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Federated States of
Micronesia
First posted on July 9th 2002, last revised on October 29th 2010





Settled c.4000 years ago. Claimed by Spain since discovery. Following defeat in the Spanish-American War, Spain sold her claims to the Caroline Islands (present-day Micronesia), including the Palau Islands, to Germany in 1899. From 1914 to 1945 the Caroline Islands with Palau were under Japanese administration, afterward under U.S. administration, from 1947 onward as Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (Caroline Islands with Palau, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands). When several islands moved to form the Federated Micronesian State in 1979, Palau did not join. The Republic of Palau was formed in 1981, political independence achieved in 1994.

In 19th century sources referred to as Islas Palaos, Islas Palos or Pelew Islands, in modern sources as Palau or Belau.

Timeline : Palau








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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from BBC Country Profiles; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, Countries : Palau
from Index Mundi
Jane's Palau Home Page
Ehemalige Kolonie Deutsch-Neuguinea : Karolinen-, Palau- und Marianeninseln, GenWiki
Historical G. Keate, H. Wilson, An account of the Pelew Islands, 1789, GB
G.H. Blakeslee, Japan's New Island Possessions in the Pacific: History and Present Status, The Journal of International Relations 12, 1921, IA
Links General from dmoz
Category : Palau, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Palau, from Wikipedia
Portals Marshalls. Digital Micronesia
Organizations Pacific History Association
Pacific Islands Museums and Cultural Institutions Association (PIMA)
Pacific Islands Study Circle (Philately)
Historical Dictionaries Archaeopedia New Zealand
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News
Accounts of History Article : History of Palau, from Wikipedia
History of Palau, from World Rover
N.R. Gooding, The administration of the trust territory of the Pacific Islands, 1945-1962, IA
T.F. King, The Islands of the Japanese Mandate in 1937
Politics Political Resources on the Web : Palau
Governments on the WWW : Palau; Article Politics of Palau, from Wikipedia
Military
Economy & Finances Article Economy of Palau, from Wikipedia
Ch.6 : Agroforestry in Micronesia, in W.C. Clarke et al., Agroforestry in the Pacific Islands
Social History F.X. Hezel, Schools in Micronesia prior to American Administration
Article : Palau, from Education Encyclopedia
Ethnography Languages of Palau (4), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Palau
L.J. Gorenflo, Demographic Change in the Republic of Palau
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Palau, from Kirken i Norge
Local History
Institutions Palau, from Airline History
Structurae : Palau
Culture Islas de Palaos, pp.335-336 in vol.4 of Teatro critico universal, 1765, in Spanish, GB
Biographies Pacific Islander Biography, database maintained at ANU
G. Keate, J. Wilson, The History of Prince Lee Boo, son of Abba Thulle, king of the Pelew Islands, brought to England by Captain Wilson, 1823, GB
Others Oceania Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Palau, by Ben Cahoon
Lists of Ambassadors Political Graveyard : Palau, has incomplete list of U.S. diplomatic chiefs
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Palau, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Search Papers Past (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Newspapers SG (Singapore Newspapers 1831-2006)
Historic Australian Newspapers 1803-1954
World History Archives : Micronesia
Life Magazine 1936-1972, GB, 81 entries on Palau
Deutsches Kolonialblatt 1890, 1891, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, IA; 1918, Univ. Frankfurt
Modern Newspapers
Yearbooks International; TTPI entries UN Yearbook Collection, 1946-2007
Conditions of Trust Territories in the Pacific, UN Yearbook 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, Conditions in Individual Trust Territories : Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, UN Yearbook 1956, Conditions in Trust Territories : Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, UN Yearbook 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 1961, 1962
The International Trusteeship System, Conditions in Individual Trust Territories : Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, UN Yearbook 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992
Staatskalender Deutscher Kolonialatlas mit Jahrbuch (German Colonial Atlas with Yearbook), The Carolines, Palau Islands, Marianas and Marshall Islands section, in English translation 1905 pp.19-21, 1906 pp.19-22, 1907 pp.21-25, 1908 pp.21-24, 1909 pp.29-32, 1910 pp.29-34, 1913 pp.33-37, 1914 pp.38-41, 1918 pp.27-30, posted on psm-data
Imperial Japanese Government, Annual Report to the League of Nations on the Administration of the South Sea Islands Under Japanese Mandate 1925, IA
Imperial Japanese Government, League of Nations Report on the Japanese Mandate in Micronesia 1930, 1931, IA
Report on the Administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
1949, 1952; IA - 1949, IA - 1952
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Trust Territory Photo Archives
License Plates, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Images of Palau, from Pacific Picture Agency
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Image Archive
Airline Timetable Images : Palau
Archival Deposits Search Bundesarchiv for Palau
U.S. National Archives, 126.6.4 Records relating to the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum, Material at the Johnson Library pertaining to U.S. Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands and Guam
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties
Consular Reports
Document Collections USGAO, U.S. Trust Territory. Issues Associated with Palau's Transition to Self-Government, 1989
Historical Maps Palau Maps, from Perry Castaneda Map Collection, UTexas
Palau 1:12.500 1946, UTexas
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article : Pelew Islands, pp.350-351 in vol.16 of The Edinburgh encyclopaedia, 1830, GB
Article : Pelew Islands, from EB 1911, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Religious
Economic
Geographical The Pelew Islands, p.953 in W. Guthrie, A new geographical, historical, and commercial grammar, 1798, GB
Die Pelew-Inseln, pp.115-171 in vol.6 of J.B. Schütz, Allgemeine Erdkunde für denkende und gebildete Leser, 1806, GB
Pelew Islands, pp.675-681 in vol.2 of A System of Geography, 1807, GB
The Pelew Islands, pp.318-319 in E. Parish, A new system of modern geography, 1814, GB
Caroline Islands pp.426-427 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1825, GB; treats Pelew Islands as part of the Caroline Islands
Pelew Islands, pp.165-166 in H. Murray, The Encyclopaedia of Geography, 1837, GB
Pelew Islands, pp.1097-1101 in A.G. Findlay, A Directory for the Navigation of the Pacific Ocean, 1851, GB
The Pelew Islands, pp.482-483 in H.G. Bohn, A pictorial hand-book of modern geography , 1861, GB
The Pelew Islands, pp.551-553 in F.H.H. Guillemard, Malaysia and the Pacific Archipelagoes, vol.2 of Stanford's Compendium of Geography and Travel, 1894, IA
Ethnological A Description of the Manners, Character and Customs of the Inhabitants of the Pelew Islands, pp.237-240 in vol.1 of R. Phillips, A general view of the manners, customs and curiosities of nations, 1810, GB
The Pelew Islands, pp.323-324 in R. Phillips, J.G. Percival, A geographical view of the world: embracing the manners, customs, and pursuits of every nation, 1826, GB
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs H. Holden, A narrative of the shipwreck, captivity and sufferings of Horace Holden and Benj. H. Nute, who werre cast away in the American Ship Mentor in the Pelew Islands in the year 1822, 1836, GB
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Division of Palau National Archives, from ICA
Belau National Museum
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Archives
Ocean Expo Park, Oceanic Culture Museum (Japan)
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW
National Anthem, from National Anthems; from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes
Stamps

