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Zürich Basel Land
First posted on December 8th 2007, last revised on December 12th 2013







The territory which in 1803 was reconstituted as Canton Aargau in 1415 was conquered by the Swiss Confederation (previous owners : the Habsburg Dynasty). Until 1798, the area was treated as subject territories of Bern, Luzern and Zürich, under the names of Grafschaft Baden (County of Baden, not to be confused with the Margraviate of Baden) and of the Freie Ämter (Free Districts).
The city of Baden frequently hosted sessions of the Swiss Federal Diet.
In 1798 the Bernese Aargau formed the Canton of Aargau; the County of Baden and the Freie Ämter joined to form the Canton of Baden. In 1803 the Cantons of Aargau and of Baden merged to form the (larger) Canton of Aargau, within the Swiss Confederation. In 1815 the Frickthal (hitherto Austrian) was annexed.

Prior to 1803, Aargau and spelling varieties was applied to the Bernese Aargau; it is advised to also search for the Grafschaft/County of Baden and the Freie Ämter/Free Baillages.
Spelling varieties : Aargau, Argau, Argow, Aergow, Argovia, Argovie

Historical Atlas, Switzerland Page







Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Aargau, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Aargau, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic F.X. Bronner, Der Kanton Aargau, historisch, geographisch, statistisch geschildert, 1844, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Links General Category : Aargau, from Wikipedia
on History Clio Online, keyword Aargau; German language History Portal
Kategorie : Geschichte (Kanton Aargau), from Wikipedia German edition
Kanton Aargau, from GenWiki, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Organizations Societies Historische Gesellschaft des Kantons Aargau
Historische Vereinigung Wynental
Institutions see also Archives, Musea, Libraries further below
Kanton Aargau, Kantonale Denkmalpflege, Kantonsarchäologie Aargau
Historical Dictionaries on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English this site
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, posted on Google Books
on Aargau
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Aargau : History
Article Geschichte des Kantons Aargau, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Aargau, from Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, in German, many subfiles
General, Historical J. Müller, Der Aargau, seine politische , Rechts-, Kultur- und Sittengeschichte, vol.1, 1870, Gb
Specific Periods E. Zschokke, Geschichte der Entstehung des Kantons Aargau, 1853, in German, GB
Historiography
Politics Article : Aargau : Verfassung, from Wikipedia German edition
Military
Economy & Finances Articles Aargau : Economy, from Wikipedia
Article : Aargau : Wirtschaft, from Wikipedia
Social History
Ethnography
Religion Muri, Zurzach, from Passionsspiele im Alpenländischen Raum
Historische Beschreibung des im 14. Jahrhundert gestifteten Herzoglich-Oestreichischen Klosters Königsfelden im Aargau, seit der Kirchenverbesserung zu einem Amt- und Armenhaus gewidmet, 1819, in German, GB
R. Feer, Über das Bisthum Basel in Beziehung auf den Kanton Aargau , 1828, in German, GB
Aargau (Switzerland, Baden (Canton Aargau, Switzerland, from GAMEO
Geschichte und Jubiläen, from Reformierte Landeskirche Aargau
Geschichte der aargauischen Landeskirche, from Christkatholische Kirche der Schweiz
Couvens d'Argovie vote consultatif de la Deputation du Valais, dans la session ordinaire de 1843, in French, GB
Memoire sur la Suppression des Couvens d'Argovie adress?aux Etats Confederes, 1841, in French, GB
J. Aebischer, Quelques mots sur la question des couvens du canton d'Argovie, 1841, in French, GB
History of Regions Article : Grafschaft Baden, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Kanton Baden, from Wikipedia German edition
Article : Freiaamt, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Fricktal, from Wikipedia
Article : Frickthal : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
M. Lutz, Das vorderösterreichische Frickthal, 1801, in German, GB
A. Birrcher, Das Frickthal in seinen historischen und sagenhaften Erinnerungen, 1859, in German, GB
Local History Articles Aarau : History, Baden : History, Rheinfelden : History, from Wikipedia
Articles Aarau : Geschichte, Baden : Geschichte, Laufenburg : Geschichte, Rheinfelden : Geschichte, Bad Zurzach : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
J. Glur, Roggwyler chronik, oder Historisch-topographisch-statistische Beschreibung von Roggwyl im Ober-Aargau, 1835, in German, posted by Google Books
Institutions Structurae : Argovia
Culture
Biographies Category : People from Aargau, from Wikipedia
Environmental History
Others Article Aargauer Klosterstreit (1841-1843), from Wikipedia German edition
S. Hottinger, Thermae Argovia-Badenses: das ist eigentliche Beschreibung der warmen Bädern ..., 1702, in German, posted on Google Books

