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Switzerland Genova
First posted on February 19th 2010, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012






In July 1797 the Transpadane and Cispadane Republics, were merged to form the Cisalpine Republic. The Treaty of Campoformio (Oct. 1797) brought recognition by Austria and added the Venetian Terraferma west of the Adige. An invasion of Lugano (Ticino, Switzerland) in 1797 failed; the Graubünden subject territories of Valtellina, Bormio and Chiavenna revolted (June 1797), and, following a plebiscite, were annexed into the Cisalpine Republic (Oct. 1797).

Formally an ally of France on equal terms, the Cisalpine Republic was a French satellite state. French troops stationed in the Republic were paid for by the latter; the forces of the Republic were to support the French in their wars. As contemporary France, the Cisalpina was governed by a Directorate. In July 1797 a constitution, modelled after the French, was introduced, which was altered after an anti-French coup in April 1798. During the Second War of the Coalition, when it again came under Austro-Russian occupation (April 1799 - June 1800), the institutions of the republic were terminated. When the French forces returned, the republic was restored (Second Republic). In the Treaty of Luneville, the formerly Piemontese Province of Novara was annexed.
In 1802 the Cisalpine Republic was renamed Italian Republic.







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Article Cisalpine Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Repubblica Cisalpina, from Wikipedia Italian edition
A geographical and statistical account of the Cisalpine Republic: and Maritime Austria, 1798, posted on Google Books
Article Repubblica Cisalpina, from Dizionario di Storia, in Italian
Links, on History
Organizations
Historical Dictionary Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Nuovo dizionario istorico, ovvero storia in compendio di tutti gli uomini che si sono resi illustri ... dal principio del mondo fino ai nostri giorni ... con tavole cronologiche vol.1 (1796) AA-AL, vols.2-3 (1796) AM-BZ, vol.4 (1796) CA-CY, vols.5-6 (1796) DA-FU, vol.7 (1796) GA-GO, vols.8-9 (1796) GR-LE, vol.10 (1796) LI-MA, vols.11-12 (1796) MA-MU, vols.13-14 (1796) NA-PH, vols.15-16 (1796) PI-RH, vols.17-18 (1796) RI-SE, vols.19-20 (1796) SF-TZ, vols.21-22 (1796) VA-ZW, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Timelines Milan's History Timeline, from Milan.net
Rep. Cisalpine, from Annuaire 1789-1815, in French
Accounts of History Article Cisalpine Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Repubblica Cisalpina, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Military L. Chodzko, Histoire des legions polonaises en Italie, vol.1 1829, vol.2 1829, in French, posted on Google Books
V. Ilari, Italian Ministers of War and Navy 1800-1815, no date, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Economy
Ethnography
Religion Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bologna, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ferrara-Comacchio, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Modena-Nonantola, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vercelli, Roman Catholic Diocese of Bergamo, Roman Catholic Diocese of Brescia, Roman Catholic Diocese of Como, Roman Catholic Diocese of Crema, Roman Catholic Diocese of Lodi, Roman Catholic Diocese of Mantua, Roman Catholic Diocese of Novara, Roman Catholic Diocese of Pavia, Roman Catholic Diocese of Tortona, Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano, from Wikipedia
A. Theiner, Histoire des deux concordats de la Republique française et de la Republique cisalpine, 1869, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Regions G. Romegialli, Storia della Valtellina e delle gila Contee di Bormio e Chiavenna vol.1, 1834, vol.2, 1834, vol.3, 1836, vol.4, 1839, vol.5, 1844, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Articles Cispadane Republic, Transpadane Republic, from Wikipedia
Articles Repubblica Transpadana, Repubblica Cispadana, Repubblica Bolognese, Repubblica Reggiana, Polesine : Storia Moderna, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Local History G. Rovelli, Storia di Como: divisa in tre parti, vol.III part III, 1803, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Structures, Institutions
Biographies Biography : Marescalchi, Melzi d'Eril, from napoleon.org
Others Luigi Pepe, Volta, the Istituto Nazionale and Scientific Communication in Early Nineteenthy Century Italy
M.T. Borgato, The First Application of the Metric System in Italy 2006
Direct Democracy of the World : Cisalpine Republic

