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Literature on the History of North Africa
First posted on April 2nd 2007






For the history since 1968, see Morocco

Ifni 1957-1969
Ifni 1934-1957

When Morocco was partitioned in 1912, the allocation of Ifni and environs to Spain (Spain claimed it to be the site of Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequena, a Canary Islands outpost on the mainland in the early 15th century; Morocco recognized this claim in 1860, but disputed the location) was confirmed; administratively it was placed under the Spanish Sahara, as was Cabo Juby (the Southern Protectorate). Spain only proceeded to occupy Ifni in 1934. (French) Morocco regained independence in 1957; Spain ceded Cabo Juby / the Southern Protectorate in April 1958, but held on to Ifni until June 30th 1969.

For the history until 1957, see : Morocco, Spanish Sahara

Historical Atlas, Morocco Page






DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Article Ifni, from Wikipedia, English edition
Article Sidi Ifni, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Article Ifni, from Wikipedia Spanish Edition
Ifni, from Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker, in German; has map
Links, General
Historical Maps click here
Accounts of History La Falacia Historica sobre la Colonia de Ifni, by Guadalupe Perez Garcia, in Spanish
Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequena, una Fortaleza Canaria en el Sahara, by Francisco Garcia-Talavera, in Spanish
Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequena, from Historia Canarias, in Spanish
Encyclopedia Entries Article Santacruz de Mar Pequena, in : Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Administration Provinces of Western Sahara, from www.statoids.com
Military Articles Ifni War, from Wikipedia
Ifni, La Guerra Secreta, from El Mundo, in Spanish
Invasion of Ifni by Moroccan Irregulars 1957, from ACED
Carmen Sevilla, en la Guerra de Ifni, from Memoria de Andalucia, in Spanish
1956-1976 Spanish Sahara. War in a Land of Sand and Stones, from Balagan; caution advised, wargamers site
Religion Prefecture Apostolic of Western Sahara, from Catholic Hierarchy

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen Governors of Ifni, from World Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Urban Population Statistics : Morocco, from Population Statistics posted by Jan Lahmeyer; scroll down for Ifni
Document Collections Spanish Interests in Morocco, by George Frederick Andrews (1911)
New York Times, Archive 1851-1980 : Ifni 1957-1969
The Door to the Sahara, Time Dec. 9 1957
Ifni & After, Time Dec. 16 1957
Spain : Ifni-Sahara Medal, from ODM
Ifni War 1958, from Military Photos.Net
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols Flag of Ifni-Sahara Maritime Province 1946-1975, from FOTW
Others License Plate, from World License Plates

PRINTED REFERENCES
Moroccan History C.R. Pennell, Morocco since 1830, a history, New York : UP 2000, KMLA Lib.Sign. 964.03 P413m
Alfredo Robles, Sidi Ifni : La Historia mal tratada (advertised by Asociacion Amigos de Ifni
Historical Dictionary Tony Hodges, Historical Dictionary of Western Sahara, Metuchen N.J. :Scarecrow 1982 [G]