Irian Jaya
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First posted on November 21st 2004, last revised on November 27th 2004






Timeline : Irian Jaya (Western Papua)


c. 60,000 B.C.
1526

1546
1606
1660
1678
1714
1793
1798
1828
1848
1855
1895
1905-1917
1910
1942
1942-1945
1944
1946

1949

1961

1961
1962

1963

1963
1967
1968
1969

1973
1977-
1998
New Guinea settled by Melanesians
Portuguese Jorge de Meneses first European to visit the island, called it "Ilha dos
Papuas"
Spanish navigator Inigo Ortiz de Retes named main island Nueva Guinea
Spanish navigator Torres sailed through Torres Strait
V.O.C. recgnized sovereignty of Sultan of Tidore over Papuan Islands
V.O.C. hoisted flag at west coast
Sultan of Tidore ceded sovereignty over Papuan Islands to V.O.C.
First Dutch settlement on Vogelkop peninsula, abandoned 1795
Following bankrupcy of V.O.C., Dutch government took over her colonial possessions
Dutch settlement established at Triton Bay, abandoned 1836; Dutch claimed SW coast
Dutch East India formally claimed western half of New Guinea
Arrival of first missionaries
Treaty of Den Haag; border with British New Guinea established
Most of Dutch New Guinea mapped by military expeditions
Hollandia founded as administrative center of Ndl. New Guinea
Japanese occupation of most of Dutch New Guinea
Angganita (West Papuan resistance movement) fought Japanese occupation
Hollandia retaken by Allies in Island hopping campaign
Administration of Netherlands' New Guinea formally handed over to the Dutch, by
allied military asdministration
Indonesia granted independence; the Dutch held on to Netherlands' New Guinea,
Seat of administration Hollandia.
Indonesian President Sukarno issud Trikura Ultimatum, demanding NL to cede Ndl.
New Guinea to Indonesia
West Papuan Council elected
The Dutch handed over the administration of New Guina to U.N.T.E.A. (United Nations
Temporary Executive Authority)
Indonesia assumed the administration of formerly Dutch New Guinea; Hollandia
renamed Sukarnapura
OPM resistance movement founded
Freeport, a U.S. based mining company, began to operate in Irian Jaya
U.N. observer stationed in Sukarnapura, West New Guinea
Indonesia fully integrated West New Guinea, claimed this to have happened by the free
choice of her people. Hollandia renamed Jayapura
West New Guinea renamed Irian Jaya
Indonesian forces sent in to suppress OPM Rebellion
Ceasefire agreed upon by government forces, OPM rebels




EXTERNAL
FILES
Signficant dates in Irian / New Guinea History, posted by Irja.org
The History of the Return of Irian Jaya to Indonesia, from Indonesia.nl
Irian Jaya, a troubled history, from BBC News
Irian Jaya History, from Jakarta Post
A brief history of West Papua, by K. Peart
Article Jayapura, from greatestcities.com