1964-1985 since 1991

Ukraine 1985-1991

At the close of 1991, with the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev as its president, the USSR suddenly dissolved and the Ukraine suddenly found itself independent.
Within Ukraine, the central and western regions were majority Ukrainian-speaking; the east, and the Crimean peninsula majority Russian speaking. Political parties came to represent these ethnic groups, with the pro-Russian party supporting a policy of close cooperation with Moscow, while the parties with strong support in the Ukrainian-speaking regions pursued a policy of aiming at accelerated political reform. Temporarily, the politicians on the Crimea discussed the option of separating from Ukraine and joining the Russian Federation.
Under Russia's leadership, upon the dissolution of the USSR the majority of the former SSRs, including Ukraine, joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Ukraine transferred her share of the USSR's nuclear arsenal to Russia. Until the Orange Revolution of 2004-2005, the Ukraine de facto was a Russian satellite; since, it has established political independence.

Articles Independence of Ukraine, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, Orange Revolution from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Ukraine, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Ukrainian Statesmen, from World Statesmen
REFERENCE Paul Robert Magocsi, Ukraine, A Historical Atlas, Toronto : UP 1985 [G]
Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Ukraine, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.413-416, 1993-1994 pp.414-418, 1994-1995 pp.401-406, 1995-1996 pp.389-395 [G]
Article : Ukraine, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1285-1290, 1997-1998 pp.1279-1284, 1998-1999 pp.1397-1404, 2000 pp.1568-1575, 2001 pp.1636-1643, 2002 pp.1593-1600, 2003 pp.1593-1600, 2004 pp.1612-1619, 2005 pp.1624-1631, 2006 pp.1631-1638 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Ukraine, pp.618-620, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Ukraine, Cabinet p.104, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Ukraine, pp.1012-1015 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Article : Ukraine, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.457-458, 737, 1994 pp.456-457, 737, 1995 pp.487-489, 737, 1996 pp.483-484, 737, 1997 pp.486-487, 735, 2002 pp.506-507, 749 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 13th 2006

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