History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

First posted on November 21st 2004, last revised on September 10th 2013





First settled c.300 B.C., further wave of settlement in the 11th century A.D. First contact with Europeans 1778 (James Cook). Cook called the islands Sandwich Islands, a name which stuck with Hawaii throughout much of the 19th century.
Politically fragmented at the time of James Cook's visit, the islands were united by 1810. The unified Kingdom of Hawai'i was internationally recognized as an independent political entity.
European and American missionaries and plantation owners settled on Hawai'i. The latter brought in workers from China, Japan and Korea to work the plantations. Diseases brought in by foreigners, to which the native Hawai'ians were not accustomed, decimated the native population.
The 1887 constitution tied the voting right to property rights, favouring the foreign plantation owners. Queen Lili'uokalani planned to introduce a new constitution, but in 1893 was ousted in a coup d'etat, and the Republic of Hawai'i was declared (1894). The new government was dominated by plantation owners. In 1898 Hawai'i was annexed by the U.S.A. and granted the status of a territory. In 1959 it was elevated to state.

Timeline : Hawaii








E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from Wikipedia
Historical Missionary Records : Sandwich Islands, 1839, GB
E.M.B.W. Parker, The Sandwich Islands as they are, not as they should be n.d. (bef. 1852)
T.D. Hunt, The Past and Present of the Sandwich Islands 1853, GB
M. Hopkins, Hawaii: The Past Present and Future of Its Island-Kingdom 1862, GB
M.A. Donne, The Sandwich Islands and Their People 1866, GB
All about Hawaii, 1885, IA
A.M. Prescott, Hawaii 1893, IA
Bureau of the American Republics : Hawaii 1897, IA
A.D. Hall, Hawaii 1898, IA
G.G. Vest, Territory of Hawaii 1900, IA
R. Wriston, Hawaii today 1926, IA
Links General from dmoz
Category : New Caledonia, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
Organizations Hawaiian Historical Society; Society for Hawaiian Archaeology
Hawaii Philatelic Society
Pacific Islands Museums and Cultural Institutions Association (PIMA)
Pacific Islands Study Circle (Philately)
Pacific History Association
Historical Dictionaries Archaeopedia New Zealand
Timelines from HawaiiHistory.org
Significant Dates in the History of Hawaii, from Hawaiian Historical Society
Accounts of History Portal HawaiiHistory.org
General, Modern Article : History of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
A Brief History of Hawai'i, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page
General, Historical E. Eveleth, History of the Sandwich Islands, 1831, GB
Sh. Dibble, History of the Sandwich Islands, 1843, GB
J.J. Jarves, History of the Hawaiian or Sandwich Islands, 1843, GB
M. Russell, Polynesia: a history of the South Sea islands, including New Zealand ; with narrative of the introduction of christianity, 1852, GB
T.D. Hunt, The past and present of the Sandwich islands, 1853, GB
C.C. Bennett, Honolulu Directory, and Historical Sketch of the Hawaiian Or Sandwich Islands 1869, GB
W.D. Alexander, A Brief History of the Hawaiian People 1891, IA
H.E. Chambers, Constitutional History of Hawaii 1896, IA
Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen, Liliuokalani 1898, IA
J.A. Owen, The Story of Hawaii 1898, IA
M.C. Alexander, The Story of Hawaii 1912, IA
W.W. Atwood, History of Hawaii 1923, U.S. GenWeb
Specific Periods The Russian Presence in Hawaii, by Marco Ramerini
Entry Hawaii, Republic of, from Footnotes to History, posted by James L. Erwin
A. Simpson, The Sandwich Islands: progress of events since their discovery by Captain Cook, their occupation by Lord George Paulet, their value and importance, 1843, GB
Articles : Kingdom of Hawaii, Republic of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
A.R. Calhoun, Kohala of Hawaii: A Story of the Sandwich Islands Revolution 1893, IA
M.H. Krout, Hawaii and a Revolution: The Personal Experiences of a Correspondent in the Sandwich Islands 1898, IA
