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Genova Parma
First posted on April 11th 2002, last revised using Dr. Link Check on September 30th 2012

This page deals with the Dynastic Union of the Duchy of Savoy and the Principality of Piemonte until 1720, with the Dynastic Union of the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Duchy of Savoy and the Principality of Piemonte 1720-1859, of the Kingdom of Sardinia and the Principality of Piemonte 1859-1861.

The Dukes of Savoy acquired the then Lordship of Piemonte in the early 13th century, Nizza (Nice) in 1388, the County of Saluzzo in 1588. Geneva, Vaud and Chablais were lost in 1536, Chablais was regained in 1569. Bresse, Bugey, Valromey and Gex were lost to France in 1601.
The Kingdom of Sardinia was acquired in 1720, Novara in 1735, Genova in 1815.
The name "Kingdom of Sardinia", originally refering only to the island, since 1720 was often applied to describe the entire complex of territories of the House of Savoy. Despite its name, the capital was Torino (Turin) in Piemonte.
In the 18th century, this Kingdom of Sardinia implemented Enlightenment policies, freed her peasants of feudal dues, was the first country in the world to introduce a cadaster.
During the Napoleonic wars, Savoy was annexed by France in 1798, Piemonte from 1798-1802 was under various pro-French administrations while the dynasty, under British protection, had withdrawn to Sardinia.
In 1848 a liberal constitution was introduced. The Kingdom of Sardinia adopted Italian Unification as her goal; in Alliance with France in 1859 Austria was defeated, Lombardy, the Romagna, Modena, Parma and Tuscany were annexed, Savoy and Nice ceded to France. In the following year, the Marches and the Kingdom of Two Sicilies wrere annexed, and the country renamed Kingdom of Italy.

Piemont-Sardinia 1814-1860
French Italy, 1805-1813 .. Kingdom of Sardinia 1805-1813
Republic of Piemont, 1798-1802
Savoy-Piemont-Sardinia 1730-1797
Savoy-Piemont 1660-1730
Savoy-Piemont 1610-1660
Savoy-Piemont 1559-1610
Savoy-Piemont 1504-1559
For the history of Genova until 1815, click here

For the history of Sardinia until 1720, click here

List of Wars, Savoy-Piemont / Sardinia Page
Historic Encyclopedias on Cavour

Student's Paper : Lee, Won Jae, Italy on the Road to Unification as Depicted in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article Kingdom of Sardinia, from Wikipedia
Article : Regno di Sardegna, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Links, on History Category : Kingdom of Sardinia, Categoria : Regno di Sardegna, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Historical Dictionary Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Enciclopedia italiana e dizionario della conversazione, vol.1 : A-Amminicolo, 1838, vol.2 : Amministrazione-Asfodelo, 1838, vol.3 : Asia-Basilica, 1839, vol.4 : Basilicata-Brunetto Latini, 1841 (incomplete scan), vol.5 : C-Cavallino, 1842, vol.6 : Ceba-Danza di San Vito, 1843, vol.7 : Danzica-Errore, 1844, vol.7 pt.2 : F-Guizot, 1845, vol.8.1 : H-Litotomista, 1847 (incomplete scan), vol.8.2 : M-Orientali, 1848 (incomplete scan), vol.9.1 : P-Sesso, 1850 (incomplete scan), vol.9.2 : Siam-Zaffiro, 1851 (incomplete scan), vol.10 : Appendice, 1853, Tavole vol.1, 1837, Tavole vol.2, 1847, in Italian, GB
Accounts of History General, Modern Article Kingdom of Sardinia, from Wikipedia
Article : Regno di Sardegna, Casa di Savoia from Wikipedia Italian edition
General, Historical
Specific Periods Article : Regno di Sardegna 1720-1861, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Fortsetzung der Geschichte der Entstehung der ersten Koalition gegen Frankreich. Krieg mit Portugal, Neapel und Sardinien, pp.389-395 in vol.8 of J.K. Friederich, Die Geschichte unserer Zeit, 1827, in German, GB
Die Reformstaaten Toscana und Piemont vom Sommer 1846 bis Ende 1847 pp.312-333 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gr?dung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart, Part 1, 1860, in German, GB
Die Krisis in Turin, der Unabhängigkeitskrieg bis zur Schlacht bei Santa Lucia, innere Verhältnisse Oberitaliens bis Ende Mai, pp.118-150 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gr?dung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart, Part 2, 1860, in German, GB
