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Literature on the History of North Africa
Algeria Libya
First posted on July 4th 2002, last revised on April 13th 2010







The area around Tunis served as a political-administrative center since the days of Carthago (established in c. 800 B.C., conquered by Rome 146 B.C.). In 670 A.D., Kairouan was established as the camp of the army of Islam; Carthago fell in 695. As regional capital, Kairouan soon was replaced by Tunis. The regional population (hitherto largely Christian) in a gradual process converted to Islam and adopted the Arab language.
Tunis often served as the capital of a dynasty, at times was under the rule of a dynasty residing elsewhere. Following the fall of the last Muslim emirate in Spain, Granada, in 1492, Tunis was exposed to Spanish attacks (1534, 1571); the Spanish held on to coastal fortresses until expelled in 1573 by Corsair Uluj Ali who established a dynasty ruling the Beylik of Tunis, under Ottoman suzerainty.
While both Algiers and Tunis enjoyed the status of Eyalets, later Beyliks under the protection of the Ottoman Empire, they frequently were at war with each other. Their ports also provided a haven for corsairs who harrassed Christian shipping in the Mediterranean and Atlantic; hence the coast of the Maghrib in western sources was called the Barbary Coast. From the early 18th century onward, Ottoman suzerainty was merely nominal. The Beys of Tunis had entered in diplomatic relations with a number of European powers, and in the course of the 19th century entered on the path of economic and political reform. State bankruptcy of the Beylik of Tunis was declared in 1869; the issue ultimately lead to the declaration of a French Protectorate in 1881 (France already ruled Algeria since 1830-1848).

This page focusses on Colonial Tunisia (1881-1956) and on Independent Tunisia (since 1956). Click here for the history of the preceding Beylik of Tunis

Tunisia achieved independence in 1956, and abolished its monarchy in 1957.

Timeline : Tunisia
Historical Encyclopedia Entries : Tunisia 1809-1902
List of Wars, Tunisia


Students' Papers : Lee, Seungwoo : Environmental History of North Africa (2009)









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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Encyclopedia of the Orient; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Tunisia
Historic Chapter 10 : The Tunisian Complex, pp.146-162, in : John Gunther, Inside Africa, NY : Harper & Bros. (1953) 1955 [G]
Th. MacGill, An account of Tunis: of its government, manners, customs, and antiquities, especially of its productions, manufactures, and commerce, 1811, GB
Letters from Tunis, pp.133-268, in vol.2 of : Edward Blaquiere, Letters from the Mediterranean; containing a civil and political account of Sicily, Tripoly, Tunis and Malta, 1813, GB
J. Morgan, Algemeene beschryvinge van Barbaryen, Dutch trsl. of English or., 1733, GB
Statistisch-Geographische Beschreibung der afrikanischen Seeräuberstaaten Algier, Tunis, Tripoli, und der Reiche Fez und Marokko, 1817, in German, GB
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL, from Hejleh
Tunisia Page, from African Studies at UPenn
Category : Tunisia, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Tunisia, from Wikipedia
History of Tunisia, from European Navigator
Harissa, French language website with numerous pages on detailed aspects of Tunisian history
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedie 1830-1962 de l'Afrique du Nord, in French
Tunisia : The Husainid Dynasty, Glossary, Christopher Buyers
Organizations Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Societe d'Histoire des Juifs en Tunisie
Article : Comite International d'Etudes Morisques , from Wikipedia French edition
Centre d'Etudes Maghrebines a Tunis
Timelines from BBC News, timelines.ws ; from Timelines DB; from Tunisia Online; from Focus on Tunisia
Accounts of History current from History World; from Wikipedia; from Lexicon of the Orient
historical Pierre Dan, Histoire de Barbarie et de ses corsaires, des royaumes, et des villes d'Alger, de Tunis .., 1649, in French, GB
Jacques Philippe Laugier de Tassy, Histoire des etats barbaresques qui exercent la piraterie, 1757, in French, GB
R. van der Pijl, Korte Beschrijving der Staten van Barbarije : Marocco, Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli en Fezzan, 1816, in Dutch, IA