A.Y. Reed, The Revolution in Hawaii 1902, IA
Politics Article Politics of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
G.V. Bennett, Early Relations of the Sandwich Islands to the Old Oregon Territory, The Washington Historical Quarterly vol.4 1913, IA
A.S. Hartwell, The Organization of a Territorial Government for Hawaii, The Yale Law Journal December 1, 1899, IA
Military Category : Battles involving Hawaii, from Wikipedia
List of Conflicts in Hawaii, from Wikipedia
Articles : French Incident (1839), Paulet Affair (1843) (British Occupation), French Invasion of Honolulu (1849), from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Article Economy of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
Article : Sugar Plantations in Hawaii, Maritime Fur Trade, from Wikipedia
Economic History of Hawai'i, from EH.net
J.G. Smith, Agriculture in Hawaii 1902, IA
Peanuts in Hawaii 1910, IA
J.G. Smith, Rubber in Hawaii 1905, IA
Social History Education at the Sandwich Islands, p.580 in vol.4 of American Annals of Education, 1834, GB
Ethnography General C.E. Dutton, Captain C. E. Dutton on the Hawaiians, Science Feb. 9 1883, IA
S.E. Bishop, Why are the Hawaiians dying out? Or, Elements of disability for survival among the Hawaiian people 1888, IA
M.S. Lawrence, Old Time Hawaiians and their Work 1912, IA
Immigrant Minorities Article : Japanese in Hawaii, Chinese Immigration to Hawaii, Korean Immigration to Hawaii, Puerto Rican Immigration to Hawaii, from Wikipedia
D. Scudder, Hawaii's Experience with the Japanese Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science January 1, 1921, IA
H.E. Highton, Exclusion and Hawaii 1905, IA
A.F. Griffith, The Japanese Race Question in Hawaii, The Journal of Race Development April 1 1916, IA
T. Richards, The Future of the Japanese in Hawaii: Things Problematic, Things Probable, Things Potential , The Journal of Race Development April 1 1912, IA
K.K. Kawakami, Asia at the door : a study of the Japanese question in continental United States, Hawaii and Canada c.1914, IA
D.O. Hazama, Okage sama de : the Japanese in Hawai'i, 1885-1985 1986, IA
V.S. McClatchy, Quota for Japan; conflicting views of Hawaii and California 1931, IA
R.D. McKenzie, Oriental exclusion : the effect of American immigration laws, regulations, and judicial decisions upon the Chinese and Japanese on the American Pacific coast 1927, IA
Religion W. Orme, A defense of the missions in the South Sea and Sandwich Islands 1827, GB
S. Dibble, History and general views of the Sandwich Islands' mission 1839 GB
W. Ellis, The American Mission in the Sandwich Islands, 1866, GB
R. Anderson, History of the Sandwich Islands Mission 1870, GB
R. Anderson, A heathen nation evangelized. History of the Sandwich islands mission 1872, IA
Articles : Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, Episcopal Diocese of Hawaii (Anglican), Church of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
Article : Honpa Hongwanji Mission of Hawaii, Wikipedia
History of Regions
Local History
Institutions Oahu College at the Sandwich Islands, 1857, GB
Biographies Pacific Islander Biography, database maintained at ANU
CLEAR Biographies of Hawai'i Labor History Figures
Others Oceania Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : USA, posted by Ben Cahoon, scroll down for Kingdom of Hawaii
Political Leaders of Hawaii, from Hawaiian Historical Society
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Hawaii, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures Historic Population Statistics by States : United States, from Population Statistics, scroll down for Hawaii, data since 1900
Documents Historical Newspapers Proposed Treaty for the Annexation of Hawaii, March 1893, American Advocate of Peace vol.55, IA
The Neutralization of Hawaii, June 1 1895, The Advocate of Peace vol.57, IA
The Annexation of Hawaii, July 1 1897, The Advocate of Peace vol.59, IA
The Annexation of Hawaii, Jan. 1 1898, The Advocate of Peace vol.60, IA
Modern Newspapers
Documentaries Hawaii and the Rise of Kamehameha