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Lombardy, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Italy, historical demographical data of the regions, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Links
foreign
Cisalpine L'Emeroteca Digitale (867 historical newspapers, mainly from Lombardy)
Le Gazzette Bolognesi 1645-1796
Online Yearbooks Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Cisalpinische Republik 1798 pt.2 pp.3-4, Cisalpinien 1799 pt.2 pp.33-34, 1800 pt.2, pp.41-42, Italienische Republik (Cisalpinien) 1802 pt.2, pp.340-343, 1803 pt.2, pp.73-76, in German, GB
Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Archivio delle Costituzione Storiche : Italia, Prima Costituzione della Repubblica Cisalpina (1797), Seconda Costituzione della Repubblica Cisalpina (1798), Italian language document
Raccolta degli legge, proclami, ordini ed avvisi pubblicato in Milano vol.1 1796, vol.2 1796, vol.3 1797, vol.4 1797, vol.5 1798, vol.6 1798, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Treaties Treaty of Campo Formio 1797, from Napoleon Series
Treaty of Luneville 1801, from Napoleon Series
Recueil des Traites de Commerce et de Navigation vol.2 I, 1834, in French, posted on Google Books
Republique Cisalpine, p.115 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
K. Martens, Recueil manuel et pratique de traites, conventions et autres actes diplomatiques, : sur lesquels sont etablis les relations et les rapports existant aujourd'hui entre les divers etats souvernains du globe, depuis l'annee 1760 jusqu'a l'epoque actuelle, vol.1, 1846, vol.2, on 1788, 1846, vol.3, 1846, in French, posted on Internet Archive
G.F. Martens, Recueil de traites d'alliance, de paix, de treve ... et plusieurs autres actes servant aa la connoissance des relations etrangeres de puissances et etats de l'Europe ... depuis 1761 jusqu'a present , vol.6 : 1795-1799, 1829, vol.7 : 1800-1803, 1831, in French, posted on Internet Archive
A collection of state papers: relative to the war against France, vol.1 1794, vol.2 1795, vol.3 I 1795, vol.3 II 1796, vol.5 1797, vol.6, 1798, vol.7, 1799, vol.8, 1800, vol.9, 1800, vol.10, 1801, vol.11, 1802, posted on Google Books
Document Collections Napoleon's Addresses during the Italian Campaign, from Wikisource
Individual Documents
Historical Maps Map of the Cisalpine Republic, from Radio Marconi
Northern Italy 1796 (Shepherd 1911), posted by Emerson Kent
Central Europe in 1797, posted by Emerson Kent
Italy 1799, posted by Emerson Kent
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Cispadanische, Transpadanische, Cisalpinische, Italiänische Republik, Königreich Italien pp.102-108 in vol.2 of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Institutions Archives Archivio di Stato, Bergamo, Bologna, Brescia, Como, Cremona, Ferrara, Mantova, Milano, Modena, Novara, Pavia, Ravenna, Reggio Emilia, Sondrio, Verona
Musea Museo del Tricolore
Monuments
Libraries
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Napoleonic Medals
Napoleonic Medals : The Second Italian Campaign (1799), from Fortiter, on medals with the motto "The Cisalpine Republic Restored"
Prince d'Essling's Catalogue of medals, coins etc., posted by napoleonicwars.com
Medal : the Italian Constitution (1801, commemorating Peace of Luneville), in : Napoleonic Medals : Peace from Fortiter; scroll down
Le monete della Repubblica Cisalpina 1797-1803, from Numismatica Italiana, in Italian
Others Painting : Napoleon proclaiming the Cisalpine Republic (Lafitte 1813), from Napoleon.org

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general
Online Bookstores Libreria Universitaria
Unilibro
Cisalpine Rep.
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Italy Repertori di biblioteche digitali italiane
BNCF Biblioteca Digitale; BNCR Biblioteca Digitale; Digitami, Biblioteca Digitale di Milano
Biblioteca Italiana
Biblioteche Digitali, from Biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Storia e della Documentazione Storica, Univ. of Milan
Thesis Server Tesi Online
Cisalpine Rep.
Online Journals full text online Biblioteca Digitale Italiana, Programma di digitalizzazione delle pubblicazioni periodiche
Online Yearbooks full text online
General Accounts
Specific Topics