G.A. Jackson, Algiers: being a complete picture of the Barbary states; their government, laws, religion, and natural productions; and containing a sketch of their various revolutions, a description of the domestic manners and customs of the Moors, Arabs, and Turks; an account of the four great capitals of Algiers, Tripoli, Tunis, and Morocco, and a narrative of the various attacks upon Algiers, by the European states; including a faithful detail of the late glorious victory of Lord Exmouth , 1817, IA
M. Russell, History and present condition of the Barbary states, 1837, GB
Specific Periods Articles : Early History of Tunisia, History of Punic-era Tunisia, History of Roman-era Tunisia, History of Early Islamic Tunisia, History of Medieval Tunisia, History of Ottoman-era Tunisia, History of French-era Tunisia, History of Modern Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Article French Protectorate in Tunisia, from Speedy Look
Tunisia : The Party System in 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
Articles : Fatimid Caliphate, Zirid Dynasty, Almohad Dynasty, Hafsid Dynasty, from Wikipedia
G.J. de Lavergne Guilleragues, Histoire d'Ali, prince de Tunis, 1689, in French, GB
L.C. Brown, The many faces of colonial rule in French North Africa, Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1973 Volume 13 Numero 13-14 pp.171-191, Persee
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Tunisia; Governments on the WWW : Tunisia; Article Politics of Tunisia, from Wikipedia
The Search for Citizenship in Bin Ali's Tunisia : Democracy versus Unity, by Larbi Sadiki
Articles : Destour, Neo-Destour, from Wikipedia
Foreign Relations J. Bilinsky, Moderate realism in an extremist environment ; Tunisia and the Palestine question (1965-1970), Revue de l'Occident musulman et de la Mediterranee Annee 1973 Volume 13 Numero 1 pp.109-123, Persee
Military click here
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Tunisia, from ODM, by Jean Paul le Blanc
List of Tunisia-Related Topics : History, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Military History
Wars of Tunisia, from ACED
German P.O.W.s held in Tunisia, from Kriegsgefangen.de, text in English
E. Wiens, Unternehmungen Kaiser Karls V. gegen die Raubstaaten Tunis, Algier und Mehedia, 1832, in German, GB
Victor Louis Marie Gaillard. Expedition de Gui de Dampierre a Tunis, en 1270 , 1835, in French, GB
Gonzalo de Illescas, Jornada de Carlos V a Tunez,1-2, 1839, in Spanish, GB
A. McGregor, The Tunisian Army in the Crimean War : A Military Mystery, from Military History Online
J. Morel, Calendrier des crimes de la France outre-mer, 2005 : 22 janvier 1952 : Jean de Hautecloque : "Jusqu'ici, nous avons bande mou, maintenant, il nous faut bander dur." (Tunisie), 5 decembre 1952: Assassinat de Ferhat Hached (Tunisie)
M. White, Death Tolls for the Multicides of the Twentieth Century, Tunisia : War of Independence, 1952-1956, Tunisia : War with France, 1961
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Tunisia; Currency Boards and Dollarization by Kurt Schuler; click for Tunisia
Article Economy of Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Tunisia, from Wikipedia
History, from Compagnie des Phosphates de Gafsa
Tunisian Ceramics and Pottery : History, from Raken
Tunisia Energy Profile, from Energy Information Administration
Article Economy of Tunisia, Tunisian Dinar, Tunis Stock Exchange, Vine Growing in Tunisia, from Speedy Look
Company Histories : Tunisair, from Funding Universe
Enterprise Tunesien, from Economy Point
R. Dusgate, Notice sur les poids, mesures et monnaies de Tunis, 1832, in French, GB
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Tunisia, by R. Winslow
Ethnography Languages of Tunisia (8), from Ethnologue
Article Berber People, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Tunisia
Slimane Mostafa Zbiss, Histoire des Andalous en Tunisie
Article : Italian Tunisians, from Wikipedia
Tunis, pp.647-649 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Tunis, pp.4625-4968 in vol.7A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Tunisia, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Tunisia, from Jewish Virtual Library; History of Tunisian Jews, from Harissa; Tunisia, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Category Religion in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Tunisia, from U.S. Department of State
Histoire des Juifs en Tunisie, from Harissa, many subfiles
