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First posted on October 4th 2006, using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012






The city of Rijeka (until 1919/1947 in sources mostly referred to as Fiume (Ital.), Reka (older Slavic spelling) or St. Veit (German)) in 1719 was declared a free port. The region around Fiume was referred to as the Hungarian (Croatian) Littoral. Administratively, Fiume belonged to Modrus County, within the Kingdom of Hungary (1867-1918). Fiume became Hungary's main port and experienced urban growth.
From 1920 to 1924, Fiume was a Free City, largely because Italy and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes could not agree over who would get the city. In 1924, Fiume was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy. In 1947 Italy ceded Fiume, now called Rijeka, to Yugoslavia; it was annexed by the Yugoslav republic of Croatia.

Historic Encyclopedias on the Fiume, 1834-1902






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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern Article : Free State of Fiume, from Wikipedia; Article : Stato Libero di Fiume, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Article Rijeka, from Wikipedia
Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Chr. Eder, The Pirate State of Fiume, 1920
Article : Croatian Littoral, from Wikipedia; Article : Kroatisches Küstenland, from Wikipedia German edition
Entry : Fiume, from GenWiki, in German
Historical V. Batthyany, Ueber das Ungarische Küstenland : In Briefen, 1805, in German, GB
National Council of Rejeka (Fiume), The Question of Fiume (1919), IA
F. Sisic, The Fraud of Rijeka (Fiume) (1919), IA
E. Grillo, Fiume: the only possible solution (1919), IA
Links on History Category : Free State of Fiume, from Wikipedia
Organizations Centro Di Documentazione Della Cultura Giuliana Istriana Fiumana Dalmata
Historical Dictionaries J.J.H. Czikann, Oesterreichische National-Encyklopädie, oder, Alphabetische Darlegung der wissenswürdigsten Eigenthümlichkeiten des österreichischen Kaiserthumes ... vol.1 : A-D, 1835, vol.2 : E-H, 1835, vol.3 : J-M 1835, vol.4 : N-Sedria, 1836, vol.5 : Seeauer-V, 1836, vol.6 : W-Z, Suppl., 1837, in German, posted on Google Books
Familia Austria, in German
Portals Reakt.org : Fiume
Timelines Fiume 1918-1947, from The World at War
History, from Rijeka Tourist Board
Accounts of History Modern Article : Free State of Fiume, from Wikipedia
Article : Stato Libero di Fiume, from Wikipedia Italian edition
La Storia di Fiume e Quarnero, from Centro Di Documentazione Della Cultura Giuliana Istriana Fiumana Dalmata
Article : History of Rijeka, from Wikipedia
World Port Source : Rijeka; City's History, from rijeka.hr
Historical
Specific Periods Fiume Quarnero. Primi Dissensi, Reazione Fiumana alla Magiarizzazione, from Centro Di Documentazione Della Cultura Giuliana Istriana Fiumana Dalmata
Paolo Deotto, L'Impresa di Fiume, in Italian
Politics Category : Political Parties in the Free State of Fiume, from Wikipedia
H.U. Gumbrecht, I redentori della vittoria: On Fiume's Place in the Genealogy of Fascism
Janez Jansa The League of Fiume, posted on Reakt
Military Articles : Forze Armate Fiumane (1920), Legione "Fiumana", from Wikipedia Italian edition
Fiume (as port of the Austrian Navy), from Global Security
Fortress Fiume
Economy & Finances
Social History
Ethnography Fiume, p.258 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Fiume, pp.2099-2106 in vol.3B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Article : Rijeka Cathedral, from Wikipedia
Article : San Vito : Patronati, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas, from Rijeka Tourist Board
Rijeka, from Jewish Virtual Library
Rijeka, from International Jewish Cemetery Project;
Institutions Article : University of Rijeka, from Wikipedia
Article : Ungarische Eisenbahnen (Hungarian railroads), from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German; CTRL F for Vukovar-Fiumaner Eisenbahn
Culture
Biographies Article : Andrea Ossoinack, from Wikipedia
Others
WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Croatia, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls in Fiume
