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Two Sicilies Naples
First posted on April 14th 2009, last revised on December 12th 2013

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Antiquity . Arab Sicily, 827-1091 . Norman Sicily, 1060-1194 . 1194-1282 . 1282-1443 . 1443-1713 . 1713-1738 . 1738-1806 . 1806-1815 . 1816-1861 . Part of Italy, since 1861
see also Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Unified Naples/Two Sicilies

In Antiquity, the indigenous inhabitants of Sicily were called Siculi. They were joined by Phoenician and Greek settlers who established cities such as Panormus, Syracusa and Messina, mostly on the coast. The Phoenician cities came under the rule of Carthago. The First Punic War (264-241) was fought over the control of Sicily and ended with a Roman victory; Sicily became a Roman province, and remained so until 476 when it became part of the Kingdom of Italy (of Odoacar), then of the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy. From 553 onward, Sicily was a province of the Byzantine Empire.

Emirate of Sicily, (827) 965-1091
The Arab conquest began in 827; the last Byzantine outpost, Taormina, fell in 965. During the Muslim conquest, Sicily was a province of the Aghlabid (800-909)respectively Fatimid Dynasty (909-). In 965 Sicily became an independent Emirate. The Arabs introduced orange and lemon, sugar cane, rice and the noodle to Sicily.

Norman Sicily, 1060-1194
The Norman conquest began in 1060 and was completed in 1091. In 1130 Sicily was elevated to the status of kingdom; the kingdom extended over southern Italy as well.

Staufer Dynasties 1194-1254, Angevin Dynasty 1254-1282
In 1194 Emperor Henry VI. married Sicilian heiress Constance - and had her male relatives murdered. From 1194 to 1254, the Kingdom of Sicily was held in dynastic union with the Holy Roman Empire, a fact of great concern to the popes and one of the reasons of the Investiture Conflict. From 1254 to 1282 The Kingdom of Sicily was held by the Angevin Dynasty (= of Anjou). The Angevins on Sicily were murdered in 1282 (Sicilian Vesper) and were replaced by Aragon.

Sicily Aragonese
While the Angevins held on to the Kingdom of Naples until 1443 (when Aragon succeeded here as well), the Kingdom of Sicily was held in Dynastic Union with the Crown of Aragon.

Dynastic Union with Naples
With Aragon and Castile forming the Kingdom of Spain, Sicily and Naples became Spanish sidelands, sharing a common ruler who resided in Naples. Sicily maintained its separate institutions. This situation lasted until 1713.

Sicily Savoyard 1713-1720, Austrian 1720-1738
From 1713 to 1718/1720 Sicily was held by the House of Savoy, from 1730 to 1734/38 by the Austrian Habsburgs. From 1718 to 1730, 1734 to 1738 Spanish occupation.

Unified Kingdom of Naples
The rulers of Sicily for long had resided in Naples. When Spain regained control of Sicily and Naples, the two separate kingdoms were merged to form the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, with its capital in Naples.

Napoleonic Interlude
In 1799 the mainland briefly had been transformed into the Neapolitan or Parthenopean Republic; in 1806 the mainland was converted into the Kingdom of Naples (until 1815). Under the protection of the British navy, for these periods Sicily was a separate kingdom, and the king resided in Palermo.

Kingdom of Two Sicilies
From 1816 to 1860 the Kingdom of Two Sicilies was restored. The kings pursued a repressive policy; attempts to establish a liberal constitution (Sicily 1820) and a revolution (Sicily 1848) were suppressed.

Kingdom of Italy
In 1860 Garibaldi's redshirts drove the Bourbon army out of Sicily, and out of the entire kingdom. Sicily became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Sicily 1809-1859
Historical Atlas, Sicily Page

Students' Paper : Cho, Naan, Comparative Culinary History : Italy and Spain (2011)