Queen Liliuokalani - Hawaii's Monarchy, Pt.1, Pt.2, Pt.3, Pt.4, Pt.5, Pt.6, Pt.7, A Tribute to Queen Liliuokalani, Pt.1, Pt.2, Quotes from Queen Liliuokalani
U.S. Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom Government
Hawaii State History
The Untold Story: Internment of Japanese Americans in Hawaii
Honouliuli: Hawai'i's Hidden Internment Camp
Hawaii's Forgotten Internment Camps
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Hawaiian Historical Society, Historical Photograph Collection
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Hawaii Postcard and Picture Galleries, by Jane Resture
Honolulu Old Photos, from Hello Honolulu
Historical Images of Hawaii, from David Rumsey Collection
Photo Gallery, from HawaiiHistory.org
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Hawaii
Archival Deposits Hawaii State Legislature Archives 1999-2012
Hawaii State Archive Digital Collections
Directory of Historical Records Repositories in Hawaii , from Hawaiian Historical Society
Search National Archives (U.S.) for Hawaii
Search National Archives (U.K.) for Hawaii
Constitutions Kingdom of Hawai'i Constitution of 1840, 1852, 1864, 1887, 1893, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page
Legal Documents, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page, has Hawaiian constitutions, documents concerning U.S. takeover
A.F. Judd, The Constitution of the Republic of Hawaii 1894, The Yale Law Journal, IA
Laws Translation of the Constitution and Laws of the Hawaiian Islands Established under the Reign of Kamehameha III., 1842, GB
Laws of His Majesty Kamehameha III. 1846, GB, 1848 GB, 1852 IA, 1853 IA, Laws of His Majesty Kamehameha IV. 1855 IA, 1856 GB, Laws of His Majesty Kamehameha V. 1865 GB
The Civil code of the Hawaiian Islands 1859, GB
Act of the Hawaiian Islands, relating to the Privileges and Exemptions of Foreign Diplomatic Agents, 1850, pp.873-874 in vol.45 of British and foreign state papers, 1854-1855, 1865, GB
Constitution of the Hawaiian Islands, 1852, pp.1292-1304 in vol.45 of British and foreign state papers, 1854-1855, 1865, GB
Republic of Hawaii, Dept. of Foreign Affairs, The Laws and Regulations Restricting Chinese Immigration to the Hawaiian Islands 1896
Hawaii Session Laws 1895, IA
Laws of the Territory of Hawaii .. 1911; cover page missing, IA
Roster legislatures of Hawaii, 1841-1918 : constitutions of monarchy and republic : speeches of sovereigns and president, 1918, IA
L. McCully, Statutes of the Hawaiian Kingdom relating to apprentices and contract laborer : with a synopsis of rulings and decisions of the Supreme Court thereon 1882, IA
Treaties List of Bilateral Treaties signed by the Kingdom of Hawaii, from Wikipedia
Treaty between the United States and the Hawaiian Islands, 1849, pp.44-51 in vol.39 of British and foreign state papers, 1849-1850 II, 1863, GB
Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Great Britain and the Sandwich Islands, 1851, pp.71- in vol.40 of British and foreign state papers, 1850-1851, 1863, GB
Convention of Commerce, Navigation etc. between Great Britain and the Hawaiian Islands, 1844, pp.671-673 in vol.44 of British and foreign state papers, 1853-1854, 1865, GB
Treaties, Conventions and other International Agreements of the Kingdom of Hawai'i, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page
Traite d'Amitie, de Commerce et de Navigation, entre la Belgique et les Iles Hawaiiennes, 1862, pp.521-528 in vol.52 of British and foreign state papers, 1861-1862, 1868, GB
Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between the Netherlands and the Hawaiian Islands, 1862, pp.729-731 in vol.53 of British and foreign state papers, 1862-1863, 1868, GB
Hawaiian Islands, pp.861-879 in vol.8 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Document Collections National Archives, Center for Legislative Archives : Hawaiian Statehood 1959, 10 docs 1898-1959
Legal Documents, from Hawaiian Independence Home Page, has Hawaiian constitutions, documents concerning U.S. takeover
U.S. GenWeb, Hawaii State, Databases
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1894 : Affairs in Hawaii