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies RHS Bibliography
Tennessee Archaeology Net : Bibliographies for Anthropological Research : Australia and Oceania
U. Holtz, Ehemalige deutsche Kolonien. Vom Kolonialstatus zum wirtschaftlichen Partnerland Deutschlands ?, Bibliographie/Webliographie 2003
D. Köster, Bibliographie zur deutschen Kolonialgeschichte, Colonial Voyage
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Palau Islands Palau, Digital Micronesia
Pacific Digital Library
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Universitätsbibliothek, Sammlungen, click : Kolonialbibliothek
Online Journals On Oceania Journal of the Polynesian Society 1892-1991
Pacific Studies, IA
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes, 1945-2009 online
Kagoshima University, South Pacific Studies Archive 1980-2013
The Contemporary Pacific 2000-2013
On Mission Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; search for Tonga, Friendly Islands vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica
Historiography Article : Pacific Islands Historiography, by K.R. Howe, pp.685-687, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts On Oceania Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.25, pp.285-287 Article Pacific Islands : Palau. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.25
On Palau
Historical Dictionaries Robert D. Craig and Franklin P. King, Historical Dictionary of Oceania, Westport CT : Greenwood 1981 [G]
Historical Atlas Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Pacific, London : Penguin 1998, 120 pp. [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]