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Literature on the History of the Middle East
Libya Sudan
First posted on July 4th 2002, last revised on April 15th 2010







In 1517, the Mamluk Sultanate of Cairo was conquered and annexed by the Ottoman Empire. For much of the time under Ottoman rule neglected, in 1798-1799 it became a stage for the Anglo-French conflict. In 1805 a new governor, Muhammad Ali, began a policy of reforms, using foreign, mainly French advisors; he developed Egypt into a quasi-independent state. Egypt was of great strategic value, as the land route from the Mediterranean to Suez (explored since 1785) provided a route to India much shorter than the sea route around the Cape; in 1859-1869 the Suez Canal was constructed. Egypt economically rose to importance because of the cultivation of (American) cotton. Excessive expenses by the Khedives (Muhammad Ali's successors) resulted first in the sales of Egypt's Suez Canal shares, then in state bankrupcy, in response to which the British protectorate over Egypt was established (1882). The British interest in Egypt primarily was of stratefic nature - control of the Suez Canal. In 1922 / 1936 / 1952 Egypt was granted autonomy respectively independence.
From 1948 to 1967 Egypt administrated the Gaza Strip. In 1958, Egypt and Syria established the United Arab Republic (UAR); in reality Egypt and Syria largely remained distinct political entities. In the early 1970es, the name UAR was replaced by Egypt.

Timelines : Egypt 1805-1922, since 1922
Historical Atlas, Egypt Page
List of Wars : Egypt

Students' Paper : Kim, Doyeong : Alexandria: A Center of Interregional Trade and Host to Foreign Merchants (2012)
Students' Paper : Kang, Jun-suk : A History of Textiles in Egypt (2009)
Students' Paper : Lee, Seungwoo : Environmental History of North Africa (2009)
Students' Paper : Lee, Joo Hyung, Progress outside of Europe, as Reflected in 19th Century Encyclopedias : Egypt and Persia (2009)
Students' Paper : Kim, Hong, Mamluk Egypt and its Decline (2008)








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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from African Studies Center (UPenn); from ISS; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Egypt
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Egypt
Article : Egypt, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Egypt State Information Service, Yearbook 2007, 2006, 2005, 2003
Historic Savary, Letters on Egypt : Containing, a Parallel between the Manners of its Ancient and Modern Inhabitants, its Commerce, Agriculture, Government and Religion, with the Descent of Louis IX. on Damietta, 2nd edition, vol.1, 1787, vol.2, 1787, GB
Th. Waghorn, Egypt as it is in 1837, 1837, GB
G. Baldwin, Political recollections relative to Egypt, 1802, GB
Z.A., The Emancipation of Egypt, 1905, IA
Evelyn Baring, Modern Egypt, vol.1, 1916, vol.2, 1909, IA
G.W. Vyse, Egypt : Political, Financial, And Strategical, 1882, IA; D.M. Wallace, Egypt and the Egyptian question, 1883, IA
J.E. Bowen, The conflict of East and West in Egypt, 1887, IA
E. Hennebert, Les Anglais en Egypte: L'Angleterre et le Madhi Arabi et le Canal de Suez, 1884, in French, IA
A. Sacre, L'Egypte et Ismail pacha, 1865, in French, IA
K. von Malortie, Egypt: native rulers and foreign interference, 1883, IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Egypt, from Wikipedia
List of Modern Egypt-Related Topics, from Wikipedia
on History Virtual Library Labour History : Egypt
Virtual Library History : Egypt
Category : History of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Eternal Egypt
Historical Dictionaries Encyclopedia Coptica
Organizations Historical Society of Jews from Egypt
St. Mark Foundation of Coptic History Studies; Coptic Research Centre (UK)
Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News; from timelines.ws
British Empire Map Room : Egypt, with timeline, narrative history
Accounts of History current from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Brief Review of Modern Egyptian History, by M. Trabia; A History of Modern Egypt, from the Eg. Presidency; Modern Egyptian History, from Odyssey in Egypt
historical S. Rappoport, vol.10, vol.11, n.d., vol.12, n.d., IA
A. Colvin, The Making of Modern Egypt, 1906, IA
Specific Periods Articles History of Ancient Egypt, History of Persian Egypt, History of Ptolemaic Egypt, History of Roman Egypt, Christian Egypt, History of Muslim Egypt, History of Ottoman Egypt, History of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, History of Modern Egypt, from Wikipedia
Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van ortugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4 chapter 2 subch.1 Egypte en Venetië na het verlies van hun handel in specerijen, Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.5 De zeeslag voor Chaul (1508), deel 5 chapter 5 subch.2 : De Egyptisch-Turkse Dreiging, Deel 5 chapter 5 subch.5 : De expeditie naar Aden en de Rode Zee., Deel 6 chapter 6 subch.3 : Albergaria¡¯s mislukking in de Rode Zee., in Dutch, from Colonial Voyage
