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Zürich Uri
First posted on December 5th 2007, on December 12th 2013






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

see also History of Switzerland



In 1240 Emperor Frederick II. granted Schwyz autonomy within the Empire (not recognized by the Habsburg Dynasty, which held feudal rights in the area). In 1291 Schwyz formed an alliance with Uri and Unterwalden (consisting of Nidwalden and Obwalden) which became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederation; this alliance defeated the Habsburgs and de facto established political independence (see Swiss Confederation). In 1386-1440 the territories Einsiedeln Abbey, March and Höfe were acquired, and treated as subject territory until 1798. Schwyz became dependent on mercenary trade. During the Reformation, Schwyz remained Roman Catholic.
In 1798 France imposed a constitutional change, reducing cantonal autonomy within the Helvetic Republic. Schwyz was merged with Uri, Nidwalden and Zug to form the Canton Waldstätte. In 1802 Schwyz was reconstituted as a separate canton; the subject districts fully integrated. In 1803 the Swiss Confederation was reestablished. The community of Gersau, which until 1798 had formed a separate republic allied to the Swiss Confederation, in 1814 briefly regained her separate status and was merged into Schwyz in 1817. In 1845 Schwyz joined the Sonderbund, which was dissolved in 1847.
Today, Schwyz forms part of the region Central Switzerland (Zentralschweiz).