Politische Koryphäen Piemonts, pp.158-172; Piemont nach Novara, unter dem Ministerpräsidenten Massimo d'Azeglio bis zum November 1852 pp.173-216; Piemont unter dem Ministerpräsidenten Cavour von 1852 bis 1858 pp.217-304, Oberitalien vom 1. Januar 1859 bis zum Frieden von Villafranca pp.305-366, Scharfe politische Krise, welche im Januar 1860 zur Bildung des letzten Cavourschen Ministeriums führt pp.476-494 in H. Reuchlin, Geschichte Italiens von der Gründung der regierenden Dynastien bis zur Gegenwart : Pt.3 : Die Reaktionszeit und die nationale Erhebung Italiens von der Bekämpfung der römischen Republik im Frühjahr 1849 bis zum letzten Ministerium Cavours im Januar 1860, 1870, in German, GB
Administration Foreign Relations A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, Section II : Italie, Article II : Sardaigne, pp.260-326, 1839, in French, GB
F. Magnone, Manuel des officiers consulaires sardes et ?rangers 1847, in French, GB
U.S. Dept. of State, Office of the Historian, A Guide to the History of Recognition, Diplomatic and Consular Relations since 1776 by Country, Piedmont Sardinia
Military List of Wars, Savoy-Piemont / Sardinia Page Regno d'Italia, from CNICG, in Italian; a number of orders predating the unification of Italy listed here
Sardinian Medal for Valour, from National Maritime Museum
Royal House of Italy, from Chivalric Orders
The Army of the Duke of Savoy at the Battle of Orbassano (Marsaglia) October 1693, by Gian Carlo Boeri
Mark Conrad, The Sardinian Army and Navy in 1854
F.A. Pinelli, Storia militare del Piemonte in continuazione di quella del Saluzzo, vol.1 : 1748-1796, 1854, vol.2 : 1796-1831, 1854, vol.3 : 1831-1850, 1855, in Italian, posted on Google Books
L. Andrioli, Annali militari dei reali di Savoja dal 1000 sino al 1800 vol.1, 1826, vol.2, 1826, vol.3, 1826, in Italian, posted on Google Books
G.B. McClellan, The armies of Europe: comprising descriptions in detail of the military systems of England, France, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sardinia .. in 1855-56 1861, GB
A. de Saluces, Histoire Militaire du Piemont, vol.1, 1818, vol.2, 1818, vol.3, 1818, vol.4, 1818, vol.5, 1818, in French, GB
Royaume de Sardaigne, pp.218-285 in N.Ch.V. Oudinot, De l'Italie et de ses forces militaires, 1835, in French, GB
Lista dei reggimenti italiani (1792-1799), from Wikipedia Italian edition; scroll down for Regno di Sardegna
Economy Article Piedmont Scudo, Sardinian Lira, from Wikipedia
Article Lira Sarda, from Wikipedia
Diario di Miniera nel Regno di Sardegna. La Relazione Nicolay al Consiglio di Amministrazione della Societa di Monteponi (1850), by Giuliano Marzocchi
Ethnography For the French-speaking community in Val d'Aosta, dee under Piemonte
Social History
Religion Note : see under Savoy, Piemont, Sardinia
Article Concordat, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914; scroll down for Sardinia
Regions Note : see under Savoy, Piemont, Sardinia
Local History Note : see under Savoy, Piemont, Sardinia
Article Turin : History, from Wikipedia
Article Storio di Torino, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Structures, Institutions The Turin Mathematical Society, from MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive
Storia, from Accademia della Scienze di Torino, in Italian
Biographies Category : Kings of Sardinia, Prim Ministers of the Kingdom of Sardinia, House of Savoy, from Wikipedia
Categoria Re di Sardegna, Casa Savoia, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Categorie : Maison de Savoie, from Wikipedia French edition
I Savoia - la Dinastia, from Cronologia, in Italian
Biografia Piemontese, Decade Prima, 1784, Decade Seconda, 1785, Decade Terza, 1787, Decade Quarta Parte Prima, 1789, Decade Quarta Parte Seconda, 1792, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Dizionario biografico degli uomini illustri di Sardegna ossia storia della vita pubblica e privata di tutti i Sardi, vol.1, 1837, vol.2, 1838, vol.3, 1838, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Biografia Sarda, vol.1 1837, vol.2, 1838, vol.3, 1838, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Others The House of Savoia, from Heraldica