George Alfred Henty, At Aboukir and Acre, A Story of Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt (1899), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
D. Mills, The English in Africa (1900), posted on Internet Archive, chapter I : The English in Egypt, pp.14-38
Ibn Abd al Hakam, The history of the conquest of Egypt, North Africa and Spain : known as Futuh Misr (1922), posted on Internet Archive
A.E.P.B. Weigall, A history of events in Egypt from 1798 to 1914, 1915, IA
E.B. Malet, Egypt 1879-1883, 1909, IA
H.F. Wood, Egypt under the British, 1896, IA
A. Milner, England in Egypt, 1902, IA
J. Blanchard, Egypt Under Ismail Pacha : Being Some Chapters of Contemporary History, 1879, IA
W.S. Blunt, Secret history of the English occupation of Egypt; being a personal narrative of events, 1922, IA
W.F. Rae, Egypt to-day; the first to the third Khedive, 1892, IA
W.F. Mieville, Under queen and khedive; the autobiography of an Anglo-Egyptian official, 1899, IA
W.H. Yates, The modern history and condition of Egypt, its climate, diseases, and capabilities; exhibited in a personal narrative of travels in that country: with an account of the proceedings of Mohammed Ali pascha, from 1801-1843, vol.1, vol.2, 1843, IA
EISA : Egypt: Ancient roots 2012
EISA : Egypt: European colonialism 2012
EISA : Egypt: Arab nationalism and socialism under Nasser (1952-1970) 2012
EISA : Egypt: Sadat and the "Corrective Revolution" (1970-1981) 2012
EISA : Egypt: Mubarak's authoritarian capitalism (1981-2011) 2012
EISA : Egypt: Egypt's Arab Spring (2011-2012) 2012
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Egypt; For the Record : Egypt, from UN Human Rights System; Country Profile : Egypt, from ISS
Article Politics of Egypt, from Wikipedia; Category : Politics of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Governments on the WWW : Egypt
Egypt Profile, from International Crisis Group
D. Urquhart, The Sultan Mahmoud, and Mehemet Ali Pasha, 1835, IA
Military click here
CASCON Case AIW : Arab-Israeli War 1967, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case MEW : Middle East War 1973, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case SIN : Sinai 1956, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case SUE : Suez 1956, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case TAS : Taba Strip 1982-1989, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Egypt, by Jean Paul le Blanc
German P.O.W.s held in Egypt, from Kriegsgefangen.de, text in English
Th. Walsh, Journal of the late campaign in Egypt, 1803, GB
Ch. Norry, An account of the French expedition to Egypt, 1800, GB
J.P. Morier, Memoir of a campaign with the Ottoman army in Egypt, from February to July 1800, 1801, GB
R.Th. Wilson, History of the British Expedition to Egypt, 1803, IA
J.M. Burgoyne, A Short History of the Naval and Military Operations in Egypt from 1798 to 1802, 1885, IA
Th. Archer, The War in Egypt and the Soudan, vol.1, 1886, vol.2, 1886, vol.3, 1886, IA
A. Vingtrinier, Soliman-Pacha, colonel Seve, generalissime des armees egyptiennes; ou, Histoire des guerres de l'Egypte de 1820 ? 1860. Avec un portrait, 1886, in French, IA
A Narrative of the Expedition to Dongola and Sennaar: Under the Command of His Excellence Ismael Pasha, undertaken by Order of His Highness Mehemmed Ali Pasha, Viceroy of Egypt, By An American In The Service Of The Viceroy, 1822, IA
M. White, Death Tolls for the Multicides of the Twentieth Century, Muhammad Ali vs. Ottomans, 1805-1811, Arab-Israeli Wars, 1948-1973, North Yemen 1962-1970, Egypt : Terrorism, 1992-
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Egypt; Currency Boards and Dollarization by Kurt Schuler; click for Egypt
Article Economy of Egypt, from Wikipedia, Category : Economy of Egypt, from Wikipedia; from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Article Cairo & Alexandria Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
Article Egyptian Pound, from Wikipedia
Egyptian Textile Workers : From Craft Artisans Facing European Competition to Proletarians Contending with the State, by Joel Beinin
Global Integrity : Egypt 2006, Egypt 2007
Company Histories : Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation, Egypt Air, Suez Lyonnaise des Eaux, from Funding Universe
Industry (historical account), from Egypt State Information Service
Article : Gossypian Barbadense (Egyptian Cotton), from Wikipedia; History, from egyptian-cotton.com
Egypt, from Mbendi International Services
Article : Mining Industry of Egypt, from Wikipedia
The Textile Industry in Egypt, 10 articles, from Eternal Egypt
Crafts, from Eternal Egypt
Transportation, from Eternal Egypt
Tignor, Robert. British Textile Companies and the Egyptian Economy. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 16 (1987): 53-67.
