The Duchy of Parma-Piacenza, 1814-1860

In 1814 the Duchy was reestablished (since 1808 it had been a French departement) and given to Napoleon's wife, Marie-Louise von Habsburg (-1847). In 1844, Guastalla was ceded to Modena. Then the Bourbon Dynasty, hitherto residing in Lucca, succeeded. Parma-Piacenza and Lucca were united (1847). There were revolutions in 1831 and 1848, which were suppressed by Austrian respectively Piemontese troops. In 1854, Duke Carlo III. was assassinated. After Austria's defeat in the Battle of Solferino in 1859 the Armistice of Villafranca foresaw the return of the ruling duke. Yet a (patriotic) provisional government took charge on June 9th; Parma-Piacenza was formally annexed by Piemont-Sardinia in March 1860; the Kingdom of Piemont-Sardinia was renamed Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
Population in 1823 : 380,000, 1850 : 490,000; size 5,870 square km

The Royal House of Bourbon : Parma
Article Diocese of Parma from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1913 edition
Parma, from Encyclopedia of the Revolutions of 1848
DOCUMENTS Map : Italy in 1815, from Modern Italy at Dickinson College
Arms and Flags of Parma-Piacenza, from
Flag of Parma, from FOTW
Downloadable documents from Edward Hertslet: The map of Europe by treaty (Vol.1 , London 1875), posted by gallica.bnf
June 7th 1815, Accession of Spain to the Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815. Parma, Piacenza, Guastalla. Paris, (pp.518ff)
June 8th 1817, Accession of Spain to Treaties of Paris of 20th November, 1815. Parma, Placentia, Guastalla, &c. Paris, (pp.521ff)
June 10th 1817, Territorial Treaty between Spain and the 5 Powers, Parma, Piacenza, Guastalla, Lucca. Paris (pp.524ff.)
May 25th 1821, Boundary between Austria and Parma (Piacenza), ( pp.670ff)
Nov. 26th 1822 : Treaty between Parma and Sardinia, boundary of Genova, Turin, (pp.693ff)
Map : Unification of Italy 1859-1924, posted by Ben Cahoon (map on the right)
List of Dukes of Parma and Piacenza, from World Statesmen : Italian States to 1860 by Ben Cahoon
Portraits : Marie Louise, with Napoleon's son, from Art Istocracy; Marie Louise and Napoleon, from Art Istocracy
Bust of Marie Louise von Habsburg, from Museo di Risorgimento
Medal : Entree de Marie Louise a Parme, 1816, from Bramsen's Napoleonic Medals
Parma, Coins : : coins, click on parma, individual coin
Armistice at Villafranca, between Napoleon III. and Franz Joseph II. 1859, from Modern Italy at Dickinson College, bilingual
W. Gracie, General Gazetteer 1823, Duchy of Parma

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 25th 2006

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