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Tokelau Islands American Samoa
First posted in May 2002, last revised on October 25th 2010





The Tripartite Convention 1899 (Britain, Germany, U.S.A.) allocated Tonga and Niue to Britain, while Samoa was partitioned by Germany (Western Samoa) and the U.S.A. (American Samoa).
German rule was terminated in World War I, when the islands were occupied by New Zealand forces; from 1919 to 1962 they were under New Zealand administration. Independence was achieved under the name of Western Samoa in 1962. In 2002 the country's name was changed from Western Samoa to Samoa.

Timeline : (Western) Samoa
Historical Atlas, Samoa Page




WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook
Jane's Samoa Home Page
Historical G. Kurze, Samoa. Das Land, die Leute und die Mission, 1900, IA
E. von Hesse-Wartegg, Samoa, Bismarckarchipel und Neuguinea, drei deutsche Kolonien in der Südsee 1902, IA
K. Hassert, Die neuen deutschen Erwerbungen in der Südsee: die Karolinen, Marianen und Samoa-Inseln, 1903, IA
F. Wohltmann, Pflanzung und Siedlung auf Samoa (1904, in German), posted by Internet Archive
S. Genthe, Samoa, 1908, IA
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Samoa, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Samoa, from Wikipedia
Organizations Pacific History Association
Pacific Islands Museums and Cultural Institutions Association (PIMA)
New Zealand Society of Genealogists, Pacific Islands Interest Group
Pacific Islands Study Circle (Philately)
Deutsche Pazifische Gesellschaft
Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Oceanie (CREDO); Wikipedia page (en.)
Historical Dictionaries Archaeopedia New Zealand
Timelines Timeline of Samoan history, from BBC News, from timelines.ws; from Jane's Oceania
Accounts of History General, Modern History of Samoa, from Infoplease , from samoa.co.uk
Article History of Samoa, from Wikipedia
Contemporary R.L. Stephenson, A Footnote to History : Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa (1912), IA
R.M. Watson, History of Samoa (1918), IA
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Croatia, Governments on the WWW : Samoa, Article Politics of Croatia, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Western Samoa 1800-1999, from ACED (no entries)
Samoa is listed among the countries without armed forces (Wikipedia)
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Samoa (Western)
Article : Economy of Samoa, from Wikipedia
F. Wohltmann, Pflanzung und Siedlung auf Samoa, 1904, IA
Social History Article : Samoa, from Education Encyclopedia
Ethnography Languages of Samoa (2), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Samoa
Samoa, pp.4391-4416 in vol.6B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Origins. Immigrant Communities in Victoria. History of immigration from Victoria
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Samoa, from Kirken i Norge
History, from The Baha'i House of Worship Samoa
C.B. Whonsbon-Aston, Polynesia Patchwork, 1948, Project Canterbury
History of Regions Districts of Samoa, from www.statoids.com
Articles Savai'i, Upolu, from Wikipedia
History of Cities Articles Apia : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article National University of Samoa, from Wikipedia
Welcome to TV Samoa (brief history)
Article Faleolo International Airport, from Wikipedia; Samoa, from Airline History
Structurae : Samoa; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Samoa
Biographies Pacific Islander Biography, database maintained at ANU
List of Samoans, from Wikipedia
Others Category : Disasters in Samoa, from Wikipedia
Articles : Samoa at the Olympics, Sport in Samoa, from Wikipedia
Oceania Ecoregion, from WWF
Samoa's Postal History, from Fellowship of Samoa Specialists

