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Vaud Bern
First posted on December 10th 2007, last revised on December 12th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Switzerland



The city of Fribourg was founded in 1157. From 1452 to 1477 under the Dukes of Savoy; independent since 1477. Fribourg joined the Swiss Confederation in 1481. Fribourg was opposed to the Reformation. In alliance with Bern, in 1536 Fribourg conquered Vaud. In 1555 acquisition of the larger part of the County of Gruyeres. Because of the Reformation in control in Lausanne, the bishops of Lausanne took up residence in Fribourg 1613. The Jesuits arrived in 1580; Fribourg joined the Catholic cantons in the Borromaean or Spanish alliance 1586-1587. 1798-1803 part of the Helvetic Republic; from 1803 onward of the Swiss Confederation. In 1798 briefly a secessionist Rhodan Republic (Canton Sarine et Broye) consisting of territory of Vaud and of Fribourg) existed; on March 29th 1798 the French government declared Fribourg capital, thus ending the brief secession. In 1845 Fribourg joined the Sonderbund, which after a military defeat was dissolved in 1847.

Spelling varieties : Friburg, Fribourg, Freyburg, Freiburg

Historical Atlas, Switzerland Page







Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Canton of Fribourg, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Freiburg, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Canton de Fribourg, from Wikipedia French edition
Canton Fribourg, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Historic
Links General Clio Online, keyword Fribourg; German language History Portal
Category : Canton of Fribourg, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Canton de Fribourg, from Wikipedia French edition
on History Kategorie : Geschichte (Kanton Freiburg), from Wikipedia German edition
Organizations Societies Societe d'Histoire du Canton de Fribourg
Institutions Kanton Freiburg, Amt für Kulturgüter, Denkmalpflege
Historical Dictionary on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English at this site
M. Lutz, Dictionnaire geographique et statistique de la Suisse, 1837, in French, GB
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, GB
on Fribourg F. Kuenlin, Dictionnaire g?graphique, statistique et historique du canton de Fribourg, vol.1 1832, vol.2 1832, in French, GB
Timelines from Memo, in French
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Canton of Fribourg : History, from Wikipedia
Article Geschichte des Kantons Freiburg, from Wikipedia German edition
Article Canton de Fribourg : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Article Freiburg, Kanton, from Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz, in German, many subfiles
General, Historical J.N.E. Berchtold, Histoire du Canton de Fribourg, vol.1, 1841, vol.2, 1845, vol.3, 1852, GB
Specific Periods
Historiography
Politics Article : Canton of Bern : Politics, from Wikipedia
Article : Politique du Canton de Fribourg, from Wikipedia French edition
Military
Economy & Finances Articles Canton of Fribourg : Economics, from Wikipedia
Social History
Ethnography
Religion Fribourg, from Passionsspiele im Alpenländischen Raum
History of Regions Artikel : Sarine et Broye, from Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz
Local History Articles : History of Fribourg, Murten : History, from Wikipedia
Articles : Fribourg : Histoire, Gruyere : Histoire, Morat : Histoire, from Wikipedia French edition
Articles : Freiburg im Üchtland : Geschichte, Murten : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions Structurae : Fribourg
Culture
Biographies from Memo, in French
Environmental History
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Presidents of the Council of State 1847-, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Lists of Bishops List of Bishops : Avenches - Lausanne, from Wikipedia (since 1613 residing in Fribourg)
Statistical Data Population Figures Switzerland, Historical Population Statistics of the Provinces, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Etat de la population actuelle du canton de Fribourg, 1800, in French, GB
Election Results
Documents Historical Newspapers
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Switzerland
Regimentsbuch der XXII Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Kanton Freyburg, pp.98-110 in 1828 edition, pp.101-113 in 1829 edition, in German, GB
Staatshandbuch der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft, 1837, BSB
Staatskalender der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1856, BSB, 1858, BSB, 1859, BSB, 1860-1861, BSB, 1861-1862, BSB, 1862-1863, BSB, 1863-1864, BSB, 1864-1865, BSB, 1865-1866, BSB, 1866-1867, BSB, 1867-1868, BSB, 1868-1869, BSB, 1869-1870 GB
Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Fribourg
According to Swiss Electronic Library, Annuaire officiel du Canton de Fribourg was issued from 1740 to 1967