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Current Article : Sicily, from Wikipedia
Historic P. Balsamo, T.W. Vaughan, A view of the present state of Sicily: its rural economy, population, and produce, particularly in the county of Modica : with an appendix, containing observations on its general character, climate, commerce, resources, &c. : from a late survey of the abbate Balsamo ... : to which are added, with notes throughout the work, an examination of the Sicilian volunteer system, and extracts from letters written in Sicily in 1809 and 1810 1811, GB
Links, on History Category : History of Sicily, from Wikipedia
Categoria : Regno di Sicilia, Storia della Sicilia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Nature, History, Society, from Best of Sicily
Historical Dictionary Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Enciclopedia italiana e dizionario della conversazione, vol.1 : A-Amminicolo, 1838, vol.2 : Amministrazione-Asfodelo, 1838, vol.3 : Asia-Basilica, 1839, vol.4 : Basilicata-Brunetto Latini, 1841 (incomplete scan), vol.5 : C-Cavallino, 1842, vol.6 : Ceba-Danza di San Vito, 1843, vol.7 : Danzica-Errore, 1844, vol.7 pt.2 : F-Guizot, 1845, vol.8.1 : H-Litotomista, 1847 (incomplete scan), vol.8.2 : M-Orientali, 1848 (incomplete scan), vol.9.1 : P-Sesso, 1850 (incomplete scan), vol.9.2 : Siam-Zaffiro, 1851 (incomplete scan), vol.10 : Appendice, 1853, Tavole vol.1, 1837, Tavole vol.2, 1847, in Italian, GB
Timelines Virtual History of Sicily, from antiquity to modern times
Primati del Regno delle Due Sicilie, from Orgoglio Sud
Timeline of Ancient and Medieval History of Sicily, from Best of Sicily
Accounts of History General, Modern Articles : History of Sicily, from Wikipedia
General, Historical Burigny, Histoire generale de Sicile vol.1 1745, vol.2 1745, in French, GB; Storia generale di Sicilia, trsl. into Italian and continued by M. Scasso, vol.1 1788, vol.2 1788, vol.4 pt.1 1790, vol.5 pt.1 1792, continuation 1734-1794, 1794, GB
G.E. di Blasi e Cambacorta, Storia civile del regno di Sicilia, vol.1 1811, vol.2 1812, vol.3 1814, vol.4 1814, vol.5 1815, vol.5 1816, vol.6 1816, vol.7 1816, vol.8 1817, vol.9 1818, Index 1821, in Italian, GB
G.E. di Blasi e Cambacorta, Storia del regno di Sicilia dell'epoca oscura e favolosa sino al 1774: seguita da un'appendice sino alla fine del secolo XVIII, vol.1 1844, vol.2 1846, vol.3 1847, in Italian, GB
N. Maggiore, Compendio della storia di Sicilia, 1840, in Italian, GB
E.A. Freeman, The History of Sicily from the earliest times vol.1 1891, vol.2 1891, vol.3 1891, vol.4 1894, IA
F.M. Crawford, Southern Italy and Sicily and the Rulers of the South 1907, IA
Specific Periods Emirate of Sicily E. de la Primaudaie, Les Arabes en Sicile et en Italie: Les Normands en Sicile et en Italie. Etudes historiques et geographiques, d'aprles des documents nouveaux et inedits 1868, in French, GB
Articles : Emirate of Sicily, from Wikipedia
M. Amari, Storia dei musulmani di Sicilia, vol.1 1854, vol.2 1858, vol.3.1 1868, in Italian, GB
Kingdom of Sicily, -1282 C.L. de Bazancourt, Histoire de la Sicile sous la Domination des Normands vol.1 1846, vol.2 1846, in French, GB
E. de la Primaudaie, Les Arabes en Sicile et en Italie: Les Normands en Sicile et en Italie. Etudes historiques et geographiques, d'aprles des documents nouveaux et inedits 1868, in French, GB
Article Kingdom of Sicily, from Wikipedia
Regno di Sicilia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
C. Buffier, Histoire de l'origine du royaume de Sicile et de Naples 1701, in French, GB
