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Literature on the History of North Africa
First posted on November 24th 2011

In 1705 the Ottoman Eyalet of Tunis was transformed into the Beylik of Tunis (Regency of Tunis). It remained nominally a tributary of the Ottoman Empire, but functioned practically as an independent state.
Contemporary European sources list it as one of the Barbary Coast states.
In 1878/1881 France established a protectorate over Tunisia.

Timeline : Tunisia
Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Tunisia 1809-1902
List of Wars, Tunisia

Students' Papers : Lee, Seungwoo : Environmental History of North Africa (2009)

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Historic J. Morgan, Algemeene beschryvinge van Barbaryen, Dutch trsl. of English or., 1733, GB
Th. MacGill, An account of Tunis: of its government, manners, customs, and antiquities, especially of its productions, manufactures, and commerce, 1811, GB
Letters from Tunis, pp.133-268, in vol.2 of : Edward Blaquiere, Letters from the Mediterranean; containing a civil and political account of Sicily, Tripoly, Tunis and Malta, 1813, GB
Statistisch-Geographische Beschreibung der afrikanischen Seeräuberstaaten Algier, Tunis, Tripoli, und der Reiche Fez und Marokko, 1817, in German, GB
E. Pelissier de Reynaud, Description de la regence de Tunis, 1853, in French, GB
H. Dunant, Notice sur la regence de Tunis, 1858, in French, GB
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL, from Hejleh
Tunisia Page, from African Studies at UPenn
Category : Tunisia, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Tunisia, from Wikipedia
History of Tunisia, from European Navigator
Harissa, French language website with numerous pages on detailed aspects of Tunisian history
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedie 1830-1962 de l'Afrique du Nord, in French
Tunisia : The Husainid Dynasty, Glossary, Christopher Buyers
Organizations Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Societe d'Histoire des Juifs en Tunisie
Article : Comite International d'Etudes Morisques , from Wikipedia French edition
Centre d'Etudes Maghrebines a Tunis
Timelines from BBC News, timelines.ws ; from Timelines DB; from Tunisia Online; from Focus on Tunisia
Accounts of History current Articles : History of Ottoman-era Tunisia, from Wikipedia
historical Pierre Dan, Histoire de Barbarie et de ses corsaires, des royaumes, et des villes d'Alger, de Tunis .., 1649, in French, GB
Jacques Philippe Laugier de Tassy, Histoire des etats barbaresques qui exercent la piraterie, 1757, in French, GB
R. van der Pijl, Korte Beschrijving der Staten van Barbarije : Marocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli en Fezzan, 1816, in Dutch, IA
G.A. Jackson, Algiers: being a complete picture of the Barbary states; their government, laws, religion, and natural productions; and containing a sketch of their various revolutions, a description of the domestic manners and customs of the Moors, Arabs, and Turks; an account of the four great capitals of Algiers, Tripoli, Tunis, and Morocco, and a narrative of the various attacks upon Algiers, by the European states; including a faithful detail of the late glorious victory of Lord Exmouth , 1817, IA
M. Russell, History and present condition of the Barbary states, 1837, GB
J.J. Marcel, Histoire de Tunis: pr??ee d'une description de cette r?ence 1851, in French, GB
A. Rousseau, Annales tunisiennes: ou, Aper? historique sur la r?ence de Tunis 1864, in French, GB
The Beys of Tunis, 1705-1869, pp.188- in A. Perry, Carthage and Tunis: past and present 1869, GB
Specific Periods S.E. Calderon, Compendio hist?ico y biograf? de Ahmed-Baj?bey, principe soberano de Tunez 1852, in Spanish, GB
A. de Flaux, La r?ence de Tunis au dix-neuvi?e si?le, 1865, in French, GB
J.M. Abun-Nasr, The Tunisian state in the eighteenth century, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1982 Volume 33 Numero 1 pp.33-66, Persee
Foreign Relations Ernst Baasch, Die Hansestädte und die Barbaresken, 1897, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Military click here
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Tunisia, from ODM, by Jean Paul le Blanc
List of Tunisia-Related Topics : History, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Military History
Wars of Tunisia, from ACED
A. McGregor, The Tunisian Army in the Crimean War : A Military Mystery, from Military History Online
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Tunisia; Currency Boards and Dollarization by Kurt Schuler; click for Tunisia