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Rijeka (est. 1920), from Wikipedia
Cronotassi di Vescovi, from Article : Diocesi di Segna, Wikipedia Italian edition
Population Figures Census Data 1913, w. information on language and religion, Modrus-Fiume County, from Talma Media
Election Results
Documents Historical Newspapers Digital Newspaper Libraries Periodiche Romanesti Vechi, from Biblioteca Digitala Nationala
(Almost) Daily Search London Gazette 1665-; 160 Moldavia entries
Search Gazeta de Lisboa 1715-1833 (GB, incomplete series) for Fiume
Search Gazeta de Lisboa Occidental 1720-1738 (GB, incomplete series) for Fiume
Search Gazetta Universale o Sieno Firenze 1779-1801 (GB, incomplete series) for Fiume
Search La Gazette de France 1772-1786 (GB, incomplete series) for Fiume
Search New York Times Archive 1851- for Fiume; 3020 entries
Search Times of London Digital Archive 1785-1985 for Fiume
Magazines, General Time Magazine : Sep. 03 1923, Sep. 17 1923, Sep. 24 1923, Oct. 01 1923, Feb. 04 1924, Feb. 25 1924, Mar. 03 1924, Mar. 24 1924; search function lists 89 articles on Fiume
Magazines, Economic Search Handels-Archiv (Prussia 1847-1855, in German) for Fiume
Search Allgemeines Organ für Handel und Gewerbe (1835-1848, in German) for Fiume
Online Yearbooks Austrian Civil
State Almanacks
Hof- und Staats-Schematismus der röm. kaiserl. auch kaiserl.-königl. und erzherzogl. Residenzstadt Wien 1781, 1797, 1798, 1802, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Hof- und Staats-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthumes 1843 pt.1, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich 1844 pt.1, 1847 pt.1, 1856 pt.1, 1856 pt.5, 1858 pt.6, 1859 pt.2, 1859 pt.5, 1859 pt.6, 1866, 1868, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Austrian Military
State Almanacks
Oesterreichischer Militaer-Almanach 1792, 1793, 1797, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Schematismus der Kais. Königl. Armee (Militär-Almanach) 1804, 1805, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Militär-Schematismus des österreichischen Kaiserthums no report year, 1815, no report year, 1816, no report year, 1817, no report year, 1818, no report year, 1819, no report year, 1822, no report year, 1824, no report year, 1825, no report year, 1826, no report year, 1827, no report year, 1828, no report year, 1829, no report year, 1830, no report year, 1831, no report year, 1833, no report year, 1834, no report year, 1835, no report year, 1836, no report year, 1837, no report year, 1838, no report year, 1839, no report year, 1840, no report year, 1841, no report year, 1843, no report year, 1844, no report year, 1845, no report year, 1846, no report year, 1847, no report year, 1848, no report year, 1850, no report year, 1851, no report year, 1852, no report year, 1853, no report year, 1854, no report year, 1855, no report year, 1856, no report year, 1857, no report year, 1858, 1860-1861, 1861-1862, 1863, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, in German, search for Fiume
Papal Almanacks Annuario pontificio 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Fiume
Other
Image Databanks Category : Historical Imahes of Rijeka, from Wikimedia Commons
Fiume, a street, Fiume Harbour, from old picture.com
Historical Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Istria Fiume Qarnaro Dalmazia, Cartoline Storiche
Archival Deposits Registro della Popolazione di Fiume
Search Foreign Relations of the United States for Fiume
Ministerio degli Affari Esteri, Arcvhivio Storico Diplomatico
National Archives, UK
League of Nations Archives, Geneva
Archivio Giovanni Giuriati, Documenti su Fiume 1919-1920 , Archivio storico della camera dei deputati
Constitutions, Laws Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Fiume, 171 entries, in Italian
Constitution of Fiume, 1920, from Wikisource
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Document Collections Gli ultimi giorni di Fiume dannunziana : cronache e documenti fiumiani : contenente Gli otto proclami di Gabriele d'Annunzio, I nove bollettini di guerra della Reggenza del Carnaro, ed altri documenti, 1921, in Italian, IA
Historical Maps Category : Old Maps of Rijeka, from Wikipedia
