History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

First posted on August 29th 2002, last revised using Dr. Link Check on September 29th 2012

For the History of the Holy See 1871-1929 and of the Vatican since 1929, click here; for the History of Italy since 1860 click here

Papal State, 1860-1871
Papal State, 1849-1860
Papal State, 1830-1849
Papal State, 1815-1830
Papal State, 1809-1815
Papal State, 1799-1809
Papal State, 1789-1799
Papal State, 1758-1789
Papal State, 1730-1758
Papal State, 1700-1730
Papal State, 1660-1700
Papal State, 1618-1660
Papal State, 1590-1618
Papal State, 1566-1590
Papal State, 1534-1566
Papal State, 1503-1534
Papal State, 1471-1503
Papal State, 1447-1471

For documents on the history of the Papal State, click here
Historic Encyclopedias on the Papal State, 1809-1859, on Pius IX., Leo XIII., Cardinal Antonelli, Farini, Minghetti
List of Wars, Papal State Page

Students' Paper : Kim, Hyun Kyu, A Backward Country ? The Papal State in 19th Century Encyclopedias (2009)
Student's Paper : Choi, June Young, History of Rice Cultivation in Europe (2008)
Student's Paper : Kim, Kyun, The Image of Cesare Borgia in Historiography (2007)
Student's Paper : Kim, Sang Woo, The Reaction of the Papacy to French Absolutism 1589-1685 (2007)
Student's Paper : Paik, Hye Rin, The Papacy and French Absolutism, 1660-1790 (2007)
Student's Paper : Woo, Na Young, The Papal State and Vatican City, 1840 to 1929 (2007)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Papal States, from Wikipedia
Article Stato Pontifico, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Historic G. Calindri, Saggio statistico storico del Pontificio Stato, 1829, in Italian, GB
P. Castellano, Lo stato pontificio ne'suoi rapporti geografici, storici, politici secondo le ultime divisioni amministrative, guidiziarie, ed ecclesiastiche opera 1837, in Italian, GB
D. Rattinger, Der Papst und der Kirchenstaat, 1864, in German, GB
C. Brandes, Der Papst als Fürst der Kirchenstaates : Ein historisch-politischer Versuch, 1849, in German, GB
De l'?at de l'Eglise et de la puissance l?itime du Pontife romain, 1767, in French, GB
Links, on History Category : Papal States, History of the Papacy, from Wikipedia
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Historical Dictionaries Enciclopedia italiana e dizionario della conversazione, vol.1 : A-Amminicolo, 1838, vol.2 : Amministrazione-Asfodelo, 1838, vol.3 : Asia-Basilica, 1839, vol.4 : Basilicata-Brunetto Latini, 1841 (incomplete scan), vol.5 : C-Cavallino, 1842, vol.6 : Ceba-Danza di San Vito, 1843, vol.7 : Danzica-Errore, 1844, vol.7 pt.2 : F-Guizot, 1845, vol.8.1 : H-Litotomista, 1847 (incomplete scan), vol.8.2 : M-Orientali, 1848 (incomplete scan), vol.9.1 : P-Sesso, 1850 (incomplete scan), vol.9.2 : Siam-Zaffiro, 1851 (incomplete scan), vol.10 : Appendice, 1853, Tavole vol.1, 1837, Tavole vol.2, 1847, in Italian, GB
Timelines from timelines.ws
Accounts of History general, modern Article Papal States, from Wikipedia
Article Stato Pontifico, from Wikipedia Italian edition
general, historical Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church (1910) (protestant)
John Miley, The History of the Papal States (1850), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods L. Giustiniani, Papal Rome as it is (1843), IA
R. de Cesare, The Last Days of Papal Rome 1850-1870 (1909), IA
L.C. Farini, The Roman State from 1815 to 1850 (1851), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, vol.4, IA
R. Duppa, A Brief Account of the Subversion of the Papal Government (1799), IA
L.S. de Salamon, A Papal Envoy during the Reign of Terror 1790-1801 (1911), IA
R.M. Johnston, The Roman Theocracy and the Republic 1846-1849 (1901), IA
J. Hergenröther, Der Kirchenstaat seit der französischen Revolution, 1860, in German, GB
Tod Gregors XVI., Pabst Pius IX., die Amnestie, die Besetzung von Ferrara, die Piusmythe, Steigerung der Gegensätze bis in den Januar 1848 pp.280-311 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gr?dung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart, Part 1, 1860, in German, GB
Schärfung und Zusammenstoss der Extreme im Kirchenstaat und in Neapel im April und Mai 1848 pp.185-217, in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gr?dung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart, Part 2, 1860, in German, GB
