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Tonga Western Samoa
First posted in May 2002, last revised on September 5th 2013





First settled about 1500 B.C.; firstr missionaries arrived 1830. In 1865 Confederation of Fijian Chiefs formed. 1874-1970 British colony; 1970 independence.

Historic spelling alternatives : Feejee Islands, Feyjee Islands, Fidji

Timetable : Fiji


Students' Papers : Lee, Si-eun : History of Indian and Chinese Coolies and their Descendants (2008)






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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from BBC Country Profiles; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook,
from Index Mundi
Jane's Fiji Home Page
Historical T. Williams, Fiji and the Fijians, 1859, IA; vol.2 1858
M. Bensusan, The Fiji Islands, Journal of the Royal Geographic Society of London 32, 1862, IA
C. St. Julian, The International Status of Fiji and the Political Rights, Liabilities ... 1872, IA
Vindex (= Levuka), Fiji : its political aspect; from 1870-1873 1873, IA
J.H. de Ricci, Fiji, Our New Province in the South Seas 1875, IA
A. Stonehewer Cooper, Fiji, its Resources and Prospects 1879, IA
J.E. Mason, Handbook to Fiji and Catalogue of the Exhibits 1886, IA
B.E. Grimshaw, Fiji and its Possibilities, 1907, IA
J.W. Burton, The Fiji of To-Day 1910, IA
W.A. Chapple, Fiji - its Problems and Resources 1921, IA
Links General from dmoz
Category : Fiji, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Fiji, from Wikipedia
Organizations Pacific History Association
Pacific Islands Museums and Cultural Institutions Association (PIMA)
New Zealand Society of Genealogists, Pacific Islands Interest Group
Pacific Islands Study Circle (Philately)
Historical Dictionaries Archaeopedia New Zealand
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News
Robinson Library, Chronology of Fijian History
Accounts of History Modern Article : History of Fiji, from Wikipedia
Fiji History, from appf.org (focus on modern, parliamentary history)
Historical Alfred Goldsborough Mayer, A History of Fiji (1915), from Worldwide School
M. Russell, Polynesia: a history of the South Sea islands, including New Zealand ; with narrative of the introduction of christianity, 1852, GB
Specific Periods Article : Fiji during the Time of Cakobau, Colonial Fiji, Modern History of Fiji, 1977 Fijian Constitutional Crisis, 1987 Fijian Coups d'Etat, 2000 Fijian Coup d'Etat, from Wikipedia
Politics Political Resources on the Web : Fiji
Governments on the WWW : Fiji; Article Politics of Fiji, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Fiji 1800-1999, from ACED
Category : Wars involving Fiji, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Article Economy of Fiji, from Wikipedia
J.K. Freckmann, The Agricultural Economy of Fiji, 1960, IA
Fiji Sugar Corporation, History of Sugar in Fiji
Ch.4 : Agroforestry in Melanesia : Case Studies from Vanuatu and Fiji, in W.C. Clarke et al., Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands
Social History Article : Fiji, from Education Encyclopedia
Ethnography Languages of Fiji (10), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Fiji Islands
M.D. Wallis, Life in Feejee 1851, IA
A.A. Fraser, Seemann on the Inhabitants of the Fiji Islands, Anthropological Review 1863, IA
Article : Indians in Fiji, from Wikipedia
Girmit Events in Summary, from Girmit United
Origins. Immigrant Communities in Victoria. History of Immigration from Fiji
S. Narayan, Racial Discrimination in Fiji, Journal of South Pacific Law 2008 12(1) PacLII
T.R. Singh, The Stolen History of the Girmitiyas in Fiji, Indian News Link 2012
Fiji, pp.959-962 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Fiji, from Kirken i Norge
Category Religion in Fiji, from Wikipedia
J. Garrett, The Wesleyans enter Fiji 1982, IA
Memoirs of Mrs. Margaret Cargill, Wife of the Reverend David Cargill A.M., Wesleyan Missionary, Including Notices of the Progress of Christianity in Tonga and Feejee by her Husband 1841
Seventh Day Adventist Church, Fiji Mission, Adventist History in Fiji
Gurdwaraworld, Fiji Gurdwara (Fiji Indian Sikhs)
Islam and Muslims in the Pacific : History of the Fiji Muslim League 2011
J.B.F. Pompallier, Early History of the Catholic Church in Oceania, 1888, IA
Local History
Institutions Fiji, from Airline History
Structurae : Fiji
Biographies Pacific Islander Biography, database maintained at ANU
Others Finding Fiji, from South Pacific Organizer
Oceania Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Fiji by Ben Cahoon
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to Fiji, from PRC MOFA
List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to Fiji, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls Polityical Graveyard : Fiji, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Suva, from Wikipedia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Fiji, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Newspapers SG (Singapore Newspapers 1831-2006)
Historic Australian Newspapers 1803-1954
Life Magazine 1936-1972, GB, 112 entries for Fiji
World History Archives : Melanesia
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers
Movies Colonial Film. Moving Images of the British Empire : Fiji (listing of film titles)
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
National Library of New Zealand, Images, search for Fiji
New Zealand History Online, New Zealand Photos and Images, search for "Fiji"
Auckland Council, Libraries, Heritage Images, search for "Fiji"
Images of Fiji, from Pacific Picture Agency
License Plates, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : Fiji
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK), Archives New Zealand, State Records Authority of New South Wales for Fiji
Constitutions, Laws PacLII Databases : Fiji Islands Laws
Treaties Commercial Relations made by the Principal Chiefs of the Feejee Islands, 1840, pp.54-56 in vol.33 of British and foreign state papers 1844-1845, 1859, GB
Correspondence Relative to the Offer of the Sovereignty of the Fiji Islands to Great Britain, 1858-1861, pp.74-107 in vol.53 of British and foreign state papers, 1862-1863, 1868, GB
