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Literature on the History of North Africa
Morocco Regency of Tunis 1705-1881
First posted on November 25th 2011







In the 15th century, the Ziyyanid Dynasty, capital Tlemcen, ruled Algeria's west and central Atlas region, while the Hafsid Dynasty, capital Tunis, ruled the east.
Early in the 16th century Spain established strongholds in North Africa : Oran (1509-1708, 1732-1792), Algiers (1510-1516, 1519-1524), Bejaia (Bougie) 1510-1555, Penon de Algiers 1519-1529). Temporarily, the Sultans of Tlemcen and Tunis accepted Spanish suzerainty.
Corsair Khaireddin Barbarossa took Algiers from the Spanish in 1516. When facing another Spanish attack in 1519 Barbarossa recognized Ottoman suzerainty. He retook Algiers in 1524, took Tlemcen in 1554. Algiers was an Ottoman Eyalet, nominally until 1830 (-1848), when conquered by France.
Algiers untertook naval expeditions against the Christian world, interpreted by the latter as piracy; Algiers was a major port of what contemporary European sources call the "Barbary Coast".

Administrative History of Algeria

Students' Paper : Lee, Seungwoo : Environmental History of North Africa (2009)






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : Ottoman Algeria, from Wikipedia
Historical J. Morgan, Algemeene beschryvinge van Barbaryen, Dutch trsl. of English or., 1733, GB
C.W. Janson, A view of the present condition of the states of Barbary, or, An account of the climate, soil [&c.] of Morocco, Fez, Algiers, Tripoli, Tunis 1816, GB
Statistisch-Geographische Beschreibung der afrikanischen Seeräuberstaaten Algier, Tunis, Tripoli, und der Reiche Fez und Marokko, 1817, in German, GB
W. Shaler, Sketches of Algiers, political, historical, and civil: containing an account of the geography, population, government, revenues, commerce, agriculture, arts, civil institutions, tribes, manners, languages, and recent political history of that country 1826, GB
Renaudot, Alger: Tableau du royaume, de la ville d'Alger et de ses environs, ?at de son commerce .. 1830, in French, IA
Links on History Virtual Library History : Algeria
Category : Ottoman Algeria, History of Algeria, from Wikipedia; Categorie : Regence d'Alger, Histoire de l'Algerie, from Wikipedia French edition
Algeria Directory, from Historical Text Archive
History of Algeria, from European Navigator
Organizations Societe Historique Algerienne of 1856
Historical Dictionaries Encyclopedie 1830-1962 de l'Afrique du Nord, in French
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Algerian Perspective Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Tilimsani, Chroniques de la r?ence d'Alger 1841, trsl. by A. Rousseau, 1841, in French, IA; written 1194 AH, mostly on events of the 16th century
other Perspective modern Article : Ottoman Algeria, from Wikipedia
History of Algeria, from Wikipedia, from History World, from Encyclopedia of the Orient, from Discover France : Colonies : Algeria
historical D. de Haedo, Topographia e historia general de Argel, 1612, in Spanish, GB
Pierre Dan, Histoire de Barbarie et de ses corsaires, des royaumes, et des villes d'Alger, de Tunis .., 1649, in French, GB
J. Morgan, A complete history of Algiers, vol.1 1728, vol.2 1729, vols.1-2 1731, GB
J.P.L. de Tassy, Historia del Reyno de Argel, 1750, in Spanish, GB
Jacques Philippe Laugier de Tassy, Histoire des etats barbaresques qui exercent la piraterie, 1757, in French, GB
J.W. Stevens, An historical and geographical account of Algiers 1797, GB
E. Duyckinck, A short history of Algiers: with a concise view of the origin of the rupture between Algiers and the United States : to wich is added a copious appendix containing letters from Captains Penrose, M'Shane, and sundry other American captives 1805, GB
R. van der Pijl, Korte Beschrijving der Staten van Barbarije : Marocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli en Fezzan, 1816, in Dutch, IA
G.A. Jackson, Algiers: being a complete picture of the Barbary states; their government, laws, religion, and natural productions; and containing a sketch of their various revolutions, a description of the domestic manners and customs of the Moors, Arabs, and Turks; an account of the four great capitals of Algiers, Tripoli, Tunis, and Morocco, and a narrative of the various attacks upon Algiers, by the European states; including a faithful detail of the late glorious victory of Lord Exmouth , 1817, IA