Individual Documents Speech of the King of the Hawaiian Islands on the Opening of the Legislature, 1852, pp.1126-1127 in vol.44 of British and foreign state papers, 1853-1854, 1865, GB
1854 Hawaiian Declaration of Neutrality in the Crimean War, p.513 in The Yearly Journal of Trade 1854-55, 1854, GB; also p.933 in vol.51 of British and foreign state papers, 1860-1861, 1868, GB
Promulgation du Traite d'Amitie, de Commerce et du Navigation entre la France et les Iles Hawaiiennes, 1860, pp.378-388 in vol.50 of British and foreign state papers, 1859-1860, 1867, GB
Protocole de la Conference tenue a Honolulu, a l'occasion de l'Echange des Ratifications du Traite de Commerce et de Navigation (1857), 1858, pp.846-858 in vol.50 of British and foreign state papers, 1859-1860, 1867, GB
W. Richards (ed.), Memoir of Keopuolani, late queen of the Sandwich Islands, 1825, GB
Correspondence on U.S. and the Hawaiian Islands, 1861, pp.133-136 in vol.51 of British and foreign state papers, 1860-1861, 1868, GB
Hawaiian Proclamation of Neutrality in the U.S. Civil War, 1861, pp.136-137 in vol.51 of British and foreign state papers, 1860-1861, 1868, GB
National Archives, Teaching with Documents : The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii
Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands, 1898, Harvard Classics : American Historical Documents
Chinese Exclusion. Burden of Proof. Sufficiency of Evidence. U. S. v. Chun Hoy, 111 Fed. 899, The Yale Law Journal March 1 1902, IA
The Missionaries at the Sandwich Islands not open to the Charges brought against them by the Roman Catholic Church, pp.209-226; North Pacific Ocean, Mission to the Sandwich Islands, pp.149-172 in Report by American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mission 1841
Consular Reports Polynesia : Honolulu, Lahaina, Hilo, pp.383-393 in vol.3 of E. Flagg, Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations, 1857, GB
Report by Mr. Consul Green on the Trade of Honolulu, Woahoo, for the year 1861 p.279, in Reports from Her Majesty's Consuls received from January to June 1862, GB
Bicycles in Hawaii, p.472 in United States Consular Reports vol.LV, Sept.-Dec. 1897, GB
Historical Maps University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Spatial Data Analysis and Visualization Lab
Hawaii Historical Maps 1885-1904, from University of Hawaii at Manoa Library
Hawaii Maps, from Perry Castaneda Map Collection, UTexas
David Rumsey Collection, browse : Hawaii, 125 images
Atlas of Historical County Boundaries, Hawaii
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Hawaii, from EB 1911
Religious The Sandwich Islands, pp.292-308 in C.F. Blumhardt, Christian missions: or a manual of missionary geography and history, 1799, GB
Article Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), from Catholic Encyclopedia
Article Father Damian, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Sandwich Islands, pp.331-340 in The Missionary Gazetteer 1832, GB
Economic
Geographical Die Sandwich-Inseln, pp.250-293 in vol.6 of J.B. Schütz, Allgemeine Erdkunde für denkende und gebildete Leser, 1806, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.699-703 in vol.2 of A system of geography, 1807, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.643-645 in C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1822, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.161-162 in vol.3 of H. Murray et al., The encyclopaedia of geography, 1837, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.1120-1148 in A.G. Findlay, A Directory for the Navigation of the Pacific Ocean, 1851, GB
The Sandwich Islands, pp.22-42 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World, 1892, IA
The Sandwich Islands, pp.533-541 in F.H.H. Guillemard, Malaysia and the Pacific Archipelagoes, vol.2 of Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel, 1894, IA
Ethnological Sandwich Islands, p.232 in J. Aspin, Cosmorama: the manners, customs, and costumes of all nations of the world, 1834, GB