J. Capper, Observations on the passage to India, through Egypt: Also by Vienna through Constantinople to Aleppo, and from thence to Baghdad, and directly through the Great Desert to Bassora, 1785, GB
Th. Waghorn, Messrs. Waghorn & Co.'s Overland Guide to India : By Three Routes to Egypt, 1846, IA; J. Barber, The overland guide-book; a complete vademecum for the overland traveller, to India via Egypt, 1850, IA
F.Ph. Voisin, Le Canal de Suez, 1902, 1904, 1906, IA; W. Rathbone, Great Britain and the Suez Canal, 1882, Great Britain, Egypt, and the Suez Canal, 1884, IA
Ch.L. Kennedy, The Gates of the East: Ten Chapters on the Isthmus of Suez Canal, 1857, IA
J. Charles-Roux, L'isthme et le canal de Suez: Historique-etat actuel , 1901, in French, IA
J.E. Nourse, The Maritime Canal of Suez : From Its Inauguration, November 17, 1869, to the Year 1884, G.P.O. 1884, IA
C. Vimercati, Constantinopoli e l'Egitto : studii statistici-politici-commerciali , 1849, in Italian, IA
J.C., Histoire financiere de l'Egypte depuis Said pacha; 1854-1876, 1878, in French, IA
G.M. Fenn, The Khedive's country; the Nile Valley and its products, 1904, IA
Egypt, pp.330-331 in vol.3 of E. Flagg, Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations, 1857, GB
Social History Egyptian Women (historical account), from Egypt State Information Servce
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Egypt, by R. Winslow
G. de Nerval, The Women of Cairo, vol.1, 1930, vol.2 (by C. Elphinstone), 1930, IA
St.L. Poole, Cairo; sketches of its history, monuments, and social life, 1898, IA
M.L. Whately, Scenes from Life in Cairo: A Glimpse Behind the Curtain , 1883, IA
E. de Leon, The khedive's Egypt; or, The old house of bondage under new masters, 1877, IA
Ethnography Languages of Egypt (11), from Ethnologue
Article Languages of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Category : Languages of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Worldwide Refugee Information : Egypt
Minorities at Risk, Egypt - Copts
Migration, Globalisation & Poverty, has numerous pdf files on Egypt
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Egypt
The History of the Coptic Language, from St. Shenouda
Reports on Egypt, from U.S. Committee for Refugees
Forced Migration Online Research Guides : Egypt, Palestinian Refugees in Egypt
Egypt, pp.630-642 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Egypt, pp.1645-1756 in vol.3A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Article Religion in Egypt, from Wikipedia, Category : Religion in Egypt, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Egypt, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Egypt, from Jewish Virtual Library; Egypt, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Egypt, from U.S. Department of State
Article : Coptic History, from Wikipedia
The Christian Coptic Orthodox Church Of Egypt, from St. Takla
History of the Copts, from copts.net
Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria, from Opus Libani
History of Regions History of the Sinai Peninsula, from Wikipedia
History of the Nile Delta, from Wikipedia
click here for the history of the Gaza Strip (Egyptian 1948-1967)
Local History Category : Cities in Egypt, from Wikipedia
History of Cairo, from Wikipedia
History of Alexandria, from Wikipedia
Port Said, from Wikipedia
Suez, from Wikipedia
Aswan, from Wikipedia
Asyut, from Wikipedia
St.L. Poole, Cairo fifty years ago, 1896, The Story of Cairo, 1902, Cairo; sketches of its history, monuments, and social life, 1898, IA
G. le Pere, Memoire sur la ville d'Alexandrie, 1818, in French, GB
Institutions Railways in the Nile, from Mike's Railway History; Transport, Communication and Information (historical account), from Egypt State Information Service
History, from American University in Cairo, of Ain Shams University; Education & Scientific Research (historical account), from Egypt State Information Service
Article Egyptian Television, from Wikipedia; History of Egypt's Press, Radio, Television, from Egypt State Information Service
History of the Suez Canal, from Wikipedia; Ferdinand de Lesseps, The History of the Suez Canal, a Personal Narrative, 1876, IA; P. Hetherington, The Great Canal at Suez : Its Political, Engineering, and Financial History, 1876, IA
Egypt, from Airline History
Structurae : Egypt; search Lighthouse Explorer for Egypt
Culture Egypt Cultural Profile, from Cultural Profiles
Article Egypt at the Olympics, Football in Egypt, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Egyptians, from Wikipedia
African Women Bibliographic Database
Others Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Disaster History by Country : Egypt, from Relief Web
Egypt, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