Cronologia dei Plebisciti in Italia

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Sardinia-Piedmont, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Regnal Chronologies : Savoy, Piedmont, Sardinia
Titles of European Hereditary Rulers : Savoy
Lists of Bishops
Lists of Ambassadors List of Diplomats from the United Kingdom to Sardinia, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Italy, historical demographical data of the regions, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Economic Statistics Prices and Wages : Italy 16th century - 1800, by Pierre Marteau
Documents Historical Newspapers Foreign Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
L'Emeroteca Digitale (867 historical newspapers, mainly from Lombardy)
Le Gazzette Bolognesi 1645-1796
Gazzetta universale, o sieno, vol.3, 1776, vol.6, 1779, vol.7, 1780, vol.8, 1781, vol.9, 1782, vol.10, 1783, vol.11, 1784, vol.12, 1785, vol.13, 1786, vol.14, 1787, vol.15, 1788, vol.17, 1790, vol.18, 1791, vol.19, 1792, vol.21, 1794, vol.22, 1795, vol.23, 1796, vol.24, 1797, vol.26, 1799, vol.28, 1801, in Italian, GB
Historical Newspapers from Piemonte Gazzetta Piemontese, 1826 1, 1826 2, 1827 1, 1828 1, 1828 2, 1829 1, 1829 2, 1830 1, 1830 2, 1831 2, 1832 1, 1832 2, 1833 1, 1833 2, 1834 2, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Online Yearbooks Staatskalender, Sardinia
Staatskalender, Papal State Annuario pontificio, 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, posted on Google Books
International J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.111-122, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, pp.128-144, vol.3 MDCCCLXXXVI, 1786, pp.130-144, in French, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch : Toscana, vol.65 pp.209-216, 1827, vol.66 pp.249-256, 1835, vol.67 pp.263-270, 1839, in German, GB
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach : Sardinien, vol.1 : 1824 pp.330-334, 1824, vol.2 : 1825 pp.330-334, 1824, vol.3 : 1826 pp.362-366, 1826, vol.8 : 1832 pp.461-466, 1831, vol.9 : 1833 pp.529-534, 1832, vol.10 : 1834 pp.541-547, 1833, vol.11 : 1834 pp.558-564, 1834, vol.12 : 1835 pp.647-653, 1835, vol.13 : 1836 pp.623-631, 1836, vol.16 : 1838/39 pp.579-587, 1839, vol.17 : 1840 pp.709-719, 1840, vol.19 : 1842 pp.728-739, 1842, vol.20 : 1843 pp.728-739, 1843, vol.23 : 1846 pp.625-635, 1846, in German, GB
Almanach de Gotha : Sardaigne 1771 p.lxxii-lxxviii, 1771, vol.86 pp.63-65, 1849, vol.87 pp.63-65, 1850, vol.89 pp.63-65, 1852, vol.90 pp.63-65, 1853, vol.94 pp.69-70, 1857, vol.95 pp.69-70, 1858, vol.97 pp.72-73, 1860, in French, GB
Almanacco istorico, politico, militare, scientifico, 1794, 1795, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Annuario Storico Universale : regno di Piemonte e di Sardegna, 1845 pp.17-20, in Italian, GB
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Category : Historical Images of Piedmont, Sardinia, Liguria, Turin, Genoa, Savoie, from Wikimedia Commons
Uniforms : Il Regno di Sardegna 1814-1848, from Il Museo "Esercito Italiane". Museo Virtuale
Archival Deposits Nationaalarchief (NL) Inventaris van het archief van het Nederlands Gezantschap in Sardinië, 1818-1855
Ministerio degli Affari Esteri, Arcvhivio Storico Diplomatico; see Archivi Preunitari
Constitutions, Laws Archivio delle Costituzione Storiche : Italia, Basi dello Statuto fondamentale degli Stati del Re di Sardegna 1848, Italian language document
Codice di procedure criminale per gli stati di S.M. il re di Sardegna 1817, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Editti, pregoni ed altri provvedimenti emanati pel regno di Sardegna vol.2, 1775, Indice delle Materia, 1775, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Leggi e regolamenti marittimi di s.m. il re di Sardegna 1827, in Italian, posted on Google Books
Constitution of Sardinia (1848), from History 232 (in English, Italian), by Luigi Ladu (in Italian)
Il Regno di Sardegna, from Materiali e studi per una storia del diritto d'autore
