First posted on November 20th 2004






Timeline : Papua Niugini


c. 60,000 B.C.
1526

1546
1606
1873
1884

1886

1888
1899


1900

1906

1914
1920

1942-1945
1949

1951
1961
1963-1985

1964
1971
1973
1975
1975
1975

1989

1997, 1998
1998
2000
New Guinea settled by Melanesians
Portuguese Jorge de Meneses first European to visit the island, called it "Ilha dos
Papuas"
Spanish navigator Inigo Ortiz de Retes named main island Nueva Guinea
Spanish navigator Torres sailed through Torres Strait
Port Moresby founded; area surrounding it claimed for Britain
SE of island claimed by Britain, NE and Bismarck Archipelago by Germany; German
section administered by the German New Guinea Company (until 1899)
British and Germans agreed on partitioning the Solomon Islands; Bougainvlle, Buka,
Isabel and Choiseul allocated to Germany
British New Guinea formally annexed
Administration of German New Guinea taken over by German Government (Colonial
Office); Carolinas, Marshall Islands, Marianas administered as an annex to German
New Guinea
Germany and the U.S. partitioned Samoa; Germany ceded to Britain Choiseul and
Isabel (Solomon Islands)
Administration of British New Guinea transferred to Commonwealth of Australia,
renamed Territory of Papua
World War I; Australian forces occupied Grman New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago
League of Nations transferred mandate over German New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago
to Australia
Japanese forces occupied most of Papua New Guinea, all of Bismarck Archipelago
Papua and (formerly German, NE) New Guinea with Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon
Island of Bougainville merged to form Papua and New Guinea
Legislative Council established
Indigenous population for the first time allowed to participate in election
Following Indonesian occupation of Netherlands' New Guinea, Western Papua resistance
fighters fought Indonesian forces; refugees entered Papua New Guinea
Legislative Council replaced by House of Assembly; first indigenous representatives elected
Country renamed Papua New Guinea
PNG granted self-government
New currency introduced; Kina replaced Australian Dollar
Country released into independence
Bougainville, island belonging to the group of Solomon Islands, but not to the state by that
name, opted to secede; decision neither recognized by central govt., nor internationally
Begin of armd struggle of Bougainville separatists; they unilaterally declared "Republic of
Bougainvlle"
Truce signed on Bougainville
Highland region suffered from severe famine
Duke of York Atoll evacuated; sea water level rose, blamed on global warming




EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline, from BBC News
History of Papua New Guinea, from Lonely Planet
Article History of Papua New Guinea, from Wikipedia