E. Curtis, Roger of Sicily 1912, IA
C. Waern, Mediaeval Sicily : aspects of life and art in the middle ages 1910, IA
J.C. Hildt, The ministry of Stephen of Perche during the minority of William II of Sicily 1918, IA
G. di Cesare, Storia di Manfredi Re di Sicilia e di Puglia vol.1 1837, vol.2 1837, in Italian, GB
I. la Lumia, Storia della Sicilia sotto Guglielmo il Buono 1867, in Italian, GB
C.C. Tomacelli, Storia de" reami di Napoli e Sicilia dal 1250 al 1303 vol.1 1846, vol.2 1847, in Italian, GB
The Medieval Mediterranean : Islamic and Norman Sicily (800-1200)
J. Hauzinski, Outlook on the Golden Age in the history of Sicily, Slupskie Studia Historyczne, No.17 (2011); on 12th century
Kingdom of Sicily, 1282-1504 Article Kingdom of Sicily, from Wikipedia
Regno di Sicilia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
C.C. Tomacelli, Storia de" reami di Napoli e Sicilia dal 1250 al 1303 vol.1 1846, vol.2 1847, in Italian, GB
Kingdom of Sicily, 1504-1738 Article Kingdom of Sicily, from Wikipedia
Regno di Sicilia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Article : Kingdom of Sicily (1713-1720), from Wikipedia
P. Lanza, C.G.G. Botta, Considerazioni sulla storia di Sicilia: 1532 - 1789 1836, in Italian, GB
Kingdom of Sicily, 1738-1861 Regno di Sicilia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Der Aufstand in Sicilien, die Krisis und Verfassung in Neapel im Januar 1848, Folgen davon für Italien im Februar pp.33-64, Innere und äussere Verwicklung Siciliens seit Eröffnung des Parlaments am 25. März 1848; die Königswahl, Erstürmung Messina's und der Waffenstillstand bis zur Wiedereroberung der Insel durch die Neapolitaner im Mai 1849, pp.289-352 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gr?dung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart, Part 2, 1860, in German, GB
A.S. Horner, A century of despotism in Naples and Sicily 1860, IA
N. Palmieri, Storia della rivoluzione di Sicilia nel 1820 1848, in Italian, GB
G. di Marzo-Ferro, G.E. di Blasi, Un periodo di storia di Sicilia dal 1774 al 1860, vol.1 1863, vol.2 1863, in Italian, GB
F. Mistrali, Storia populare della rivoluzione di Sicilia e della impresa di Giuseppe Garibaldi 1860, in Italian, GB
to Italy, 1861- E.S. Jenison, The History of the Province of Sicily 1919, IA
Politics Administration G.E. Blasi di Cambacorta, Storia cronologia dei vicere luogotenenti e presidenti del regno di Sicilia 1842, in Italian, GB
D. Orlando, Il feudalismo in Sicilia, storia e dritto pubblico, 1847, in Italian, GB
B. Capasso, Sulla storia esterna delle costituzioni del regno di Sicilia promulgate da Federico II 1869, in Italian, GB
V. la Mantia, Storia della legislazione civile e criminale di Sicilia comparata con le leggi italiane e straniere dai tempi antichi sino ai presenti, vols.1-2, 1866, in Italian, GB
A. Silvestri, Pratiche Cancelleresche, Archivi e Strumenti di Governo nella Sicilia di Eta Bassomedievale (1412-1442), thesis Milan 2012
H. Takayama, The Fatimid and Kalbite Governors in Sicily : 909-1044, The Mediterranean Studies Group Hitotsubashi University, vol.13 March (1992)
J. Johns et al., The mystery of Churchuro: conspiracy or incompetence in twelfth-century Sicily ?, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. 62 (1999)
S. Laitsos, Imitatio basilei? The ideological and political construction of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily in the 12th century, The Eastern Roman Empire and the Birth of the Idea of State in Europe, ed. S. Flogaitis et al. 2005
