1860-1906 History of Italy since 1945






Republic of San Marino, 1906-1945



In 1906, San Marino undertook a constitutional reform; the family heads again were enfranchised.
In 1937, San Marino had 14,272 inhabitants. That year, the San Marinese budget was balanced at 5,077,000 Lire; the public debt, as of 1935, amounted to 8 million Lire.
Ever since 1872, San Marino was placed under the protection of neighbour Italy. San Marino used the same currency as Italy, the LIRA. The economic crisis following World War I affected San Marino, as the country experienced unemployment and inflation. A San Marinese FASCIST PARTY was founded in 1922; they soon got a hold of state administration. San Marino, following the Italian model, was transformed into a CORPORATE STATE; the PFI (Fascist Party of Italy) frequently interfered in San Marinese affairs. San Marino was linked with Rimini by a railroad financed by Italy. Following the Italian turnabout in 1943, San Marino declared NEUTRALITY. The PFS was dissolved. The republic of c.15,000 provided shelter for an estimated refugee population of c. 100,000. Officially both sides respected San Marinese neutrality; on June 26th 1944 the republic suffered from a British air raid. In September 1944, the Germans and the Anglo-Americans, engaged in a battle, violated San Marinese neutrality.






EXTERNAL
FILES
History of San Marino : World War I and II, from San Marino Site
DOCUMENTS List of Statesmen, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Historical Population Statistics : San Marino, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE Hübner's Weltstatistik, 73rd edition, edited by Ernst Rösner, Wien 1939
Article : San Marino, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945 p.623, 1946 p.657 [G]
Article : San Marino, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1910 p.969, 1918 p.1031, 1919 p.1008, 1924 pp.1267-1268, 1925 pp.1274-1275, 1926 pp.1237-1238, 1928 p.1278, 1929 pp.1254-1255, 1932 pp.1275-1276, 1937 pp.1309-1310, 1943 pp.1268-1269 [G]
Article : San Marino, in : Americana Annual 1936 p.662, 1937 p.636, 1938 p.628, 1939 p.691, 1940 pp.698-699, 1943 p.650, 1944 pp.638-640, 1945 pp.663-664, 1946 pp.613-614 [G]
Article : San Marino, in : New International Year Book 1925 p.630, 1928 p.677, 1930 p.705, 1932 p.742, 1933 p.738, 1934 p.639, 1935 p.656, 1938 p.667, 1939 p.694, 1940 p.670, 1941 p.583, 1942 p.611, 1943 p.558, 1944 p.544, 1945 p.519 [G]
Article : San Marino, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.467, 1935 p.470, 1937 p.449, 1938 p.451, 1939 p.470, 1940 p.469 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on August 27th 2002, last revised on September 14th 2008

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