History of Italy 1930-1939

Switzerland after World War I, 1918-1930

In 1920, Switzerland entered the League of Nations, the headquarters of which was established at Geneva. That year, Geneva Cointrin Int'l Airport was opened.
Economically, Switzerland neither had to switch back from a planned wartime economy to a peacetime free market economy, nor to reintegrate thousands of returning soldiers. Yet, the country's economy, depending on both exports and imports, was affected by the crisis the surrounding countries found themselves in. Another Swiss advantage was that it did not have to deal with a huge debt accumulated during the war. Thus, the country did not suffer from inflation (as Germany and Austria did) nor saw it's labour movement turning revolutionary (as in Italy, Germany etc.).
Switzerland became the venue of a number of diplomatic negotiations, leading to the Treaty of Lausanne 1923 (peace for Turkey) and the Locarno Pact of 1925 (recognition and guarantee of Germany's western border).

La Suisse dans l'entre-deux-guerres, from cliotexte, in French
The History of Geneva International Airport, from Geneva Press Service
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Switzerland, from Population Statistics, at Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE Article : Switzerland, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1919 pp.1289-1303, 1924 pp.1322-1336, 1925 pp.1330-1344, 1926 pp.1292-1300, 1928 pp.1333-1347, 1929 pp.1307-1321 [G]
Article : Switzerland, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.816-818, 1928 pp.744-746, 1930 pp.734-735, 1931 pp.725-726 [G]
Article : Switzerland, in : New International Year Book 1919 pp.657-660, 1920 pp.662-665, 1921 pp.686-687, 1923 pp.728-730, 1925 pp.678-680, 1928 pp.726-727, 1930 p.744 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on January 9th 2002, last revised on August 24th 2007

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