1648-1748 Cispadan Republic

The Duchy of Modena, 1748-1797

In 1771 Duke Francesco III. promulgated the Este Code, an enlightenment era law code which, without abolishing the privileges of nobility and clergy, was based on the principles of equality and reason, and intended to promote the common good. In 1797 French armies occupied northern Italy. The Duchy of Modena, and the Emilia (hitherto part of the Papal State) were merged to form the Cispadan Republic.

Article Diocese of Modena, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913 edition
Article Modena, EB 1911
DOCUMENTS List of Dukes of Modena and Reggio, from World Statesmen : Italian States to 1860 by Ben Cahoon
REFERENCE Anna Maria Rao, Enlightenment and Reform, pp.229-252 in Early Modern Italy (Short Oxford History of Italy), Oxford : UP 2002 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on February 12th 2004, last revised on March 25th 2006

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