L.R. Aubert-Roche, De la peste ou typhus d'Orient, 1840, in French, GB; on Alexandrie, Caire

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); Rulers of Modern Egypt (since 1805) from the Eg. Presidency, with clickable biographies; Rulers : Egypt by B. Schemmel; Regnal Chronologies : Egypt, mostly on ancient Egypt
from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Rulers and Heads of State of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Egypt, from Wikipedia; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Kairo (Ägypten), from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Egypt, from NNDB; Canadian Ambassadors to Egypt, from MOFA Canada; Embajadores de Mexico en Egipto, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
List of Israeli Ambassadors to Egypt, from Wikipedia; Chinese Ambassadors to Egypt, from PRC MOFA
Lists of Consuls M.P. Pedani, Venetian Conculs in Egypt and Syria in the Ottoman Age
Lists of Bishops List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria, List of Coptic Orthodox Popes of Alexandria, from Wikipedia
List of Patriarchs of Alexandria (Greek-Orthodox), from OrthodoxWiki
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Ministry of Industry and Foreign Trade, Egypt
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Egypt, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Population of Cities : Egypt, from City Population
Historical Abortion Statistics, Egypt, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Psephos (since 2005)
EISA : Egypt Election Archive
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
The History of Egypt and the Maghrib, from World History Archives, scroll down for Egypt
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Egypt", search all issues; 2240 Egypt articles, GB
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Newsreels British Pathe
Wochenschau-Archiv (in German)
Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Business Insider, Beautiful Historical Photos of the Suez Canal
Serving in the Suez Canal Zone of Egypt until 1956, Photo Album : Then and Now
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Photographium, High Resolution Historic Photo Archive, Alexandria, Cairo
Oriental Collections
Items on Egypt
AGSL Digital Photo Archive : Asia and Middle East
Gertrude Bell Archive Photo Collection
Historic Camel Photos - Middle East
Universal Collections
Items on Egypt
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
License plates, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : Egypt
Archival Deposits Egypt Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Files Relating to the Suez Crisis, released in 2006, from UK National Archives
Foreign Office (British) : Papers Respecting Negotiations with the Egyptian Delegation (1922), posted on Internet Archive
Search New Zealand Electronic Text Centre for Egypt
Search CIA Released Documents for Egypt
Search Foreign Relations of the United States for Egypt
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Egypt, from ILO, 62 docs. since 1936
Internet Law Library : Egypt
Constitution of 1971, from Government of Egypt
Article Constitutions of Egypt, from Wikipedia
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Egitto, 70 entries, in Italian
Treaties Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Egypt
Antiguos tratados de paces y alianzas entre algunos reyes de Aragon y Diferentes Principes Infieles de Asia y Africa, desde el Siglo XIII hasta el XV, (136 pp.), (118 pp.), 1786, GB
Tratados, convenios y declaraciones de paz y de comercio .. desde del ano de 1700 hasta el dia, 1843, GB
E. Hertslet, The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1, 1894, vol.2, 1894, vol.3, 1896, IA
Recueil des traites de la Porte ottomane avec les puissance etrangeres, depuis le premier traite conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et Francçois I jusqu'a nos jours, vol.1, 1864, vol.2, 1865, vol.3, 1866, vol.4, 1876, vol.5, 1882, vol.6, 1884, vol.7, 1892, vol.8, 1894, vol.9, 1898, vol.10, 1901, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Treaties Between Turkey and Foreign Powers. 1535-1855, 1855, posted on Internet Archive
Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty of 1979, posted by Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Consular Reports Cotton in Egypt: Report by Acting Consul-general Grant, of Cairo, (U.S. G.P.O.) 1902, IA
Document Surveys Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, at this site
Document Collections Copies of original letters from the army of General Bonaparte in Egypt intercepted by the Fleet under the Command of Lord Nelson, 11th ed. part 1, 1798
John James Halls, The life and correspondence of Henry Salt ... consul general in Egypt, vol.1, 1834, vol.2, 1834, GB
