 300 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 200 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 100 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 050 BC, Eastern Hemisphere 001 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 050 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 450 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 500 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 565 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 600 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 610 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 700 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 800 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1025 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Agra, Audh, Benares, Lakhnau, Rampur, Allahabad, Nordwestprovinzen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Agra, Rohilkhand, Rampur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Benares, from EB 1911
Religious Article Allahabad, Agra, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive
Geographical Article United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, Oudh, Agra Province, Rohilkhand, Rampur State, Allahabad Division, Lucknow Division, Benares City, Benares Estate, Benares Tahsil, Benares District, Benares Division, from Imperial Gazetteer of India (1909), posted by DSAL
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues William Sleeman, A Journal through the Kingdom of Oude in 1849-1850, Vols. I and II (1858), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Institutions Archives Museums of Uttar Pradesh, from 123 India Tourism
Search Janus (catalogues of archives and manuscript collections held throughout Cambridge) for United Provinces
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - Uttar Pradesh, from Archaeological Survey of India
Uttar Pradesh Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Showcaves : Uttar Pradesh
Category : Forts in Uttar Pradesh, from Wikipedia
Indian Cemeteries, entry for Agra, Lucknow, Cawnpore, Jhansi
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag from FOTW
Coins Mughal Coinage, from RBI, from South Asia Coin Group
Coins of the Delhi Sultanate, from South Asia Coin Group
Coins of Jaunpur Sultanate, from South Asia Coin Group
Coins of various Indian dynasties, from Zeno

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on India Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
D. Ludden, Bibliography on South Asian Agrarian History (c.1990)
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals
Online Yearbooks East-India Register and Directory 1819, GB
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Yearbooks Articles : India and Dependencies : United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1928 pp.162-164; United Provinces States p.171 (data of 1926-1928) [G]
Articles : India and Dependencies : United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.173-175; United Provinces States p.188 (data of 1935-1937)
Article United Provinces, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p.623 [G]
Article : India : Uttar Pradesh, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.378-380, 1975-1976 pp.387-388, 1976-1977 pp.387-389, 1978-1979 pp.656-658, 1979-1980 pp.661-663, 1980-1981 pp.659-661, 1981-1982 pp.663-664, 1983-1984 pp.665-667, 1984-1985 pp.667-669, 1985-1986 pp.671-672, 1986-1987 pp.673-674, 1987-1988 pp.680-681, 1988-1989 pp.682-684, 1989-1990 pp.689-691, 1990-1991 pp.690-692, 1991-1992 pp.688-690, 1992-1993 pp.761-763, 1993-1994 pp.761-762, 1994-1995 pp.753-755, 1995-1996 pp.749-751, 1996-1997 pp.692-694, 1997-1998 pp.697-699, 1998-1999 pp.749-751, 2000 pp.860-862, 2001 pp.836-839, 2002 pp.871-873, 2003 pp.873-876, 2004 pp.878-880, 2005 pp.879-882, 2006 pp.876-878 [G]

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