Recueil Officiel Fribourgeois 2002-2011
Other Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Fribourg 1783 p.195, Gallica
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Canton Freiburg, 1830, p.473, 1831 p.478, 1832 p.547, in German, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of Fribourg, Historical Images of the Canton of Fribourg, from Wikimedia Commons
Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Historical Postcards, Canton Freiburg, from Alte Postkarten
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Fribourg, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "images" on the right
Archival Deposits
Constitutions Verfassungen des Kantons Freiburg (Constitutions of C. F.), posted by Verfassungen.de, in German
Verfassung des Cantons Freyburg, pp.190-191 in Denkwürdigkeiten aus der neuesten Geschichte Frankreichs, 1806, in German, GB
Laws Bulletin officiel des lois, decrets, arretes et autres actes publics du gouvernement du canton de Fribourg 1804, 1805, 1809, 1814, 1830, 1831, 1834, 1836, 1839, 1841, 1846, 1849, 1850, 1851, 1860, 1861, GB
Code penal du canton de Fribourg, 1849, in French, GB
Lois civiles du canton de Fribourg, 1868, in French, GB
Historiography
Document Collections Swissdox; site permitting to download historical Swiss documents; charges fee
Verzeichnis der öffentlich zugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Publicly Accessible Death Dances, Switzerland), Verzeichnis der zerstörten oder unzugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Destroyed or Inaccessible Death Dances, Switzerland), from Totentanz Online, scroll down for Freiburg, Murten; in German
Recueil diplomatique du Canton de Fribourg 1839-1863, GB
R.L. Herminjard (ed.), Correspondance des reformateurs dans les pays de langue francçaise, vol.1, 1512-1526, 1866, vol.2, 1527-1532, 1868, vol.3, 1533-1536, 1870, GB
Individual Documents
Historical Maps general collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Fribourg
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Fribourg, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
responsible institutions
entire canton, modern Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, Territorial Development Swiss Confederacy, 1291-1797, Switzerland : Political Structure 1474, Switzerland : Political Structure 1530, Switzerland : Political Structure 1560, Political Structure in the 18th Century, Helvetic Republic 1798 (suggestion in draft to 1st H. constitution), Helvetic Republic 1798/1799 , Helvetic Republic 1801 (const. of Malmaison), Helvetic Republic 1802 (2nd H. constitution), Switzerland 1803-1813, Switzerland 1815-1847, division into cantons, from Wikipedia
entire canton, contemporary
detail, modern
detail, contemporary External Online Maps : Braun-Hogenberg 1572 : Fribourg, from Mappa di Citta ed Altra Mappe Antiche Diverse
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Fribourg (Canton), Fribourg (city), Gruyere, Morat (Murten), from EB 1911
Articles Freiburg (Kanton), Freiburg (Stadt), Gruyeres, Murten, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Freiburg (in der Schweiz), from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious Article University of Fribourg, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907
Economic Fribourg, p.410 in J.R. Ruelle, Operations des Changes des principales places de l'Europe, 1774, in French, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Freiburg, posted by DTBSWS
Political Freiburg im Nüchtlande, p.1092 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Von den Regimentern der Städten, so keine Zünfte haben, als Bern, Luzern, Freiburg und Solothurn, pp.489-535 in J. Simmler et al., Von dem Regiment der loblichen Eydgenossenschaft, zwei Bücher, 1735, in German, GB
Geographical Der Stand und Canton Freyburg, pp.592-658 in vol.2 of J.C. Faesi, Genaue und vollst?dige Staats- und Erd-Beschreibung der ganzen Eidgenossschaft, derselben gemeinen Herrschaften und zugewandten Orten, 1766, in German, GB
Stadt und Ort Freyburg, pp.95-129 in vol.2 of J.C. Füsslin, Staats- und Erdbeschreibung der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1770, in German, GB
Der Kanton Freyburg, pp.361-363 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten, 1822, in German, GB
Der Kanton Freyburg, pp.178-183 in G. Meyer von Kronau, Abriss der Erdbeschreibung und Staatskunde der Schweiz, 1824, in German, GB
Canton of Fribourg, p.575 in vol.7 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1829, GB
The Canton of Fribourg, p.159 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Historical Freyburg, p.1229 in vol.2 part 1 of A. Desing, Auxilia Historica oder Behülff zu den Historischen und dazu erforderlichen Wissenschafften, 1741, GB
Friburg, p.252 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Freiburg, pp.53-55 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. Etat general des postes de France 1812, 1814, in French, GB; search for Fribourg etc.