L. de Tassy, Histoire d'Alger: et du bombardement de cette ville en 1816; description de ce royaume et des revolutions qui y sont arrivees 1830, in French, GB
W. Esterhazy, De la domination turque dans l'ancienne regence d'Alger 1835, in French, GB
M. Russell, History and present condition of the Barbary states, 1837, GB
P. Clausolles, L'Algerie pittoresque: ou, Histoire de la regence d'Alger, depuis les temps les plus recules jusqu'a nos jours: presentant avec la suite des evenemens, la description geographique de la contree, des observations precises sur les peuples qui l'habitent ... redigee et mise en ordre, d'apres les documens officiels publies par le gouvernement, les memoires des corps savans, les ecrits des historiens anciens et modernes, les relations des voyageurs les plus cel?res 1843, in French, GB
S. d'Estry, Histoire d'Alger: de son territoire et de ses habitants, de ses pirateries, de son commerce et de ses guerres, de ses moeurs et usages, depuis les temps les plus recules jusqu'a nos jours, 1844 ed., 1851 ed., in French, GB
L. Guerin, Histoire maritime de France, vol.1, 1851, vol.2, 1852, vol.3, 1852, vol.4, 1851, vol.5, 1851, vol.6, 1852, in French, GB
J.R. Morell, Algeria : the topography and history, political, social, and natural, of French Africa (1854), posted on Internet Archive
J.J.E. Roy, Histoire de l'Alg?ie depuis les temps les plus anciens jusqu'a nos jours 1859, in French, GB
H.D. de Grammont, Histoire d'Alger sous la domination turque, 1515-1830, 1887, in French, IA
Specific Periods Ch.H. Churchill, The life of Abdel Kader, ex-sultan of the Arabs of Algeria; written from his own dictation, and comp. from other authentic sources (1867), posted on IA
A. Rang, F, Denis, Fondation de la Regence d'Alger: Histoire des Barberousse, vol.1, vol.2, 1837, in French, GB
A. Rang, F. Denis, Histoire d'Aroudj et de Khaïr-ed-din, fondateurs de la Regence d'Alger, vol.1, 1837, vol.2, 1837, in French, GB
C.E.J. Rotalier, Histoire d'Alger et de la piraterie des Turcs dans la M?iterran?: ?dater du seizi?e si?le vol.1 1841, vol.2 1841, in French, GB
P. Boyer, La revolution dite des "Aghas" dans la regence d'Alger (1659-1671), Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la M?iterranee Annee 1973 Volume 13 Numero 13-14 pp.159-170, Persee
L.M. Rinn, Le royaume d'Alger sous le dernier dey 1900, in French, IA
A. Comte de Laborde, Au Roi et aux Chambres, sur les veritables causes de la rupture avec Alger et sur l'expedition qui se prepare 1830, in French, IA
Administration Foreign Policy, Relations Ernst Baasch, Die Hansestädte und die Barbaresken, 1897, in German, posted on Internet Archive
A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, France et Alger pp.5-16, Deux-Siciles et Alger pp.207-209, Sardaigne et Alger pp.260-261, Espagne et Alger pp.326-329, Portugal et Alger pp.517-519, Grande Bretagne et Alger pp.589-609, Pays-Bas et Alger pp.884-899, Danemark et Alger pp.1004-1008, Suede et Alger pp.1109-1115, Autriche et Alger pp.1387-1394, Etats Unis d'Amerique et Alger pp.1498-1506, 1839, in French, GB
R.L. Playfair, The Scourge of Christendom: Annals of British Relations with Algiers prior to the French Conquest, 1884, IA
R. Gleizes, Jean Le Vacher, vicaire apostolique et consul de France ?Tunis et ?Alger, 1619-1683 : d'apr? les documents contemporains, 1914, in French, IA
A.H. de Groot, Ottoman North Africa and the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la M?iterranee Annee 1985 Volume 39 Numero 39 pp.131-147, Persee
Military Military History, General Heim, Geschichte der Kriege in Algier, vol.1, Von der Schlacht bei Zama bis zum Fall von Constantine, 1861, vol.2, Von der Eroberung Constantines bis zur gänzlichen Unterwerfung Algiers, 1861, in German, GB
Article : Revoltes et Sultanats (Regence d'Alger), from Wikipedia French edition
Wars of the 16th Century E. Wiens, Unternehmungen Kaiser Karls V. gegen die Raubstaaten Tunis, Algier und Mehedia, 1832, in German, GB
