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Cispadane Republic
First posted on April 20th 2011, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012

On the Lombard Republic, Transpadan Republic, Republic of Bergamo

These bodiess have to be seen in combination with the War of the First Coalition 1792-1797, which went on in Northern Italy at that time. The Lombard Republic (the former Duchy of Milan), established May 15th 1796, Transpadan Republic, established by merging the Lombard Republic with territory occupied by the French of the Duchy of Mantua November 15th 1796, were political entities under French occupation. In case of French-occupied territory of the Republic of Venice things were a bit more complicated. In Bergamo, the short-lived Republic of Bergamo (March 12-14 1797) then decided to join the Cispadane Republic; Brescia seems to have been under Bergamo; in French-occupied Verona no local republic was established. The fall of the fortress of Mantua, held by Austrian forces, to the French in February 1797 decided the war in favour of the French.
On July 9th the Cispadane Republic (with the Republic Emilia) and the Transpadane Republic were merged to form the Cisalpine Republic.

While the Lombard, Transpadan, Bergamask Republics had democratic institutions and republican constitutions, they frequently found themselves at odds with Napoleon Bonaparte, who overruled their decisions, had politicians opposing his views removed, or completely reconstituted the political landscape.
Because the military and political situation was in flux, because Napoleon's and the republican administration's view of matters have differed, most sources prefer to treat the period rather summaric, mention the Transpadane Republic merely as a transitional phase, often completely ignore the Lombard Republic.

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Country Profiles Article Transpadane Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Repubblica Transpadana, from Wikipedia Italian edition; from Italiapedia, in Italian
Links, on History
Historical Dictionary Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Nuovo dizionario istorico, ovvero storia in compendio di tutti gli uomini che si sono resi illustri ... dal principio del mondo fino ai nostri giorni ... con tavole cronologiche vol.1 (1796) AA-AL, vols.2-3 (1796) AM-BZ, vol.4 (1796) CA-CY, vols.5-6 (1796) DA-FU, vol.7 (1796) GA-GO, vols.8-9 (1796) GR-LE, vol.10 (1796) LI-MA, vols.11-12 (1796) MA-MU, vols.13-14 (1796) NA-PH, vols.15-16 (1796) PI-RH, vols.17-18 (1796) RI-SE, vols.19-20 (1796) SF-TZ, vols.21-22 (1796) VA-ZW, in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
Accounts of History Article Transpadane Republic, from Wikipedia
Article : Repubblica Transpadana, from Wikipedia Italian edition
R.A. Scattolin, Lombardy 1796: State, Society, and Post-Revolutionary Applications, on Napoleon Series
Transpadane Republic, p.249 in vol.1 of A. Vieusseux, Italy and the Italians in the nineteenth century, 1824, GB
Military Article : Siege of Mantua (1796-1797), from Wikipedia
Article : Assedio di Mantova, from Wikipedia Italian edition
Religion Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vercelli, Roman Catholic Diocese of Bergamo, Roman Catholic Diocese of Brescia, Roman Catholic Diocese of Como, Roman Catholic Diocese of Crema, Roman Catholic Diocese of Lodi, Roman Catholic Diocese of Mantua, Roman Catholic Diocese of Novara, Roman Catholic Diocese of Pavia, Roman Catholic Diocese of Tortona, Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano, from Wikipedia
Regions Article : Republic of Bergamo, from Wikipedia
Local History Article : History of Milan : 19th Century, from Wikipedia
Article : Storia di Milano : Eta Moderna, Storia di Mantova : Mantova Francese, Storia di Bergamo : La Rivoluzione e la Repubblica Bergamasca, Storia di Brescia : Eta Veneta, Storia di Verona : Verona Francese, from Wikipedia Italian definition
Structures, Institutions
Biographies Repubblica Transpadana, from Treccani Dizionario Biografico, in Italian; click Dizionario Biografico

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Lombardy, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Italy, historical demographical data of the regions, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Links Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
foreign Le Gazzette Bolognesi 1645-1796
Mayo 1797 in Mercurio hist?ico y pol?ico, in Spanish, GB
April 25 1796 in vol.24 of Gazzetta universale, o sieno, in Italian, GB
Transpadane L'Emeroteca Digitale (867 historical newspapers, mainly from Lombardy)
Online Yearbooks
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Polo Costituzionale per la Repubblica Lombarda, from Archivio di Diritto e Storia Costituzionali, in Italian
Treaties General Treaty Collections
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Document Collections
Individual Documents
Historical Maps entire country, hindsight/modern Northern Italy 1796 (Shepherd 1911), posted by Emerson Kent
entire country, contemporary
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
Geographical Transpadane Republic, p.778 in Th.C. Callicot, Hand-book of universal geography: being a gazetteer of the world, 1853, GB
Historical Cispadanische, Transpadanische, Cisalpinische, Italiänische Republik, Königreich Italien pp.102-108 in vol.2 of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Article : Transpadana (Republica), p.251 in : F. de Paula Mellado, Diccionario universal de historia y de geografia, 1848, in Spanish, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Institutions Archives Archivio di Stato, Bergamo, Brescia, Como, Cremona, Mantova, Novara, Pavia, Ravenna, Sondrio, Verona
State Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes

Bibliographies general
Online Bookstores Libreria Universitaria
Transpadane Rep.
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Italy Repertori di biblioteche digitali italiane
BNCF Biblioteca Digitale; BNCR Biblioteca Digitale; Digitami, Biblioteca Digitale di Milano
Biblioteca Italiana; Biblioteche Digitali, from Biblioteca del Dipartimento di Scienze della Storia e della Documentazione Storica, Univ. of Milan
Thesis Server Tesi Online
Transpadane Rep.
Online Journals full text online
Online Yearbooks full text online
General Accounts
Specific Topics

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