Die italienische Politik Frankreichs, die kirchenstaatliche Republik, der Kampf um Rom, dier Restauration in Stadt und Provinz, pp.1-95; Der Kirchenstaat im Jahre 1859 pp.381-418 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gründung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart : Pt.3 : Die Reaktionszeit und die nationale Erhebung Italiens von der Bekämpfung der römischen Republik im Frühjahr 1849 bis zum letzten Ministerium Cavours im Januar 1860, 1870, in German, GB
F.A. Scharpff, Die Entstehung des Kirchenstaates: geschichtlich-pragmatisch dargestellt , 1860, in German, GB
S. Sugenheim, Geschichte der Entstehung und Ausbildung des Kirchenstaates, 1854, in German, GB
Politics Foreign Relations A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, France et Etats de l'Eglise pp.49-50, Deux-Siciles et Etats de l'Eglise p.220, Sardaigne et Etats de l'Eglise pp.284-285, Portugal et Etats de l'Eglise p.521, Grande Bretagne et Etats de l'Eglise p.680, Pays-Bas et Etats de l'Eglise p.908, Danemark et Etats de l'Eglise p.1017, Suede et Etats de l'Eglise p.1117, Russie et Etats de l'Eglise p.1253, Prussie et Etats de l'Eglise pp.1360-1361, Autriche et Etats de l'Eglise pp.1397-98, Etats Unis d'Amerique et Etats de l'Eglise p.1531, 1839, in French, GB
U.S. Dept. of State, Office of the Historian, A Guide to the History of Recognition, Diplomatic and Consular Relations since 1776 by Country, Papal States
Military click here
Article : Marina Pontificia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Category : Wars Involving the Papal States, from Wikipedia
A.P. Guiglielmotti, La Guerra dei Pirati e la Marina Pontificia dal 1500 al 1560 (1876), in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Troupes Pontificales, pp.89-132 in N.Ch.V. Oudinot, De l'Italie et de ses forces militaires, 1835, in French, GB
Lista dei reggimenti italiani (1792-1799), from Wikipedia Italian edition; scroll down for Stati della Chiesa
Economy, Finances Articles Papal States Lira, Papal States Scudo, from Wikipedia
Category : Economic History of the Holy See, from Wikipedia
Papal State Finance, 1526-1693, from ESFDB
Donatella Strangio, Building a City. Spaces and Real Estate Dynamics in Rome in the XV Century (draft) IEHC 2006
Marco Belfanti, Fabio Giusberti, Luxury Process, Luxury Product. The Bolognese Voile as a Luxury Product, 16th-18th Century. IEHC 2006
Woker, Philipp: Das kirchliche Finanzwesen der Päpste. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Papstthums (The Ecclesiastic Finances of the Popes. A Contribution to the History of the Papacy) (1878), online book in German, posted by DTBSWS
Dissertazione sopra il commercio, usure, e condotta degli ebrei nello stato Pontificio, 1826, inj Italian, posted on Google Books
Osservazioni economiche a vantaggio dello Stato Pontificio, 1781, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Religion Rome, from Jewish Virtual History Tour
Emilia-Romagna, from Virtual Jewish History Tour
Franciscan Provinces with their Custodies and Convents, c.1350, from M. van der Heijden and B. Roest, click Umbria, Marches of Ancona, Rome, Bologna
History of Regions History of Umbria, from Argoweb (until c.1000)
Articles Marche, Romagna : History, Umbria : History, Lazio : History, Comtat Venaissin, from Wikipedia
J.N. Moreau, Lettres historiques sur le Comtat Venaissin et sur la seigneurie d'Avignon, 1768, in French, posted on Google Books
Local History Articles Ancona : History, Ascoli Piceno : History, Benevento : History, Bologna : History, Camerino, Civitavecchia : History, Fermo : History, Ferrara : History, Forli : History, Frascati : History, Macerata : History, Orvieto : History, Perugia : History, Pesaro : History, Pontecorvo, Ravenna : History, Rieti : History, History of Rome : Modern Rome, Spoleto : History, Velletri : History, Viterbo : History, from Wikipedia
History of Ferrara, from Wikipedia
History of Citta di Castello, from Citta di Castello, chapter on Pontifical State
Entry Cospaia, Republic of, from Footnotes to History, by James L. Erwin
A. Peruzzi, Storia d'Ancona dalla sua fondazione all'anno MDXXXII, 1835, in Italian, posted on Google Books
A. Frizzi, Memorie per la storia di Ferrara, 1908, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, vol.1 1894, vol.2 [568-800] 1894, vol.3 1895, vol.4.1 1905, vol.4.2 1896, vol.5.1 1897, vol.5.2 [1260-1305], 1906, vol.6.1 [1305-1354], 1906, vol.6.2 [1355-1420], 1906, vol.7.1 [1421-1496], 1900, vol.7.2 [1497-1503], 1900, vol.8.1 1902, vol.8.2 1902, IA