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections S.D. Margarita, Trait? publics de la royale maison de Savoie avec les puissances ?rang?es, depuis la paix de Chateau-Cambresis jusqu'?nos jours, 1836, GB
Sardinien, pp.204-215 in Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Savoie, Sardaigne, pp.109-115 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Document Collections from psm-data; from Wikisource Italian edition
Dossiers on Savoyard Documents, from Sabaudia, in French
The diplomatic correspondence of the Right Hon. Richard Hill ... Envoy extraordinary from the court of St. James to the Duke of Savoy in the reign of Queen Ann from July 1703, to May 1706; supplemental to the history of Europe, and illustrative of the secret policy of some of the most distinguished sovereigns and statesmen relative to the Spanish succession; of the rights and liberties of the Vaudois, guaranteed by England, and of the wars in the Cevennes, Piedmont, and Lombardy, during that period. Edited by W. Blackley vol.1 1845, vol.2 1845, IA
D. Carutti (ed.), Regesta comitum Sabaudiae, marchionum in Italia ab ultima stirpis origine ad an. MDCCLIII 1889, IA
Individual Documents
Historical Maps entire country, hindsight/modern Note : for local maps, see under Savoy, Piemont, Sardinia
Savoy in 1200, 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700, from euratlas
Sardinia in 1800, from euratlas
Il Regno di Sardegna nel 1843, from Cronologia
entire country, contemporary Map : Northern Italy, from Sohr-Berghaus, Vollständiger Hand-Atlas der neueren Erdbeschreibung über alle Theile der Erde, 1st ed. 1844, 4th ed. 1847, 5th ed. 1855, 5th ed. 1861, posted by M. Witkam
Map : Northern Italy 1842, from Stieler's Handatlas, 2nd edition 1847, posted by M. Witkam
Historical Maps of Savoy-Piemont, from Sabaudia, in French
Encyclopedia Entries
General Note : for local encyclopedia entries, see under Savoy, Piemont, Sardinia
Article Sardinische Monarchie, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892 edition, in German
Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892 (in German); Turin (It. Torino) was the capital of the monarchy
Religious Article House of Savoy, from EB 1911
Article Turin, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914, Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906, EB 1911,
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Genua, Nizza, Sardinien, Turin, posted by DTBSWS
Rom, pp.480-489 in vol.4 of Handels-Lexicon, 1849, in German, GB
Political De l'Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.449-466 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1613, in French, GB
De l'Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.449-466 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1614, in French, GB
De l'Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.464-482 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires royaumes, seigneuries, duchez, et principautez du monde, 1621, in French, GB
De l'Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.449-466 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, Empires et Principautez du Monde, 1628, in French, GB
De l'Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.313-325 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires et principautez du monde representez par la description des pays et moeurs des habitans, richesses des provinces, les forces, le gouvernement, la religion, et les princes qui ont gouverne chacun estat , 1630, in French, GB
Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.394-407 in P. d'Avity, Les Estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde , 1659, in French, GB
Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.706 in Pierre d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1660 Part 4 : Description de l'Europe, Quatriesme Partie du Monde, avec tous ces Empires, Royaumes, Estats et Republiques, vol.2, 1660, GB
Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.503-532 in P. d'Avity, Nouveau theatre du monde: contenant les estats, empires, royaumes, et principautez, representez par l'ordre et veritable description des pays, moeurs des peuples, forces, 1661, in French, GB