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : (Western) Samoa by Ben Cahoon; from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Samoa-Apia, from Wikipedia
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to Samoa, from PRC MOFA
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Western Samoa, from Population Statistics, posted by Jan Lahmeyer
Election Results from Psephos (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide (since 2001)
Online Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Deutsches Kolonialblatt 1890, 1891, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, IA, 1918, Univ. Frankfurt
Yearbooks International; Western Samoa entries UN Yearbook Collection, 1946-2007
Conditions of Trust Territories in the Pacific, UN Yearbook 1950, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, Conditions in Individual Trust Territories : Western Samoa, UN Yearbook 1956, Conditions in Trust Territories : Western Samoa, UN Yearbook 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960 1961
Staatskalender Deutscher Kolonialatlas mit Jahrbuch (German Colonial Atlas with Yearbook), Samoa section, in English translation 1905 pp.19-21, 1906 pp.20-22, 1907 pp.23-25, 1908 pp.22-24, 1909 pp.30-32, 1910 pp.30-34, 1913 pp.34-37, 1914 pp.39-41, 1918 pp.28-30, posted on psm-data
Documentaries Samoa 1949; youtube, 16 min.
United Nations visits Samoa 1956; youtube, 12 min.
A New Day in Samoa, 1959; youtube, 20 min.
Samoan Family, 1961; youtube, 15 min.
The History of Samoa Independence, n.d.; youtube, 7 min., uploaded 2011
Ecasttv (NZ), Western Samoa, Independence Day 1962
British Pathe, The Island of Samoa 1967
Movies Colonial Film. Moving Images of the British Empire : Western Samoa (listing of film titles)
Image Collections Der Bildbestand der Deutschen Kolonialgesellschaft in der Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main
Bundesarchiv, Digitales Bildarchiv, search for Samoa
Bundesarchiv, Eine deutsche "Musterkolonie" - Samoa unter dem Kosmopoliten Wilhelm Solf
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek : Media Type Image : Samoa
Samoan Genealogy, Samoan Old Photos
Samoan Sensation, Images (A. Krämer 1901)
Photos by Otto Tetens in Samoa 1902-1905
License Plates, from License Plates of the World, from Francoplaque
Images of Samoa, from Pacific Picture Agency
Airline Timetable Images : Samoa
Archival Deposits A.J. Fristoe, The Samoan Archives. An Annotated List of the Archival Material of the Various Governments of Western Samoa from the Middle of the Nineteenth Century to the First Quarter of the Twentieth Century, 1977; posted at MANOA
Samoan Archives, General Description, from National Register of Archives and Manuscripts, Wellington, New Zealand
Search National Archives (UK), Archives New Zealand for Samoa
Search Bundesarchiv for Samoa
Document Collections Search Papers Past for Samoa (online archive of New Zealand newspapers 1839-1920)
Search Hansard for Samoa
Life Magazine 1936-1972, GB, 24 entries for Western Samoa
Search Archives New Zealand for Samoa
Historical Maps click here
Samoa Maps, from Perry Castaneda Map Collection, UTexas
Encyclopedia Entries Article : Samoa, from Classic Encyclopedia (Britannica 1911 edition), from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1912 edition
from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Samoa-öarna, from Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926 (1916), posted by Project Runeberg, in Swedish
Tourist Guides P.S. Allen, Stewart's hand book of the Pacific islands; a reliable guide to all the inhabited islands of the Pacific Ocean, for traders, tourists and settlers 1919, IA
Archives, Musea, Libraries National Archives of Western Samoa, from ICA
The Museum of Samoa
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Samoa, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Search Coin Archives for Samoa
Kolonialgeld : Deutsch-Samoa
Stamps Rare Samoa Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery
Others Samoa Sources of Law Information, from PacLII

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies Search RHS Bibliography for Samoa
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Samoa
List of Books on Samoan history, from samoa.co.uk
Samoan Sensation, Samoan Free Online Bibliography
Samoan Archaeology Bibliography, UOregon
Center for Pacific Island Studies : Samoa : A Selected Bibliography, MANOA
Tennessee Archaeology Net : Bibliographies for Anthropological Research : Australia and Oceania
U. Holtz, Ehemalige deutsche Kolonien. Vom Kolonialstatus zum wirtschaftlichen Partnerland Deutschlands ?, Bibliographie/Webliographie 2003
D. Köster, Bibliographie zur deutschen Kolonialgeschichte, Colonial Voyage
serial publications Ch. Links, Schlaglichter der Kolonialgeschichte, Studien zur Kolonialgeschichte
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek
on Western Samoa New Zealand Digital Library
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Universitätsbibliothek, Sammlungen, click : Kolonialbibliothek
Online Journals On Oceania Journal of the Polynesian Society 1892-1991
Pacific Studies, IA
Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 1979-
Journal de la Societe des Oceanistes, 1945-2009 online
The Contemporary Pacific 2000-2013
On Mission Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; search for Tonga, Friendly Islands vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.25, pp.297-299 Article Pacific Islands : Western Samoa. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.25
Historiography Article : Pacific Islands Historiography, by K.R. Howe, pp.685-687, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Robert D. Craig and Franklin P. King, Historical Dictionary of Oceania, Westport CT : Greenwood 1981 [G]
Historical Atlas Colin McEvedy, The Penguin Historical Atlas of the Pacific, London : Penguin 1998, 120 pp. [G]