History of Regions History of Djerba, from Wikipedia
Governorates, Delegations of Tunisia, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Article Bizerte : History, Gabes : History, Kairouan : History, Sfax : History, Sousse : History, Tunis : History from Wikipedia
History of Kairouan, of Sfax, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Institutions Tunisia, from Airline History
Structurae : Tunisia; search Lighthouse Explorer for Tunisia
The Institut des Belles Lettres Arabes in Tunis, from Qantara
Article Rail-Bound Transport in Tunisia, National Company of Tunisian Railroads, from Speedy Look
Culture Online Publications on the History of Tunisian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Article Tunisia at the Olympics, Category Sport in Tunisia, Football in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Peintres de Tunisie 1900-1960, from Harissa
Chronologie du Cinema Tunisien, from Harissa
Biographies Famous Tunisians, from Nations Encyclopedia
African Women Bibliographic Database
Tunicia : Husainid Dynasty, Christopher Buyers
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Tunisia
Disaster History by Country : Tunisia, from Relief Web
The PLO in Tunisia, from Palestine Facts
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Giuseppe Passeri, Della Peste col ragguaglio della peste di Tunis 1818 - 1820 1821, in Italian, GB

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Tunisia; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Tunisia, Deutsche Botschafter in Tunis, from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Tunisia, from NNDB; Canadian Ambassadors to Tunisia, from MOFA Canada; Chinese Ambassadors to Tunisia, from PRC MOFA
List of French representatives in Barbaresques/Tunis, of Barbaresques/Tunis in France pp.xli-xliv in vol.38 of F. Schoell, Cours d'histoire des etats Europeens 1833, in French, GB
Lists of Consuls On Consuls in Tunis, 1271-, Manuel des consuls, pp.451-452, 1838, in French, GB
A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, France et Tunis pp.178-201, Deux-Siciles et Tunis pp.259-260, Sardaigne et Tunis pp.324-325, Espagne et Tunis pp.495-498, Portugal et Tunis p.588, Grande Bretagne et Tunis pp.866-875, Pays-Bas et Tunis pp.996-1001, Danemark et Tunis pp.1092-1097, Suede et Tunis pp.1178-1182, Autriche et Tunis pp.1452-1458, Etats Unis d'Amerique et Tunis pp.1588-1594, 1839, in French, GB
France et Tunis, pp.329-335 in L.J.A. de Moreuil, Manuel des agents consulaires français et etrangers, 1853, in French, GB
U.S. Consuls in Tunisia, from Political Graveyard
Lists of Bishops
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Institut National de la Statistique, Tunisia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Tunisia, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Historical Abortion Statistics : Tunisia, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Psephos (since 2004); from IFES Election Guide (since 1999)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Tunisia, from Area Studies, at Keele
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Journal Officiel de la Republique Tunisienne JORT 1956-, posted by CNUDST
Regence de Tunis, Bulletin officiel de l'enseignement public 1887-1916, Gallica
Selected Articles Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
The History of Egypt and the Maghrib, from World History Archives, scroll down for Tunisia
Life Magazine, 1936-1972, Search for "Tunisia", search all issues; 606 Tunisia articles, GB
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Newsreels Search INA Video
Bibliotheque/Mediatheque pour un voyage dans l'Histoire recente par l'audiovisuel : videos et TV : Tunisie
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Archives nationales d'outre-mer, Base Ulysse, image base (France)
Gallica, search for Tunisie, Images
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Tunisia
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports; scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Tunisia
Tunisia : Orders and Decorations, Christopher Buyers
Archival Deposits Tunisia Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search CIA Released Documents for Tunisia
Search Foreign Relations of the United States for Tunisia
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Tunisia, from ILO, 57 docs. since 1956
Tunisia, from Internet Law Library