History, from Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa
Tunisian Ceramics and Pottery : History, from Raken
R. Dusgate, Notice sur les poids, mesures et monnaies de Tunis, 1832, in French, GB
Relations avec la Regence de Tunis, pp.22-23 in E. Carette, Du commerce de l'Algerie avec l'Afrique centrale et les etats barbaresques 1844, in French, GB
See Barbary, in N. Cox, K. Dannehl, Dictionary of Traded Goods and Commodities, 1550-1820, 2007, posted by British History Online
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Tunisia, by R. Winslow
Ethnography Languages of Tunisia (8), from Ethnologue
Article Berber People, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Tunisia
Slimane Mostafa Zbiss, Histoire des Andalous en Tunisie
A.E.H. Carette, Recherches sur l'origine et les migrations des principales tribus de l'Afrique septentrionale et particuli?ement de l'Alg?ie 1853, in French, GB
Article : Italian Tunisians, from Wikipedia
A. Triulzi, Italian-speaking communities in early nineteenth century Tunis, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1971 Volume 9 Numero 9 pp.153-184, Persee
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Tunisia, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Tunisia, from Jewish Virtual Library; History of Tunisian Jews, from Harissa; Tunisia, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Category Religion in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Histoire des Juifs en Tunisie, from Harissa, many subfiles
History of Regions History of Djerba, from Wikipedia
Governorates, Delegations of Tunisia, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Article Bizerte : History, Gabes : History, Kairouan : History, Sfax : History, Sousse : History, Tunis : History from Wikipedia
History of Kairouan, of Sfax, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Institutions Structurae : Tunisia; search Lighthouse Explorer for Tunisia
Article Rail-Bound Transport in Tunisia, National Company of Tunisian Railroads, from Speedy Look
Culture Online Publications on the History of Tunisian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Biographies Famous Tunisians, from Nations Encyclopedia
African Women Bibliographic Database
Tunicia : Husainid Dynasty, Christopher Buyers
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Tunisia
Disaster History by Country : Tunisia, from Relief Web
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Giuseppe Passeri, Della Peste col ragguaglio della peste di Tunis 1818 - 1820 1821, in Italian, GB
J.L.G. Guyon, Histoire chronologique des epidemies du Nord de l'Afrique, depuis les temps les plus recules jusqu'la nos jours 1855, in French, GB
W. Croker, The cruelties of the Algerine pirates, shewing the present dreadful state of the English slaves, and other Europeans, at Algiers and Tunis 1816, IA

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Tunisia; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of French representatives in Barbaresques/Tunis, of Barbaresques/Tunis in France pp.xli-xliv in vol.38 of F. Schoell, Cours d'histoire des etats Europeens 1833, in French, GB
Lists of Consuls On Consuls in Tunis, 1271-, Manuel des consuls, pp.451-452, 1838, in French, GB
A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, France et Tunis pp.178-201, Deux-Siciles et Tunis pp.259-260, Sardaigne et Tunis pp.324-325, Espagne et Tunis pp.495-498, Portugal et Tunis p.588, Grande Bretagne et Tunis pp.866-875, Pays-Bas et Tunis pp.996-1001, Danemark et Tunis pp.1092-1097, Suede et Tunis pp.1178-1182, Autriche et Tunis pp.1452-1458, Etats Unis d'Amerique et Tunis pp.1588-1594, 1839, in French, GB
France et Tunis, pp.329-335 in L.J.A. de Moreuil, Manuel des agents consulaires français et etrangers, 1853, in French, GB
U.S. Consuls in Tunisia, from Political Graveyard
Lists of Bishops Article : Episcopal See of Carthage, from Wikipedia
Article : Arcidiocesi di Tunisi, from Wikipedia Italian edition; more detailed
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Tunisia, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Tunisia : Orders and Decorations, Christopher Buyers
Archival Deposits Tunisia Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search Foreign Relations of the United States for Tunis, Tunisia
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Antoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, Memoire sur le traite fait entre Philippe-le-Hardi et le Roi de Tunis, en 1270, 1825, in French, GB
The Barbary Treaties 1786-1835, from Avalon Project at Yale
