History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Schwyz Obwalden
First posted on December 5th 2007, last revised on December 12th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Switzerland



Unterwalden, consisting of the two halves, Obwalden and Nidwalden, in 1291 allied with Uri and Schwyz to form the core of the Swiss Confederation. It came to depend heavily on mercenary trade. During the Reformation, Unterwalden remained Roman Catholic. In 1798 the French merged Uri, Schwyz, Nidwalden and Zug to form the Canton Waldstätte within the Helvetic Republic; Nidwalden rose in rebellion and was defeated. In 1803 the Swiss Confederation was reestablished, and Unterwalden reconstituted as a canton, Nidwalden as a half-canton. From 1845 to 1847 Nidwalden formed part of the Sonderbund.
Nidwalden practised direct democracy (Landsgemeinde) until 1997. Today, Nidwalden forms part of the region Central Switzerland (Zentralschweiz)

Historical Atlas, Switzerland Page







Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Canton of Nidwalden, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Nidwalden, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic A. Businger, Der Kanton Unterwalden, historisch, geographisch, statistisch geschildert, 1836, in German, GB
J. Sowerby, The Forest Cantons of Switzerland: Lucerne, Schwyz, Uri, Unterwalden (1892), IA
Links General Category : Nidwalden
on History Clio Online, keyword Nidwalden; German language History Portal
Categorie : Geschichte (Kanton Nidwalden), from Wikipedia German edition
Kanton Nidwalden, from GenWiki
Organizations Societies Historischer Verein der Zentralschweiz (formerly Historischer Verein der Fünf Orte Luzern, Uri Schwuz, Underwalden ob dem Wald und nid dem Wald und Zug)
Historischer Vere in Nidwalden
Zentralschweizerische Gesellschaft für Familienforschung
Institutions see also Archives, Musea, Libraries further below
Kanton Nidwalden, Denkmalpflege, Fachstelle für Archäologie
Historical Dictionaries on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English this site
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, posted on Google Books
on Nidwalden
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Nidwalden : History
Articles Unterwalden, Nidwalden : Geschichte
General, Historical J. Businger, Die Geschichten des volkes von Unterwalden ob und nid dem Wald von dessen fr?ester Abkunft an bis auf unsere Zeiten mit Hinsicht auf die Geschichten seiner Nachbarn von Ury und Schwyz, vol.1, 1827, vol.2, 1828, in German, GB
Specific Periods F.J. Gut, Der Ueberfall in Nidwalden im Jahre 1798 in seinen Ursachen und Folgen , 1862, in German, GB
Article : Kanton Waldstätte, from Wikipedia German edition
Historiography
Politics Article : Nidwalden : Politics, from Wikipedia
Article : Nidwalden : Verfassung, from Wikipedia German edition
Military
Economy & Finances Articles Nidwalden : Economy, Unterwalden Frank, from Wikipedia
Article Nidwalden : Wirtschaft, from Wikipedia German edition
Social History
Ethnography
Religion
History of Regions
Local History Articles Stans : History
Articles Stans : Geschichte, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions Structurae : Nidwalden
Culture
Biographies
Environmental History
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of 'Landammänner' 1699-, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Statistical Data Population Figures Switzerland, Historical Population Statistics of the Provinces, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Election Results Kanton Nidwalden Online : Wahlergebnisse, since 2006
Documents Historical Newspapers Amtsblatt Kanton Nidwalden
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Switzerland
Regimentsbuch der XXII Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Kanton Nidwalden, pp.82-87 in 1828 edition, pp.84-88 in 1829 edition, in German, GB
Staatshandbuch der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft, 1837, BSB
Staatskalender der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1856, BSB, 1858, BSB, 1859, BSB, 1860-1861, BSB, 1861-1862, BSB, 1862-1863, BSB, 1863-1864, BSB, 1864-1865, BSB, 1865-1866, BSB, 1866-1867, BSB, 1867-1868, BSB, 1868-1869, BSB, 1869-1870 GB
Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
Staatskalender
Nidwalden
According to Swiss Electronic Library, the Staatskalender des Kantons Nidwalden was published 1949-2006
Staatskalender 2010-2014, from Kanton Nidwalden
International Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Underwald 1783 pp.191-192, Gallica
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Canton Unterwalden, 1830, pp.472-473, 1831 p.477, 1832 p.546, in German, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of the Canton of Nidwalden, from Wikimedia Commons
Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Alte Ansichtskarten Schweiz
Index of Historical Images : Switzerland (11 on Unterwald), from KJA
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Nidwalden, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "images" on the right
Archival Deposits
Constitutions Verfassungen des Kantons Unterwalden (Constitutions of C. U.), posted by Verfassungen.de, in German
Kantonsverfassung des eidgenössischen Standes Unterwalden nid dem Kernwald, pp.20-30 in vol.2 of Verfassungen der Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft , 1836, in German, GB
Laws Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch für den Kanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald : Personenrecht, 1852, in German, GB
Gesetzbuch für den Kanton Unterwalden nid dem Wald, 1867, several volumes, in German, GB
Nidwaldner Gesetzessammlung, current
Historiography
Document Collections Swissdox; site permitting to download historical Swiss documents; charges fee
Das Quellenwerk zur Geschichte der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Urkundenbuch der V Orte bis 1353, 1965, Swiss Electronic Library
Verzeichnis der öffentlich zugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Publicly Accessible Death Dances, Switzerland), Verzeichnis der zerstörten oder unzugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Destroyed or Inaccessible Death Dances, Switzerland), from Totentanz Online, scroll down for Bürgenstock, Emmetten; in German