Institutions Article Inquisition, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Our History, from University of Bologna
Biographies List of Popes, from Catholic Encyclopedia, linked to biographies
Papal States, from Executed Today
G.B. Petrini, Documenti, biografie ed oggetti esposti dalla citta di Bologna nella galleria del risorgimento, 1884, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Others The Church of Rome and Freemasonry, by Will Read
M.F. Peraldi, Considerazioni politiche sul governo dello stato pontificio, 1832, posted on Google Books
J. Hilgers, Der Index der verbotenen Bücher. In seiner neuen Fassung dargelegt und rechtlich-historisch gewürdigt, 1904, in German, IA
Article : Index Librorum Prohibitorum, from Wikipedia

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon)
The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, by Salvador Miranda, has the conclaves since 1061
Lists of Ambassadors Liste des ambassadeurs de France pres le Saint-Siege, from Wikipedia French edition
Population Figures Papal Encyclicals Online
Stato Pontificio, from Materiali e studi per una storia del diritto d'autore
G.B. Petrini, Documenti, biografie ed oggetti esposti dalla citta di Bologna nella galleria del risorgimento, 1884, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Economic Statistics Prices and Wages : Italy 16th century - 1800, by Pierre Marteau
Documents Historical Newspapers Links Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
foreign L'Emeroteca Digitale (867 historical newspapers, mainly from Lombardy)
Gazzetta universale, o sieno, vol.3, 1776, vol.6, 1779, vol.7, 1780, vol.8, 1781, vol.9, 1782, vol.10, 1783, vol.11, 1784, vol.12, 1785, vol.13, 1786, vol.14, 1787, vol.15, 1788, vol.17, 1790, vol.18, 1791, vol.19, 1792, vol.21, 1794, vol.22, 1795, vol.23, 1796, vol.24, 1797, vol.26, 1799, vol.28, 1801, in Italian, GB
from Papal State Le Gazzette Bolognesi 1645-1796
Online Yearbooks Official Almanach Annuario pontificio, 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Annuario militare pontificio, 1867, in Italian, Gb
Other J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.104-111, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, pp.119-128, vol.3 MDCCCLXXXVI, 1786, pp.119-130, in French, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch : Kirchenstaat, vol.65 pp.89-90, 1827, vol.66 pp.113-115, 1835, vol.67 pp.116-118, 1839, in German, GB
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach : Kirchenstaat, vol.1 : 1824 pp.309-313, 1824, vol.2 : 1825 pp.309-313, 1824, vol.3 : 1826 pp.337-342, 1826, vol.8 : 1832 pp.421-428, 1831, vol.9 : 1833 pp.485-492, 1832, vol.10 : 1834 pp.492-502, 1833, vol.11 : 1834 pp.512-522, 1834, vol.12 : 1835 pp.598-610, 1835, vol.13 : 1836 pp.570-582, 1836, vol.16 : 1838/39 pp.523-534, 1839, vol.17 : 1840 pp.637-650, 1840, vol.18 : 1841 pp.637-650 (?), 1841, flawed scan, vol.19 : 1842 pp.654-668, 1842, vol.20 : 1843 pp.654-668, 1843, vol.23 : 1846 pp.573-585, 1846, in German, GB
Almanacco istorico, politico, militare, scientifico, 1794, 1795, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Annuario Storico Universale : Stati Pontifici, 1845 pp.12-17, in Italian, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of Lazio, Umbria, Rome, Bologna, Ancona, Ravenna, Ferrara, from Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Foreign Ministry Archives Services of the European Union Member States : Italy, from Consilium Europa, has files on diplomatic representation of Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Nationaalarchief (NL) Inventaris van het archief van het Nederlandse Gezantschap in de Kerkelijke Staat, (1816) 1826-1830 (1855) en 1915-1926
Constitutions, Laws Archivio delle Costituzione Storiche : Italia, entries for Bologna 1796, Ancona 1797, Roma 1849 (2), Italian language documents