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Fiji, from ILO, 23 docs. since 1974
Fiji Islands, pp.683-687 in vol.7 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
University of the South Pacific, Movement towards independence in the South Pacific: a digital archive of Legislation, Orders, Treaties, and related documents, scroll down for Fiji
Consular Reports Pacific : Feejee Islands, pp.394-396 in vol.3 of E. Flagg, Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations, 1857, GB
Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce ... vol.6 Feejee Islands, pp.365-370, in 1868, 1868, GB
Document Collections Heretical Press (ed.), Here be Cannibals. Cannibalism in the Fiji Islands
Historical Maps Map of American Polynesia 1859, also featuring the Fiji Islands, from Perry Castaneda Library, at UTexas, legend in German
Oceania Maps, from Perry Castaneda Map Collection, UTexas; scroll down for Fiji
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Tonga, from the EB 1911
Religious The Feejee Islands, pp.283-288 in C.F. Blumhardt, Christian missions: or a manual of missionary geography and history, 1799, GB
Article Vicariate Apostolic of Fiji, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914 edition
Economic
Geographical Feejee Islands, p.687 in vol.2 of A system of geography, 1807, GB
Feyjee Islands, p.623 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1822, GB
Fidji Islands, p.164 in vol.3 of H. Murray et al., The encyclopaedia of geography, 1837, GB
Feejee Islands, pp.912-941 in A.G. Findlay, A Directory for the Navigation of the Pacific Ocean, 1851, GB
Fiji Islands pp.8-210 in J.S. Cooper, The islands of the Pacific; their peoples and their products 1888, IA
The Fiji Islands, pp.59-64 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World, 1892, IA
The Fiji Islands, pp.467-487 in F.H.H. Guillemard, Malaysia and the Pacific Archipelagoes, vol.2 of Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel, 1894, IA
Ethnological Papu delle Isole Viti, ou Fidgi, pp.357-358 in G.B. Pigna, Delle Razze Umane, 1857, in Italian, GB
Historical Archipel de Viti ou Fidgi, pp.279-301 in vol.2 of G.L.D. de Rienzi, L'Univers: histoire et description de tous les peuples, 1837, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tourist Guides P.S. Allen, Stewart's hand book of the Pacific islands; a reliable guide to all the inhabited islands of the Pacific Ocean, for traders, tourists and settlers 1919, IA
Travelogues S. Patterson, A narrative of the adventures, sufferings and privations of Samuel Patterson, a native of Rhode-Island : experienced by him in several voyages to various parts of the world, embracing a short account of the numerous places visited by him in his eventful life, and a particular description of the manners, customs, &c. of the people of the Sandwich & Fejee Islands 1825, IA
E. Fanning, Voyages to the South Seas, Indian and Pacific Oceans, China Sea, North-West Coast, Feejee Islands, South Shetlands etc. 1838, IA
W. Lawry, E. Hoole, Friendly and Feejee islands: a missionary visit, 1850, GB
E. Hoole, A second missionary visit to the Friendly and Feejee islands, 1851, GB
G.M. Colvocoresses, Four years in a government exploring expedition [microform] : to the Island of Madeira, Cape Verd Islands, Brazil, coast of Patagonia, Chili, Peru, Paumato group, Society Islands, Navigator Group, Australia, Antarctic continent, New Zealand, Friendly Islands, Fejee group, Sandwich Islands, northwest coast of America, Oregon, California, East Indies, St. Helena, &c., &c., 1852, IA
T.W. Knox, The boy travellers in Australasia; adventures of two youths in a journey to the Sandwich, Marquesas, Society, Samoan, and Feejee Islands 1889, IA
Expedition to the Fiji Islands, Science 55, 1922, IA
Resident's Memoires S.M. Smythe, Ten Months in the Fijhi Islands 1864, IA
L. Forbes, Two Years in Fiji, 1875, IA
C.F.G. Cumming, At Home in Fiji 1883, IA
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries National Archives, Fiji
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flags of the United Tribes of Fiji (1865ff), from FOTW; Flag of the British Fiji Islands, from FOTW; Modern Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from National Anthems; from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Fiji, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money; from Balson Holdings Family Trust Collection, posted at Fiji Bure; includes coins
Stamps Rare Fiji Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Fiji Stamps 1870-1912, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies RHS Bibliography
University of the South Pacific : Bibliographies
AnthroGlobe : J. Tanner (ed.), Bibliography of Fijian Society
Just Pacific : R. Ewins (ed.), Fiji Bibliography
Tennessee Archaeology Net : Bibliographies for Anthropological Research : Australia and Oceania
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
New Zealand Digital Library
Online Journals On Oceania Journal of the Polynesian Society 1892-1991
Pacific Studies, IA
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes, 1945-2009 online
The Contemporary Pacific 2000-2013
On Mission Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; search for Tonga, Friendly Islands vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica
Historiography Article : Pacific Islands Historiography, by K.R. Howe, pp.685-687, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts On Oceania Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.25, pp.264-266 Article Pacific Islands : Fiji. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.25
On Fiji Ravinder K. Thiara, Indian indentured workers in Mauritius, Natal and Fiji, pp.63-68 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Article Fiji, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 638-639 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article : Fiji, in : Americana Annual 1973 p.294 (on events of 1972) [G]
Historical Dictionaries Robert D. Craig and Franklin P. King, Historical Dictionary of Oceania, Westport CT : Greenwood 1981 [G]
Historical Atlas Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Pacific, London : Penguin 1998, 120 pp. [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]