History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

First posted October 18th 2006, last revised using Dr. Link Check on October 1st 2012






The Vatican since 1979
The Vatican 1958-1979
The Vatican 1939-1958
The Vatican 1929-1939

The Holy See 1922-1929
The Holy See 1918-1922
The Holy See 1914-1918
The Holy See 1890-1914
The Holy See 1871-1890

For earlier history see The Papal State

Students' Paper : Woo, Na Young, The Papal State and Vatican City, 1840 to 1929






WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook; countries Vatican
Links, on History
Timelines from timelines.ws
Accounts of History from Wikipedia,
Encyclopedia Entries from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition;
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Vatican;
Economy & Finances
Biographies
Special Topics

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Heads of Canadian Legation / Embassy in the Vatican (since 1969), from MOFA Canada
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Vatican City, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Document Collections from Eurodocs
Online Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Vatican, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Vatican City, 24 entries
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Papal Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Catalogue of Vatican Coins, from Ilmarengo

PRINTED REFERENCE
General Accounts Franz Xaver Seppelt, Georg Schwaiger, Geschichte der Päpste (History of the Popes), München : Kösel 1964, 572 pp., in German
Yearbooks Article : Vatican City State, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 p.732, 1945 p.732, 1946 p.796, 1947 pp.800-801, 1948 pp.773-774, 1949 pp.662-663, 1950 p.714, 1951 pp.718-719, 1952 pp.718-719, 1953 pp.727-728, 1954 p.730, 1955 p.790, 1956 pp.726-727, 1957 p.790, 1958 p.730, 1959 p.729, 1960 p.729, 1961 p.731, 1962 pp.720-721, 1963 pp.835-836 (also on Vatican Council), 1964 p.853, 1965 p.852, 1966 pp.795-796, 1967 p.792, 1968 p.796, 1969 pp.787-788, 1970 p.786, 1971 p.768, 1972 p.722, 1973 p.721, 1974 p.718, 1975 p.724, 1976 pp.722-723, 1977 p.724, 1978 p.722, 1979 pp.723-724, 1980 pp.721-722, 1981 p.719, 1982 pp.720-721, 1983 pp.720-721, 1984 pp.720-721, 1985 p.546, 1986 p.540, 1987 p.511, 1988 p.467, 1989 p.467, 1990 p.483, 1991 pp.466-467, 1992 p.450, 1993 pp.461-462, 1994 p.461, 1995 p.502, 1996 p.500, 1997 p.500, 2002 p.520 [G]
Article : Vatican City, in : Americana Annual 1930 p.785, 1931 p.778, 1932 pp.731-732, 1933 p.776, 1934 pp.610-611, 1935 p.740, 1936 pp.751-752, 1937 pp.719-720, 1938 p.719, 1939 pp.784-785, 1940 p.797, 1943 p.760, 1944 p.724, 1945 p.734, 1946 p.761, 1947 p.746, 1957 p.819, 1961 pp.802-803, 1962 p.811, 1963 p.721, 1964 p.704, 1965 p.729 [G]
Article : Rome, See and Church of, in : Statesman's Year Book 1932 pp.1226-1232, 1937 pp.1258-1263, 1943 pp.1206-1212 [G]
Article : Vatican City State, in : Statesman's Year Book 1970-1971 pp.1463-1465, 1975-1976 pp.1461-1463, 1976-1977 pp.1460-1462, 1978-1979 pp.1568-1570, 1979-1980 pp.1578-1580, 1980-1981 pp.1574-1576, 1981-1982 pp.1584-1586, 1983-1984 pp.1579-1581, 1984-1985 pp.1576-1578, 1985-1986 pp.1572-1574, 1986-1987 pp.1571-1573, 1987-1988 pp.1574-1576, 1988-1989 pp.1577-1579, 1989-1990 pp.1573-1575, 1990-1991 pp.1575-1577, 1991-1992 pp.1573-1575, 1992-1993 pp.1583-1585, 1993-1994 pp.1587-1589, 1994-1995 pp.1588-1590, 1995-1996 pp.1579-1581, 1996-1997 pp.1576-1578, 1997-1998 pp.1586-1587, 1998-1999 pp.1724-1725, 2000 pp.1928-1929, 2001 pp.1889-1890, 2002 pp.1956-1957, 2003 pp.1960-1961, 2004 pp.1982-1984, 2005 pp.1995-1996, 2006 pp.1995-1996 [G]
Article : Vatican City, in : New International Year Book 1930 p.789, 1932 p.828, 1933 p.829, 1934 p.728, 1935 p.743, 1938 pp.765-766, 1939 p.791, Events of 1940 pp.791-792, 1941 pp.711-712, 1942 p.735, 1943 pp.700-701, 1944 pp.672-673, 1945 p.652 [G]
Article : Vatican City, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 pp.529-530, 1933 p.525, 1934 p.524, 1936 p.524, 1937 p.524, 1938 p.522, 1939 p.529, 1940 p.524, 1941 p.498, 1942 p.472, 1943 p.480, 1944 p.426, 1946 pp.460-461, 1952 pp.479-480, 1961 p.357 [G]