A. Metcalfe, De Saracenico in Latinum transferri: causes and effects of translation in the fiscal administration of Norman Sicily, Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean 13 (2001)
Foreign Relations C. Gemelli, Storia delle relazioni diplomatiche tra la Sicilia e la Toscana negli anni 1848 - 49 con documenti inediti 1853, in Italian, GB
J. Johns, The Norman Kings of Sicily and the Fatimid Caliphate, Anglo-Norman Studies, vol.15 (1993)
Military V. Illari, Italian Ministers of War and Navy 1800-1815, IA
A. Ferramolino, Le fortificazioni di Palermo nel secolo XVI 1896, in Italian, IA
Storia militare della rivoluzione avvenuta in Palermo nel gennajo del 1848 1848, in Italian, IA
M. Amari, La guerra del vespro siciliano 1852, in Italian, GB
P. de Gayangos, La gran conquista de Ultramar: que manda escribir el rey Don Alfonso el Sabio , 1858, in Spanish, GB
V. Cipollone, La politica navale della Spagna della Spagna nel fronte mediterraneo (1635-1678), thesis Cagliari 2012
G. Theotokis, The Norman Invasion of Sicily, 1061-1072: Numbers and Military Tactics, War in History, Vol.17:4 (2010)
G. Amatuccio, Saracen Archers in Southern Italy 2001
Economy Nella crisi del 1848. Cultura economica e dibattito politico nella Sicilia degli anni quaranta e cinquanta, by Pina Travagliante, intro by Franco Angeli Edizioni
Mulberries in Sicily, Sicilian Blood Oranges, Sugar Cane in Sicily, Sicilian Street Markets, from Best of Sicily
L. Bianchini, Della storia economico-civile di Sicilia libri due vol.1 1841, vol.2 1841, in Italian, GB
G. Albergo, Storia della economia politica in Sicilia, 1855, in Italian, GB
T.J. Smit, Commerce and coexistence: Muslims in the economy and society of Norman Sicily, thesis Univ. of Minnesota 2009
G. Colesanti, Caterina Llull i Çabastida: una mercantessa catalana nella Sicilia del '400, thesis Girona 2005; on a 15th century Catalan female merchant
S. Epstein, The textile industry and the foreign cloth trade in late medieval Sicily (1300-1500): a "colonial relationship" ?, Journal of Medieval History, Vol.15 (1989)
Social History T.J. Smit, Commerce and coexistence: Muslims in the economy and society of Norman Sicily, thesis Univ. of Minnesota 2009
W. Granara, Islamic Education and the Transmission of Knowledge in Muslim Sicily, Law and Education in Medieval Islam, ed. J.E. Lowry et al. 2004
Ethnography Maschito, Italy. A Short History of the Maschitan People and their Dialect, by Ann La Centra Backen, 1996
Language Data : Albanian (Italy), from Eurolang
Article Arbereshe, from Wikipedia
Sicilian Peoples : the Albanians, the Spaniards, the Aragonese, the Angevins, the Arabs, the Byzantines, the Sicilian Language, from Best of Sicily
A.J. Metcalfe, Arabic-speakers in Norman Sicily, thesis Leeds 1999
Religion General A.P. Horn, De Participatione Christianorum et Saracenorum: Ramon Llull as Disputant and Comparative Religionist, thesis Western Michigan 2009
S. McGee, Sacred Conquest and Ecclesiastical Politics: The Normans and the Church in the Eleventh Century, Janus: The University of Maryland Undergraduate History Journal (February 2001)
Catholicism La Storia, from Diocesi di Lungro, in Italian
H.C. Lea, The inquisition in the Spanish dependencies : Sicily - Naples - Sardinia - Milan - the Canaries - Mexico - Peru - New Granada 1908, IA
P. van Limborch, The history of the inquisition : as it has subsisted in France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Venice, Sicily, Sardinia, Milan, Poland, Flanders, &c. &c. : with a particular description of its secret prisons, modes of torture, style of accusation, trial [bef.1712] 1816 IA