Maps of Fiume, from Historical and Political Maps of the Modern Age
Hungarian County Maps 1913 : Lika-Korbava, Modros-Fiume, from Talma Media
Maps of Fiume 1922, 1932, from Probert Encyclopedia
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article : Fiume, pp.152-153 in vol.2 of Oesterreichische National-Encyklopädie 1835, in German, GB
Article : Fiume, in Brockhaus' Damen-Conversations-Lexikon 1834-1838, in German, posted by Zeno; ; Engl trsl. here
Article : Fiume, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno; ; Engl trsl. here
Article : Littorale, p.574 in vol.10 of The new American cyclopaedia, 1867, GB
Article : Fiume, in Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by RetroBibliothek; Engl trsl. here
Article : Fiume, in Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno; Engl trsl. here
Article Fiume, from EB 1911
Religious Article : Diocese of Zengg-Modrus, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic Fiume, p.128 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1821, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Fiume, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical Fiume, in R. Bookes, Brookes's General gazetteer improved, 1806, Gb
Fiume, p.257 in J. Morse, A new universal gazetteer, or, Geographical dictionary , 1821, GB
Fiume, p.667 in vol.2 of The Edinburgh gazetteer, or geographical dictionary , 1822, GB
Fiume, p.173 in vol.2 of The London general gazetteer, or Geographical dictionary, 1825, GB
Fiume, p.332 in vol.6 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1829, GB
Fiume, p.321 in W. Darby, Universal Gazzetteer, 1845, GB
Fiume, pp.467-468 in vol.2 of F. Raffelsperger, Allgemeines geographisch-statistisches Lexikon aller österreichischen Staaten, 1846, in German, GB
Fiume, p.464 in A.K. Johnston, Dictionary of geography, 1868, GB
Historical
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. Etat general des postes de France 1812, 1814, in French, GB; search for Fiume
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Fiume
Tour Guides Poststrasse von Wien über Adelsberg nach Fiume, pp.75-76 in vol.1 of R.E. von Jenny, Handbuch für Reisende in dem österreichischen Kaiserstaate, 1822, in German, GB
Fiume, pp.96-105 in F. Tschischka, Der Gefährte auf Reisen in dem österreichischen Kaiserstaate, 1834, in German, GB
Travelogues Fiume pp.143-146 in vol.2 of J.M. von Lichtenstern, Reisen durch das ?terreichische Illyrien Dalmatien und Albanien, 1822, in German, GB
Fiume pp.196-206 in vol.2 of P.E. Turnbull, Reise durch die österreichischen Staaten, 1841, in German, GB
G.A. Spottiswoode, A Tour in Civil and Military Croatia, and Part of Hungary, pp.76-99 in vol.1 of F. Galton, Vacation tourists and notes of travel in 1860 [1861], [1862-3], 1861, GB
Residence Memoirs
Exhibition Catalogues Ungern mit Slavonien und Croatien, pp.153-155 in Katalog der Allgemeinen deutschen Industrie-Ausstellung zu München im Jahre 1854, 1854, in German, GB
Bericht über die dritte allgemeine österreichische Gewerbe-Ausstellung in Wien 1845 1846, in German, GB; search for Fiume
Austria, pp.1005- in vol.4 of Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue, Great Exhibition of 1851, 1851, search for Fiume
Austria, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Fiume
Institutions Archives State Archives in Rijeka
Fiume-Rijeka : Archivio - Museo Storico
Musea
Monuments Rijeka Monuments, from rijeka.hr
Libraries
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Fiume, from FOTW
Modrus-Fiume Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins, Banknotes Article : Fiume Krone, from Wikipedia
Fiume Banknotes, from World Paper Money Catalog and History, from Numismondo; from ColNect; from Tom Chao's Paper Money Gallery
Stamps Fiume Stamps, by Ivan Martinas
G. Migliavacca, A Philatelic Profile of Fiume

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliography General
on Fiume - Rijeka
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
International Boundary Studies
eScholarship, University of California
Fiume - Rijeka
Thesis Server
Online Journals La Rivista di Studi Adriatici "Fiume", from Fiume - Rijeka
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries