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St. Gallen Appenzell Innerrhoden
First posted on December 4th 2007, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012






In 1377, Appenzell established its independence from the Prince-abbey of St. Gallen, reaffirmed in the Appenzell Wars 1401-1429. In 1411 Appenzell became an ally of the Swiss Confederation; in 1513 it joined as full member.
The introduction of the Reformation 1522 and following created two religious communities, a Protestasnt and a Catholic one. In 1597 Appenzell split in two, (Protestant) Ausserrhoden and (Catholic) Innerrhoden.
In 1798 the two were joined to form the Canton of Appenzell in the Helvetic Republic (-1803). In 1803 two half-cantons, Appenzell Ausserrhoden and Appenzell Innerrhoden, were reestablished, within the Swiss Confederation. Appenzell Ausserrhoden still practices direct democracy (Landsgemeinde).

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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic G. Rüsch, Der Kanton Appenzell historisch, geographisch, statistisch geschildert, 1835, in German, GB
J. Zellweger, Der Kanton Appenzell: Land, Volk und dessen Geschichte bis auf die Gegenwart, 1868, in German, GB
Links General Category : Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from Wikipedia
on History Clio Online, keyword Appenzell Ausserrhoden; German language History Portal
Kategorie : Geschichte (Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden), from Wikipedia German edition
Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from GenWiki, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Organizations Societies Historischer Verein Appenzell
Genealogisch-Heraldische Gesellschaft Ostschweiz
Institutions see also Archives, Musea, Libraries further below
Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Amt Für Kultur, Fachstelle Denkmalpflege
Staatsarchiv Appenzell-Ausserrhoden, responsible for archaeology in the canton
Historical Dictionaries on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English this site
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, posted on Google Books
on Appenzell Ausserrhoden U. Rietmann, Orts-Lexikon der Kantone St-Gallen und Appenzell, 1818, Orts-Lexikon des Kantons Appenzell beyder Rhoden, 1819, in German, GB
O. Henne am Rhein, Orts-Lexikon der Kantone St. Gallen und Appenzell, 1868, in German, GB
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Appenzell Ausserrhoden : History, from Wikipedia
Article Geschichte des Kantons Appenzell, Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Appenzell (Ausserrhoden), from Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, in German, many subfiles
General, Historical B. Bischoffberger, Appenzeller Chronik 1682, in German, GB
G. Walser, Neue Appenzeller Cronick 1740, in German, GB
J.H. Tobler, Regenten- und Landesgeschichte des Kantons Appenzell der ässeren Rhoden, 1597-1797, 1824, in German, GB
J.C. Zellweger, Geschichte des appenzellischen Volkes, vol.1, 1830, vol.2, 1834, vol.3, 1839, Urkunden 797-1400, 1831, Urkunden 1400-1452, 1831, Urkunden 1453-1481, 1833, Urkunden 1482-1514, 1834, Urkunden 1514-1531, 1836, Urkunden 1532-1564, 1837, in German, GB
G. Rüsch, Historisch-geographische Darstellung des Kantons Appenzell, 1844, in German, GB
J. K. Zellweger, Der Kanton Appenzell: Land, Volk und dessen Geschichte bis auf die Gegenwart, 1868, in German, GB
Specific Periods
Politics Article : Appenzell Ausserrhoden : Politik, from Wikipedia German edition
Rusch, Quellenstudien zu den zwischen Appenzell Inner- und Ausserrhoden waltenden Hoheitsstreitigkeiten 1869, in German, GB
Military Article : Appenzell Wars, from Wikipedia
Article : Appenzellerkriege, from Wikipedia German edition
Economy & Finances Article Appenzell Frank, from Wikipedia
Social History
Ethnography
Religion
History of Regions
Local History Articles Herisau : History
Article Herisau : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
A. Eugster, Die Gemeinde Herisau im Kanton Appenzell A. Rh, 1870, in German, GB
A. Rohner, Die Gemeinde Heiden im Kanton Appenzell A.R., 1867, GB
Institutions Article Ruine Rosenberg, from Wikipedia German edition
Structurae : Appenzell Ausser Rhoden
Biographies
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of 'Regierende Landammänner' 1698-, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Population Figures Switzerland, Historical Population Statistics of the Provinces, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Election Results
Documents Historical Newspapers Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Amtsblatt 2003-2011, in German
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
on Switzerland
Regimentsbuch der XXII Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, pp.143-147 in 1828 edition, pp.148-152 in 1829 edition, in German, GB
Staatshandbuch der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft, 1837, BSB
Staatskalender der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1856, BSB, 1858, BSB, 1859, BSB, 1860-1861, BSB, 1861-1862, BSB, 1862-1863, BSB, 1863-1864, BSB, 1864-1865, BSB, 1865-1866, BSB, 1866-1867, BSB, 1867-1868, BSB, 1868-1869, BSB, 1869-1870 GB
Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
Staatskalender
on Appenzell
According to Swiss Electronic Library, Staatskalender des Kantons Appenzell (no subdivision in title) was published since 1866
International Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Appenzell 1783 pp.197-198, Gallica
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Canton Appenzell, 1830 p.475, 1831 pp.479-480, 1832 pp.548-549, in German, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of the Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from Wikimedia Commons
Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Alte Ansichtskarten : Kanton Appenzell; commercial site
St. Galler Bibliotheksnetz : Digitale Bilder, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, 11661 entries
Archival Deposits
Constitutions Verfassungen im Kanton Appenzell (Constitutions of C. A.), posted by Verfassungen.de, in German
Verfassung des Kantons Appenzell der Ässern Rhoden, pp.65-82 in vol.2 of Verfassungen der Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft , 1836, in German, GB
Mediationsakte 1803, Capitel 1 : Constitution des Cantons Appenzell, pp.438-440 in K.H.L. Pölitz, Die Constitutionen der europäischen Staaten seit den letzten 25 Jahren, 1825, GB
Verfassung für den Kanton Appenzell, 1801, in German, GB
Laws Landbuch des Kantons Appenzell Ausserrhoden, 1828, in German, GB
Landbuch der ?ssern Rhoden des Kantons Appenzell, 1844, in German, GB
Gesetzbuch f? den Kanton Appenzell A.Rh, vol.1, 1864, vol.2, 1867, in German, GB
Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Gesetzessammlung, in German
Document Collections Swissdox; site permitting to download historical Swiss documents; charges fee
e-codices, Appenzell Ausserrhoden
J.C. Zellweger, Geschichte des appenzellischen Volkes, Urkunden 797-1400, 1831, Urkunden 1400-1452, 1831, Urkunden 1453-1481, 1833, Urkunden 1482-1514, 1834, Urkunden 1514-1531, 1836, Urkunden 1532-1564, 1837, in German, GB
Historical Maps general collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Appenzell Ausserrhoden, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
responsible institution
entire canton, modern Map : Appenzell 1500, from euratlas
Map : Besitz der Werdenberger und Montforter im 14. Jahrhundert, Ostschweiz 1798, from Wikipedia
Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, Territorial Development Swiss Confederacy, 1291-1797, Switzerland : Political Structure 1474, Switzerland : Political Structure 1530, Switzerland : Political Structure 1560, Political Structure in the 18th Century, Helvetic Republic 1798 (suggestion in draft to 1st H. constitution), Helvetic Republic 1798/1799 , Helvetic Republic 1801 (const. of Malmaison), Helvetic Republic 1802 (2nd H. constitution), Switzerland 1803-1813, Switzerland 1815-1847, division into cantons, from Wikipedia
Historische Verkehrswege in den Kantonen Appenzell
entire canton, contemporary Appenzell Canton Map 1909, from Discus Media, no Cantonal borders, physical map
Plan von der Gegend zwischen St.Gallen und Altstetten, mit dem neuen Strassenzuge ?er den Ruppen, 1934, from zeitzeugnisse.ch
