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Austria Switzerland
First posted on July 31st 2003, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 2nd 2012







The polity of Liechtenstein was formed in 1712 when Prince Johann Adam Andreas von Liechtenstein purchased the County of Vaduz, after in 1699 having purchased the Barony Schellenberg. The Princes Liechtenstein owned significant estates in Bohemia and a palace in Vienna. Vaduz / Liechtenstein was an entity of minor political importance within the Holy Roman Empire and leant on Austria. Catholicism was official religion.
From 1815 to 1866, Liechtenstein was a member of the German Federation; since 1866 it was technically independent, leaning on Austria-Hungary. Following World War I, Liechtenstein leant on Switzerland instead.









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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference
from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic
Links, General Category : Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia; Kategorie : Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia German edition
Links, on History Category : History of Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia; Kategorie : Liechtensteiner Geschichte, from Wikipedia
Principality of Liechtenstein, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet; Liechtenstein, from GenWikii
Organizations Societies Historischer Verein für das Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Historisches Lexikon für das Fürstentum Liechtenstein (Project)
Arbeitskreis für Interregionale Geschichte des Alpenraumes
Institutions Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein, Hochbauamt, Denkmalpflege und Archäologie
Historical Dictionaries Historisches Lexikon für das Fürstentum Liechtenstein (Project)
Timelines from BBC News
Accounts of History General, Modern from Lonely Planet; from Wikipedia
General, Historical J. von Falke, Geschichte des f?stlichen Hauses Liechtenstein, vol.1, 1868, in German, GB
Specific Periods Arthur Brunhart, Liechtenstein und die Revolution von 1848
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Liechtenstein; Article Politics of L., from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Fürstentum Liechtenstein, pp.426-427 in A. Moser, Die Capitalanlage in Werthpapieren der Staaten: Creditvereine und Actiengesellschaften des In- und Auslandes, 1862, in German, GB
Social History Fürstentum Liechtenstein, pp.216-217 in A. Judeich, Die Grundentlastung in Deutschland, 1863, in German, GB
Ethnography Languages of Liechtenstein (3), from Ethnologue
Article Russian Monument Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia
Liechtenstein, pp.258-259 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Liechtenstein, pp.3337-3344 in vol.5A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Article History of the Jews in Liechtenstein, Roman Catholicism in Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Articles : Grafschaft Vaduz, Grafschaft Werdenberg, Herrschaft Schellenberg, from Wikipedia
Local History Article Vaduz : History from Wikipedia
Institutions Article Radio Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia German edition
Structurae : Liechtenstein
Biographies List of Liechtensteiners, from Wikipedia
Famous Liechtensteiners, from Nations Encyclopedia