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of 'Landammänner'1831-, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
List of Consuls Political Graveyard : Switzerland, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls in Aarau
Statistical Data Population Figures Switzerland, Historical Population Statistics of the Provinces, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Bevölkerung der Grafschaft Baden im Aargau, pp.157-161 in vol.1 of Bibliothek der schweizerischen Staatskunde, Erdbeschreibung und Litteratur, 1796, in German
Election Results
Documents Historical Newspapers Aarauer Zeitung 1817-1821, in German, GB
Historical Films Zeitraum Aargau, Videoportal zur Raumentwicklung. 350 historische und rund 50 aktuelle Filme
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Switzerland
Regimentsbuch der XXII Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Kanton Aargau, pp.178-189 in 1828 edition, pp.185-196 in 1829 edition, in German, GB
Staatshandbuch der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft, 1837, BSB
Staatskalender der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1856, BSB, 1858, BSB, 1859, BSB, 1860-1861, BSB, 1861-1862, BSB, 1862-1863, BSB, 1863-1864, BSB, 1864-1865, BSB, 1865-1866, BSB, 1866-1867, BSB, 1867-1868, BSB, 1868-1869, BSB, 1869-1870 GB
Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
Staatskalender
Aargau
According to the Swiss Electronic Library, the Staatskalender des eidgenössischen Standes Aargau was published from 1839 to 1842, the Staatskalender des Kantons Aargau since 1946
Staatskalender des eidgenössischen Standes Aargau, 1855, in German, GB
Staatskalender des Kantons Aargau 2008 (viewed on May 6th 2011; only one Staatskalender posted by Kanton Aargau, date given of 2008)
International Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Sujets de Suisse : Comte de Bade 1783 pp.198-199, Gallica
Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Sujets de Suisse : Provinces Libres 1783 p.199, Gallica
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Canton Aargau, 1830, p.476, 1831 p.481, 1832 p.550, in German, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of the Canton of Aargau, from Wikimedia Commons
Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Alte Ansichtskarten Schweiz
Index of Historical Images : Switzerland (3 on Aargau), from KJA
Verzeichnis der öffentlich zugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Publicly Accessible Death Dances, Switzerland), Verzeichnis der zerstörten oder unzugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Destroyed or Inaccessible Death Dances, Switzerland), from Totentanz Online, scroll down for Aarau, Baden; in German
Canton d'Argovie, from J. Reinhard, Collection de costumes suisses, book bilingual English & French; 2 plates on Argow/Argovie
Historische Reisef?rer und Reiseprospekte - Schweiz from Heimatsammlung; search for Bad Schinznach
Archival Deposits G. Boner, Die Erschliessung ausländischer Archivalien zur Aargauer Geschichte
Inventare Aargauischer Archive
Staatsarchiv Aargau, Altes Archiv, Urkundenfonds
Constitutions Verfassungen des Kantons Aargau (Constitutions of C. A.), posted by Verfassungen.eu, in German
Verfassung des Kantons Aargau, pp.163-167 in K.H.L. Pölitz, Die europäischen Verfassungen seit dem Jahre 1789 bis auf die neueste Zeit, 1833, GB
Laws Neue Sammlung der Gesetze und Verordnungen des Kantons Aargau vol.1 1831, vol.2 1831, vol.3 1842, in German, GB
Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch für den Kanton Aargau, 1847, Bürgerliche Gesetzgebung für den Kanton Aargau, 1858, Allgemeines bürgerliches Gesetzbuch für den Kanton Aargau, 1867, in German, GB
Sammlung der in Kraft bestehenden Kanton Aargauischen Gesetze und Verordnungen, several volumes, in German, GB
Aargauische Gesetzessammlung Online
Historiography
Document Collections Swissdox; site permitting to download historical Swiss documents; charges fee
H. Boos, Urkundenbuch der Stadt Aarau, 1880, IA, Swiss Electronic Library
Individual Documents Bericht des kleinen Rathes an den Tit. Grossen Rath, 1835, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Historical Maps general collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Aargau
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Aargau, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
responsible institution unnecessary; see Geoportal Aargau
entire canton, modern Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, Territorial Development Swiss Confederacy, 1291-1797, Switzerland : Political Structure 1474, Switzerland : Political Structure 1530, Switzerland : Political Structure 1560, Political Structure in the 18th Century, Helvetic Republic 1798 (suggestion in draft to 1st H. constitution), Helvetic Republic 1798/1799 , Helvetic Republic 1801 (const. of Malmaison), Helvetic Republic 1802 (2nd H. constitution), Switzerland 1803-1813, Switzerland 1815-1847, division into cantons, from Wikipedia
entire canton, contemporary Historische Karten, from Geoportal Aargau; maps online
detail, modern Grafschaft Baden, from Wikipedia
Landvogtei Freie Ämter, from Wikipedia
detail, contemporary Baden, from Historic Cities
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Aargau, Aarau, Baden, from EB 1911
Articles Aargau, Aarau, Baden, Frickthal, Laufenburg, Rheinfelden, Zurzach, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Aargau, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious
Economic J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Zurzach, posted by DTBSWS