detail, modern
detail, contemporary City Maps : Appenzell and Environs 1897, from Discus Media
External Online Maps : Braun-Hogenberg 1572 : Appenzell from Mappa di Citta ed Altra Mappe Antiche Diverse
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Appenzell, Herisau, from EB 1911
Articles Appenzell, Herisau, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Appenzell, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious
Economic Appenzell, pp.245-247 in G.K. Chelius et al., Mass- und Gewichtsbuch, 1830, in German, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Appenzell, posted by DTBSWS
Political Appenzell, pp.1092-1093 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Von dem Regiment der Ländereen Uri, Schweitz, Unterwalden, Zug, Glarus und Appenzell, pp.536-569 in J. Simmler et al., Von dem Regiment der loblichen Eydgenossenschaft, zwei Bücher, 1735, in German, GB
Geographical Der Ort Appenzell, pp.201-228, die ässern Rooden pp.230-236 in vol.2 of J.C. Füsslin, Staats- und Erdbeschreibung der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1770, in German, GB
Der Kanton Appenzell, pp.369-372 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten, 1822, in German, GB
Der Kanton Appenzell, pp.195-198 in G. Meyer von Kronau, Abriss der Erdbeschreibung und Staatskunde der Schweiz, 1824, in German, GB
The Canton of Appenzell, pp.156-157 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Historical Appenzell, pp.1229-1230 in vol.2 part 1 of A. Desing, Auxilia Historica oder Behülff zu den Historischen und dazu erforderlichen Wissenschafften, 1741, GB
Appenzell, p.253 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Appenzell, pp.58-59 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Appenzell
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Appenzell
Tour Guides Search J. Murray, The hand-book for travellers in Switzerland and the Alps of Savoy and Piedmont: including the Protestant valleys of the Waldenses, 1811, GB, for Appenzell
Search Th. Roscoe, The tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830, GB, for Appenzell
Search K. Baedeker, Switzerland: with the neighboring lakes of northern Italy, Savoy, and the adjacent districts of Piedmont, Lombardy and the Tyrol, 1863, GB, for Appenzell
Search Englishman Abroad, Practical Swiss guide: Red book for Switzerland, the adjoining districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, the introductory routes from London, etc, 1864, GB, for Appenzell
Canton of Appenzell, pp.189-196 in Bradshaw's pedestrian route-book for Switzerland, Chamouni, and the Italian Lakes, 1870, GB
Institutions Archives Staatsarchiv Appenzell-Ausserrhoden
Landesarchiv Appenzell Innerrhoden; houses the Common Archive for the history prior to the split of 1597
Musea Historisches Museum Herisau
Monuments Schutzobjekte, from Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Fachstelle Denkmalpflege , in German
Denkmalschutz Historische Militärbauten, from Armasuisse; scroll down for Glarus, Appenzell und St. Gallen
Liste von Burgen und Schlössern in der Schweiz : Appenzell Ausserrhoden, from Wikipedia German edition
Libraries Kantonsbibliothek Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Bibliotheken beider Appenzell
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins information on A. coins Article Appenzell Frank, from Wikipedia
catalogue of A. coins
part of a collection Appenzell Coin 1813, from Napoleonic Medals
R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Appenzell pp.6-12
Search Coin Archives, Money Museum for Appenzell
CoinFactsWiki : Switzerland, Appenzell
Appenzell, pp.175-176 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general
on Appenzell official
on Appenzell wider; chapter A. Bücher und Schriften welche sich vorzugsweise auf Örtlichkeiten beziehen : Appenzell, pp.492-494 in vol.1 of Archiv für schweizerische Reformationsgeschichte, 1869, GB
specialist
historic library catalogue
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
on Switzerland Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
contents online
General Accounts
Specific Topics