Estat du Duc de Sauoye, pp.396- in P. d'Avity, Les estats, empires, royaumes et principautez du monde, 1665, in French, GB
Le Ceremonial de la Cour de Sardaigne, pp.765-771 in vol.2 of J.R. de Missy, Le Ceremonial diplomatique des cours de l' Europe, 1739, in French, GB
Gouvernement de Sardaigne, de Piemont & des etats adjacens, pp.555-573 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Geographical Du Duche de Savoie, pp.257-265, Du Duche de Piedmont pp.265-279 in vol.2 of J. Hübner, La geographie universelle , 1746, in French, GB
Del Dominio di Savoja, pp.266-276 in A. Chiusole, Il mondo antico moderno e novissimo ovvero breve trattato dell'antica e moderna geografia ... , 1749, in Italian, GB
Gran Ducato di Toscana, pp.248-340 in vol.21 of Th. Salmon, Lo stato presente di tutti i paesi e popoli del mondo naturale, politico e morale, 1757, in Italian, GB
Sardinia (island), pp.468-472, Duchy of Savoy pp.334-340, Principality of Piedmont pp.340-349, Duchy of Montferrat pp.349-350 in vol.6 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations, 1769, GB
Königreich Sardinien, pp.244-261, 503-504 in G. Hassel, Allgemeines Europäisches Staats und Address-Handbuch 1816 in German, GB
The Kingdom of Sardinia, pp.357-375 in vol.2 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1832, GB
States of the King of Sardinia, pp.41-44 in H. Murray, The Encyclopaedia of Geography, 1839, GB
Die Italische Halbinsel, pp.143-184 in F. von Rudtorffer, Militär-Geographie von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
Sardinien, pp.211-388 in vol.4 of F.W. Schubert, Handbuch der allgemeinen Staatskunde von Europa, 1839, in German, GB
The Kingdom of Sardinia, pp.666-669 in vol.2 of S.G. Goodrich, Pictorial geography of the world, 1840, GB
Italy, pp.69-78 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
The Kingdom of Sardinia, pp.103-115 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present : a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
The Kingdom of Sardinia, pp.362-367 in vol.2 of R.Sw. Fisher, The Book of the World, 1851, GB
The Sardinian States, pp.658-660 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Sardinia, Kingdom of, pp.956-962 in vol.2 of M'Culloch's universal gazetteer , 1855, GB
Italy pp.271-291 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
The Kingdom of Sardinia Proper, pp.320-321 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Ethnographical Royaume de Sardaigne, pp.178-184 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Savoy, pp.631-646 in : Samuel von Pufendorf, An introduction to the history of the principal kingdoms and states of Europe, 1719, GB
Savoy, Piedmont, pp.279-287 in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744, GB
The Dominions of the King of Sardinia, pp.304-314 in vol.37 of The modern part of An universal history, 1783, GB
Savoyen, Piemont und Sardinien pp.158-168 in vol.2 of the 1st edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1794, in German, GB
Savoyen, Piemont und Sardinien pp.203-217 in vol.2 of the 2nd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Savoyen, Piemont und Sardinien, pp.248-267 in vol.2 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Maison de Savoie ou de Sardaigne, pp.302-316 [on 1675-1798] in vol.32 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
Sardinia pp.288-289, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Sardinia-Genoa, pp.777-778 in vol.2 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, from the earliest periods to the present, 1859, GB
Parliamentary Debates Atti del Parlamento Subalpino. Discussioni della Camara dei Deputati 1850 per.2, 1864, in Italian, GB
Atti del Parlamento Subalpino. Raccolti e Corredati di Note e di Documenti Inediti 1850, 1863, 1851 per.1, 1866, 1852-1853 Documenti vol.1, 1867, 1852-1853 Documenti vol.2, 1867, in Italian, GB
Postal Routes etc. Etat general des postes de France 1812, 1814, in French, GB
K.Fr. Jahn, Post-Reise-Handbuch, 1833, in German, GB
Search Bradshaw's continental railway, steam transit, and general guide 1853, 1859, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, GB, for Turin, Genoa etc.