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Vauuz & Schellenberg/Liechtenstein, from Titles of European Hereditary Rulers
Lists of Ambassadors United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein (since 1997 also accredited to L.), from Wikipedia; Heads of Canadian Legation / Embassy in Vaduz (since 1996), from MOFA Canada
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Amt für Statistik, Liechtenstein
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Liechtenstein, from Population Statistics
Population Liechtenstein 1816-1867, from HGIS
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide
Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein, Wahlergebnisse, since 2009
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes : Liechtenstein
Liechtensteinisches Landesgesetzblatt; Chronologische Sammlung 1863-2011, posted by Landesverwaltung Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Individual Newspapers Eintracht; Liechtensteiner Vaterland, posted on e-Liechtensteinensia
Search Life Magazine 1936-1972 for Liechtenstein; 70 articles
Modern Newspapers links from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein, Staatskalender, current issue
International J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... : Liechtenstein vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 p.394, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, pp.371-372, in French, GB
Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Lichtenstein 1799 pt.2 p.282, Liechtenstein 1800 pt.2, p.158, 1802 pt.2, p.165, 1803 pt.2, p.318, in German, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch : Liechtenstein, vol.65 pp.90-95, 1827, vol.66 pp.115-120, 1835, vol.67 pp.118-124, 1839, in German, GB
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Liechtenstein, vol.1 : 1824 pp.93-96, 1824, vol.2 : 1825 pp.93-96, 1824, vol.3 : 1826 pp.97-100, 1826, vol.6 : 1830, pp.136-139, vol.7 : 1831 pp.138-141, vol.8 : 1832 pp.177-180, vol.9 : 1833 pp.177-180, 1832, vol.10 : 1834 pp.181-185, 1833, vol.11 : 1834 pp.199-202, 1834, vol.12 : 1835 pp.208-212, 1835, vol.13 : 1836 pp.222-226, 1836, vol.16 : 1838/39 pp.194-198, 1839, vol.17 : 1840 pp.253-258, 1840, vol.19 : 1842 pp.271-276, 1842, vol.20 : 1843 pp.271-276, 1843, vol.23 : 1846 pp.263-267, 1846, in German, GB
Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Lichtenstein vol.1 1864 pp.173-175, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.176-178, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.192-194, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.212-214, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.212-214, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.212-214, GB
Almanach de Gotha : Lichtenstein 1771 pp.lviii-lix, 1771, vol.86 pp.36-37, 1849, vol.87 pp.36-37, 1850, vol.89 pp.36-37, 1852, vol.90 pp.36-37, 1853, Liechtenstein vol.94 pp.37-39, 1857, vol.95 pp.37-39, 1858, vol.97 pp.39-42, 1860, vol.102 pp.43-46, 1865, vol.106 pp.54-57, 1869, in French, GB
Newsreels
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Alte Ansichtskarten - Liechtenstein, commercial site
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Liechtenstein
Passports of Liechtenstein, from World Passports
Archival Deposits Archive Deposits : Obline Catalogues, from Liechtensteinisches Landesarchiv
Constitutions Verfassungen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein (Constitutions of the Principality of Liechtenstein), posted by verfassungen.de, in German
Verfassung von 1818, pp.1092-1094 in K.H.L. Pölitz, Die europäischen Verfassungen seit dem Jahre 1789 bis auf die neueste Zeit 1832, in German, GB
Laws Internet Law Library : Liechtenstein
Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein, Lilex
Liechtensteinisches Landesgesetzblatt, GB has issues of 1864 and 1865
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Liechtenstein, pp.644-654 in vol.9 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1972, GB
Liechtenstein, pp.129-130 in Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Liechtenstein, pp.686-700 in vol.5 of L. von Neumann, Recueil des traites et conventions conclus par l'Autriche avec les puissances etrang?es, depuis 1763 jusqu'?nos jours, 1859, GB
Suisse, Traites bilateraux : Liechtenstein
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Liechtenstein
Liechtensteinisches Urkundenbuch, posted by Liechtensteinisches Landesarchiv
Kurz-und Gründliche Information In Sachen Liechtenstein contra Liechtenstein, 1702, in German/Latin, GB
Copey etlicher denkwürdigen Schreiben 1. Copia Decreti ihr Fr. Gn. von Liechtenstein an Statt Hauptmann zu Prag ... wegen Sperrung der evang. Kirchen, 1623, in German, GB
Historical Maps responsible institutions Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein, Tiefbauamt, Landesvermessung
collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Liechtenstein
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Liechtenstein, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
Liechtenstein, hindsight Map : Besitz der Werdenberger und Montforter im 14. Jahrhundert, from Wikipedia
Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, from Wikipedia
Liechtenstein in 1800, 1900, 2000, from euratlas
Liechtenstein, contemporary Spezialkarte Tirol, Vorarlberg und Liechtenstein 1823, posted by Landesarchiv Tirol
A. Frick, Von zwei Liechtenstein-Karten in Schweizer Archiven und einer alten Rheinmarke
Liechtenstein 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Liechtenstein, from EB 1911
Article Liechtenstein, Vaduz, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious
Economic Fürstentum Liechtenstein, pp.426-427 in A. Moser, Die Capitalanlage in Werthpapieren der Staaten, Creditvereine und Actiengesellschaften des In- und Auslandes, 1862, in German, GB
Political Liechtenstein, pp.733-738 in vol.9 of C. von Rotteck, Staats-Lexikon oder Encyklopädie der Staatswissenschaften 1840, in German, GB
Geographical Das Fürstentum Liechtenstein, pp.301-303 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten, 1822, in German, GB
Liechtenstein, p.387 in vol.7 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography 1829, GB
Das Fürstentum Liechtenstein, p.411 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
The Principality of Lichtenstein, p.344 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Liechtenstein, p.38 in G.W. Hopf, Grundlinien der Handelsgeographie, 1863, in German, Gb
Ethnographical Principautes de Liechtenstein, p.344 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Das Haus Liechtenstein, pp.1-49 in vol.32 of C.E. Vehse, Geschichte der deutschen Höfe seit der Reformation,
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Vaduz
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Vaduz, Liechtenstein
Tour Guides
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Liechtenstein, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
Liechtensteinisches Landesarchiv
Musea Landesmuseum Liechtenstein
Monuments E. Poeschel, Sonderband Liechtenstein, in the series : Kunstdenkmäler, 1950
C. Herrmann, Die Kunstdenkm?er des Fürstentums Liechtenstein, vol.1 2007, vol.2 in preparation
Category : Monuments and Mewmorials in Liechtenstein, from Wikipedia
Libraries Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins information on L. coins, banknotes Articles Liechtenstein Frank, Liechtenstein Krone, from Wikipedia
catalogue of L. coins, banknotes
part of a collection Banknotes of L., from World Currency Museum
Liechtenstein Coins, from OmniCoin, Numista
Others

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Liechtenstein survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek : Liechtenstein-Bibliographie
Katalog der Liechtensteinensien, from Landesbibliothek Liechtenstein
general bibliographies Hans Bohatta, Liechtensteinische Bibliographie, 1910, e-Liechtensteinensia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Veröffentlichungen des Liechtensteinischen Landesarchivs
general bibliographies
Liechtenstein entries
booksellers Buchzentrum Liechtenstein, commercial site
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
Liechtenstein e-Liechtensteinensia
Online Journals full text online Jahrbücher des Historischen Vereins für das Fürstentum Liechtenstein (1901-, in German); posted on e-Liechtensteinensia
General Accounts Pierre Raton, Liechtenstein, History and Institutions of the Principality, Vaduz (1949) 1970