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Tunisia, 84 entries, in Italian
Treaties Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Tunisia
Antoine Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, Memoire sur le traite fait entre Philippe-le-Hardi et le Roi de Tunis, en 1270, 1825, in French, GB
Antiguos tratados de paces y alianzas entre algunos reyes de Aragon y Diferentes Principes Infieles de Asia y Africa, desde el Siglo XIII hasta el XV, (136 pp.), (118 pp.), 1786, GB
Tratados, convenios y declaraciones de paz y de comercio .. desde del ano de 1700 hasta el dia, 1843, GB
The Barbary Treaties 1786-1835, from Avalon Project at Yale
Edgard Rouard de Card (ed.), Traites de la France avec les pays de l'Afrique du nord, Algerie, Tunisie, Tripolitanie, Maroc, 1906, in French, GB
E. Hertslet, The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1, 1894, vol.2, 1894, vol.3, 1896, IA
Recueil des traites de la Porte ottomane avec les puissance etrange?res, depuis le premier traite conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et Francçois I jusqu'a nos jours, vol.1, 1864, vol.2, 1865, vol.3, 1866, vol.4, 1876, vol.5, 1882, vol.6, 1884, vol.7, 1892, vol.8, 1894, vol.9, 1898, vol.10, 1901, in French, posted on Internet Archive
Treaties Between Turkey and Foreign Powers. 1535-1855, 1855, posted on Internet Archive
Etats Barbaresques : Tunis, pp.142-144 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Document Surveys Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, at this site
Document Collections Lettres du General Valensi datant de 1888, posted on Harissa
The Chronicles of Rabbi Joseph ben Joshua ben Meir, Oriental Translation Fund, 1836, GB
Documenti sulla storia di Tunis: dall' anno 883 avanti G. C., fino all' anno 1837, vol.1, 2, 1838, GB
Corona catalano-aragonesa, Ordenanzas de las armadas navales de la Corona de Aragon, 1787, GB
Historical Maps responsible institutions Centre National de la Cartographie et de la Teledetection
collections Carte Michelin Algerie Tunisie 1962
L'Entrepot Pieds Noirs : Algerie et Tunisie, Plans de Villes 1888, 1903, 1916, 1928, 1937
Tunisia Maps, from Discus Media
Maps of Tunis, from Historic Cities
Tunisia Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Tunisia, Historical maps of Tunisia, from Wikimedia Commons
David Rumsey Map Collection : Tunisia
Maghreb, Modern Y. Jardin, P. Rekacewicz, Les berberes en Afrique du nord 1994
Qantara, The Mediterranean in 750, 880, 1000, 1100, 1180, 1214, 1300, 1400, 1550, 1700
Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1300 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1400 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1500 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Maghreb, contemporary Bonne, Maghreb 1771, Wikipedia
Herisson, Atlas Portatif, Barbarie, 1806, posted by M. Witkam
Vuillemin, Maghreb 1843, Wikipedia
Stielers Handatlas, 2nd edition, North and West Africa, 1847, posted by M. Witkam
Stanfords, North West Africa, c.1900, Emerson Kent
Tunisia, Modern
Tunisia, Contemporary Tunis and Tripoli, 1836, Wikimedia Commons
Meyers, Tunis 1844, Wikimedia Commons
Tripoli and Tunis 1888, Tunis 1906, Tunisia 1932, 1938, 1945, from Probert Encyclopedia
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique ?l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 02. Tunis 1887, 02. Tunis 1894, 06. Tripoli 1887, 06. Tripoli 1888, 06. Tripoli 1896, Gallica
U.S. Army Map Service, Africa 1:2.000.000, sheet 3 Tunis (1969), 4 Banghazi (1969), 8 Sabhah (1969), 9 Dakhla Oasis (1969), PCL, UTexas
Tunis 1881, from Wikimedia
Plan de Tunis, from Guide Joenne
Tunis 1890 / 1914, from Wikipedia
U.S. Army Map Service, Africa 1:2.000.000, sheet 3 Tunis (1969), PCL, UTexas
U.S. Army Map Service, North Africa 1:250,000 1954-, Tunisia City Plans 1942-1947, 1943-, PCL, UTexas
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles : Tunisia, Tunis, Bizerta, Gabes, Goletta, Jerba, Kairawan, Sfax, Susa, from EB 1911
Article Tunis, Biserta, Dscherba, Gabes Goletta, Kairuan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Article Tunis, from Diderot, Encyclopedie vol.34, pp.420-421, 1778, in French, GB
Religious Article Tunis, Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Article : Tunis, Kairwan, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Marokko und Fez, Algier, Tunis und Tripolis, pp.662-672 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Tunis, posted by DTBSWS