Exposition de la Compagnie Universelle de Canal Maritime de Suez, 1867, in French, IA; Actes Constitutifs de la Compagnie Universelle du Canal de Suez, 1866, in French, IA; France, Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres, Documents diplomatiques : Affaire du canal de Suez., 1875, in French, IA; Commission internationale du canal de Suez, Documents diplomatiques. Commission internationale pour le libre usage du canal de Suez, 1885, IA
Ferdinand de Lesseps, Lettres, journal et documents pour servir a l'histoire du canal de Suez vol.2, 1875, vol.3, 1877, vol.4, 1879, vol.5, 1881, vol.6, 1881; The Suez Canal: Letters and Documents Descriptive of Its Rise and Progress in 1854-1856, 1876, IA
Ferdinand de Lesseps, Inquiry Into the Opinions of the Commercial Classes of Great Britain on the Suez Ship Canal, 1857, IA
Isthmus of Suez ship canal: Report and plan of the commission , 1857, IA
Itineraire des invites aux fetes d'inauguration du canal de Suez qui sejournent au Caire, 1869, in French, IA
Historical Maps responsible institutions Egypt Survey Authority, National Mapping Agencies in Africa
collections click here
Egypt, Modern
Egypt, contemporary
Detail, modern
Detail, contemporary R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique ?l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 07. Ben Ghazi 1886, 07. Ben Ghazi 1888, 07. Ben Ghazi 1896, 08. Le Caire 1886, 08. Le Caire 1889, 08. Le Caire 1901, 13. Kebabo 1886, 13. Kebabo 1886, 13. Kebabo 1896, 14. Assouan 1886, 14. Assouan 1889, 14. Assouan 1903, Gallica
Map of Cairo (Meyer 5th ed. 1887), posted by Hic Leones
Map of Alexandria 1912, from Discus Media
U.S. Army Map Service, Africa 1:2.000.000, sheet 4 Banghazi (1969), 5 Cairo (1974), 9 Dakhla Oasis (1969), 10 Aswan (1969), PCL, UTexas
U.S. Army Map Service, North Africa 1:250,000 1954-, PCL, UTexas
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Ägypten, Kairo, Alexandria, Suez, Suezkanal, Port Said, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Egypt, Alexandria, Sinai, The Church of Alexandria, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1912
Article Egypt, Alexandria, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Egypten, pp.638-649 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Of the Trade of Cairo, Alexandria, and Rosetta in Egypt, pp.619-623, in : W. Beaves, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Alexandrie, pp.20-21, Le Caire, pp.67-68 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Search anon., Handbuch für Kaufleute, sowohl Wechsel als Waarenberechnungen von den vornehmsten Handelsplätzen, bey allen steigenden und fallenden Coursen, mit oder ohne Spesen, blos durch Addiren und Multipliciren in Leipziger Wechselzahlung zu berechnen, 1787, in German, for Alexandria
Entry : Cayro, pp.60-61 in Tomas Antonio de Marien y Arrospide, Tratado general de monedas, pesas, medidas y cambios de todas las naciones, 1789, in Spanish, GB
Entry Cairo pp.59-61 in : W. Dickinson, Universal commerce, or, The commerce of all the mercantile cities and towns of the World, 1818, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Alexandrien, Cairo, posted by DTBSWS
Ch. Pope, The yearly journal of trade, 1837-8 : comprising laws of customs and excise, treaties and conventions with foreign powers, tariffs of United Kingdom, Russia, Monte Video ... parliamentary speeches and papers, proclamations, orders in Council and of government boards, reports of law cases, translations of foreign documents (1838), posted on Internet Archive, on Egypt p.304
Aegypten, pp.45-46 in H.F. Osiander, Ueber den Handelsverkehr der Völker, 1842, in German, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Aegypten, vol.4 1844 pp.183-187, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Aegypten, pp.45-46 in H.F. Osiander, Ueber den Handelsverkehr der Völker, 1848, in German, GB
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Verschiedene Länder : Egypten pp.168-169
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Egypt p.136
Geographical Entry : Egypt, pp.458-465 in Thomas Salmon, The new universal geographical grammar, 1766, GB
Entry : Egypt, in : J. Walker, The universal gazetteer, 1795, unpaginated
Entry : Egypt, pp.424-468, in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, or, a description of all the parts of the world, 1827, GB
W.J.Ll. Wharton, The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Pilot : Containing Descriptions of the Suez Canal, the Gulfs of Suez, 1900, IA
Egypt pp.313-315 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Ethnographical Egypte, pp.402-406 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Chapter : Histoire Moderne d'Egypte sous le Gouvernement des Califes Fatimites, de Saladin et des Successeurs, pp.1-100 in vol.23/63 of Histoire universelle, depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'a present, Histoire Moderne, 1784, in French, GB
