History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

First posted on April 2nd 2008, last revised on July 4th 2010








European Russia 1796-1917 : Administrative History . Economic History . Demographic History

Timeline Administrative History

ASSRs : Bashkir ASSR, Chuvash ASSR, Kalmyk ASSR, Karelian ASSR, Komi ASSR, Mari ASSR, Mordvinian ASSR (Mordovia), (Volga) Tatar ASSR, (Votsk) Udmurt ASSR, Volga German ASSR (1924-1941)
Oblasts : Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Balashov, Belgorod, Bryansk, Gorki (Nizhny Novgorod), Ivanovo, Kalinin (Tver), Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kamensk, Kirov (Vyatka), Kostroma, Kursk, Kuybishev (Samara), Leningrad (St. Petersburg), Lipetsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Novgorod, Orenburg, Oryol, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Ulyanovsk (Simbirsk), Veliky Luki, Vladimir, Volgograd (Tsaritsyn, Stalingrad), Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl
Krais : Perm

Successor States as of 1918 : Russia, USSR, Belarus, Ukraine, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland

Governments : Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Bessarabia, Chernigov, Courland, Don, Ekaterinoslav, Estonia, Grodno, Kaluga, Kazan, Kharkov, Kherson, Kiev, Kostroma, Kovno, Kursk, Livland, Minsk, Mogilev, Moscow, Nizhni-Novgorod, Novgorod, Olonets, Oryol, Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Podolia, Poltava, Pskov, Ryazan, Samara, Sankt Petersburg, Saratov, Simbirsk, Smolensk, Taganrog, Tambov, Taurida, Tula, Tver, Ufa, Vyatka, Vilna, Vitebsk, Vladimir, Volhynia, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl

For earlier history, see Grand Duchy of Muscovy

Historical Atlas, Russian Empire, Europe Page
List of Wars : Russian Empire, 1547-1917


Students' Papers : Park, Jea Young, Cities in the Russian Empire, Sept. 2008
Students' Papers : Cho, Namje, Political Parties in Russia until 1917, Nov. 2007
Students' Papers : Park, Yon Soo, The Society and Government of Russia in the 18th Century, Nov. 2007
Students' Papers : Cha Sowan, Nihilism in Russia, 1860-1881, March 2007




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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from SSEES
Virtual Library for Russian and East European Studies, from REESWeb
Category : Russia, from Wikipedia
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; from Russian Club at Texas Tech
Category : Imperial Russia, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries Encyclopedia of Russian History
Rusnet Encyclopedia
Historical Maps WHKMLA Historical Atlas Russia Page
City Panoramas 19th Century, from Historic Maps, Moskau 1811, St. Petersburg 1849
Atlas Rossinskaya 1745, posted on Commander Rezanov; Russian language website
Map : European Russia 1905, Eueopean Russia 1922, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Timelines Russia to 1910, 1911-1944 from timelines.ws
Accounts of History from Wikipedia, from H Net
Russian History on the Web, from russianhistory.org
Encyclopedia Entries Articles Russia, Russian Religion, Russian Language and Literature, Saint Petersburg, Nihilism, Moscow, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1912 edition
Articles Russia, Russian Literature
Gouvernements : Moscow, Tver, Pskov, Novgorod, Olonets, Archangelsk, Vologda, Perm, Vyatka, Ufa, Samara, Kazan, Simbirsk, Saratov, Penza, Tambov, Voronezh, Astrakhan, Territory of the Don Cossacks, Kharkov, Ekaterinoslav, Taurida, Kherson, Bessarabia, Podolia, Kiev, Chernigov, Kursk, Orel, Tula, Ryazan, Kaluga, Smolensk, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Minsk, Volhynia, Grodno, Poltava
Cities : Moscow, Nizhniy-Novgorod, Samara, Azov, Smolensk, from EB 1911
Articles Russia, Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Pale of Settlement, Nijni-Novgorod, Smolensk, from Jewich Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Article Russisches Reich (Russian Empire), Sankt Petersburg, Moskau, Samara, Kasan, Ufa, Wjatka, Wologda, Perm, