The Duchy of Modena, 1814-1860



In 1814 the Duchy of Modena was reestablished, Duke Francesco IV., son of Maria Beatrice d'Este and Archduke Ferdinand of Habsburg-Lorraine, founded the Habsburg Este Line. In 1844, Parma ceded Guastalla to Modena. In 1846 he was succeeded by his son Francesco V. (-1859). In 1852 the diocesis of Modena was elevated archdiocesis. After the Battle of Solferino (1859) the Armistice of Villafranca foresaw the return of the ruling duke. Yet a patriotic provisional government took charge; Modena was annexed by Piemont-Sardinia in March 1860. The Kingdom of Piemont-Sardinia in 1861 was renamed Kingdom of Italy.
Population 1823 370,000, 1850 590,000; size 6,030 square km.






EXTERNAL
LINKS
Article Diocese of Modena, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913 edition
Biographies of Dukes Francis IV. and V. of Modena, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition
Article Modena, Encyclopedia Britannica, 1911 edition
DOCUMENTS Map : Italy in 1815, from Modern Italy at Dickinson College
The Succession Laws of Modena, from heraldica.org
Arms and Flags of Modena, from heraldica.org
Flag of the Duchy of Modena, from FOTW
Map : Unification of Italy 1859-1924, posted by Ben Cahoon (map on the right)
List of Dukes of Modena and Reggio, from World Statesmen : Italian States to 1860 by Ben Cahoon
Armistice at Villafranca, between Napoleon III. and Franz Joseph II. 1859, from Modern Italy at Dickinson College, bilingual
W. Gracie, General Gazetteer 1823 : Duchy of Modena
Online Catalogus of Italian Stamps : Modena
REFERENCE


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 25th 2006

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