Chapter : Aegypten unter der Osmanischen Pforte, pp.7-54 in vol.6 of J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der letzten drey Jahrhunderte, 1806 edition, GB
Le Royaume d'Egypte, pp.174-191 in : Ferdinand Ludwig Bresler, Les souverains du monde, 1722, in French, GB
Egypt, pp.396-403, Alexandria pp.403-405 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Historical Yearbook Entries Egypte pp.474-477, in Annales Maritimes 1818, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Egypt, 1847 edition, 1867 edition, 1875 edition, A Handbook for Travellers in Lower and Upper Egypt, 1880 edition, Handbook for Egypt and the Sudan, 1907 edition, IA
Cook's Tourist Handbook for Egypt, the Nile and the Desert, 1876 edition
Baedeker, Egypt, Handbook for Travellers, 1885 vol.1, 1885 vol.2, 1892 edition, 1902 edition, Egypt and the Sudan, Handbook for Travellers, 1914 edition, IA
U.S. Army Service Forces, Pocket Guide to Egypt, 1943, IA
E.A. Reynolds-Ball, Cairo of To-day: Cairo of to-day; a practical guide to Cairo and its environs 1898 edition, A Practical Guide to Cairo and the Nile, 1899 edition, 1902 edition, 1905 edition, 1907 edition, IA
M. Busch, Guide for travellers in Egypt and adjacent countries subject to the pasha, 1858, IA
Residence Memoirs Ch.R. Low, General Lord Wolseley (of Cairo): A Memoir, 1883, IA
S. Lane Poole, The Englishwoman in Egypt: Letters from Cairo, Written During a Residence There in 1842, 3, & 4, 1845, IA
Institutions Archives National Archives of Egypt
Search AHA Archives Wiki for Egypt
Egypt's Royal Archives, 1922-1952, by Martin Kramer
UNESCO Archives Portal, National Archives, one Egypt Entry
Musea Lists, Links Museums in Egypt, from Tour Egypt
Museums in Egypt, from International Council of African Museums
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments World Heritage List, scroll down for Egypt; from UNESCO World Heritage; Tentative Lists : Egypt
Egypt List, from Showcaves
Libraries Bibliotheca Alexandrina
Egyptian Universities Library
Libraries in Egypt, from LibDex
Egypt, from Directory of Libraries in North Africa
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from national-anthems.net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Egypt, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coin Catalogue of Egypt, from Numismaticon; Egypt Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery; Egypt, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins; search Coin Archives for Egypt
Stamps Rare Egypt Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Egypt 1866-1923, Suez Canal Company 1868, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Egypt survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
general bibliographies pp.311-370 in Arthur Goldschmidt, Historical Dictionary of Egypt, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1994, KMLA Library R 962 003 G623h
pp.437-510 in A. Goldschmidt, Historical Dictionary of Egypt, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2003 [G]
Bibliography, from Library of Congress, Country Studies : Egypt
Egypt, from The Online Books Page
from Mideast Web
Clio, Voyages Culturels, Bibliographie Egypte
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Online Publications on the History of Egyptian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
St.J. Davis, Recent Work in Coptic History and Historiography : a Bibliography
Chicago Online Bibliography on Mamluk Studies
C. Hugot, Ptolemaica. Une bibliographie de l'Egypte lagide
Digital Egypt : Bibliography for Prehistoric Egypt (and Nubia), Bibliography, Third Intermediate Period and Late Period, Bibliography of Egypt in the Greek and Roman and Islamic Period
Bibliographie analytique des religions de l'Egypte (1939-1943), Revue de l'histoire des religions quatrieme article, Annee 1946 Volume 131 Numero 131-1-3 pp.145-160, dixieme et dernier article, Annee 1950 Volume 138 Numero 138-1 pp.72-107, Persee
University of Minnesota, Early Christian Egypt : Bibliography
New Kingdom Egypt: A World 3500 Years Ago A Selected Bibliography
Ptolemaic: A Selective Bibliography
Select Bibliography on Christians and Monastic Communities in Early Islamic Egypt
serial publications American University of Cairo Press
Publications on Coptic History, from St. Mark Foundation
general bibliographies
Egypt entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Ägypten-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Bibliographie de l'Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord des originmes a la fin du Moyen-Age
Temehu. Bibliography. A List of Books About the Berbers, Berber history, language and culture.