Articles : Capture of Algiers 1516, Capture of Algiers 1529, Algiers Expedition 1541, Capture of Bougie 1555, from Wikipedia
N. Durand de Villegaignon, Relation de l'exp?ition de Charles-quint: contre Alger 1874, in French, IA
Wars of the 17th Century
Wars of the 18th Century Articles : Spanish Expedition to Oran 1732, Invasion of Algiers 1775, from Wikipedia
Poema triumphal ... del bombardeo contra Argel 1783, in Spanish, GB
Wars of the 19th Century Wars of the World : Algeria, from ACED
A. Salame, A narrative of the expedition to Algiers: in the year 1816 : under the command of ... Admiral Lord Viscount Exmouth 1819, GB
J.S. Smith, The siege of Algiers, 1823, IA
H. Kimball, American naval battles: being a complete history of the battles fought by the navy of the United States from its establishment in 1794 to the present time, including the wars with France, and with Tripoli, the late war with Great Britain and with Algiers, with an account of the attack on Baltimore, and of the battle of New Orleans 1831, IA
P.M. Davis, An authentic history of the late war between the United States and Great Britain : to which will be added, the war with Algiers and the treaty of peace, the treaties of peace with the various tribes of North American Indians and the United States Army register and peace establishment 1836, IA; on U.S.-Algeria War of 1815
S.F. Holbrook, Threescore years [microform] : an autobiography, containing incidents of voyages and travels, including six years in a man-of-war. Details of the war between the United States and the Algerine government, bombardment of Algiers by Lord Exmouth, and its subjugation by the French ; also, two years in California, a visit to the Crimea during the bombardment and captive of Sebastopol, journey through Asia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt ..., 1857, IA
Medals, Decorations, Insignia Orders, Decorations and Medals from Algeria, from ODM; by Jean Paul le Blanc
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Algeria
J.J.L. Bargles, Memoire sur les relations commerciales de Tlemcen avec le Soudan sous le regne les Beni Zeyan, 1853, in French, GB
M. de Cervantes Saavedra, The Voyage to Parnassus: Numantia, a Tragedy ; The Commerce of Algiers 1870, IA
See Barbary, in N. Cox, K. Dannehl, Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820, 2007, posted by British History Online
D.H. Holsinger, Trade routes of the Algerian Sahara in the XlXth Century, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1980 Volume 30 Numero 30 pp.57-70, Persee
T. Shuval, La pratique de la mu awada (echange de biens habus contre propriete privee) ?Alger au XVIIIe si?le, Revue du monde musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1996 Volume 79 Numero 79-80 pp.55-72, Persee
Social History F. Cresti, Alger a la periode turque. Observations et hypotheses sur sa population et sa structure sociale, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1987 Volume 44 Numero 44 pp.125-133, Persee
M. Hoexter, Taxation des corporations professionnelles d'Alger a l'epoque turque, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1983 Volume 36 Numero 36 pp.19-39, Persee
Ethnography Languages of Algeria (18), from Ethnologue
Berbers of Algeria, from Minorities at Risk
Articles Kabyle People, Languages of Algeria, Chaoui, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Algeria
H. Aucapitaine, Le pays et la societe kabyle: (Expedition de 1837) 1837, in French, GB
A.E.H. Carette, Recherches sur l'origine et les migrations des principales tribus de l'Afrique septentrionale et particulierement de l'Algerie 1853, in French, GB
Religion Article Islam in Algeria, from Wikipedia
Category Religion in Algeria, from Wikipedia
Jewish Virtual History Tour : Algeria; Algeria, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Catholic Church in Algeria, from Catholic Hierarchy
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Algeria, from Kirken i Norge
Algeria, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Jews of Algeria, from World Culture Encyclopedia; Histoire, from Zlabia, le rendez-vous des juifs d'Algerie