Historical Atlas, Switzerland Page







Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article Canton of Schwyz, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Schwyz, from Wikipedia German edition
Historic G.L. Meyer von Kronau, Der Kanton Schwyz historisch, geographisch, statistisch geschildert, 1835, in German, GB
Links General Category : Canton of Schwyz, from Wikipedia
on History Clio Online, keyword Schwyz; German language History Portal
Kategorie : Geschichte (Kanton Schwyz), from Wikipedia German edition
Kanton Schwyz, from GenWiki, from Swiss Genealogy on the Internet
Organizations Societies Historischer Verein der Zentralschweiz (formerly Historischer Verein der Fünf Orte Luzern, Uri Schwuz, Underwalden ob dem Wald und nid dem Wald und Zug)
Historischer Verein des Kantons Schwyz
Zentralschweizerische Gesellschaft für Familienforschung
Institutions see also Archives, Musea, Libraries further below
Kanton Schwyz, Amt für Kultur, Denkmalpflege, Archäologie
Historical Dictionaries on Switzerland Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German), Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse (in French), Dizionario storico della Svizzera (in Italian)
a brief historical dictionary in English this site
H.J. Leu, Allgemeines Eydgenössisches oder Schweitzerisches Lexicon, vol.1 : A, 1747, vol.2 : B-Be, 1748, vol.3 : Be-Bi, 1749, vol.4 : Bi-Ca, 1750, vol.5 : C-D, 1751, vol.6 : D-F, 1752, vol.7 : F, 1753, vol.8 : Ga-Go, 1754, vol.9 : Go-He, 1754, vol.10 : He-K, 1756, vol.11 : K-Le, 1756, vol.12 : Le-Me, 1757, vol.13 : Me-N, 1757, vol.14 : N-R, 1758, vol.15 : R, 1759, vol.16 : Sa-Se, 1760, vol.17 : Se-T, 1762, vol.18 : T, U, V, 1763, vol.19 : W, 1764, vol.20 : X, Y, Z, 1765, in German, posted on Google Books
Historical Dictionaries on Schwyz
Timelines
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Canton of Schwyz : History
Article Geschichte des Kantons Schwyz
General, Historical Th. Fassbind, Geschichte des Kantons Schwyz, vol.1, 1832, vol.2, 1833, vol.3, 1833, vol.4, 1834, vol.5, 1838, in German, GB
M. Dettling, Schwyzerische Chronik: oder Denkw?digkeiten des Kantons Schwyz, 1860, in German, GB
Specific Periods D. Steinauer, Geschichte des Freistaates Schwyz vom Untergang der dreizehn?tigen Eidgenossenschaft bis auf die Gegenwart, vol.1, 1861, vol.2, 1861, in German, GB
Article : Kanton Waldstätte, from Wikipedia German edition
Historiography
Politics Article : Kanton Schwyz : Verfassung und Politik, from Wikipedia German edition
Military
Economy & Finances Articles Canton of Schwyz : Economy, Schwyz Frank, from Wikipedia
Article Kanton Schwyz : Wirtschaft, from Wikipedia German edition
Social History
Ethnography
Religion Schwyz, Schwyz, from Passionsspiele im Alpenländischen Raum
History of Regions Kurzgefasste Geschichte des Freystaates Gersau, 1817, in German, GB
Gersau, der kleinste Freystaat, pp.65-86 in E. Osenbrüggen, Neue culturhistorische Bilder aus der Schweiz, 1864, in German, GB
A. Gautier, La Republique de Gersau, 1858, in French
Local History Articles Schwyz (town) : History
Articles Schwyz (Gemeinde), Gersau : Geschichte, Einsiedeln (Geschichte), Küssnacht am Rigi, from Wikipedia German edition
Institutions Structurae : Schwyz
Culture
Biographies
Environmental History
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of 'Landammänner' 1698-, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Statistical Data Population Figures Switzerland, Historical Population Statistics of the Provinces, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Election Results Kanton Schwyz, Abstimmungen, Wahlen, Archiv
Documents Historical Newspapers Amtsblatt des Kantons Schwyz, 2010-2011
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Switzerland
Regimentsbuch der XXII Kantone der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Kanton Schwyz, pp.72-78 in 1828 edition, pp.73-79 in 1829 edition, in German, GB
Staatshandbuch der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft, 1837, BSB
Staatskalender der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1856, BSB, 1858, BSB, 1859, BSB, 1860-1861, BSB, 1861-1862, BSB, 1862-1863, BSB, 1863-1864, BSB, 1864-1865, BSB, 1865-1866, BSB, 1866-1867, BSB, 1867-1868, BSB, 1868-1869, BSB, 1869-1870 GB
Die Bundesbehörden der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (current)
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender
Schwyz
According to Swiss Electronic Library, the Staatskalender des Kantons Schwyz was published since 1858
Staatskalender 2010-2012
International Etat des cours de l'Europe ou Tableau des gouvernements, republiques etc. : Schwitz 1783 pp.190-191, Gallica
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach, Canton Schwyz, 1830, p.472, 1831 p.477, 1832 p.546, in German, GB
Image Databanks Category : Historical Images of the Canton of Schwyz, from Wikimedia Commons
Bilddatenbank, from Fotostiftung Schweiz
Alte Ansichtskarten Schweiz
Historische Reisef?rer und Reiseprospekte - Schweiz from Heimatsammlung; search for Einsiedeln; commercial site
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Schwyz, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "images" on the right
Archival Deposits
Constitutions Verfassungen des Kantons Schwyz (Constitutions of C. Sch.), posted by Verfassungen.de, in German
A. Fuchs, Wünsche für die Verfassung des Kantons Schwyz, 1833, in German, GB
Schwyzer Gesetzessammlung, current
Laws Steuergesetz für den Kanton Schwyz, 1854, in German, GB
M. Kothing, Die Rechtsquellen der Bezirke des Kantons Schwyz als folge zum Landbuch von Schwyz, 1853, in German, GB
Historiography
Document Collections Swissdox; site permitting to download historical Swiss documents; charges fee
Das Quellenwerk zur Geschichte der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft : Urkundenbuch der V Orte bis 1353, 1965, Swiss Electronic Library
Verzeichnis der öffentlich zugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Publicly Accessible Death Dances, Switzerland), Verzeichnis der zerstörten oder unzugänglichen Totentänze : Schweiz (Index of Destroyed or Inaccessible Death Dances, Switzerland), from Totentanz Online, scroll down for Arth, Einsiedeln, Lachen, Schwyz; in German
Historical Maps general collections Digitale Historische Karten der Schweiz, search for Schwyz
Search Swiss Electronic Library for Schwyz, click "Online Resources" (on the right, click "maps" on the right
responsible institution see Canton Schwyz, Geoportal
entire canton, modern Gemeinden des Kantons Schwyz, from Wikipedia
Map : Medieval Traffic Routes in Switzerland, Ecclesiastical Administrative Division in Switzerland c.1300, Territorial Development Swiss Confederacy, 1291-1797, Switzerland : Political Structure 1474, Switzerland : Political Structure 1530, Switzerland : Political Structure 1560, Political Structure in the 18th Century, Helvetic Republic 1798 (suggestion in draft to 1st H. constitution), Helvetic Republic 1798/1799 , Helvetic Republic 1801 (const. of Malmaison), Helvetic Republic 1802 (2nd H. constitution), Switzerland 1803-1813, Switzerland 1815-1847, division into cantons, from Wikipedia
entire canton, contemporary Category : Old Maps of the Canton of Schwyz
Kanton Schwyz, Geoportal
detail, modern
detail, contemporary Rigi 1897, from Discus Media
Schwyz, from Historic Cities
External Online Maps : Braun-Hogenberg 1572 : Schwyz, from Mappa di Citta ed Altra Mappe Antiche Diverse
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Schwyz (Canton), Schwyz (city), Einsiedeln, from EB 1911
Articles Schwyz (Kanton), Schwyz (Flecken), Einsiedeln, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Schwyz, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Schwyz oder Schweiz, posted by DTBSWS
Schwitz, pp.195-198 in vol.4 pt.1 of J.M. Demeunier, Economie politique et diplomatique, 1788, in French, GB
Political Schwyz, Unterwalden, Zug und Glarus, p.1091 in F.L. Bressler, Die Heutigen Christlichen Souverainen von Europa, 1698, in German, GB
Von dem Regiment der Ländereen Uri, Schweitz, Unterwalden, Zug, Glarus und Appenzell, pp.536-569 in J. Simmler et al., Von dem Regiment der loblichen Eydgenossenschaft, zwei Bücher, 1735, in German, GB
Geographical Der Stand und Kanton Schweiz, pp.226-296 in vol.2 of J.C. Faesi, Genaue und vollst?dige Staats- und Erd-Beschreibung der ganzen Eidgenossschaft, derselben gemeinen Herrschaften und zugewandten Orten, 1766, in German, GB
Schweiz, pp.311-344 in vol.1 of J.C. Füsslin, Staats- und Erdbeschreibung der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft 1770, in German, GB
Der Stand oder Ort Schwyz, pp.1237-1319 in vol.2 of G.Ph. H. Norrmann, Geographisch-statistische Darstellung des Schweizerlandes, 1796, in German, GB
Der Kanton Schwyz, pp.353-355 in G. Hassel, Lehrbuch der Statistik der Europäischen Staaten, 1822, in German, GB
Der Kanton Schwyz, pp.161-166 in G. Meyer von Kronau, Abriss der Erdbeschreibung und Staatskunde der Schweiz, 1824, in German, GB
Schwytz, pp.374-393, in : M. Lutz, Dictionnaire geographique et statistique de la Suisse, 1837, in French, posted on Google Books
The Canton of Schweitz, or Schwyz, p.164 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present: a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Historical Schwitz, p.1226 in vol.2 part 1 of A. Desing, Auxilia Historica oder Behülff zu den Historischen und dazu erforderlichen Wissenschafften, 1741, GB
Switz Canton, p.251 in vol.2 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1745, GB
Kanton Schweiz, pp.41-43 in Kurze Geschichte der Schweitz zum Gebrauch der Schulen, 1782, in German, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Postal Routes etc. K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB; search for Schwyz
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Schwyz
Tour Guides Search J. Murray, The hand-book for travellers in Switzerland and the Alps of Savoy and Piedmont: including the Protestant valleys of the Waldenses, 1811, GB, for Schwyz
Search Th. Roscoe, The tourist in Switzerland and Italy, 1830, GB, for Schwyz
Search K. Baedeker, Switzerland: with the neighboring lakes of northern Italy, Savoy, and the adjacent districts of Piedmont, Lombardy and the Tyrol, 1863, GB, for Schwyz
Search Englishman Abroad, Practical Swiss guide: Red book for Switzerland, the adjoining districts of Savoy, Piedmont, North Italy, the introductory routes from London, etc, 1864, GB, for Schwyz
Canton of Schwyz, pp.92-100 in Bradshaw's pedestrian route-book for Switzerland, Chamouni, and the Italian Lakes, 1870, GB
Travelogues
Institutions Archives Staatsarchiv Schwyz
Forum of Swiss History, Schwyz
Musea Forum Schweizer Geschichte Schwyz
Monuments Denkmalschutz Historische Militärbauten, from Armasuisse; scroll down for Uri, Schwyz, Zug
Liste von Burgen und Schlössern in der Schweiz : Schwyz, from Wikipedia German edition
Libraries Kantonsbibliothek Schwyz
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins information on S. coins Canton Schwyz minted coins from 1571 to 1846; Abbey Einsiedeln in 1783; there were also common issues with Uri and Unterwalden
Article Schwyz Frank, from Wikipedia
catalogue of S. coins
part of a collection Schwyz coins, from Napoleonic Medals, scroll down (under Switzerland)
R. Stuart Poole, A descriptive catalogue of Swiss coins in the South Kensington Museum, 1878, IA; Einsiedeln pp.126-127, Schwyz pp.351-358, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden (Waldstädten) pp.449-456
Uri, Schwyz und Unterwalden, pp.433-442 in G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1780, in German, GB
Uri und Schweiz, pp.442-443 in G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1780, in German, GB
Schweiz, pp.450-456 in G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches M?z- und Medaillenkabinet 1780, in German, GB
Abtey Einsideln, pp.374-377 in vol.2 of G.E. von Haller, Schweizerisches Munz- und Medaillenkabinet 1781, in German, GB