Aargau, Schweizer Kanton, pp.39-362 in G.K. Chelius, Mass- und Gewichtsbuch , 1830, in German, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Aarau, Zurzach, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical
on (larger) Aargau
Der Kanton Aargau, pp.81-85 in vol.5 : Helvetien oder die Schweiz und Italien of Th. Fr. Ehrmann, Neueste Länder-und Völkerkunde, 1808, in German, GB
Le Canton d'Argovie, detache de celui de Berne, pp.518-519 in L.A.N. de Lacroix, Geographie moderne, 1817, in French, GB
Der Kanton Aargau, pp.377-380 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten 1822, in German, GB
Der Kanton Aargau, pp.218-226 in G. Meyer von Kronau, Abriss der Erdbeschreibung und Staatskunde der Schweiz, 1824, in German, GB
The Canton of Aargau, p.156 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Geographical
on (Bernese) Aargau
Article : Argow, p.151 in vol.1 of Encyclopedie methodique : geographie moderne, 1782, in French, GB
Geographical
on Baden
The County of Baden, in A. Stanyan, An account of Switzerland : Written in the year 1714, 1714, GB
Bade, ou Baden, pp.213-214 in vol.1 of Encyclopedie methodique : geographie moderne, 1782, in French, GB
The County of Baden, p.135 in A short compendium of ancient and modern historical geography, 1791, GB
Geographical
on Freie Ämter
Frey Ambter, or Free Baillages, in A. Stanyan, An account of Switzerland : Written in the year 1714, 1714, GB
Freye Aemter, p.629 in vol.1 of Encyclopedie methodique : geographie moderne, 1782, in French, GB
Historical
on (Bernese) Aargau
Article : Argow, p.367 in vol.1 of L. Moreri, Le grand dictionnaire historique 1687, in French, GB
Article : Argow ou Aergow, p.510 in vol.1 of L. Moreri, Le grand dictionnaire historique 1731, in French, GB
Article : Argow, p.100 in Nouveau dictionnaire historique-geographique, 1766, in French, GB
Historical
on Baden
Baden County, p.253 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Baden, pp.95-97 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Historical
on freie Ämter
Free Ambter or Free Villages, p.253 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Freyenämter, pp.98-100 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Aemter, freye, pp.15-17 in vol.1 of L. Meister, Historisches geographisch-statistisches Lexikon von der Schweiz, 1796, in German, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Aarau, Baden (Schweiz)
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Baden (Switzerland)
Tour Guides The County of Baden, p.282 in J. Carver, The new universal traveller, 1779, GB
Search J. Murray, The hand-book for travellers in Switzerland and the Alps of Savoy and Piedmont: including the Protestant valleys of the Waldenses, 1811, GB, for Argovia
Search Th. Roscoe, The tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830, GB, for Argovia
Search K. Baedeker, Switzerland: with the neighboring lakes of northern Italy, Savoy, and the adjacent districts of Piedmont, Lombardy and the Tyrol, 1863, GB, for Argovia
Search Englishman Abroad, Practical Swiss guide: Red book for Switzerland, the adjoining districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, the introductory routes from London, etc, 1864, GB, for Argovia
Canton of Aargau, pp.49-57 in Bradshaw's pedestrian route-book for Switzerland, Chamouni, and the Italian Lakes, 1870, GB
Travelogues
Exhibition Catalogues Switzerland, pp.1264- in vol.4 of Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue, Great Exhibition of 1851, 1851, search for Argovie
Switzerland, pp.412- from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Argovie
Institutions Archives Staatsarchiv des Kantons Aargau
Musea Museum Aargau
Monuments Denkmalschutz Historische Militärbauten, from Armasuisse; scroll down for Aargau
Liste von Burgen und Schlössern in der Schweiz : Aargau, from Wikipedia German edition
Libraries Aargauer Kantonsbibliothek
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins information on A. coins Aargau minted dated coins from 1805-1831 (Numiswiss
Article Aargau Frank, from Wikipedia
catalogue of A. coins
part of a collection R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Aargau pp.1-5, Laufenburg pp.258-259, Muri pp.306-307, Zofingen pp.482-486, Baden p.628
Aargau Coins, from Napoleonic Medals
Search Coin Archives, Money Museum for Aargau
Search Early Dated Coins (1166-1520s) for Baden (County) etc.
Abtey Muri (Freyamt), pp.386-389 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB
Abtey St. Urban, pp.391-392 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB
Abtey Wettingen, pp.392-393 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB
Stadt Baden im Aergeu, pp.453-454 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies on Aargau official Aargauer Bibliographie 2006-2008
on Aargau serial publications Publikationen der Historischen Gesellschaft des Kantons Aargau 1860-2007
wider chapter A. Kanton Aargau, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Schweiz : Aargau, from Computatio
specialist
historic library catalogue
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
on Switzerland Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories, Switzerland
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Directory of Open Access Journals
Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
Beiträge zur Aargauergeschichte 1978-2009, from SEALS
Argovia 1860-2009, from SEALS; vols. 1860, IA, 1871, IA, 1903, IA, more editions, GB
Taschenbuch der historischen Gesellschaft des Kantons Aargau 1860-1930, from SEALS; issues 1860, IA, 1896, IA, 1908, IA
contents online
General Accounts
Specific Topics