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Marokko, Tripolis und Tunis, vol.4 1844 pp.188-194, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Article : Tunis, pp.608-610, in : J. Blunt, The shipmaster's assistant, and commercial digest, 1837, GB
Chapter : Tunis, pp.55-96, in : Reflections on the commerce of the Mediterranean, 1804, GB
Article : Tunis, pp.337-339 in : P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, vol.1, 1821, GB
Tunis, pp.256-257 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Tunis p.140
Geographical Tunetanum, pp.536-537 in G. Cellarius, Geographia nova, sive hodiernam terrarum orbis faciem clarissime illustrans 1716, in Latin, GB
Article : Tunis, pp.505-507 in vol.5 of G.N. Wright, A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, 1838, GB
Article : Tunis, p.(802) in G.Th. Landmann, A universal gazetteer; or, Geographical dictionary of the world, 1835, GB
Article : Etat de Tunis, pp.178-185 in : Jean Joseph Vaissete, Geographie historique, ecclesiastique et civile, 1755, in French, GB
Juan Diaz, Primera parte de la descripcion general de Affrica , Tunez entries, 1573, in Spanish, GB
Tunis pp.309-310 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Ethnographical Regence de Tunis, pp.401-402 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Entry : Tunis, p.84 in : vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Le Royaume de Tunis, pp.198-209 in : Ferdinand Ludwig Bresler, Les souverains du monde, 1722, in French, GB
Historical Yearbook Entries Tunis pp.478-479, in Annales Maritimes 1818, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides J. Murray, Handbook for travellers in Algeria and Tunis 1890, IA
R.L. Playfair, Handbook for Travellers in Algeria and Tunis, 1891, IA
Cook's Practical Guide to Algiers, Algeria and Tunisia, 1904, IA
Travelogues
Exhibition Catalogues
Institutions Archives Archives Nationales, Tunisie
Search AHA Archives Wiki for Tunisia
Les Archives Nationales de Tunisie
Repositories of Primary Sources : Africa and the Near East : Tunisia, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
Archives, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Tunisia, from Wikipedia
Museums in Tunisia, from International Council of African Museums
Musees, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments World Heritage List, scroll down for Tunisia; from UNESCO World Heritage; Tentative Lists : Tunisia
Tunisia List, from Showcaves
Libraries Bibliotheque Nationale, Tunisie
Tunisia, from Directory of Libraries in North Africa
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Tunisia, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coin Catalogue of Tunisia, from Numismaticon; Tunisia Coins, from World Coin Gallery; Tunisia, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Stamps

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Tunisia survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
general bibliographies Demarsy, Essai de bibliographie tunisienne 1869, IA
H.S. Ashbee, A bibliography of Tunisia from the earliest times to the end of 1888 (in two parts) including Utica and Carthage, the Punic wars, the Roman occupation, the Arab conquest, the expeditions of Louis IX. and Charles V. and the French protectorate (1889), posted on Internet Archive
pp.149-234 in K.J. Perkins, Historical Dictionary of Tunisia, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1989 [G]
BNF : La Tunisie : Histoire et Civilisation. Bibliographie Selective
Wikipedia French edition : Projet:Tunisie/Bibliographie sur la Tunisie
Clio : Voyages Culturels : Bibliographie Tunisie
Tunisia, from Online Books Page
Bibliography Tunisia (anonymous)
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Tunisian Community Center, Tunisian Women Bibliography
Sebastos, The Tunisian Revolution : An Annotated Bibliography Version 1
serial publications Publications, from Institut Superieure d'Histoire du Mouvement National
general bibliographies
Tunisia entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Tunisia Books, Maps & Atlases, from The Africa Guide
Tunesien-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Bibliographie de l'Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord des originmes a la fin du Moyen-Age
Bibliographie Maghreb (1), (2), (3) from Haldun Overblog
Temehu. Bibliography. A List of Books About the Berbers, Berber history, language and culture.
