History of Italy

Satellite States
Piemontese/Subalpine Republic, 1798-1801

Occupied by French troops in 1797, under the protection of which the Piemontese Republic was established (Dec. 10th 1798). Duke Charles Emmanuel IV., King of Sardinia, who had succeeded his father in 1796, was declared deposed (1798); he abdicated in favour of his son in 1802. Expelled from Savoy-Piemont, the dynasty held the island of Sardinia, protected by the British navy. Upon the establishment of the Cisalpine Republic in July 1797, the Province of Novara was ceased to the latter.
Briefly lost to the Russians, the republic was dissolved (June 1799). The area was restored to the House of Savoy, who had to flee again when the area was retaken by Napoleon; the Piemontese Republic was restored, to be later rechristened Subalpine Republic (est. June 1800; dissolved 1802). Capital Turin. In 1802 the region was annexed by France.
The Piemontese/Subalpine Republic leaned heavily on France, introduced French style reforms, its coinage was based on the French Franc. The structure of government, notwithstanding the republics' short lifespan, changed repeatedly, from a Directory (Dec. 1798 - Apr. 1799) to a Superior Council (Apr. 1799 - July 1800), and after reestablishment of the republic to a Provisional Executive (Apr. 1801 - Sept. 1802). In 1802 annexed into France.

DOCUMENTS Image of coins from Coins of the French Revolution and the First Empire : Scudo, 1799, 2 Soldi 1801, 5 Francs, 1802
List of Presidents etc., from World Statesmen : Italian States 1760-1860 by Ben Cahoon, scroll down, look under Sardinia-Piemont
REFERENCE Book Reviews : Savoy-Piemont, from History Book Reviews

M. le Gallais, Histoire de la Savoie et du Piemont (History of Savoy and Piemont), new edition, Tours : Alfred Mame 1879, 237 pp.; in French

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 25th 2006

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