Tariffs Genoa (and back, from the U.K.) - 130 days, p.148 in : Ellis' British Tariff for 1832-1833, 1835, GB
Tour Guides A. and W. Galignani, Galignani's traveller's guide through Italy, 1824, GB
F. Palgrave, Hand-book for travellers in northern Italy, 1856, GB
Fr. Coghlan, Handbook for travellers in northern Italy, 1856, GB
J. Murray, Handbook for travellers in northern Italy, 1860, GB
Exhibition Catalogues Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations 1851, GB; Sardinia pp.301-302
Official Catalogue of the New York Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations 1853, GB; Italy [!] pp.179-186; Sardinia under Italy
Exposition Universelle Paris 1855, Catalogue Officiel, 1855, IA, Sardinia participating
Institutions Archives Archivio di Stato di Torino, Cagliari, Genova,
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry, from Heraldique Europeenne
Coins, Banknotes Casa Savoia, from Numismatica Italiana
Regno di ardegna, from Dea Moneta
Stamps Rare Italian States Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery
Storia Postale di Regno di Sardegna, from Il Postalista, in Italian

Bibliographies general
Online Bookstores Libreria Universitaria
on SPS Letture di Storia Piemontese, from Univ. Torino
Bibliografia, from Piemondo
Didattica del Territorio : Piemonte - Bibliografia
Piemonte, from Bibliografia del Parlamento Italiano e degli Studi Elettorali
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Italy Repertori di biblioteche digitali italiane; Biblioteche Digitali, from Biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Storia e della Documentazione Storica, Univ. of Milan
BNCF Biblioteca Digitale; BNCR Biblioteca Digitale; Digitami, Biblioteca Digitale di Milano
Biblioteca Italiana; Biblioteca Digitale Piemontese
Thesis Server Tesi Online
on SPS
Online Journals full text online Biblioteca Digitale Italiana, Programma di digitalizzazione delle pubblicazioni periodiche
General Accounts Henri Menabrea, Histoire de la Savoie (History of Savoy), Les Marches : Curandera 1990. 399 pp., in French
M. le Gallais, Histoire de la Savoie et du Piemont (History of Savoy and Piemont), new edition, Tours : Alfred Mame 1879, 237 pp.; in French
John A. Marino, Early Modern Italy 1550-1796, Oxford : UP 2002 [G]
Specific Topics F.W. Putzger, Historischer Atlas zur Welt- und Schweizer Geschichte (Historical Atlas on World and Swiss History), Aarau : Sauerländer, 9th edition (1954) 1975, in German and French
William Roscoe Thayer, The Life and Times of Cavour, London, Vol.1 Elibron Classics (1911) 2006, Vol.2 Kessinger Publishing (1914) n.d., KMLA Lib. Call Sign 945.08 T369
Geoffrey Symcox, Victor Amadeus II. Absolutism in the Savoyard State, 1675-1730,London : Thames and Hudson 1983 [G]

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