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Bihar Bangladesh
First posted on June 30th 2006, last revised on May 27th 2010







Until 1765, Bengal was part of the domains of the Nawab of Awadh (Oudh), nominally a vassall of the Mughal Emperor. In 1765 the latter two ceded Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the E.I.C. which formed these territories into the Bengal Presidency. In 1905 the Province of East Bengal and Assam was carved out of Bengal Presidency. This partition of Bengal met strong opposition. In 1912 the combined territory of Bengal Presidency and East Bengal and Assam was reorganized in three provinces, Assam, Bengal, and the third being Bihar and Orissa.
When British India was released into independence in 1947, the Province of Bengal was torn into two parts, East Bengal (with Sylhet District, hitherto part of Assam) which joined Pakistan as East Pakistan, and West Bengal, which joined the Republic of India.

West Bengal since 1971 . West Bengal 1947-1971

Bengal (until 1947) . British India

Historical Atlas, British India, India Page








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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from India Net Zone; from Wikipedia; from Webindia 123
Government of West Bengal
Historic
Links General Category ; West Bengal, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Organizations
Historical Dictionary Banglapedia, National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh
Gorkhapedia
Timelines
Accounts of History History of West Bengal, from Webindia 123, from Wikipedia, from Kamat's Potpourri
Politics West Bengal Politics News, from My West Bengal
Politics in West Bengal, from A Glance into Indian Politics
Political Economy of Land Reforms in West Bengal, 1978-1998, by P. Bardhan and D. Mookherjee
Article Government of West Bengal, from Wikipedia
History of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly
Military
Economy & Finances The Economy of West Bengal, from Webindia 123, from Economy Watch
Political Economy of Land Reforms in West Bengal, 1978-1998, by P. Bardhan and D. Mookherjee
West Bengal Crafts, from India Crafts
Social History Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture. The Marwaris in Calcutta, c. 1897-1997, diss. Columbia UP n.d.
Ethnography Tribes of West Bengal, from India Net Zone, subchapters
Category : Tribes of West Bengal, from Wikipedia
People of West Bengal, from Webindia 123
Religion Religion in West Bengal, from Webindia 123
Archdiocese of Calcutta, from Catholic Hierarchy
St. Mary's JSO Church, Calcutta, from Syrian Orthodox Archdiocese
Article Bishop of Calcutta (Anglican), from Wikipedia
Article Missionaries of Charity, from Wikipedia
Temples of West Bengal, from India Net Zone
History of Regions Articles : Gorkhaland, Cooch Behar District, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Kolkata (Calcutta), from Wikipedia, from Calcutta Web
History of Darjeeling, from Wikipedia
History of Chandannagar (Chandernagore), from Wikipedia
History of Bardhaman (Burdwan), from Wikipedia
Article Serampore, from Wikipedia
Institutions History, of University of Calcutta
History, of West Bengal University of Technology
Culture
Biographies
Others India Environment Portal : West Bengal
Terrestrial Ecoregions : Indo-Malayan, from WWF; scroll down for Lower Gangetic Plains Moist Deciduous Forests, Sunderbans Mangroves, Sunderbans Freshwater Swamp Mangroves, Himalayan Subtropical Broadleaf Forest

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down
List of Governors of West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : India, by State (Province), from Population Statistics, by J. Lahmeyer
Population of Cities : India, West Bengal, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001)
Constituencies : West Bengal, from Indian Elections
Article Assembly Election Results of West Bengal (1951, 1957), from Wikipedia
Assembly Elections Bengal 2001, from rediff
West Bengal Election Watch, has historic election results
India Election Database, results since 1989
Election Database, from Election Commission of India, results since 1977
Statistical Reports of State Elections, from Election Commission of India
Documents Historical Newspapers The History of Bangla (West Bengal), from World History Archives
West Bengal Article Archive, from Keepmedia
Modern Newspapers links from IPL
West Bengal News, from My West Bengal
Newsreels British Pathe
Wochenschau-Archiv (in German)
Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Photos of West Bengal, by Peter Langer
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for West Bengal
Constitutions, Laws
Document Collections
Historical Maps Maps of West Bengal, from Maps of India, from Maps-India
Map : Calcutta 1945, posted by PCL, UTexas
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives West Bengal State Archives, from Archives Wiki
Musea Carey Museum, from West Bengal Tourism
Monuments Alphabetical List of Monuments - West Bengal, from Archaeological Survey of India
Lighthouses of India : West Bengal, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh
West Bengal Temples, from Indian Temples Portal
Category : Forts in West Bengal, from Wikipedia
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms no flag found for West Bengal ; Flag of Gorkhaland, from FOTW (separatist movement in northern W. Bengal)

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on West Bengal Indcat, Online Uinion Catalogue of Indian Universities, from INFLIBNET, click Union Database
Specialized Bibliography on the Darjeeling Hills, from ITTM
Books on Genocide and Related Topics in Bengali, from Prevent Genocide
D. Ludden, Angrarian Bibliography of Bengal and Bangladesh (c.1990)
Annotated Bibliography : Bengal Partition, by Rila Mukherjee
Bibliography, from Bangladesh Tornadoes
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue, keywords Ceylon
Internet Archive
e-corpus
on India Digital Library of India
History of India Digital Library
Online Journals Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
South Asia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS; Sri Lanka Journals, from ELIN-NIAS
Asia Insights, from NIAS, 2002-
General Accounts Partha Chatterjee, The Present History of West Bengal, Oxford : UP 1998 [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses C. Collin Davies, An Historical Atlas of the Indian Peninsula, Oxford : UP, 2nd edition, 1959 [G]
Historical and Cultural Maps, National Atlas of India Vol.8, published by National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation, Calcutta 1983, edited by G.K . Dutt, S.K. Biswas [G]
J.E. Schwartzberg, A Historical Atlas of South Asia, Chicago : UP 1978 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article Bengal, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p. 614 (on events of 1912) [G]
Articles : India and Dependencies : Bengal Presidency, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1928 pp.149-151 (data of 1926-1928); India and Dependencies : Coorg, ibid. p.157 ; India and Dependencies : Bengal States, ibid. p.165 [G]
Article : India : West Bengal, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.380-382, 1975-1976 pp.388-390, 1976-1977 pp.389-391, 1978-1979 pp.658-660, 1979-1980 pp.663-665, 1980-1981 pp.661-663, 1981-1982 pp.664-666, 1983-1984 pp.667-669, 1984-1985 pp.669-671, 1985-1986 pp.672-674, 1986-1987 pp.674-676, 1987-1988 pp.681-683, 1988-1989 pp.684-686, 1989-1990 pp.691-693, 1990-1991 pp.692-694, 1991-1992 pp.690-692, 1992-1993 pp.763-766, 1993-1994 pp.762-765, 1994-1995 pp.755-757, 1995-1996 pp.751-754, 1996-1997 pp.694-696, 1997-1998 pp.699-701, 1998-1999 pp.751-753, 2000 pp.862-865, 2001 pp.839-841, 2002 pp.874-877, 2003 pp.877-880, 2004 pp.881-884, 2005 pp.883-886, 2006 pp.880-882 [G]