1848-1887 History of Italy 1914-1918

Malta 1887-1914

In 1887 Malta was given a constitution which provided for a 20 member Council of Government, all of them elected. However, this proved ineffective, as it was split over the hotly disputed language issue (English, Italian, Maltese). In 1903 the constitution was replaced by another one, modelled on the constitution of 1848.
Early in the 20th century, the port facilities in La Valetta were expanded; construction works caused a brief economic boom, followed by a slump. In 1905 the islands' population numbered 205,000, without the garrison (18,000). Malta had no taxation, the main source of government revenue being customs tariffs; the tariff on imported grain being a major factor, causing high bread prices as Malta depended on the import of food. Languages of education were English and Italian. Malta had a small university.

Years of Discontent: 1887 - 1920, from Malta through the Ages
Article Malta, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1910 edition
DOCUMENTS List of Governors etc., from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Malta, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Malta, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888-1890 edition, in German
REFERENCE Article Malta, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 642-643 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article Malta, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 p.99, 1898 p.99, 1901 pp.107-108, 1905 pp.110-111, 1910 pp.97-99 [G]
Article Malta, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.495-496, 1899 pp.512-513, 1900 p.565 [G]
Article Malta, in : New International Year Book 1907 pp.474-475, 1908 p.428, 1909 p.443 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 26th 2002, last revised on August 31st 2007

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