F.A. Silvestre, Fundacion historica de los hospitales que la religion de la Santissima Trinidad, redempcion de cautivos, de cal?dos, tiene en la ciudad de Argel, 1690, in Spanish, GB
H. Garrot, Les juifs algeriens. Leurs origines 1899, in French, IA
History of Regions Predecessors Sultanate of Tlemcen
1236-1554
Article Zayyanid Dynasty, Tlemcen : History, from Wikipedia
Article : Zianides, Tlemcen : Periode zianide, from Wikipedia French edition
El-Tenessy Abou-Abd' Allah-Mohammed Ibn Abd' El-Delyl, Histoire des Beni Zeiyan, rois de Tlemcen, trsl. by J.J. Barges, 1852, in French, GB
J.J.L. Bargles, Memoire sur les relations commerciales de Tlemcen avec le Soudan sous le regne les Beni Zeyan, 1853, in French, GB
Compl?ent de l'histoire des Beni-Zeiyan, rois de Tlemcen, ouvrage du cheikh Mohammed Abd'al Djalil al-Tenessi, trsl. by J.J. Barges, in French, 1887, IA
Ibn Khaldun, Histoire des Beni 'Abd el-W?: rois de Tlemcen vol.1 1904, in French, IA
R.L. Lawless, Tlemcen, capitale du Maghreb central. Analyse des fonctions d'une ville islamique medievale, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1975 Volume 20 Numero 20 pp.49-66, Persee
Spanish Oran
1509-1708, 1732-1792
Article : Oran : Spanish Period, from Wikipedia
Article : Oran : Periode espagnole, from Wikipedia French edition
Article : Oran : Historia, from Wkipedia Spanish edition
History of Oran, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
H.L. Fey, Histoire d'Oran avant, pendant et apr? la domination espagnole, 1858, in French, GB
Regions Kabylie History of Kabylie, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Algiers, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Oran, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Constantine, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Bejaia (Bougie), from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Tlemcen, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
J.P. Bonnafont, Geographie medicale d'Alger et ses environs, 1839, in French, GB
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Algeria, search Lighthouse Depot for Algeria
Culture & Science
Biographies List of Algerians, from Wikipedia
African Women Bibliographic Database
Others Category : Disasters in Algeria, from Wikipedia
Algeria, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Jon Phillips, Effects of Desertification on Arab-Berber Relations, ICE Case Studies 2007
W. Croker, The cruelties of the Algerine pirates, shewing the present dreadful state of the English slaves, and other Europeans, at Algiers and Tunis 1816, IA
F. Cresti, Description et iconographie de la ville d'Alger au XVIe siecle, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1982 Volume 34 Numero 34 pp.1-22, Persee

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Category : Presidents of Algeria, from Wikipedia
Regnal Chronologies : Northern Africa, scroll down for Algeria, Kel Ahaggar, Tahert
Rulers of Algeria, from Historalia, Spanish language site
Lists of Ambassadors On Consuls in Bugie, 1270-, Manuel des consuls, pp.271-272, 1838, in French, GB
List of French representatives in Barbaresques/Algiers, of Barbaresques/Algiers in France pp.xli-xliv in vol.38 of F. Schoell, Cours d'histoire des etats Europeens 1833, in French, GB
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics, Algeria, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
Documents Historical Newspapers
Historical Yearbook Entries Alger pp.479-480, in Annales Maritimes 1818, in French, GB
Algier, pp.321-322 in Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch 1827, in German, GB
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits Algeria Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search National Archives, UK for Algiers
Constitutions, Laws E. Daumas, Moeurs et coutumes de l'Alg?ie: Tell, Kabylie, Sahara, 1858, in French, GB
Treaty Collections Pertaining to Algeria Edgard Rouard de Card (ed.), Traites de la France avec les pays de l'Afrique du nord, Algerie, Tunisie, Tripolitanie, Maroc, 1906, in French, GB
The Barbary Treaties 1786-1835, from Avalon Project at Yale
Antiguos tratados de paces y alianzas entre algunos reyes de Aragon y Diferentes Principes Infieles de Asia y Africa, desde el Siglo XIII hasta el XV, (136 pp.), (118 pp.), 1786, GB