Edgard Rouard de Card (ed.), Traites de la France avec les pays de l'Afrique du nord, Algerie, Tunisie, Tripolitanie, Maroc, 1906, in French, GB
Recueil des traites de la Porte ottomane avec les puissance etrangeres, depuis le premier traite conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et Francçois I jusqu'a nos jours, vol.1, 1864, vol.2, 1865, vol.3, 1866, vol.4, 1876, vol.5, 1882, vol.6, 1884, vol.7, 1892, vol.8, 1894, vol.9, 1898, vol.10, 1901, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Treaties Between Turkey and Foreign Powers. 1535-1855, 1855, posted on Internet Archive
Etats Barbaresques : Tunis, pp.142-144 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Französisches Gelbbuch. Tunis. pp.306-308 in vol.8 of Das Staatsarchiv 1866, in German, GB
Traites. Regence de Tunis. pp.224-246 in vol.2 of L.J.D. Feraud-Giraud, De la juridiction fran?ise dans les ?helles du Levant et de Barbarie: ?ude sur la condition l?ale des ?rangers dans les pays hors chr?ient? , 1866, in French, GB
Document Surveys Ch.12 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum et Americanarum, pp.263-273, in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Scriptores de rebus Maroccanis, Algericis, Tunetanis et Tripolitanis : Scriptores generales, pp.135-143, Scriptores de rebus Tunetanis et Tripolitanis pp.156-159 in vol.3 pt.1 of B.G. Struve/J.G. Meusel, Bibliotheca historica 1787, in Latin, GB
Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, at this site
Document Collections Documenti sulla storia di Tunis: dall' anno 883 avanti G. C., fino all' anno 1837, vol.1, 2, 1838, GB
Historical Maps Stielers Handatlas, 2nd edition, North and West Africa, 1847, posted by M. Witkam
Herisson, Atlas Portatif, Barbarie, 1806, posted by M. Witkam
Tunis 1881, from Wikimedia
Maps of Tunis, from Historic Cities
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles : Tunisia, Tunis, Bizerta, Gabes, Goletta, Jerba, Kairawan, Sfax, Susa, from EB 1911
Article Tunis, Biserta, Dscherba, Gabes Goletta, Kairuan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Tunis, from Diderot, Encyclopedie vol.34, pp.420-421, 1778, in French, GB
Religious Article Tunis, Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Article : Tunis, Kairwan, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Marokko und Fez, Algier, Tunis und Tripolis, pp.662-672 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Royaume de Tunis, pp.1064-1066 in J. Savary de Bruslons, Dictionnaire universel de commerce 1765, in French, GB
Of the Coast of Barbary, pp.623-625 in W. Beawes, Lex Mercatoria Rediviva, 1773, GB
Tunis, pp.256-257 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Chapter : Tunis, pp.55-96, in : Reflections on the commerce of the Mediterranean, 1804, GB
The Commerce of the Barbary States, pp.427-431 in J.H. Tuckey, Maritime Geography and Statistics 1815, GB
Tunis, pp.270-271 in W. Dickinson, Universal commerce 1818, GB
Article : Tunis, pp.337-339 in : P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, vol.1, 1821, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Tunis, posted by DTBSWS
Article : Tunis, pp.608-610, in : J. Blunt, The shipmaster's assistant, and commercial digest, 1837, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Marokko, Tripolis und Tunis, vol.4 1844 pp.188-194, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Political The Kingdom of Tunis, pp.211-215 in vol.8 of T.G. Smollett, The present state of all nations
Geographical Tunigi o Tuneto, p.146 in vol.2 of V.S. Grandi, Sistema Del Mondo Terraqueo Geograficamente Descritto, 1716, in Italian, GB
Tunetanum, pp.536-537 in G. Cellarius, Geographia nova, sive hodiernam terrarum orbis faciem clarissime illustrans 1716, in Latin, GB
Article : Tunis, pp.748-755 in vol.8 of A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Le grand dictionnaire g?graphique et critique 1738, in French, GB
Article : Etat de Tunis, pp.178-185 in : Jean Joseph Vaissete, Geographie historique, ecclesiastique et civile, 1755, in French, GB
Republique de Tunis, p.517 in Buy de Mornas, Cosmographie methodique et ??entaire 1770, in French, GB
Tunis, pp.458-460 in vol.3 of Encyclop?ie m?hodique: g?graphie moderne, 1788, in French, GB
Entry : Tunis, pp.180-183 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography 1826, GB
Article : Tunis, pp.505-507 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1838, GB
Article : Tunis, p.(802) in G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world, 1835, GB
