World War II History of Italy 1949-1964

Malta 1943-1949

Status : Until 1946, the British regarded Malta as a naval base with a population; British governors were traditionally chosen from the ranks of the military.
In 1946 the first civilian governor of Malta was appointed. A constitution was prepared. In 1947 self-government was introduced. Malta remained a British possession. The Island Government was responsible for domestic affairs, while foreign policy, diplomatic representation, defense ec. remained an Imperial prerogative.

Domestic Policy : The Maltese government faced the problem of reconstruction (the island had suffered significant damage during the war) and the continuous reliance of Malta on the jobs provided by the British navy, and the necessity to subsidize food imports, most of all grain. The British decision to cancel food subsidies by the end of 1949 caused concern in Malta; the Maltese government, lacking revenue raised on Malta, strove for Britain to reconsider her decision, and petitioned the British to maintain the number of British employees on Malta.

German P.O.W.s held on Malta, from, text in English
DOCUMENTS List of Governors etc., from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Malta, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE Article : British Possessions in the Mediterranean, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.433-434, 1945 pp.438-439, 1946 pp.469-470, 1947 pp.489-490 [G]
Article : Malta, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.458, 1949 p.405, 1950 p.428 [G]
Article : Malta, in : Americana Annual 1943 p.450, 1944 pp.424-425, 1945 pp.448-449, 1946 p.469, 1947 p.426 [G]
Article : Malta, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1946 p.270 [G]
Article : Malta, in : New International Year Book, Events of 1944 p.365 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on August 26th 2007

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