Tratados, convenios y declaraciones de paz y de comercio .. desde del ano de 1700 hasta el dia, 1843, GB
Recueil des traites de la Porte ottomane avec les puissance etrangeres, depuis le premier traite conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et Francçois I jusqu'a nos jours, vol.1, 1864, vol.2, 1865, vol.3, 1866, vol.4, 1876, vol.5, 1882, vol.6, 1884, vol.7, 1892, vol.8, 1894, vol.9, 1898, vol.10, 1901, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Treaties Between Turkey and Foreign Powers. 1535-1855, 1855, posted on Internet Archive
Algeria, pp.32-58 in vol.5 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1976, GB
Etats Barbaresques : Alger, pp.144-145 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Articles of peace & commerce : between the most serene and mighty Prince Charles II ... and the most illustrious lords, the Bashaw, Dey, Aga and governours of ... Algiers ... concluded by Arthur Herbert, Esq., 1682, IA
Document Surveys Ch.12 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum et Americanarum, pp.263-273, in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Scriptores de rebus Maroccanis, Algericis, Tunetanis et Tripolitanis : Scriptores generales, pp.135-143, Scriptores de rebus Algericis pp.153-156 in vol.3 pt.1 of B.G. Struve/J.G. Meusel, Bibliotheca historica 1787, in Latin, GB
Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, at this site
Document Collections Alger, Algerie : Documents Algeriens
Algeria Directory, from Historical Text Archive
Recueil de documents sur l'expedition et la prise de Constantine, par les Français en 1837, in French, GB
Negociations de la France dans le Levant; ou, Correspondances, m?oires et actes diplomatiques des ambassadeurs de France a Constantinople et des ambassadeurs, envoyes ou residents a divers titres a Venise, Raguse, Rome, Malte et Jerusalem, en Turquie, Perse, Georgie, Crimee, Syrie, Egypte, etc., et dans les etats de Tunis, d'Alger et de Maroc, vol.1 : 1515-1546, 1848, GB, vol.2 : 1547-1566, 1850, IA, GB, vol.3 : 1567-1580, 1853, IA, GB vol.4 : 1581-1589, 1860, IA, GB
Individual Documents Dialogo fra Genova ed Algieri: citt?fulminate dal Giove Gallico, 1685, in Italian, GB
Engelbertus, Rede auf die glückliche Erlösung der Gefangenen Christen aus Algier 1773, in German, GB
Historical Maps Collections Category : Old Maps of Algeria, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Maps of the History of Algeria, from Wikimedia Commons
Entire Country, Modern Euratlas Periodis : Europe in the Year 1500, 1600 1700 1800
Mediterranean Around 1550 (ignores independence of Tlemcen), Around 1700, from Qantara Mediterranean Heritage
Entire Country, Contemporary Map Algiers, Bejaia (Piri Reis 1550), posted by Wikipedia
Western Mediterranean 1567 (Reis), posted by Qantara Mediterranean Heritage
Map Barbary Coast, Mercator c.1630, from NHM (NL)
Algeria in 1800, from Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812., by Benson J. Lossing, 1869. (Rootsweb)
Herisson, Atlas Portatif, Barbarie, 1806, posted by M. Witkam
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Assedio di Mehedia 1460, Algeri 1704, Baia di Orano 1726, from Mappa di Citta ed Altra Mappe Antiche Diverse
Algiers Villeneuve 1840, from Wikimedia
Historic Cities, click Algeria : Algiers, Jijel, Oran
Siege of Algiers 1541, Old Map of Algiers, from The Story of the Barbary Corsairs, by Stanley Lane-Poole and Lieut. J. D. Jerrold Kelley (Project Gutenberg)
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General
Religious Marokko und Fez, Algier, Tunis und Tripolis, pp.662-672 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Royaume de Alger, pp.1066-1073 in J. Savary de Bruslons, Dictionnaire universel de commerce 1765, in French, GB
Of the Coast of Barbary, pp.623-625 in W. Beawes, Lex Mercatoria Rediviva, 1773, GB
Of the Moneys & of Algier or Argier; of Oran, pp.380-381 in The negociator's magazine 1777, GB
Argel, pp.25-26 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Chapter : Algiers, pp.51-55, in : Reflections on the commerce of the Mediterranean, 1804, GB
The Commerce of the Barbary States, pp.427-431 in J.H. Tuckey, Maritime Geography and Statistics 1815, GB