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Freiburg
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Fribourg
Tour Guides Search J. Murray, The hand-book for travellers in Switzerland and the Alps of Savoy and Piedmont: including the Protestant valleys of the Waldenses, 1811, GB, for Fribourg
Search Th. Roscoe, The tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830, GB, for Fribourg
Search K. Baedeker, Switzerland: with the neighboring lakes of northern Italy, Savoy, and the adjacent districts of Piedmont, Lombardy and the Tyrol, 1863, GB, for Fribourg
Search Englishman Abroad, Practical Swiss guide: Red book for Switzerland, the adjoining districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, the introductory routes from London, etc, 1864, GB, for Fribourg
Search J. Ball, A guide to the western Alps, 1866, GB, for Fribourg
Canton of Fribourg, pp.119-125 in Bradshaw's pedestrian route-book for Switzerland, Chamouni, and the Italian Lakes, 1870, GB
Travelogues
Exhibition Catalogues Switzerland, pp.1264- in vol.4 of Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue, Great Exhibition of 1851, 1851, search for Fribourg
Switzerland, pp.412- from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB ; search for Fribourg
Institutions Archives Archives d'Etat Fribourg
Musea Musee d'Art et d'Histoire de Fribourg
Monuments Denkmalschutz Historische Militärbauten, from Armasuisse; scroll down for Bern, Fribourg
Liste von Burgen und Schlössern in der Schweiz : Freiburg, from Wikipedia German edition
Libraries
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins information on A. coins Fribourg minted dated coins from 1515-1846 (Numiswiss)
Articles : Fribourg Frank, Fribourg Gulden, from Wikipedia
catalogue of A. coins
part of a collection Search Coin Archives for Fribourg
Fribourg, from Money Museum
R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Freiburg pp.129-148, Greyerz p.247, Sarine and Broye p.328
Freiburg, pp.123-143 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB
Graf von Greyerz, pp.419-421 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies on Fribourg official Bibliographie Fribourgeoise
on Fribourg publications of institutions Publications, from Societe d'Histoire du Canton de Fribourg
Publications, from Archives d'Etat Fribourg
Kanton Freiburg, Amt für Kulturgüter, Denkmalpflege, Publikationen
wider chapter Fr. from Memo
Freiburg (Üechtland), from BibScout
Schweiz : Freiburg i.Ü., from Computatio
Bücher und Schriften welche sich vorzugsweise auf Örtlichkeiten beziehen : Freiburg, pp.512-513 in vol.1 of Archiv für schweizerische Reformationsgeschichte, 1869, GB
specialist
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
on Switzerland Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories, Switzerland
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Directory of Open Access Journals
Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
Archives de la Soci??d'Histoire du Canton de Fribourg vol.1, 1850, vol.2, 1856, in French, GB
Table of Contents
Online
General Accounts
Specific Topics