1880-1918 History of Northern Africa Canary Islands, 1939-1975

Canary Islands, 1918-1939

After World War I, Spain's short economic boom ended and the Canary Islands suffered from the effects of the post-war depression. One of the effects on the Canary Islands was an increased emigration rate, emigrants mainly going to Cuba, later to Venezuela.
Administratively, the island group had formed one Spanish province, until it was split in two provinces in 1927, with the seats in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife respectively.
On Oct. 10th 1935, acting governor of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Fernandez Diaz, was assassinated (NIYB 1935). When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, the Canary Islands were the staging point for General Francisco Franco's quest to establish a Falangist corporate state in Spain; the islands thus escaped destruction.
College education was provided by a branch of the University of Sevilla. 4,327 camels were used as beasts of burden; bananas, potatoes, tomatoes, citrus fruit and wheat were grown for export to mainland Spain. The Canary Islands were in communication with the mainland by both a regular steamship line and a wireless radio station. (AA 1938).

History of La Palma, from ing.iac.es
The Canary Islands, from Infoplease
Historia Canarias, in Spanish
REFERENCE Article : Canary Islands, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.149, 1928 pp.135-136, 1930 p.150, 1931 p.140, 1932 p.140, 1933 p.133, 1934 p.130, 1935 p.125, 1936 pp.116-117, 1937 p.105, 1938 p.105, 1939 p.114 [G]
Article : Canary Islands, in : New International Year Book 1919 p.132, 1920 p.120, 1921 p.121, 1923 p.122, 1925 p.125, 1928 p.136, 1930 p.136, 1932 p.138, 1933 p.131, 1934 p.119, 1935 p.123, 1938 p.127, 1939 p.117 [G]
Article : Canary Islands, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.143 [G]

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First posted on May 22nd 2001, last revised on April 3rd 2007

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