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Literature on the History of North Africa
Libya Ottoman Empire
First posted on March 13th 2005, last revised on April 7th 2010

Timeline : Fezzan

Historical Atlas, Libya Page
List of Wars : Libya Page

see also History of Libya, Ottoman Empire

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Country Profiles Current from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Italian edition; from Encyclopedia Française (in French); from Columbia Encyclopedia; from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Historical from Documents Algeriens (in French, of 1948)
R. van der Pijl, Korte Beschrijving der Staten van Barbarije: Marocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli en Fezzan (1816), in Dutch, posted on Internet Archive
Links, General
Timelines Chronology of U.S.-Libyan Relations, from America.gov; Libya Timeline, from U.S. Naval Academy
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
Military E.H. Smith, Guns against tanks; L troop 33rd battery 7th New ealand anti-tank regiment in Libya Raids in the Fezzan, posted by NZETC
La Conquete du Fezzan, from France Libre.net, from Concours Resistance
L'organisation française de l'assistance medicale au Fezzan, from Alger, Algerie : Documents Algeriens, in French
3e Regiment d'artillerie de marine, Fezzan 1942, from Ministere de la Defense
Economy & Finances Entry Libya, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Peter Symes, The Libyan Currency Commission
Marcel Mercier, L'irrigation au Fezzan, Annales de Geographie 1946 vol.55 no.300 pp.282-289
J.L. Miege, La Libye et le commerce transsaharien au XIXe siecle, Revue de l'occident musulman et de la Mediterranee 1975 vol.19 pp.135-168
Ethnography Ethnic Composition of Libya, from Somali Press
P. Boyer, L'odyssee d'une tribu saharienne : Les Djeramna (1881-1929), Revue de l'occident musulman et de la Mediterranee 1971 vol.10 pp.27-54
Local History Municipalities of Libya, from statoids.com
Others Souvenirs du Fezzan 1950-1952, by Jean Soupene, in French
Medieval Libya, from Libya Online
V. Paques, Le belier cosmique - son role dans les structures humaines et territoriales du Fezzan, Journal de la Societe des Africanistes 1956 vol.26 pp.311-253
Mahmoud Azmi, La question de Libye, Politique etrangere 1949 vol.14 pp.505-522

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from Wikipedia, Regnal Chronologies : North Africa, scroll down for Fezzan
Population Statistics Historical Population Statistics : Libya, Provinces, from Population Statistics
Documents Image Databanks
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Bernard Vernier, Le statut du Fezzan, politique etrangere 1947 vol.12 pp.188-200
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Fezzan, in Italian
Treaties A. Cocatre-Zilgien, Les accords franco-libyens, Annuaire français de droit international 1956 vol.2 pp.242-254
Document Collections
Individual Documents The 1949 UN Resolution regarding Libya's independence, from Libya, Our Home
Historical Maps Map : Part of Fezzan (Vandermaelen 1827), from David Rumsey Collection
Bonne 1783 : Les Royaumes de Maroc, Fez, Alger et de Tripoli, posted by Euratlas, shows Fezzan
Carte du Fezzan (c.1948), from Documents Algeriens
Map : Fezzan 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Encyclopedia Entries
Article Fezzan, from EB 1911
Article Fezzan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article : Fezzan, pp.174-178 in vol.4 of Conrad Malte-Brun, Universal Geography : or a Description of All Parts of the World , 1825, GB
Article : Fezzan, pp.222-226 in vol.2 of A System of Geography or a Descriptive, Historical and Philosophical View of the Several Quarters of the World, 1807, GB
Article : Fezzan, pp.331-332 in Elijah Parish, A New System of Modern Geography, or a General Description of All the Considerable Countries in the World 1814, GB
Entry : Fezzan, pp.174-178 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography 1826, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Friedrich Hornemann, The journal of Frederick Horneman's travels : from Cairo to Mourzouk, the Capital of the Kingdom of Fezzan in Africa, 1802, GB
C. Hutton, Second Journey to Fezzan, pp.508-531 in : vol.3 of : The Tour of Africa, 1821, GB
D. Denham, Narrative of travels and discoveries in Northern and Central Africa in the years 1822, 1823 and 1824, vol.2, 1828, GB
Institutions Archives Archives Nationales d'Outre Mer
Monuments V. Paques, Gravures rupestres prehistoriques du Fezzan, Journal de la Societe des Africanistes 1958 vol.3 no.28 pp.25-32
J.L. Quellec, Les gravures rupestres d'El-Greibat, Fezzan septentrional (Libye), Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Française 1987 vol.82/2 pp.54-59
J.L. Quellec, A propos de quelques gravures rupestres de l'Ajal (Fezzan septentrional, Libye), Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Française 1993 vol.90/5 pp.368-375
J.L. Quellec, Nouveaux documents rupestres fezzanais : les sites de ed-Debuat et du Jebel Lijef (R?gion du Sati, Libye) Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Française 1989 vol.86/4 pp.114-118
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes
Stamps Encyclopedia of Postal History, scroll down for Fezzan

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Libya, general
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Libya
Online Journals on Libya contents online
General Accounts
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbook Entries Article : Italian Colonial Empire, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.426-427, 1948 pp.413-414, 1949 pp.364-365 [G]

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