New Zealand United Kingdom
First posted on November 20th 2004






Timeline : Australia


1606
1616
1629
1642
1768
1770
1788
1793
1804
1804
1808

1817
1823
1823
1825
1829
1833
1835
1835-1837
1836
1838

1839
1843
1851
1851
1855
1856
1856
1859
1863
1868
1869
1870
1881
1888
1895
1899
1899-1902
1901


1901
1902
1904
1906
1907
1909
1909
1910
1911
1914
1914-1918

1920
1920
1920
1921
1929
1931
1931
1933
1939-1941
1940
1941-1945


1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1950-1953
1952
1954
1955
1956
1958
1962
1965-1972
1966
1967
1968
1971
1975
1975
1999
2000
2002
2003-2004
2003
Dutch exlorer Willem Jansz sighted Cape York; Spaniard Torres passed Torres Strait in the same year
Dutch explorer Dirk Hartiog reached Western Australia
Dutch (V.O.C.) ship Batavia wrecked on Australian coast
Dutch discoverer Abel Tasman proved Australia to be an island.
British explorer James Cook visited, described Botany Bay, described aborigines as "noble savages"
New South Wales claimed as British colony
British penal colony founded at Sydney Cove, near Botany Bay, Australia
Arrival of the first free settlers at Sydney Cove
First British settlement established at Hobart, Tasmania (then known as Van Diemens Land)
Insurrection of Irish convicts at Vinegar Hill
New South Wales governor arrested by men of the Rum Corporation upset about his attemopts to break
their monopoly on the sale of liquor; only in 1809 did the new governor restore control (Rum Rebellion)
Name "Australia" officially adopted
New South Wales granted self-government
Colony for hardcore convicts established at Brisbane
Van Diemens Land (modern Tasmania) separated from NSW, established s separate colony
British colony of Western Australia established at Perth
Colony of South Australia founded
Governor of NSW declared aborigins would not own their land
Establishment of the settlement of Melbourne
Adelaide founded
Arrival of first German Old Lutheran immigrants. They emigrated in protest of the attempted unification of the
Lutheran and Reformed (Calvinist) churches in Prussia.
Arrival of first Scottish immigrants
First lections held to legislature in NSW
Victoria separated from NSW
Gold discovered in NSW, Victoria; begin of Ballarat Gold Rush
Victoria passed Chinese Immigration Act
Australia first country in the world to introduce the secret ballot
Van Diemens Land renamed Tasmania
Colony of Queensland established
South Australia annexed Northern Territories
Shipment of convicts to Australia discontinued
Aborigines Protection Act passed in Victoria
Australian colonies form separate armed forces; British forces withdrawn
First census, population of Australia without aborigines 2.1 million
PMs of NSW, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania agreed on restricting Chinese immigration
South Australia introduced women's suffrage
Western Australia introduced women's suffrage
Australian forces fought in Boer War
Colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia
formed Commonwealth of Australia. Unified parliament established; population (without aborigines)
3,773,801. Australian flag adopted
Australian Labour Party founded; Labour Parties existed in the various colonies since the early 1890es
Australia introduced women's suffrage for federal elections.
Australian Labour Party the first Labour Party in the world to form a government
Britain transferred administration of Papua (SE New Guinea) to Australia
Commonwealth of Australia elevated to Dominion of Australia
Australian Navy established
Currency Reform; British Pound Sterling replaced by Australian Pound
Northern Territories Act
Canberra founded, designated as capital
ANZAC created
World War I; ANZAC forces fought a.o. at Gallipoli, in Palestine. Australian forces occupied German
Guinea.
Australia founding member of League of Nations
Former German New Guinea, Nauru granted by League of Nations as a mandated territory to Australia.
Australian airline QANTAS established
First women elected into Australian Parliament
Wall Street Crash marked beginning of Great Depression; Australia gave up Gold Standard
Wages of state employees, pensions cut by 20 %
Statute of Westminster; Australia granted full sovereignty
Australian Antarctic Territory claimed
World War II; War against Germany. ANZAC forces fought a.o. in North Africa.
Communist Party of Australia banned
World War II : War against Germany and Japan. Japanese occupied Dutch East Indies, New Guinea;
temporarily a Japanese invasion of Australia was feared. U.S. forces stationed in Australia.
Australia suffered 30,000 dead n WW II.
Darwin (Northern Territories) raided by Japanese Airforce
First woman elected into federal parliament
Liberal Party of Australia founded
Australia founding member of United Nations
Australian National University (Canberra) founded
Australian forces participated in Korean War
British began nuclear bomb test explosions in Australia
Australia founding member of SEATO
Administration of Cocos (Keeling) Islands transferred to Australia
Olympic Summer Games staged at Melbourne
Administration of Christmas Island transferred to Australia
Adult aborigines granted voting right
Australian forces participated in Vietnam War
Currency Reform; Australian Pound replaced by Australian Dollar
Full emancipation granted to Australian aborigines
Nauru grantede independence
First aborigine elected into Australia's parliament
Legislation restricted immigration to applicants with professional skills
Papua Niugini released into independence
International peacekeeping force lead by Australians landed in East Timor
Olympic Summer Games staged at Sydney
Bali Night Club bombing; majority of victims Australian tourists
Australia participated in Third Gulf War and in the occupation of Iraq
Australian forces lead peacekeeping forces sent to Solomon Islands to end civil war




EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline, from BBC News; from timelines.ws
Australian Timeline 1918-1948, from The World at War
MET Timelines : Australia 1800-1900, 1900-present
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Australia, from Kirken i Norge
Article Australia, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907 edition; from EB 1911
History of Australia, from Lonely Planet; from infoplease
Wars of Australia 1800-1999, from ACED
Australian History Timelines, compiled by Jackie Myers
Timeline of Van Diemens Land, from History Matrix