Iles Sandwich, pp.471-472 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.965-967 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Hawaii, pp.2577-2594 in vol.4A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Historical Sandwich Islands, pp.303-304 in S.G. Goodrich, Peter Parley's common school history, 1853, GB
Sandwich Islands, pp.417-418 in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
U.S. Congress, Committee on Immigration, Japanese in Hawaii : hearings 1921, IA
Speeches of His Majesty Kamehameha IV. To the Hawaiian Legislature, IA
Tourist Guides P.S. Allen, Stewart's hand book of the Pacific islands; a reliable guide to all the inhabited islands of the Pacific Ocean, for traders, tourists and settlers 1919, IA
Pocket Guide to Hawaii 1944, IA
Travelogues M. Calcott et al., Voyage of H. M. S. Blonde to the Sandwich islands, in the years 1824-1825, 1826, GB
W. Ellis, A journal of a tour around Hawaii, the largest of the Sandwich Islands, 1825, GB
W.R. Bliss, Paradise in the Pacific; a book of travel, adventure, and facts in the Sandwich Islands 1873, IA
Residence Memoirs W. Richards, Memoir of Keopuolani, late queen of the Sandwich Islands 1825, GB
Ch.S. Stewart et al., Journal of a residence in the Sandwich Islands: during the years 1823, 1824 and 1825, vol.1 1828, vol.2 1828, GB
H. Bingham, A residence of twenty-one years in the Sandwich islands , 1855, GB
W. Ellis, Polynesian researches during a residence of nearly eight years in the Society and Sandwich Islands, vol.1-2, 1853, vol.3-4, 1853, GB
H.T. Cheever, Life in the Sandwich Islands, or the Heart of the Pacific as it was and is, 1856, GB
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Hawai'i State Archives
Hawai'i State Library
Story of Hawaii Museum
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of Hawaii, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Hawaii, from World Paper Money
Hawaii and its Coinage, from Journal of Antiques
Stamps Post Office in Paradise - Hawaiian Stamps

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Hawaii survey of bibliographies Tennessee Archaeology Net : Bibliographies for Anthropological Research : Australia and Oceania
bibliographic database WikiProject : Hawaii Bibliography
general bibliographies Martin, Catalogue d'ouvrages relatifs aux iles Hawaii. Essai de bibliographie hawaiienne 1867, IA
J.F. Hunnewell, Bibliography of the Hawaiian islands 1869, IA
WikiProject Hawaii/Bibliography, from Wikipedia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Ancient Hawaii : Bibliography, from HawaiiHistory.org
Hawaii Environmental History Bibliography
Aina in History, a Selected Bibliography, Hawaiian Historical Society
Hawaiiana Lists from The Hawaiian Journal of History 1995-2007, from Hawaiian Historical Society
Society for Hawaiian Archaeology : Bibliography
Hawaii Environmental History Bibliography
Peoples of Hawaii Bibliography
serial publications
general bibliographies
Hawaii entries
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on Hawaii Hawai'i Digital Library
University of Hawai'i at Manoa Library, Digital and Digitized Collections
Online Journals On Oceania Journal of the Polynesian Society 1892-1991
Pacific Studies, IA
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes, 1945-2009 online
The Contemporary Pacific 2000-2013
On Hawaii Hawaiian Journal of History
On Mission Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; search for Tonga, Friendly Islands vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica
Historiography Article : Pacific Islands Historiography, by K.R. Howe, pp.685-687, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts On Oceania Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.25, pp.266-269 Article Pacific Islands : New Caledonia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.25
On Hawaii
Historical Dictionaries Robert D. Craig and Franklin P. King, Historical Dictionary of Oceania, Westport CT : Greenwood 1981 [G]
Historical Atlas Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Pacific, London : Penguin 1998, 120 pp. [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]