G. Pitre, Del Sant'Uffizio a Palermo e di un carcere di esso 1940, in Italian, IA
G. di Giovanni, Storia ecclesiastica di Sicilia di Giovanni di Giovanni: continuata sino al secolo XIX dal Salvatore Lanza vol.1 1846, vol.2 1847, in Italian, GB
Orthodoxy Storia del Eparchia di Piana degli Albanesi, in Italian
Byzantine Northeastern Sicily, from Best of Sicily
Islam Muslim Sicily, from Saudi Aramco World
Article History of Islam in Southern Italy, from Wikipedia
Physorg, Archaeologist uncover possible medieval mosque in Sicily, July 30th 2007
T.J. Smit, Commerce and coexistence: Muslims in the economy and society of Norman Sicily, thesis Univ. of Minnesota 2009
A. Metcalfe, The Muslims of Sicily under Christian Rule , The Society of Norman Italy, ed. G. Loud et al. 2002
C. Dalli, A Muslim Society under Christian Rule, Melitensium amor: festschrift in honour of Dun Gwann Azzopardi, ed. T. Cortis et al. Malta, 2002
Regions Storia, of Agrigento, Catania, Enna, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Siracusa, Trapani
La Provincia di Agrigento : Storia, La Provincia di Caltanissetta : Storia, La Provincia di Catania : Storia, La Provincia di Enna : Storia, La Provincia di Messina : Storia, La Provincia di Palermo : Storia, La Provincia di Ragusa : Storia, La Provincia di Siracusa : Storia, La Provincia di Trapani : Storia, from Sicilia in Rete
C. Dalli, Bridging Europe and Africa: Norman Sicily's Other Kingdom, Bridging the gaps : sources, methodology and approaches to religion in History, ed. J. Carvalho (Pisa UP, 2008)
C. Dalli, Satellite, Sentinel, Stepping Stone: Medieval Malta in Sicily's Orbit, Malta in the Hybleans, the Hybleans in Malta (Proc. Int. Conference Catania, 30 September, Sliema 10 November 2006) ed. A. Bonanno et al. 2008
Local History Articles Agrigento : History, Catania : History, Messina : History, History of Palermo, Ragusa : History, Syracuse : History, Taormina : History, Trapani : History, from Wikipedia
B. Genzardi, Il comune di Palermo sotto il dominio spagnuolo 1891, in Italian, IA
G. Pitre, La vita in Palermo cento e pi?anni fa 1944, in Italian. IA
P. Arena-Primo, Storia civile di Messina colle relazioni della storia generale di Sicilia, vols.1-2, 1841-1842, in Italian, GB
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Sicily
Article : Ferrovie Siciliane : Storia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Articles University of Palermo : History, from Wikipedia
Culture Article : Norman-Arab-Byzantine Culture, from Wikipedia
C. Truelove, Food in Medieval Sicily
S. Wrightson, Cultural Complexity in Medieval Sicily, thesis Univ. of Rhode Island 2012
J.H. Drell, Cultural syncretism and ethnic identity: The Norman 'conquest' of Southern Italy and Sicily, Journal of Medieval History, vol.25 no.3 1999
Biographies Standard Works of Reference Biografia degli uomini illustri della Sicilia vol.1, 1817, vol.2, 1818, vol.3, 1819, vol.4, 1821, in Italian, GB
Environmental History E. Guidoboni et al., Earthquakes in Medieval Sicily (A Historical Revision 7th - 13th Century), Annali di Geofisica, Vol. 39:6 (1996)
Others Massoneria ed Illuminismo in Sicilia nella Seconda Meta del XVIII Secolo : Il Messinese Andrea Gallo (Masonry and Illuminism in the Second Half of the 18th Century in Sicily : The Messinean Andrea Gallo), by Guglielmo Mondio, in Italian
S.G. Heller, The Queen of Sicily's Paris Shopping List, 1277, 2013