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Bibliographie der fünf Orte, regular column in "Der Geschichtsfreund"; see below Journals, Contents Online
on Schwyz official Bibliographie der Zentralschweiz für das Jahr 2007 mit Register
serial publications
on Schwyz wider; chapter S. Schweiz : Schwyz, from Computatio
Bücher und Schriften welche sich vorzugsweise auf Örtlichkeiten beziehen : Schwyz, p.560 in vol.1 of Archiv für schweizerische Reformationsgeschichte, 1869, GB
specialist Bibliographie Kloster Einsiedeln
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
on Switzerland Swiss Electronic Library
Helvetic Archives, at the Swiss National Library
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories, Switzerland
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Dissertationen-Server Univ. Zurich; links to other Swiss Univ.' Dissertation Servers
Online Journals full text online Directory of Open Access Journals
Der Geschichtsfreund 1843-2009, from Swiss Electronic Academic Library Service : Retrodigitized Journals : Sammlung Geschichte und Geographie
Der Geschichtsfreund, issues until 1870, GB
contents online Geschichtsfreund 1844-2008, from Historischer Verein der Zentralschweiz
General Accounts Anton Castell, Geschichte des Landes Schwyz, Einsiedeln, Benzinger 1983 ; in German [G]
J. Sowerby, The Forest Cantons of Switzerland: Lucerne, Schwyz, Uri, Unterwalden (1892), IA
Specific Topics