Algiers, p.5 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1821, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Algier, posted by DTBSWS
Political The Kingdom of Algier, pp.203-211 in vol.8 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations
Geographical Juan Diaz, Primera parte de la descripcion general de Affrica , Argel entries, 1573, in Spanish, GB
Della Barbaria, pp.94-95 in vol.1 of L. de Linda, Le relationi et descritioni universali et particolari del mondo 1674, in Italian, GB
Alger, pp.35-36 in C. Maty, Dictionnaire geographique universel, 1701, in French, GB
Algieri, Oran, Tlemisan pp.146-147 in vol.2 of V.S. Grandi, Sistema Del Mondo Terraqueo Geograficamente Descritto, 1716, in Italian, GB
Algerianum, pp.537-538 in G. Cellarius, Geographia nova, sive hodiernam terrarum orbis faciem clarissime illustrans 1716, in Latin, GB
The Present State of Barbary, pp.508-525 in J. Randall, A system of geography 1744, GB
The States of Barbary, pp.598-605 in W. Guthrie, A new geographical, historical, and commercial grammar 1780, GB
Algier, pp.64-67 in W. Jäger, Geographisch-Historisch-Statistisches Zeitungs-Lexicon: A - H, 1805, in German, GB
Algiers, pp.183-186 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography 1826, GB
Ethnographical Algerie, pp.399-401 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Le Royaume d'Alger, pp.209-215 in : Ferdinand Ludwig Bresler, Les souverains du monde, 1722, in French, GB
The Present State of Algiers, pp.70-84 in vol.3 (1746) of Thomas Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, GB
Die Republik Algier, pp.107-153 in vol.6 (1806) of J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der letzten drey Jahrhunderte, in German, GB
Algiers, pp.86-88 in vol.1 of Voltaire, A philosophical dictionary 1824, GB
Algiers, pp.408-414 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world : comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Voyage dans les Etats barbaresques de Maroc, Alger, Tunis et Tripoly, 1785, in French, GB
Country of Algiers, pp.407-440 in vol.3 of C. Hutton, The Tour of Africa, 1821, GB
S.F. Pfeiffer, Reizen en vyfjarige gevangenschap in Algiers, 1835, in Dutch, GB
Residence Memoires W. Oakley, Eben-ezer, or, A small monument of great mercy [electronic resource] : appearing in miraculous deliverance of William Okeley, William Adams, John Anthony, John Jephs, John ---, carpenter, from the miserable slavery of Algiers, with the wonderful means of their escape in a boat of canvas ... 1675, IA
F. Pananti, Narrative of a residence in Algiers: comprising a geographical and historical account of the regency; biographical sketches of the dey and his ministers; anecdotes of the late war; observations on the relations of the Barbary States with the Christian powers 1818 GB
A.H. Huth, A true relation of the travels and perilous adventures of Mathew Dudgeon, gentleman: wherein is truly set down the manner of his taking, the long time of his slavery in Algiers, and means of his delivery 1894, IA
Historical Novels etc. W. Hone, A political catechism : dedicated, without permission, to His Most Serene Highness Omar, Bashaw, Dey, and Governor, of the warlike city and kingdom of Algiers; the Earl of Liverpool; Lord Castlereagh, and Co., 1817, IA
M. Reid, The Boy Slaves, 1865, IA
R.M. Ballantyne, The Pirate City, an Algerine Tale, 1874, IA; historical novel leading up to the British bombardment of 1816
R.M. Ballantyne, The Middy and the Moors, 1883, IA
Institutions Archives Search AHA Archives Wiki for Algeria
Archives Nationales d'Outre Mer (France)
Musea Algerian Museums, from arab.net
Monuments UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Algeria), Tentative Lists : Algeria
Libraries Algeria, from Directory of Libraries in North Africa
Libraries in Algeria, from LibDex
National Library of Algeria
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Search NGC for Algiers
Search Coin Archives for Algeria
Amirs of Tilimsan, AH 150, 180, from Oriental Coins Database
R. Ehlert, The Ottoman Coinage from Tilimsan, from Ottoman Empire Coins & Banknotes

PRINTED REFERENCES
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Algeria Algeria Books, Maps & Atlases, from The Africa Guide
