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Literature on the History of North Africa
Libya Ottoman Empire
First posted on March 14th 2005, last revised on April 15th 2009

Timeline : Barka / Cyrenaica

Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Barka 1857-1904
Historical Atlas, Libya Page
List of Wars : Libya Page

see also History of Libya, Ottoman Empire

Country Profiles onCyrenaica, on Barqa, from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Italian edition; from Columbia Encyclopedia
Links, General
Timelines Chronology of U.S.-Libyan Relations, from America.gov; Libya Timeline, by Joseph T. Stanik
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries Article : Cyrenaica, Bengazi, Derna, Barca, Tobruk, Senussi, from EB 1911
Article Barka, Bengasi, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Libya, from Jewish Encyclopedua 1901-1906 edition
Article Cyrene, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Le Royaume de Barca, pp.196-198 in : Ferdinand Ludwig Bresler, Les souverains du monde, 1722, in French, GB
Barca, pp.535-536 in G. Cellarius, Geographia nova, sive hodiernam terrarum orbis faciem clarissime illustrans 1716, in Latin, GB
Entry : Barca, pp.171-174 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography 1826, GB
Military Enry : Italian-Ottoman Empire War 1911-1912, from ACED
Article Italo-Turkish War 1911-1912, from Wikipedia
Libya : The Italian Occupation and the Libyan Resistance, from Libya - Our Home
Several Dutch-language magazine articles on the Italian-Ottoman War 1911-1912, from Ons Volk Ontwaakt
Le Guerre Coloniale del Fascismo - Cirenaica, from ARPI, in Italian
Economy & Finances Entry Libya, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Peter Symes, The ibyan Currency Commission
Ethnography Ethnic Composition of Libya, from Somali Press
Article Senussi, from Encyclopedie Française
Tripoli and Barca, pp.646-647 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion History, from The Catholic Church in Libya
History of Cities Benghazi, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Kufra, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Municipalities of Libya, from statoids.com
Article Benghazi, from Wikipedia
Institutions Structurae : Libya, search Lighthouse Explorer for Libya
Bibliography Search ISBN Database for Tripoli, Turco-Italian War, Ottoman Libya ..
RHS Bibliography, search for Barka, Cyrenaica; Search UK National Archive Online Library for Libya, Cyrenaica

Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), Regnal Chronologies : North Africa, scroll down for Cyrenaica
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Libya, Provinces, from Population Statistics
Document Collections The 1949 UN Resolution regarding Libya's independence, from Libya, Our Home
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Cirenaica/Senussia, 73/10 entries, in Italian
Accordo di Regima, Italia - Senussia, 25 ottobre 1920, from Prassi Italiana di Diritto Internazionale, in Italian
Modus vivendi, Italia - Senussia, 26 aprile 1917, from Prassi Italiana di Diritto Internazionale, in Italian
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes
Stamps Encyclopedia of Postal History, scroll down for Cyrenaica

Online Libraries Internet Archive
General Histories R.L. Playfair, Tripoli and the Cyrenaica (1889), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Topics P. della Cella, D.Viviani, Viaggio da Tripoli di Barberia alle frontiere occidentali dell' Egitto .. (1819) in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
F.P. Bandini, Ricordi militari del contr'ammiraglio senatore Carlo Corradino Chigi, (Tripoli 1825 - Curtatone .. (1899) in Italian, posted on Internet Archive
H.C.S. Wright, Two Years under the Crescent (1913), posted on Internet Archive
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Osmanen und Senussi in der Cyrenaica und der Libyschen Wüste (1996) (Ottomans and Sanusi in Cyrenaica and in the Libyan Desert), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.309-316 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbook Entries Article Italian Colonial Empire, from : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.426-427, 1948 pp.413-414, Year 1949 pp.364-365 [G]
Article : Tripoli and Cyrenaica, in : Statesman's Year Book 1918 pp.1034-1036, 1919 pp.1011-1012, 1924 pp.1045-1047 [G]
Article : Cyrenaica, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1925 p.1055, 1926 pp.1022-1023, 1928 pp.1049-1050, 1929 pp.1033-1034, 1932 pp.1048-1049 [G]

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