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First posted on June 1st 2006, last revised on July 29th 2010

Until the early 19th century Dagestan belongted to Safavid Persia, then briefly to the Russian Empire (1722-1735), then to Afsharid respectively Zand Persia. In 1796/1803 the Khanate of Avaristan (which covered Dagestan) submitted to Russian suzerainty. The Dagestani resisted Russian taxation; their resistance was broken in 1864. The territory of modern Dagestan was administratively divided in Derbent Gubernia 1846-1860 / Dagestan Oblast 1860-1917 and Terek Oblast.
During the Russian Civil War (1917-1921) Dagestan formed part of the Republic of Northern Caucasus, but then was annexed into the RSFSR; the Dagestan ASSR was established in 1921.
The Dagestan ASSR, as part of the RSFSR, from 1922 to 1991 was part of the USSR. During the transition from communism to democracy it was renamed Dagestan Republic. The USSR disintegrated in 1991; Dagestan Republic now forms part of the Russian Federation.

Alternate spellings : Dagestan, Daghestan, Dachestan, Dagg Estan, Dakistan, Dagistan

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Country Profiles Current Article Dagestan, from Wikipedia
Regions and Territories : Dagestan, from BBC News
Dagestan, from Caucasus Documentary Network
Historical Dagestan, pp.12-19 in F.A.M. von Bieberstein, Beschreibung der Länder zwischen den Flüssen Terek und Kur am Caspischen Meer, 1800, in German, GB
Description of the Countries between the Rivers Terek and Kur, on the Caspian Sea, pp.212-217 in vol.11 issue 1 of Monthly magazine and British register, 1801, GB
Daghestan, pp.353-356 in A geographical memoir of the Persian empire: accompanied by a map, 1813, GB
Links General Dagestan, from kaukaz.net
on History Category : History of Dagestan, from Wikipedia
Organizations Caucasus Foundation
Historical Dictionary
Accounts of History
Military History Russia's Dagestan : Conflict Causes, from Chechnya Peace Forum
Economy & Finances
Ethnography The Tabasarans, The Tsakhurs, from The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire
Articles Lezgian Language, Avar Language, from Wikipedia
Article Tsez, from Glottopedia
Religion Mountain Jews of Azerbaijan and Dagestan, from Bible Discovered
History of Regions
Local History
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Russia : Dagestan Republic
Others H. Abich, Sur la structure et la geologie du Daghestan, 1862, in French, GB

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Russian Republics : Dagestan, from World Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics by Administrative Division : Russia, from : Population Statistics
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
Maps : Languages of the Caucasus, Languages of East Caucasus 1, Languages of East Caucasus 2, from Titus
Map : North Caucasus Krai 1931, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Encyclopedia Entries
General Dagestan, pp.660-661 in vol.12 of Encyclopedie ou Dictionnaire universel raisonne des connoissances, 1772, in French, GB
Daghestan, Dagistan, p.4 in vol.7 of the 2nd. ed. of Encyclopaedia Perthensis, 1816, GB
Daghestan, pp.21-22 in vol.19 of Dictionnaire de la conversation et de la lecture, 1835, in French, GB
Daghestan, p.208 in vol.6 of The new American cyclopaedia, 1867, GB
Geographical Entry : Dagestan, pp.327-329, in : T.G. Smoillett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, posted on Google Books
De Dagestan, la Circassie etc., pp.238-240 in vol.2 of L.A.N. de la Croix, Geographie Moderne, 1778, in French, GB
Del Dagestan, la Circasia etc., pp.291-295 in L.A.N. de Lacroix, Geografia moderna, 1779, in Spanish, GB
Dagestan mit Lesgistan, pp.101-106 in vol.2 of A.Chr. Borheck, Erdbeschreibung von Asien, 1793, in German, GB
Dagistan, pp.577-581 in vol.1 of Gihan numa: geographia orientalis , 1818, in Latin, GB
Daghestan and Lesghistan, pp.572-573 in R.S. Fisher, The Book of the World, 1852, GB
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Daghestan p.21
Historical Daghesta ou Dakistan, p.8 in Diccionario universal de historia y de geografia, 1853, in Spanish, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Dagestan, pp.464f in John Cook, Voyages and travels through the Russian empire, Tartary .., 1770, GB
J. von Klaproth, Travels in the Caucasus and Georgia: performed in the years 1807 and 1808, 1814, GB
C.E. von Eichwald, Reise auf dem Caspischen Meere und in den Caucasus, vol.1.2, 1837, GB
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
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on Dagestan
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
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Country Specific
Online Journals full text online
General Accounts Dagestan, pp.57-60, in : Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa 1st ed. 1999 [G]
Articles : Dagestan pp.141-143, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Historical Dictionary Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h
Yearbook Entries Article : USSR : Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 p.1411 ; 1975-1976 p.1416 ; 1978-1979 p.1233 ; 1980-1981 pp.1238-1239 ; 1983-1984 p.1243 ; 1984-1985 p.1240 ; 1985-1986 p.1241 ; 1987-1988 pp.1243-1244 ; 1988-1989 pp.1247-1248 ; 1989-1990 pp.1253-1254 ; 1990-1991 pp.1256-1257 ; 1991-1992 p.1256 (data of 1990-1991) [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : Dagestan Autonmous Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 p.406 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : Dagestan Republic, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 p.407 ; 1994-1995 p.394 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Russia : Dagestan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1995-1996 p.382 (data of 1994-1995) [G]
Article : Russia : Dagestan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 p.1087 ; 1997-1998 p.1092 ; 1998-1999 pp.1186-1187 ; 2000 p.1329 ; 2001 p.1292 ; 2002 pp.1345-1346 ; 2003 p.1344 ; 2004 p.1349 ; 2005 p.1361 [G]

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