1918-1922 History of Italy 1925-1935

Italy, 1922-1925

Foreign Policy . Domestic Policy . The Economy . Cultural History

Foreign Policy . In 1923 Italian forces briefly occupied the Greek island of Corfu (Kerkyra). With the support of Italy, Abyssnia was accepted into the League of Nations. In 1924 Italy annexed Fiume. In 1925, Britain ceded Jubaland (Kenya) to Italy (Somalia).

Domestic Policy . Following the resignation of the Italian cabinet in response to the March of Rome, Mussolini was asked to form a coalition government. From 1922 to 1925, Italy was a functioning democracy, with the Fascist Party (PNF) being the dominant force in that coalition.
Mussolini dealt with the socio-economic situation by creating state-funded employment programs, financed by additional money printed by the Bank of Italy. The unemployment figures sank, and the voters credited this to the PNF. In 1923 the Acerbo Law was passed, according to which the largest party would be given 50 % of the seats in parliament plus one. In the elections of 1924, the PNF gained 66.5 % of the votes, so the Acerbo Law was not even needed to achieve the majority. In 1923, Pope Pius XI. (1922-1939) ordered Don Sturzo, founder of the Catholic PPI, to dissolve his party; he, reluctantly, did ant went into exile.

The Economy . Mussolini's measures to reduce unemployment coincided with an economic upturn, and consumer confidence, consumption increased.

Cultural History . In 1922, the Grand Prix care race at Monza was held for the first time.

Articles History of Italy : Monarchy, Grand Prix Motor Racing, Fiat, Don Sturzo, Italian General Election of 1924, from Wikipedia
Cronologia, Italian language site on Italian and World History
The History of Fiat, from Fiat
Italian Fascism, by Stanley G. Payne, from Library, Unib. of Wisconsin
Futurism Website, with timeline (1909-1944), manifestos, images etc.
Italian Life under Fascism, online exhibition by Library Univ. of Wisconsin
La Italia feixista (1922-1944), from La Pagina de la Historia, in Catalan
Life in Mussolini's Italy, from History Learning Site
History of Grand Prix Races at Monza, from monzanet
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Italy by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Italy, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
REFERENCE History Book Reviews : Italy under Fascism, 1922-1945

Christopher Duggan, A Concise History of Italy, Cambridge Concise Histories, 1994, pp.210-232
Article Italy, in : Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.22 pp.165-247, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.22
Martin Clark, Profiles in Power : Mussolini, Harlow : Pearson 2005 [G]
Article : Italy, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1924 pp.1016-1042, 1925 pp.1023-1058 [G]
Article : Italy, in : New International Year Book 1923 pp.380-387, 1925 pp.347-351, 1926 pp.391-396 [G]
VIDEOS Mussolini - Italy's Nightmare, documentary from A & E biography

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on August 24th 2007

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