Algerien-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Bibliography Algeria, anonymous
R.L. Playfair, A Bibliography of Algeria, from the Expedition of Charles V. in 1541 to 1887 (1898), Supplement, until 1895, posted on Internet Archive
Algeria, a Bibliography of Events sinnce 1991, from Cornell
on specific issues Online Publications on the History of Algerian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on North Africa
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Swiss Electronic Library; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Algeria
Online Journals full text online Persee (Digital Library of Academic Journals, Mainmtained in France)
Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Mediterran? 1966-1999, Persee
Revue Africaine 1856-1961
Revue de l'Orient et de L'Algerie et de colonies: bulletin et actes de la societe orientale, Algerienne et coloniale de France, vol.9 1851, vol.14 1853, vol.15 1854, n.s. vol.3 1856, n.s. vol.4 1856, n.s. vol.5 1857, n.s. vol.7 1858, n.s. vol.11 1860, n.s. vol.12 1860, n.s. vol.13 1861, n.s. vol.14 1862, n.s. vol.17 1864, n.s. vol.18 1864, GB, in French
France. Ministere de la marine et des colonies, Annales maritimes et coloniales, 1809-1815 pt.1, 1809-1815 pt.2, 1816 pt.1, 1816 pt.2, 1817 pt.1, 1817 pt.2, 1818 pt.1, 1818 pt.2, 1819 pt.1, 1819 pt.2, 1820 pt.1, 1820 pt.2, 1821 pt.1, 1821 pt.2, 1822 pt.1, 1822 pt.2, 1822 pt.2 vol.2, 1823 pt.1, 1823 pt.2 vol.1, 1824 pt.1, 1824 pt.2 vol.1, 1824 pt.2 vol.2, 1825 pt.1, 1825 pt.2, 1826 pt.1, 1826 pt.2 vol.1, 1826 pt.2 vol.2, 1827 pt.1, 1827 pt.2, 1827 pt.2 vol.2, 1828 pt.1, 1828 pt.2 vol.2, 1829 pt.1, 1829 pt.2, 1829 pt.2 vol.1, 1830 pt.1 vol.1, 1830 pt.1 vol.2, 1830 pt.2 vol.2, 1831 pt.1, 1831 pt.2, 1832 partie officielle, 1833 partie officielle, 1833 partie non officielle, 1834 partie non officielle, 1835 partie officielle, 1835 partie non officielle vol.1, 1836 partie non-officielle, 1836 partie non officielle vol.2, 1837 partie non officielle vol.1, 1838 partie non officielle vol.1, 1838 partie non officielle vol.2, 1840 partie non officielle vol.1, 1840 partie non officielle vol.2, 1841 partie officielle, 1841 partie non officielle vol.2, 1842 partie non officielle vol.1, 1842 partie non officielle vol.2, 1843 partie officielle, 1843 partie non officielle vol.1, 1843 partie non officielle vol.3, 1844 partie non officielle vol.1, 1844 partie non officielle vol.2, 1844 partie non officielle vol.3, 1844 partie non officielle vol.4, 1845 partie officielle, 1845 partie non officielle vol.1, 1845 partie non officielle vol.2, 1845 partie non officielle vol.3, 1845 partie non officielle vol.4, 1846 partie officielle, 1846 partie non officielle vol.1, 1846 partie non officielle vol.2, 1846 partie non officielle vol.3, 1846 partie non officielle vol.4, 1847 partie non officielle vol.1, 1847 partie non officielle vol.3, 1847 partie non officielle vol.4, in French, GB
Nouvelles Annales de la Marine et des Colonies, vol.5 1851, Table oif Contents 1842-1847, Partie Officielle, in French, GB
L'Afrique française 1837, in French, GB
Annuaire de la Societe archeologique de la province de Constantine 1853, 1854-1855, 1856-1857, 1858-1859, 1860-1861, 1862, in French, GB
Table of Contents
Online
Historiography Article : African Historiography - North Africa (Maghreb), by E. Ann McDougall and Mohamed Lahbib Noubi, pp.8-11, Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts J. Morgan, A Complete History of Algiers (1731), Reprint NY : Negro University Press 1970 [G]
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.24, pp.966-976 Article North Africa : Algeria. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.24
Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib, Cambridge : UP 1971 [G]
Specific Topics J. Hathaway, The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule 1516-1800, Harlow : Longman Pearson 2008 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 953.03 H363a
Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
Historical Dictionary Phillip C. Naylor, Historical Dictionary of Algeria, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 2006, 572 pp. [G]