History of Italy






Satellite States
The Kingdom of Naples, 1806-1815



In June 1799, Naples fell and the Parthenopean Republic ended. The Bourbon dynasty, with British aid, was restored. In 1806, the French again invaded southern Italy, and the Bourbons, again, fled to Sicily (where, under the protection of the British navy, they could hold out). Napoleon again reshaped the political landscape of Italy; he installed his brother Joseph as the King of Naples.
In 1808, Joseph was made King of Spain, and the Kingdom of Naples passed to Napoleon's brother-in-law, Joachim Murat, the most ambitious and energetic among the kings Napoleon installed. Under his rule a number of reforms were passed, most of which did not survive his reign.
During the Wars of Liberation, Austrian troops entered Italy to end French influence on the peninsula. Murat, deserting Napoleon's cause after the Battle of Leipzig, remained in power and in 1814 the Vienna Congress was willing to accept him. However, during Napoleon's 100 days, Murat joined the French side, aspiring to become King of Italy. The Battle of Tolentino (1815) saw the Austrians victorious and Murat's reign end; the Bourbon dynasty was reinstated once again. Murat, who had fled to Corsica, tried to retake Naples once again and fell during the attempt.

The Kingdom is known under two names, the Kingdom of Naples and the Kingdom of both Sicilies (one being the island of that name, the other mainland south Italy). Joseph and Murat used the latter title, which expressed their claim on the island of Sicily.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Entries from Infoplease Encyclopedia on Kingdom of Naples and Joachim Murat
Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples, from The Napoleon Guide ; Joachim Murat, from the same source
Orders of the Two Sicilies, from Orders of the World
Kingdom of Naples : the Army, from Histofig; Uniforms, from Histofig
Biographies of Joseph Napoleon, from Histofig
Biography of Joachim Murat, from Histofig
History of the Princes Murat (Naples), from Chivalric Orders
Naples, in : French Heraldry : Napoleonic titles : Kings, scroll down
DOCUMENTS Portrait of Joachim Murat, King of Naples, from Art istocracy; official portrait by Baron Gerard, from joconde
Image of flag from FOTW
Order of Battle of the Neapolitan Army, 15th January 1814, posted by Thomas Hemmann
Le Campagne de Murat en 1815, from Histofig
Documents pertaining to the Kingdom of Naples, March 30th 1806, June 20th 1808, July 15th 1808, from French Heraldry, in French
Medal : the Conquest of Naples, 1806, from Fortiter : 1st Austrian Campaign, by Fortiter, scroll down
Medal on the Mint Visit by the Queen of Naples, from Fortiter : Mint Visits by Fortiter, scroll down
Coins of the Kingdom of Naples : 1810, 1813, from Napoleonic Medals
Kingdom of Naples, from warflags.com
REFERENCE History of Italian Regions : Naples / Two Sicilies, from History Book Reviews




This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 16th 2006

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