1956-1964 1985-1991

Ukraine 1964-1985

When Nikita Khrushchev was toppled in 1964, his successor Leonid Brezhnev returned to a policy of 'no experiments'. State control became stronger, but did not reach the level of intrusiveness it had had under Stalin.
While under Khrushchev, many Soviet citizens had believed in the superiority of the Soviet system, under Brezhnev resources were increasingly concentrated on the Cold War effort, the space, arms and medal race.
The policy of industrialization was continued; in Ukraine, nuclear power stations were established at Chernobyl (taken in operation in 1977), Rivne (1980) and Zaporizhzhia (1985). The Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986 would draw worldwide attention on Ukraine, and provide evidence for an industrial policy lacking concern for safety for the workers, the inhabitants of the surrounding area and the environment.
The population of Ukraine increased from 44 million in 1964 to 50 million in 1985. that of Kyiv from 1.348 million in 1964 to 2.248 million in 1985.

Articles Post-War History of Ukraine, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Ukrainian SSR, from World Statesmen
REFERENCE Paul Robert Magocsi, Ukraine, A Historical Atlas, Toronto : UP 1985 [G]
Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h
Article : USSR : Ukraine, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1417-1420, 1975-1976 pp.1422-1424, 1976-1977 pp.1420-1422, 1978-1979 pp.1239-1242, 1979-1980 pp.1249-1251, 1980-1981 pp.1245-1247, 1981-1982 pp.1253-1255, 1983-1984 pp.1249-1251, 1984-1985 pp.1246-1249, 1985-1986 pp.1248-1250

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 13th 2006

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