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
on Tunisia Digital Library, National Library of Tunisia
Online Journals full text online Persee (Digital Library of Academic Journals, Mainmtained in France)
Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Mediterran? 1966-1999, Persee
Annuaire de l'Afrique du Nord 1962-2009
Table of Contents
Online
Rafawid (in French, 1995-)
Watha'iq (1984-)
Historiography Article : African Historiography - North Africa (Maghreb), by E. Ann McDougall and Mohamed Lahbib Noubi, pp.8-11, Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts Kenneth J. Perkins, A History of Modern Tunisia, Cambridge : UP 2004, KMLA Lib.Sign. 961.1 P448h
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.24, pp.990-995 Article North Africa : Tunisia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.24
Chapter 9 : North Africa wins Independence, pp.135-141 in : Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
H. Vivian, Tunisia and the modern Barbary pirates (1899), posted on Internet Archive
Jamil M. Abun-Nasr, A History of the Maghrib, Cambridge : UP 1971 [G]
Economic History Ernst Baasch, Die Hansestädte und die Barbaresken, 1897, in German, posted on Internet Archive
Special Topics Neil Macmaster, Labour Migration in French North Africa, pp.190-195; Michael Hefferman, French Colonial Migration, pp.33-38 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Preliminary Rounds in Tunisia, in : Jasper H. Stembridge, The Oxford War Atlas Volume II, 1 September 1941 to 1 January 1943, Oxford : UP 1943 [G]
Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
Historical Dictionaries Kenneth J. Perkins, Historical Dictionary of Tunisia, Lanham Md.: Scarecrow 2nd ed. 1997
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Article : Tunisia, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.101-102, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.101-102, 4th ed. 1984 pp.100-101 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p.1006, 1951 p.685, 1952 p.689, 1953 pp.697-698, 1954 p.699, 1955 p.754, 1956 pp.690-691, 1957 pp.654-655, 1958 pp.693-694, 1959 pp.691-692, 1960 p.692, 1961 p.690, 1962 pp.683-685, 1963 pp.799-800, 1964 pp.825-825, 1965 p.828, 1966 pp.777-778, 1967 p.765, 1968 pp.772-773, 1969 p.759, 1970 p.761, 1971 pp.742-743, 1972 pp.696-697, 1973 pp.697-698, 1974 pp.691-692, 1975 pp.697-698, 1976 pp.674-675, 1977 pp.678-679, 1978 pp.682-683, 1979 pp.680-681, 1980 pp.679-680, 1981 pp.673-674, 1982 pp.677-678, 1983 p.676, 1984 pp.675-676, 1985 pp.496-497, 797, 1986 pp.491-492, 795, 1987 pp.461-462, 763, 1988 pp.419, 715, 1989 pp.419, 715, 1990 pp.436, 731, 1991 pp.416-417, 716, 1992 pp.390, 716, 1993 pp.392-393, 732, 1994 pp.392, 732, 1995 pp.484, 732, 1996 pp.480, 732, 1997 pp.484, 730, 1999 pp.505, 726, 2002 pp.503, 744 [G]