Entry : Regence de Tunis, pp.347-348 in M. Sardou, Abr??de g?graphie commerciale et industrielle, 1840, in French, GB
Regence de Tunis, p.497 in T. Lavallee, G?graphie physique, historique et militaire , 1853, in French, GB
Ethnographical Regence de Tunis, pp.401-402 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Regence de Tunis, pp.68-72 in vol.2 of A. Wahlen, Histoire et iconographie des moeurs, usages, et costumes de tous les peuples du monde, d'apr? les documents authentiques et les voyages les plus recents 1846, in French, GB
Historical Le Royaume de Tunis, pp.198-209 in : Ferdinand Ludwig Bresler, Les souverains du monde, 1722, in French, GB
De Tunis, pp.470-504 in S. von Pufendorf, A.A. Bruzen de la Martiniere, Introduction ?l'histoire g??ale et politique de l'univers 1745, in French, GB
Entry : Tunis, p.84 in : vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Historical Yearbook Entries Tunis pp.478-479, in Annales Maritimes 1818, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides J. Murray, Handbook for Travellers in Algeria and Tunis 1878, IA
Travelogues Voyage dans les Etats barbaresques de Maroc, Alger, Tunis et Tripoly, 1785, in French, GB
T. McGill, Nouveau voyage ?Tunis, 1815, in French, GB
Travel in Tunis, pp.440-468 in vol.3 of C. Hutton, The Tour of Africa, 1821, GB
Dureau de la Malle (Adolphe Jules Cesar Auguste, M.), Peyssonnel, Peyssonnel et Desfontaines: Voyages dans les regences de Tunis et d'Alger, vol.1, 1838, vol.2, 1838, in French, GB
Exhibition Catalogues/Reports Official Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations 1851, GB; Tunis p.316
Exposition Universelle Paris 1855, Catalogue Officiel, 1855, IA, Tunis participating
International Exhibition 1876, Official Catalogue vol.1, vol.2, Tunis represented; IA
Regence de Tunis, p.261, in vol.10 of Exposition universelle de 1867: Rapports du jury international, 1867, in French, GB
Institutions Archives Archives Nationales, Tunisie
Search AHA Archives Wiki for Tunisia
Les Archives Nationales de Tunisie
Repositories of Primary Sources : Africa and the Near East : Tunisia, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
Archives, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Museums in Tunisia, from International Council of African Museums
Musees, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments World Heritage List, scroll down for Tunisia; from UNESCO World Heritage; Tentative Lists : Tunisia
Tunisia List, from Showcaves
Libraries Bibliotheque Nationale, Tunisie
Tunisia, from Directory of Libraries in North Africa
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalogue of Tunisia, from Numismaticon; Tunisia Coins, from World Coin Gallery; Tunisia, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Tunisia Tunisia, from Online Books Page
Bibliography Tunisia (anonymous)
Tunisia Bibliography, from NNDB
Tunesien-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on North Africa
H.S. Ashbee, A bibliography of Tunisia from the earliest times to the end of 1888 (in two parts) including Utica and Carthage, the Punic wars, the Roman occupation, the Arab conquest, the expeditions of Louis IX. and Charles V. and the French protectorate (1889), posted on Internet Archive
Publications, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
Swiss Electronic Library; Gallica
on Tunisia Digital Library, National Library of Tunisia
Online Journals full text online Persee (Digital Library of Academic Journals, Mainmtained in France)
Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Mediterran? 1966-1999, Persee
Table of Contents
Rafawid (in French, 1995-)
Watha'iq (1984-)
Historiography Article : African Historiography - North Africa (Maghreb), by E. Ann McDougall and Mohamed Lahbib Noubi, pp.8-11, Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts Kenneth J. Perkins, A History of Modern Tunisia, Cambridge : UP 2004, KMLA Lib.Sign. 961.1 P448h
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.24, pp.990-995 Article North Africa : Tunisia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.24
H. Vivian, Tunisia and the modern Barbary pirates (1899), posted on Internet Archive
Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib, Cambridge : UP 1971 [G]
Economic History
Special Topics Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
Historical Dictionaries Kenneth J. Perkins, Historical Dictionary of Tunisia, Lanham Md.: Scarecrow 2nd ed. 1997
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Statesman's Year-Book 1878 pp.652-657 [G]

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