History of Vanuatu
Index Page
First posted on November 22nd 2004






Timeline : Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides)


c. 2000-1500 B.C.
c. 1300 B.C.
1605
1768
1774
1825
1830
1839

1840
1848
1852
1861
1875

1878
1882
1888

1901

1902
1906
1914
1935
1941

1942-1945
1966
1971
1971
1979
1980
1980

1981
1981
1996
Islands settled by Melanesians
Lapita stoneware dating to c.1300 B.C. found
Islands visited by Spanish navigator Pedro Ferdinand de Quiros
Islands visited by French navigator Louis Antoine de Bougainville, named "Cyclades"
Islands visited by British navigator James Cook, named "New Hebrides"
Discovery of sandalwood caused influx of foreigners
End of sandalwood boom
Arrival of the first missionary, John Williams, of London Missionary Society; consumed
by local cannibals
Erromango struck by dysentery
Arrival of French Catholic missionaries (Marists)
Arrival of Scottish Protestan missionaries
Erromango struck by measles
French settlers applied to rench govt. for the islands to be placed under French
protection
Britain and France agreed to Island group remaining independent
Caledonian Company brought in French settlers
In order to end abuses of the indigenous population by foreign nationals, Britain and
France established the Joint Anglo-French Naval Commision
Australia's Pacific Islnds Labour Bill ended recruitment of indentured labour on
New Hebrides
France, Britain appointed resident commissioners
Britain and France established a Condominium - a joint protectorate over the islands
Both British Pound and French Franc became legal currency
population had dropped to 45,000
New Hebrides Franc created as local currency; later that year overprinted with
Cross of Lorraine
WW II ; US naval bases established on the islands
Apostolic Vicariate New Hebrides elevated to Diocesis of Vila
U.N. petitioned for early independence
New Hebrides Freedom Party founded, 1974 renamed Vanua'aku Party
Elections held in Vanuatu
Independence proclaimed, country renamed Vanuatu
Attempts separate island states failed; separatisdt movement on Espiritu Santo suppressed
by force from PNG (Coconut War)
Vanuatu joined the U.N.
Vanuatu introduced new currency, the Vatu
Coup d'etat failed




EXTERNAL
FILES
History of Vanuatu, from Lonely Planet
A Short History of Vanuatu, from Election World
A Global History of Currencies : Vanuatu
Vanuatu Histoy, from vanuatu.net
Article History of Vanuatu, from Wikipedia
Colonial History of Vanutu, from Vanuatu Tourism
A Short history of Vanuatu, from Abacci tlas
Peter Murgatroyd, A History of Vanuatu : Selected Readings