Statesman's Year-Book 1878 pp.652-657, 1895 pp.523-526, 1898 pp.522-525, 1901 pp.601-606, 1902 pp.618-623, 1904 pp.648-653, 1905 pp.667-672, 1906 pp.905-910, 1907 pp.961-966, 1910 pp.810-814, 1918 pp.870-874, 1919 pp.875-880, 1924 pp.905-909, 1925 pp.916-920, 1926 pp.889-893, 1928 pp.904-908, 1929 pp.892-898, 1932 pp.894-898, 1937 pp.935-940, 1942 pp.924-927, 1943 pp.920-924, 1960-1961 pp.1438-1443, 1970-1971 pp.1366-1370, 1973-1973 pp.1379-1382, 1975-1976 pp.1372-1375, 1976-1977 pp.1370-1374, 1978-1979 pp.1180-1184, 1979-1980 pp.1189-1193, 1980-1981 pp.1185-1189, 1981-1982 pp.1192-1196, 1982-1983 pp.1191-1195, 1983-1984 pp.1190-1194, 1984-1985 pp.1187-1191, 1985-1986 pp.1188-1192, 1986-1987 pp.1187-1191, 1987-1988 pp.1191-1195, 1988-1989 pp.1195-1199, 1989-1990 pp.1201-1205, 1990-1991 pp.1202-1206, 1991-1992 pp.1205-1209, 1992-1993 pp.1287-1291, 1993-1994 pp.1291-1295, 1994-1995 pp.1290-1294, 1995-1996 pp.1277-1281, 1996-1997 pp.1258-1262, 1997-1998 pp.1256-1260, 1998-1999 pp.1371-1375, 2000 pp.1540-1545, 2001 pp.1508-1513, 2002 pp.1564-1569, 2003 pp.1564-1569, 2004 pp.1583-1588, 2005 pp.1593-1598, 2006 pp.1601-1606, 2007 pp.1225-1229, 2008 pp.1225-1229 [G]
(New) Int'l Yearbook 1898 p.786, 1899 p.795, 1900 p.881, 1907 pp.781-783, 1908 pp.700-701, 1909 pp.709-710, 1910 p.730, 1913 p.688, 1914 p.705, 1916 p.692, 1917 p.685, 1918 p.652, 1919 pp.678-679, 1920 pp.676-677, 1921 p.699, 1922 pp.722-723, 1923 pp.749-750, 1924 p.740, 1925 pp.702-703, 1926 pp.732-733, 1928 pp.754-755, 1929 p.804, 1930 p.760, 1931 p.792, 1932 p.792, 1933 pp.754-755, 1934 p.694, 1935 pp.768-769, 1938 p.730, 1939 p.766, 1940 pp.744-745, 1941 pp.663-664, 1942 pp.692-693, 1943 pp.645-646, 1944 pp.627-628 1945 pp.627-628 [G]
Americana Annual 1927 p.836, 1928 pp.768-769, 1930 pp.754-755, 1931 p.750, 1932 p.700, 1933 p.755, 1934 pp.585-586, 1935 p.706, 1936 pp.720-721, 1937 p.696, 1938 p.691, 1939 pp.759-760, 1940 pp.775-776, 1941 pp.699-700, 1943 pp.716-718, 1944 pp.688-690, 1945 p.704, 1946 p.728, 1947 p.711, 1950 p.679, 1951 pp.678-679, 1952 pp.717-718, 1953 pp.710-711, 1954 p.727, 1957 pp.787-788, 1958 pp.776-777, 1959 pp.766-768, 1960 pp.774-776, 1961 pp.766-767, 1962 pp.772-774, 1963 pp.685-686, 1964 pp.668-669, 1965 pp.699-700, 1966 pp.687-688, 1967 pp.690-691, 1968 pp.684-685, 1969 p.693, 1970 p.695, 1971 pp.690-691, 1972 pp.688-689, 1973 pp.689-690, 1974 pp.604-605, 1975 p.566, 1976 p.558, 1977 p.517, 1978 p.507, 1979 p.505, 1980 p.514, 1981 p.537, 1983 pp.522-523, 1984 p.522, 1985 pp.526-527, 1986 p.523, 1987 p.533, 1988 pp.532-533, 1989 p.538, 1990 p.527, 1992 p.533, 1993 p.543, 1994 pp.544-545, 1995 p.529, 1996 pp.554-555, 1998 p.554, 2000 p.548, 2001 p.544 [G]
YB on Int'l Communist Affairs 1973 pp.278-282, 1974 pp.272-274, 1976 pp.560-562, 1979 pp.421-423, 1980 pp.426-427, 1984 pp.69-70, 1988 pp.434-436, 1989 pp.502-506
Other Article : Tunisia, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.508, 1933 pp.498-499, 1934 pp.504-505, 1935 p.504, 1936 p.494, 1937 pp.495-496, 1938 pp.495-496, 1939 p.510, 1940 pp.505-506, 1941 p.477, 1942 p.451, 1943 p.448, 1944 pp.381-383, 1952 pp.429-430 [G]