Regolamento legislativo e giudiziario per gli affari civili emanato dalla Santita di Nostro Signore Gregorio Papa XVI con Moto Proprio, 1834, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Raccolta delle leggi e disposizioni di pubblica amministrazione nello Stato Pontificio, vol.2 1834, vol.4 1834, vol.5 1834, 1834 vol.1 1835, 1834 vol.3 1835, 1834 vol.7 1835, indice alfabetico 1834-1836, 1837, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Raccolta delle leggi e disposizioni di pubblica amministrazione nello Stato Pontificio, 1836 I, 1836, 1836 II, 1837, 1837 1838, 1838, 1839, 1839, 1840, 1840, 1841, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1848 II, 1850, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Raccolta delle leggi e disposizioni di pubblica amministrazione nello Stato Pontificio emanato nel Pontificato della Santita di Nostro Signore Papa Pio IX felicemente Regnante, vol.1 : 1846-1847 1849, vol.4 I 1850, vol.4 II 1850, vol.5 1851, vol.6 1852, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Motu proprio della santita di nostro signore papa Pio settimo in data de 6 Iuglio 1816 sulla organizzazione dell amministrazione pubblica 1816, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Motu-proprio della Santita di Nostro Signore papa Pio VII in data de'25 Novembre 1818 su la Sanita Marittima de Porti e Lidi dello Stato Pontificio, 1818, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Auszug aus der Verfassung für den Kirchenstaat vom 14. März 1848, pp.96-98 in Parlamentarisches Taschenbuch vol.1 1848, in German, GB
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Kirchenstaat, pp.124-129 in Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Pape. ou Etat Ecclesiastique, p.123 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Document Collections Papal Encyclicals Online
Stato Pontificio, from Materiali e studi per una storia del diritto d'autore
G.B. Petrini, Documenti, biografie ed oggetti esposti dalla citta di Bologna nella galleria del risorgimento, 1884, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Correspondance authentique de la cour de Rome avec la France: depuis l'invasion de l'etat Romain jusqu'a l'enlevement du Souverain Pontife, 1809, in French, posted on Google Books
Ch.27 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Italicum, pp.659-716 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Negociations de la France dans le Levant; ou, Correspondances, memoires et actes diplomatiques des ambassadeurs de France a Constantinople et des ambassadeurs, envoyes ou residents a divers titres a Venise, Raguse, Rome, Malte et Jerusalem, en Turquie, Perse, Georgie, Crimee, Syrie, Egypte, etc., et dans les etats de Tunis, d'Alger et de Maroc, vol.1 : 1515-1546, 1848, GB, vol.2 : 1547-1566, 1850, IA, GB, vol.3 : 1567-1580, 1853, IA, GB vol.4 : 1581-1589, 1860, IA, GB
A. Potthast (ed.), Regesta pontificum romanorum inde ab a. post Christum natum MCXCVIII ad a. MCCCIV [1198-1304] vol.1 1874, vol.2 1874, IA
Bullarum diplomatum et privilegiorum santorum romanorum pontificum : taurinensis editio locupletior facta collectione novissima plurium brevium, epistolarum, decretorum actorumque S. Sedis a S. Leone Magnus usque ad praesens vol.1 [440-1061] 1857, vol.2 [1061-1181] 1865, vol.3 [1181-1263] 1858, vol.4 [1295-1423] 1859, vol.5 [1431-1521] 1860, vol.6 [1522-1559] 1860, vol.7 [1559-1572] 1862, vol.8 [1572-1588] 1863, vol.9 [1588-1592] 1865, vol.10 [1593-1603] 1865, vol.11 [1603-1611] 1867, vol.12 [1611-1623] 1867, vol.13 [1623-1628] 1868, vol.14 [1628-1638] 1868, vol.15 [1639-1654] 1868, vol.16 [1655-1662] 1869, vol.17 [1662-1669] 1869, vol.18 [1670-1676] 1869, vol.19 [1676-1689] 1870, vol.20 [1689-1700] 1870, vol.21 [1700-1724] 1871, vol.22 [1724-1730] 1871, vol.23 [1730-1734] 1872, vol.24 [1734-1740] 1872, Appendix vol.1 [440-590] 1867, IA
Individual Documents Tariffa delle monete che hanno corso legale nello stato pontificio a forma del chirografo della Santita di Nostro Signore Papa Gregorio XVI, 1835, in Italy, posted on Google Books
Historical Maps City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, Bologna, Ferrara, Frascati, Rom
Bologna (3 maps), Rome (11 maps), Ancona 1909, Forli 1909, Orvieto 1898, Orvieto 1909, Perugia 1898, Perugia 1909, Pesaro 1909, Ravenna 1898, Ravenna 1908, Spoleto 1909, Viterbo 1909, from Discus Media
Map : Northern Italy 1842, from Stieler's Handatlas, 2nd edition 1847, posted by M. Witkam
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Ancona, Ascoli, Assisi, Benevento, Bologna, Camerino, Fermo, Ferrara, Forli, Frascati, Frosinone, Macerata, Orvieto, Perugia, Pesaro, Pontecorvo, Ravenna, Rieti, Rimini, Spoleto, Terni, Urbino, Velletri, Viterbo, Emilia, The Marches, Umbria, States of the Church, from EB 1911