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen List of Kings, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Titles of European Hereditary Rulers : Sicily
Lists of Consuls
Statistical Data Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Italy, historical demographical data of the regions, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers
Online Yearbooks International,
Sicily Entries
Sicile, from Annuaire 1789-1815, in French
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits I manoscritti della Biblioteca comunale di Palermo 1900, IA
Constitutions Archivio delle Costituzione Storiche : Italia, Sicilia 1812, Sicilia 1848, Sicilia 1849; Italian language documents
Laws Il Codice Filangeri e il codice speciale: privilegi inediti della citta di Palermo , 1891, IA
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Historiography Breve Chronicum Northmannicum [1041-1085], from The Latin Library
William of Apulia, Gesta Roberti Wiscardi, The Latin Library
Amato di Monte Cassino, L'Ystoire de li Normant et la chronique de Robert Viscart, 1835, IA
Radulfus Cadomensis, Gesta Tancredi in Expeditione Hierosolymitana, The Latin Library
Falcone di Benevento, Chronicon Beneventanum [1102-1140], The Latin Library
The Chronicle of Richard of S. Germano, 1189-1207, trsl. G. Loud 2005, excerpts from Medieval Sicily
Tarikh Jazirat Siqilliya (Cambridge Chronicle), posted by Medieval Sicily
Document Surveys, Links Ch.27 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Italicum, pp.659-716 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Chronicles and Narrative Sources, from Medieval Sicily
Charters, from Medieval Sicily
Document Collections Codice diplomatico di Sicilia sotto il governo degli Arabi vol.1 pt.1 1789, vol.1 pt.2 1789, vol.2 pt.1 1790, vol.2 pt.2 1790, vol.3 pt.1 1792, vol.3 pt.2 1792 (documents in Italian translation) GB
Geschichte der Araber in Sicilien und Siciliens unter der Herrschaft der Araber: In gleichzeitigen Urkunden von diesem Volk selbst. vol.1 1791, vol.2 1791, vol.3 1792, vol.4 1792, (documents in German translation) GB
Regesto de' diplomi dell'archivio Pignatelli in Palermo 1906, in Italian, IA
Le pergamene greche esistenti nel grande archivio di Palermo, tr. ed illustr. da G. Spata, 1862, in Italian, IA
Raccolta degli atti del governo dittatoriale e prodittatoriale in Sicilia, 1860. Ed. officiale 1861, in Italian, GB
Documenti della rivoluzione siciliana del 1847-49 in rapporto all'Italia vol.1 1850, vol.2 1851, in Italian, GB
Individual Documents
Historical Maps collections
entire country, hindsight/modern
entire country, contemporary Stieler's Handatlas, 2nd edition 1847-1852, Südliches Italien, posted by M. Witkam
Kingdom of Two Sicilies 1836 (Tanner), from David Rumsey Collection
Regno delle Due Sicilie 1841 (Benedetto), from David Rumsey Collction
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary Agrigento 1912, Agrigento 1929, Catania 1929, Catania 1912, Messina & Environs 1929, Messina 1912, Messina 1929, Palermo Environs 1929, Palermo 1912, Palermo 1929, Syracuse Environs 1929, Syracuse Environs 1929, Syracuse 1912, Syracuse 1929, Taormina 1912, Taormina 1929, Trapani & Environs 1912, Trapani & Environs 1929, from Discus Media
External Online Maps : Battle of Messina 1676, Palermo c.1600, Marsala 1860, Palermo 1578, Palermo 1909, Palermo 1725, Palermo 1572, Siracusa antica mappa, Palermo 1686, Palermo 1677, Palermo 1686, Trapani 1572, Messina 1572, Messina 1696, Palermo 1582, Trapani 1600, Messina 1600, Palermo 1573, from Mappa di Citta ed Altra Mappe Antiche Diverse
City Panoramas 1750, from Historic Maps, Messina, Palermo
Map : NE Sicily, 1809, 1 : 200,000, from napoleonseries.org
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Sicily, Catania, Girgenti, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Sicily, Syracuse, Taormina, Trapani, from EB 1911
Articles Sizilien, Königreich beider, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Messina, Catania, Syracuse, Sicily, Trapani, Palermo, Girgenti, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Articles Sicily, Messina, Palermo, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic Of the Islands of Sicily and Malta, pp.227-229 in A general treatise of moneys and exchanges 1707, GB
Change de la France avec Messine et Palerme en Sicile, pp.21-26 in vol.2 of T. de Bleville, Le banquier et negociant universel 1761, in French, GB
J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Messina, posted by DTBSWS
Of the trade of Naples, pp.610-612 in W. Beawes, Lex Mercatoria Rediviva, 1773, GB
Sicile, pp.238-240, in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Sicile, pp.206-207 in vol.4 pt.1 of J.M. Demeunier, Economie politique et diplomatique, 1788, in French, GB
Sicily, pp.384-386 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The universal cambist, and commercial instructor, 1811, GB
Messina pp.175-178, in W. Dickinson, Universal commerce, or, The commerce of all the mercantile cities and towns, 1818, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Messina, Palermo, Sicilien, posted by DTBSWS