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Egypt Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Digital Assets Repository
Online Journals full text online The Oriental Herald and Journal of General Literature, vol.1 : Jan.-Apr. 1824, vol.2 : May-Aug. 1824, vol.3 : Sep.-Dec. 1824, vol.4 : Jan.-Mar. 1825, vol.6 : Jul.-Sep. 1825, vol.7 : Oct.-Dec. 1825, vol.8 : Jan.-Mar. 1826, vol.9 : Apr.-Jun. 1826, vol.10 : Jul.-Sep. 1826, vol.11 : Oct.-Dec. 1826, vol.12 : Jan.-Mar. 1827, vol.13 : Apr.-Jun. 1827, vol.14 : Jul.-Sep. 1827, vol.15 : Oct.-Dec. 1827, vol.16 : Jan.-Mar. 1828, vol.17 : Apr.-Jun. 1828, vol.18 : Jul.-Sep. 1828, vol.19 : Oct.-Dec. 1828, vol.20 : Jan.-Mar. 1829, vol.21 : Apr.-Jun. 1829, vol.22 : Jul.-Sep. 1829, vol.23 : Oct.-Dec. 1829, GB
Table of Contents
Online
Coptica, 2002-
Historiography Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts Middle East Ritchie Ovendale, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, London etc.: Longman 1994 [G]
on Egypt Afaf Lufti al Sayyid Marsot, A Short History of Modern Egypt, Cambridge : UP (1985) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 962 S275a
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.18, pp.91-145 Article Egypt. KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 032 B862h v.18
Glenn E. Perry : The History of Egypt, Westport CT : Greenwood 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 962 P462h
Specific Topics J. Hathaway, The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule 1516-1800, Harlow : Longman Pearson 2008 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 953.03 H363a
Chapter 12 : Crisis and Development in Egypt, pp.183-200; 13 : Nasser to Naguib to Nasser, pp.201-222, in : John Gunther, Inside Africa, NY : Harper & Bros. (1953) 1955 [G]
Chapter 8 : The Rise of Nasserism, pp.114-134, in : Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
The Arab World pp.541-553, in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942
Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid-Marsot, The British Occupation of Egypt from 1882, pp.651-664 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Gabriel Baer, Egyptian Attitudes toward Land Reform, pp.80-100, Jean Vigneau, The Ideology of the Egyptian Revolution, pp.129-145, Georges Ketman, The Egyptian Intelligentsia, pp.478-487, V.B. Lutskii, The Revolution of July, 1952, in Egypt, pp.496-503, in : Walter Z. Laqueur (ed.), The Middle East in Transition, NY : Praeger 1958 [G]
The Battle of Egypt, in : Jasper H. Stembridge, The Oxford War Atlas Volume II, 1 September 1941 to 1 January 1943, Oxford : UP 1943 [G]
Napoleon in Egypt. Al-Jabarti's Chronicle of the French Occupation of Egypt, translated by Shmuel Moreh, Princeton : Markus Wiener 2003 [G]
Local / Regional History Max Rodenbeck, Cairo. The City Victorious, American University in Cairo Press 1988, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 963.6216 R587c
Religious History Jill Kamil, Coptic Egypt, History and Guide, American University in Cairo Press 1987 [G]
Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
Historical Dictionary Arthur Goldschmidt, Historical Dictionary of Egypt, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 962 003 G623h
A. Goldschmidt, Historical Dictionary of Egypt, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2003 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Article : Egypt, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.64-66, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.64-66, 4th ed. 1984 pp.64-66 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year (Egypt) 1913 pp.987-990, 1942 pp.249-250, 1943 pp.255-256, 1944 pp.251-252, 1945 pp.250-251, 1946 pp.278-279, 1947 pp.283-285, 1948 pp.268-269, 1949 pp.223-225, 1950 pp.244-245, 1951 pp.244-245, 1952 pp.242-244, 1953 pp.239-240, 1954 pp.240-242, 1955 pp.290-291, 1956 pp.228-230, 1957 pp.286-287, 1958 pp.225-226, (UAR) 1959 pp.698-700, 1960 pp. 698-699, 1961 pp. 696-697, 1962 pp. 691-692, (UAR Egypt) 1963 pp.806-807, 1964 pp.831-832, 1965 pp.833-834, 1966 pp.783-784, 1967 pp.774-775, 1968 pp.779-780, 1969 pp.767-768, 1970 pp.767-768, 1971 pp.751-753, 1972 pp.705-706, (Egypt) 1973 pp.268-269, 1974 pp.280-282, 1975 pp.264-266, 1976 pp.307-309, 1977 pp.303-305, 1978 pp.352-353, 1979 pp.341-343, 1980 pp.339-341, 1981 pp.342-344, 1982 pp.339-341, 1983 pp.337-339, 1984 pp.337-338, 1985 pp.485-486, 671, 1986 pp.480-482, 667, 1987 pp.449-450, 637, 1988 pp.408-410, 589, 1989 pp.408-409, 589, 1990 pp.425-427, 604, 1991 pp.405-406, 589, 1992 pp.379-380, 589, 1993 pp.381-383, 600, 1994 pp.381-382, 600, 1995 pp.401-403, 600, 1996 pp.400, 600, 1997 pp.414-415, 598, 1999 pp.432, 593, 2002 pp.418, 596