Religious Articles Ancona and Umana, Ascoli Piceno, Assisi, Avignon, Benevento, Bologna, University of Bologna, Civitavecchia and Corneto, Ferrara, Fermo, Forli, Frascati, Macerata and Tolentino, Orvieto, Perugia, Pesaro, Aquino, Sora and Pontecorvo, Ravenna, Rieti, Rimini, Rome, Spoleto, Urbino, Ostia and Velletri, Viterbo and Toscanella, States of the Church, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914
Articles Ancona, Benevento, Bologna, Ferrara, Forli, Perugia, Pesaro, Ravenna, Rieti, Rome, Urbino, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic Ancone, pp.23-24, Bologne, pp.51-52, Rome, pp.221-225, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Ancona, Bologna, Rom, Sinigaglia, posted by DTBSWS
J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Ancona, Bologna, Ferrara, Rom, posted by DTBSWS
Political l'Estat de l'Eglise, pp.466-561 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1613, in French, GB
l'Estat de l'Eglise, pp.466-559 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1614, in French, GB
l'Estat de l'Eglise, pp.482-588 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires royaumes, seigneuries, duchez, et principautez du monde, 1621, in French, GB
l'Estat de l'Eglise, pp.466-561 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1628, in French, GB
l'Estat de l'Eglise, pp.325-398 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires et principautez du monde representez par la description des pays et moeurs des habitans, richesses des provinces, les forces, le gouvernement, la religion, et les princes qui ont gouverne chacun estat , 1630, in French, GB
Estat de la Rome, pp.265-335 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde , 1659, in French, GB
Estat de l'Eglise, pp.241-502 in Pierre d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1660 Part 4 : Description de l'Europe, Quatriesme Partie du Monde, avec tous ces Empires, Royaumes, Estats et Republiques, vol.3, 1660, GB
Estat de Rome, pp.367-465 in P. d'Avity, Nouveau theatre du monde: contenant les estats, empires, royaumes, et principautez, representez par l'ordre et veritable description des pays, moeurs des peuples, forces, 1661, in French, GB
Estat de Rome, pp.266- in P. d'Avity, Les estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde, 1665, in French, GB
Le Ceremonial de la Cour de Rome, pp.1-236 in vol.2 of J.R. de Missy, Le Ceremonial diplomatique des cours de l' Europe, 1739, in French, GB
Gouvernement des Etats du Pape, pp.433-443 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Kirchenstaat, pp.366-375 in vol.9 of C. von Rotteck, Staats-Lexikon oder Encyklopädie der Staatswissenschaften 1840, in German, GB
Geographical Del Dominio Ecclesiastico, pp.357-612 in vol.21 of Th. Salmon, Lo stato presente di tutti i paesi e popoli del mondo naturale, politico e morale, 1757, in Italian, GB
Die Italische Halbinsel, pp.143-184 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Der Kirchenstaat, pp.389-532 in vol.4 of F.W. Schubert, Handbuch der allgemeinen Staatskunde von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Kirchenstaat, pp.366-375 in vol.9 of Staats-Lexikon oder Encyklopädie der Staatswissenschaften, 1840, in German, GB
Italy, pp.69-78 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Italy pp.271-291 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
States of the Church, pp.325-326 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Ethnographical Etats Romains, pp.245-251 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical The Pope's Temporal State, pp.435-436 in : Samuel von Pufendorf, An introduction to the history of the principal kingdoms and states of Europe, 1719, GB
The Pope's Dominions, pp.324-381 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744, GB
Dominions of the Pope, pp.334-340 in vol.37 of The modern part of An universal history, 1783, GB
Kirchenstaat pp.82-108 in vol.2 of the 1st edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1794, in German, GB
Kirchen-Staat pp.109-139 in vol.2 of the 2nd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Kirchenstaat, pp.129-166 in vol.2 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Rom, Venedig, Genua u.s.w. pp.270-273 in vol.2 of J.K. Friedrich, Die Geschichte unserer Zeit, 1826, in German, GB