Political Vtrivsqve Siciliae, p.298 in C. Borelli, De regis catholici praestantia eius regalibus iuribus [et] praerogatiuis 1611, in Latin, GB
Sicily, pp.475-484 in vol.6 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations , 1769, GB
Geographical Costumi dei Siciliani Antichi, pp.478-485 in vol.1 of L. de Linda, Le relationi et descritioni universali et particolari del mondo 1674, in Italian, GB
La Sicilia Isola, pp.87-91 in vol.2 of V.S. Grandi, Sistema Del Mondo Terraqueo Geograficamente Descritto, 1716, in Italian, GB
Historical Sicily, pp.396-403 in vol.2 of T. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations 1745, GB
Royaume de Sicile, pp.136-144 [on 1647-1713] in vol.32 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Sicily pp.285-287, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Postal Routes etc. Livre des Postes d'Europe 1788, in French, GB
H.A.O. Reichard, Guide des voyageurs en Europe vol.1 1793, in French, GB
Tour Guides Sicily, pp.364-366 in vol.3 of T. Nugent, The grand tour, 1749, GB
L. Piale, Guide to Naples and Sicily, Part 2 : Sicily, 1847, GB
L. Piale, Hand-book or new guide to Naples, Sicily and the environs 1853, GB
F. Coghlan, Coghlan's Handbook for Travellers in Southern Italy, Comprising Rome, Naples, and Sicily 1863, IA
G. Dennis, A handbook for travellers in Sicily 1864, GB
J. Murray, A handbook for travellers in southern Italy: being a guide for the provinces formerly constituting the continental portion of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies 1865, GB
Baedeker, Italy, Handbook for Travellers, pt.3 : Southern Italy and Sicily 1880, IA
Cook's tourist's Handbook: southern Italy, Rome and Sicily 1905, IA
Travelogues Voyage en Sicile de Mohammed-Ebn-Djoba? de Valence, sous le r?ne de Guillaume Le Bon: extrait du voyage en Orient de Mohammed-Ebn-Djoba? 1846, in French, GB
van Secilien, pp.21-22 in Ludolf von Sachsen: Reisebuch ins Heilige Land, in Niederdeutscher Mundart, 1861, in Lower German, GB
J.H. von Riedesel, Reise durch Sicilien und Grossgriechenland 1771, in German, GB
P. Brydone, A tour through Sicily and Malta, vol.1 1774, vol.2 1774, GB
J.H. Bartels, Briefe über Kalabrien und Sizilien vol.1 1787, vol.2 1789, vol.3 1792, in German, GB
D.V. Denon, Voyage en Sicile 1788, in French, GB
Voyage de Sicile et de quelques parties de Calabre en 1791 1796, in French, GB
A.F.C. de Lesser, Voyage en Italie et en Sicile, 1801-02, 1806, in French, GB
G. Russell, A tour through Sicily, in the year 1815, 1819, GB
A. de Savye, Voyage en Sicile: fait en 1820 et 1821 1822, in French, GB
E. Boyd, Travels through Sicily and the Lipari islands, in the month of December, 1824 1827, GB
J.B.R.G. de Nervo, Un Tour en Sicile 1834, in French, GB
M.T. Bussierre, Voyage en Sicile 1837, in French, GB
G.F. Angas, A ramble in Malta and Sicily 1842, GB
F. Bourquelot, Voyage en Sicile 1848, in French, GB
A.C.M. de Bodin Galembert, Souvenirs d'un voyage en Sicile 1861, in French, GB
Institutions Archives Archivio di Stato di Agrigento, Catania, Enna, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Siracusa, Taranto, Trapani
Musea Servizio Museo archeologico regionale Antonino Salinas di Palermo, from Regione Siciliana
Monuments Agrigento : Monuments, Catania : Monuments, Messina : Monuments, Palermo : Monuments, Siracusa : Monuments, Trapani : Monuments, from Regione Siciliana
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Historical Flags, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, Royaume de Sicile, from Heraldique Europeenne
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalog of Sicily, from Numismaticon; Search Coin Archives for Sicily
Coins of the Kingdom of Sicily, from The Maskukat Collection
Catalogo delle monete Arabe esistenti nella Biblioteca comunale di Palermo 1892, IA

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general
Online Bookstores Libreria Universitaria
on Sicily Bibliografia, from Associazione Culturale Due Sicilie
Search Unilibro for Regno di Sicilia (Italian bookseller, Italian language books)
Search Tesi Online for Regno di Sicilia; Italian language theses
The Mafia, from Best ofSicily
Search RHS Bibliography for Sicily
A. Narbone, Bibliografia sicola sistematica, o Apparato metodico alla storia letteraria della Sicilia, 1851, GB
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust
Swiss Electronic Library; Gallica
on Italy Repertori di biblioteche digitali italiane
BNCF Biblioteca Digitale; BNCR Biblioteca Digitale; Digitami, Biblioteca Digitale di Milano
Biblioteca Italiana; Biblioteche Digitali, from Biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Storia e della Documentazione Storica, Univ. of Milan
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories, Italy
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Tesi Online
on Sicily
Online Journals full text online Biblioteca Digitale Italiana, Programma di digitalizzazione delle pubblicazioni periodiche
ToC online
General Accounts
Specific Topics

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