|Timeline : Northern Mariana Islands|
c. 1500 B.C.
Chamorro, the first inhabitants of the Marianas, of Malay origin, settled the islands
Ferdinand Magellan arrived, named them Islas de los Ladrones
Spain claimed Guam, Marianas together with Philippines
Arrival of Jesuits on Guam; islands renamed Marianas
Spain placed Marianas under mlitary administration; garrison established at La Hagatna, Guam
Settlers from the eastern Carolinas arrived on Saipan, settled with Spanish permission.
Pope Leo XIII. confirmed Spanish possession of the Marianas
Following the Spanish-American War, Spain ceded Guam to the U.S., sold the Northern Mariana
Islands to Germany
Japanese forces occupied the Northern Marianas
The League of Nations entrusted the Northern Marianas, the Carolinas, the Marshall and
Palau Islands to Japan as mandated territory.
Japan withdrew from the League of Nations and de facto annexed the islands.
Population Saipan 23,800 civilians (of whom only 3,222 natives), plus 29,692 military
personnel; Saipan had sugar plantations and fishery industry.
Saipan conquered by U.S. forces; c. 40,000 dead.
The formerly German, then Japanese islands - the Northern Marianas, the Carolinas, the
Marshall Islands and Palau - occupied by U.S. forces since 1944-1945 - were granted by the
U.N. to the U.S., as the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Saipan closed by CIA; site for military manoeuvres
Administration of TTPI transfered from U.S. Navy to U.S. Department of the Interior
Japan signed peace treaty, renounced her claims to the islands
Petitions of Saipan and Rota to be placed under administration of Guam; in 1969 rejected
Saipan opened to tourists
Population of the NMI voted to become a U.S. Commonwealth
The Northern Marianas became self-governing in union with the United States
Population of NMI granted U.S. citizenship
Trusteeship of the islands was terminated; Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas established.
History, from The CNMI Guide |
History of the NMI, from Lonely Planet
Artivle NMI, from Wikipedia