Krieg mit dem Kirchenstaat, pp.396-410 in vol.8 of J.K. Friederich, Die Geschichte unserer Zeit, 1827, in German, GB
Der Kirchenstaat, pp.23-25 in vol.10 of J.K. Friederich, Die Geschichte unserer Zeit, 1827, in German, GB
Histoire des souverains pontifes, pp.42-99 [on 1618-1718] in vol.32 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
The Roman States, pp.779-784 in vol.2 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, from the earliest periods to the present, 1859, GB
Papal Rome, or the States of the Church pp.280-282, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. Etat general des postes de France 1812, 1814, in French, GB; search for Rome
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Rom, Bologna
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Rome, Bologna
Tariffs Civita Vecchia (and back, from the U.K.) - 130 days, Ancona - 160 days, p.17 in : Ellis' British Tariff for 1832-1833, 1835, GB
Exhibition Catalogues Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations 1851, GB; Rome pp.295-296
Exposition Universelle Paris 1855, Catalogue Officiel, 1855, IA, Papal States participating
Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB; Rome pp.372-373
Official Catalogue : Dublin International Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures 1865 1865, BSB; Rome pp.103-105
Institutions Archives Archivio Segreto Vaticano
Archivio di Stato Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Fermo Section, Benevento, Bologna, Ferrara, Forli, Frosinone Macerata, Camerina Section, Perugia, Spoleto Section, Pesaro, Fani, Urbino Section, Ravenna (Guide), Roma, Terni, Orvieto Section, Viterbo
Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Vatican, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Vatican City, 24 entries
Libraries Vatican Library
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Papal Heraldry; from from Heraldique Europeenne, French-language site
Coins, Banknotes Coins of the Papal State, from The Maskukat Collection
Numismatic Collection, click Provenance Papezky Stat
Stato Pontificio, from Numismatica Italiana
Numismata : David Ruckser, Papal Coinage
Stamps Rare Italian States Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery

Bibliographies general
Online Bookstores Vatican Library Bookstore
Libreria Universitaria
on the Papal State from Wikipedia Article : Stato Pontifico, in Italian
Bibliography of The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
L. Ranghiasci, Bibliografia storica delle citta, e luoghi dello Stato pontificio , 1792, posted on Google Books
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Italy Repertori di biblioteche digitali italiane
BNCF Biblioteca Digitale; BNCR Biblioteca Digitale; Digitami, Biblioteca Digitale di Milano
Biblioteca Italiana
Biblioteche Digitali, from Biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Storia e della Documentazione Storica, Univ. of Milan
Thesis Server Tesi Online
on the Papal State
Online Journals full text online Biblioteca Digitale Italiana, Programma di digitalizzazione delle pubblicazioni periodiche
General Accounts History of the Papacy Franz Xaver Seppelt, Georg Schwaiger, Geschichte der Päpste (History of the Popes), München : Kösel 1964, 572 pp., in German
Leopold (von) Ranke, The History of the Popes, their Church and State and especially of their Conflicts with Protestantism in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, Vol.III - Appendix, trsl. from the German, London : Henry G. Bohn 1848 [G]
History of Italy John A. Marino, Early Modern Italy 1550-1796, Oxford : UP 2002 [G]
History of the Papal State Ang. Jos. Nürnberger, Papsttum und Kirchenstaat 1800-1870 (Papacy and Papal State 1800-1870), 3 Vol.s, Mainz 1897-1900, in German [G]
Specific Topics Ferdinand Gregorovius, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, 2 vols., NY : Ithaca Press (1909) 2001, translated from the German original, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 945 G821h; covers the years 400-800
J.F. Maguire, Rome, its Ruler and Institutions (1860), posted on Internet Archive
Sources Raccolta di concordati su materie ecclesiastiche tra la Santa Sede e le autorita civili (1919), in Italian/Latin, posted on Internet Archive

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