Piombino as described in Historic Encyclopedias



Pierer 1857-1865





Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, Article : Piombino
A principality which used to belong to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, located between the territories of Pisa and Siena, on the Tyrrhenian Sea, swampy (1 square mile, crossed by the river Cornio), a little agriculture and livestock keeping, a lot of fishery, 6.5 square miles, 25,000 inhabitants. Piombino used to belong to Pisa, when Gerhard Apiano sold Pisa to Milan in 1399, he held on to Piombino with Elba as a principality. The duchy remained in his family, under the protection of Florence, until it ended in the male line with Jacob VII. in 1603. In 1631 Emperor Ferdinand II. granted it to Philip IV. of Spain, who sold it in 1634 to Nicolo Ludovise, husband of Polyxene, the granddaughter of Jacob VII., but he maintained the right to garrison the citadel with Spanish troops (the garrison had been there since 1549). In 1699 John Baptist, son of the former, died without heirs, and the duchy came to his sister Hippolyte, since 1681 the wife of Gregory II. Buoncampagne, Duke of Sora and Alcara, his daughter in 1702 married her uncle Antony, and the latter succeeded as prince. when his brother Gregory died in 1707. In the War of Spanish Succession he held with France, therefore Piombino was confiscated by the Emperor in 1708, but later returned to the House Buoncampagne, under Sardinian sovereignty. Antony died in 1738, and through his two sons he was the founder of two lines of the House of Piombino : (a) the older, Cajetan, continued the Line Buoncampagne-Ludovisi; he was followed in 1777 by his son Antony, under whom the King of Naples ceded the Stato dei Presidii (to which it belonged since 1557), but also the suzerainty over Piombino, to Napoleon. The latter declared the duke having forfeited his land, and on March 18th 1805 he granted it to his brother-in-law Felix Pascal Bacciochi. In 1815 the Final Act of the Vienna Congress returned Piombino to the House Buoncampagne, under Tuscan sovereignty, and Louis Maria became prince, son of Antony II. who had died on April 26th 1805. Louis Maria died in 1841 and was succeeded by his older son Antony III., born August 11th 1808, he resides in Rome and since 1829 he is married with Wilhelmina, daughter of Duke Massimo; his older son Don Rodolfo, Duke of Sora, was born in 1832. (b) Antony's younger son, Pietro Giorgio, founded the line Buoncampagne-Ludovisi-Ottobone, he named himself that way after his wife Maria Francesca Ottoboni, inheriting daughter of Marco Ottoboni, Prince of Fiano. He also took on the title Prince of Fiano. Present head of this line is Marco, Duke of Fiano, born September 21st 1832, son of Duke Alexander (died 1837); he is married to Donna Julia, sister of Duke Antony of the older line, and presently he hs only one daughter.
source in German, posted by Zeno





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First posted on March 5th 2009

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