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Italy Yugoslavia
First posted on November 25th 2005, using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012






The city of Trieste was Habsburg possession from the 14th century to 1918. In 1719 it was declared a free port; the construction of the Austrian Southern Railway (1841-1957) turned it into a bustling seaport, through which much of the exports and imports of the Austrian Lands were channelled. The city administration and economy were dominated by the city's Italian population element; Italian was the language of administration and jurisdiction. In the later 19th and early 20th century, the city attracted the immigration of workers, many of whom were speakers of Slovenian.
In 1918 Trieste, Istria and Gorizia were occupied by Italy, in the Treaty of St. Germain ceded by Austria to Italy. Trieste now was a city on the margin of Italy's map; it was cut off its economic hinterland.
Following World War I, when Italy was given a peace treaty in 1947, the Free Territory of Triest was established as an area under Allied (Anglo-U.S.) military administration. It consisted of two zones, Trieste A (the city itself and a coastal strip connecting it with Italy, and Zone B, in Croatian called S.S.T. Vuja, covering northwestern Istria. In 1954, Zone A was annexed into Italy, Zone B into Yugoslavia (the larger southern part into Croatia, the smaller northern part into Slovenia).







EXTERNAL
FILES
Brian Pozun, Trieste's Burden of History. The Slovene Minority in Italy, posted by CER
Article Trieste, from Wikipedia
Article Austrian Southern Railway, from Wikipedia
Article Free Territory of Trieste, from Wikipedia
CASCON Case TRI : Trieste 1945-1954, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Aleksander Panjek, Real Estate Construction and Economic Cycles in the Austrian Port City of Trieste (1760-1809), IEHC 2006
Anna Millo, State, Nation and Citizenship in Trieste 1840-1870, in Different Paths to the Nation : National Identity and State-Building in Germany, Italy and the Habsburg Monarchy c.1830-1870, Istituto Storico Italo-Germanico, Trento 2004, abstract; scroll down
Patron Saints Index : Trieste
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Trieste
Enciclopedie on Line, from Treccani, in Italian
Storia dei Consolati, from Corpo Consolare Trieste, in Italian
DOCUMENTS Statesmen, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
Flag of the Free Territory of Trieste 1947-1954, from FOTW
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Triest, posted by DTBSWS
Yugoslav Atrocities in Venezia Giulia 1945, documents released in 2006 by UK National Archives
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Trieste, 67 entries, in Italian
Trieste, pp.254-255 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
U.N. Security Council Resolutions 1947, no.16 The Free Territory of Trieste (10 Jan)
Tariffs Trieste (and back, from the U.K.) - 160 days, p.149 in : Ellis' British Tariff for 1832-1833, 1835, GB
REFERENCE Article : Trieste, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1952 pp.427-428 [G]
Article : Trieste, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.760-761, 1948 p.734, 1949 pp.634-635, 1950 pp.677-678, 1951 p.681, 1952 pp.684-685, 1953 p.693, 1954 pp.695-696, 1955 pp.749-750 [G]
Article : Trieste, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.705-706, 1957 p.786 [G]
Franz-Xaver Neumann-Spallert, Österreichs Maritime Entwicklung und die Hebung von Triest (Austria's Maritime Development, and the Elevation of Triest), Stuttgart : Maier 1882, in German, posted by DTBSWS