Statesman's Year-Book Egypt 1878 pp.631-640, 1889 pp.743-762, Turkey and Tributary States - Egypt 1895 pp.1038-1057, 1898 pp.1041-1062, 1901 pp.1153-1176, 1902 pp.1165-1183, 1904 pp.1225-1243, 1905 pp.1248-1272, 1906 pp.1491-1510, 1907 pp.1557-1577, 1910 pp.1287-1303, Egypt 1918 pp.240-257, 1919 pp.245-262, 1924 pp.822-841, 1925 pp.833-852, 1926 pp.8-8-825, 1928 pp.821-838, 1929 pp.810-827, 1932 pp.812-829, 1937 pp.851-867, 1942 pp.849-866, 1943 pp.846-863, United Arab Republic 1961-1962 pp.1527-1540, 1970-1971 pp.1447-1455, Egypt 1973-1974 pp.877-886, 1975-1976 pp.883-891, 1976-1977 pp.892-901, 1978-1979 pp.416-424, 1979-1980 pp.418-426, 1980-1981 pp.417-425, 1981-1982 pp.422-429, 1982-1983 pp.428-435, 1983-1984 pp.430-437, 1984-1985 pp.429-435, 1985-1986 pp.431-437, 1986-1987 pp.433-441, 1987-1988 pp.442-448, 1988-1989 pp.444-450, 1989-1990 pp.447-453, 1990-1991 pp.446-452, 1991-1992 pp.446-452, 1992-1993 pp.512-518, 1993-1994 pp.518-524, 1994-1995 pp.505-512, 1995-1996 pp.502-508, 1996-1997 pp.442-448, 1997-1998 pp.451-457, 1998-1999 pp.495-501, 2000 pp.571-578, 2001 pp.553-559, 2002 pp.576-583, 2003 pp.579-586, 2004 pp.579-586, 2005 pp.578-585, 2006 pp.572-579, 2007 pp.422-427, 2008 pp.419-424
(New) Int'l Yearbook 1898 pp.286-291, 1899 pp.292-296, 1900 pp.320-324, 1907 pp.239-242, 1908 pp.222-225, 1909 pp.219-221, 1910 pp.227-229, 1913 pp.225-228, 1914 pp.221-224, 1916 pp.200-202, 1917 pp.214-216, 1918 pp.190-192, 1919 pp.216-222, 1920 pp.205-207, 1921 pp.206-210, 1922 pp.215-219, 1923 pp.212-214, 1924 pp.216-220, 1925 pp.212-214, 1926 pp.238-240, 1928 pp.228-231, 1929 pp.238-240, 1930 pp.238-241, 1931 pp.277-279, 1932 pp.251-253, 1933 pp.236-238, 1934 pp.205-207, 1935 pp.209-211, 1938 pp.225-228, 1939 pp.216-217, Events of 1940 pp.205-207, 1941 pp.181-183, 1942 pp.211-212, 1943 pp.176-178, 1944 pp.183-184, 1945 pp.173-175, 1947 pp.194-197
Americana Annual Egypt 1927 pp.283-286, 1928 pp.255-258, 1930 pp.267-270, 1931 pp.276-278, 1932 pp.237-238, 1933 pp.254-257, 1934 pp.206-208, 1935 pp.229-230, 1936 pp.236-237, 1937 pp.231-233, 1938 pp.231-232, 1939 pp.261-262, 1940 pp.258-259, 1941 232-234, 1943 pp.256-257, 1944 pp.240-241, 1945 pp.251-252, 1946 pp.252-254, 1947 pp.224-226, 1957 pp.243-247, United Arab Republic 1961 pp.775-778, 1962 pp.783-785, 1963 pp.694-696, 1964 pp.678-680, Egypt 1965 pp.246-249, United Arab Republic 1967 pp.706-707, 1968 pp.699-701, 1969 pp.704-705, 1970 pp.706-707, 1971 pp.701-702, Egypt 1972 pp.283-284, 1973 pp.256-257, 1974 pp.223-224, 1976 pp.222-223, 1988 pp.216, 1989 pp.213-214, 1990 pp.213-214, 1992 pp.221-222, 1993 pp.219-220, 1994 pp.214-215, 1998 pp.220-222, 2006 pp.173-174
YB on Int'l Communist Affairs 1973 pp.238-241, 1974 pp.240-242, 1976 pp.540-541, 1978 pp.429-430, 1979 pp.402-405, 1980 pp.407-409, 1984 pp.18-21, 1988 pp.404-408, 1989 pp.469-472
Other Article : Egypt, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1902 pp.227-232 [G]
Article : Egypt, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 pp.226-227, 1933 pp.179-181, 1934 pp.200-202, 1935 pp.188-191, 1936 pp.164-167, 1937 pp.169-172, 1938 pp.174-177, 1939 pp.165-166, 1940 pp.174-176, 1941 pp.160-162, 1942 pp.145-147, 1943 pp.148-150, 1944 pp.105-108, 1946 pp.138-140, 1952 pp.134-135 [G]
Article : United Arab Republic, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1961 pp.341-342 [G]
Article : Egypt, in : Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1976 pp.540-541 (Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Marsot), 1980 pp.407-409 (Patricia Mihaly) [G]
Article : Africa, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1862 pp.1-4, 1864 pp.1-2 [G]
Article : Egypt, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.307-313, 1894 pp.252-257 [G]