Historical Maps general collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Nidwalden, Unterwalden
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Nidwalden, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
responsible institution
entire canton, modern Gemeinden des Kantons Nidwalden, from Wikipedia
Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, Territorial Development Swiss Confederacy, 1291-1797, Switzerland : Political Structure 1474, Switzerland : Political Structure 1530, Switzerland : Political Structure 1560, Political Structure in the 18th Century, Helvetic Republic 1798 (suggestion in draft to 1st H. constitution), Helvetic Republic 1798/1799 , Helvetic Republic 1801 (const. of Malmaison), Helvetic Republic 1802 (2nd H. constitution), Switzerland 1803-1813, Switzerland 1815-1847, division into cantons, from Wikipedia
Historische Verkehrswege im Kanton Nidwalden
entire canton, contemporary
detail, modern
detail, contemporary Engelberg and Environs 1897, from Discus Media
Unterwalden, from Historic Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Unterwalden, Stans, from EB 1911
Articles Unterwalden, Stans, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Unterwalden, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Unterwalden, posted by DTBSWS
Uri, Unterwald et Zug, p.409 in J.R. Ruelle, Operations des Changes des principales places de l'Europe, 1774, in French, GB
Political Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug und Glarus, p.1091 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Von dem Regiment der Ländereen Uri, Schweitz, Unterwalden, Zug, Glarus und Appenzell, pp.536-569 in J. Simmler et al., Von dem Regiment der loblichen Eydgenossenschaft, zwei Bücher, 1735, in German, GB
Geographical Unterwalden nid dem Wald, pp.327-341 in vol.2 of J.C. Faesi, Genaue und vollst?dige Staats- und Erd-Beschreibung der ganzen Eidgenossschaft, derselben gemeinen Herrschaften und zugewandten Orten, 1766, in German, GB
Unterwalden pp.344-362, das Thal nid dem Walde, pp.368-371 in vol.1 of J.C. Füsslin, Staats- und Erdbeschreibung der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1770, in German, GB
Der Stand oder Ort Unterwalden, pp.1320-1389 in vol.2 of G.Ph. H. Norrmann, Geographisch-statistische Darstellung des Schweizerlandes, 1796, in German, GB
Der Kanton Unterwalden, pp.355-357 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten, 1822, in German, GB
Der Kanton Unterwalden, pp.166-170 in G. Meyer von Kronau, Abriss der Erdbeschreibung und Staatskunde der Schweiz, 1824, in German, GB
Unterwald, pp.589-608, in : M. Lutz, Dictionnaire geographique et statistique de la Suisse, 1837, in French, posted on Google Books
The Canton of Unterwalden, p.166 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Historical Unterwalden, pp.1226-1227 in vol.2 part 1 of A. Desing, Auxilia Historica oder Behülff zu den Historischen und dazu erforderlichen Wissenschafften, 1741, GB
Unterwald, p.251 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Unterwalden, pp.43-47 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Unterwalden
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Unterwalden
Tour Guides Search J. Murray, The hand-book for travellers in Switzerland and the Alps of Savoy and Piedmont: including the Protestant valleys of the Waldenses, 1811, GB, for Unterwalden
Search Th. Roscoe, The tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830, GB, for Unterwalden
Search K. Baedeker, Switzerland: with the neighboring lakes of northern Italy, Savoy, and the adjacent districts of Piedmont, Lombardy and the Tyrol, 1863, GB, for Unterwalden
Search Englishman Abroad, Practical Swiss guide: Red book for Switzerland, the adjoining districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, the introductory routes from London, etc, 1864, GB, for Unterwalden
Canton of Unterwalden, pp.70-79 in Bradshaw's pedestrian route-book for Switzerland, Chamouni, and the Italian Lakes, 1870, GB
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Staatsarchiv Nidwalden
Musea Nidwaldner Museum
Monuments Denkmalschutz Historische Militärbauten, from Armasuisse; scroll down for Innerschweiz
Kategorie : Bauwerk im Kanton Nidwalden, from Wikipedia German edition
Libraries Kanton Nidwalden, Kantonsbibliothek
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins information on N. coins Nidwalden minted dated coins from 1569 to 1811. There were common coins minted for Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden 1548-1599, for Uri and Nidwalden from 1506-1600 (Numiswiss)
Article Unterwalden Frank, from Wikipedia
catalogue of N. coins
part of a collection R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Unterwalden pp.428-440, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden (Waldstädten) pp.449-456, Uri and Unterwalden pp.457-459
Search Coin Archives, Money Museum for Nidwalden
Uri, Schwyz und Unterwalden, pp.433-442 in G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1780, in German, GB
Uri und Unterwalden, p.443 in G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1780, in German, GB

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general
on Nidwalden official Bibliographie der Zentralschweiz für das Jahr 2007 mit Register
serial publications Veröffentlichungen, from Historischer Verein Nidwalden
wider chapter N. Bouchs, from Passionsspiele im Alpenländischen Raum
Bibliographie der fünf Orte, regular column in "Der Geschichtsfreund"; see below Journals, Contents Online
specialist Geschichte Nidwaldens, Auswahlbibliographie, from Staatsarchiv Nidwalden
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
on Switzerland Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories, Switzerland
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Directory of Open Access Journals
Der Geschichtsfreund 1843-2009, from Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
Der Geschichtsfreund, issues until 1870, GB
contents online Geschichtsfreund 1844-2008, from Historischer Verein der Zentralschweiz
General Accounts
Specific Topics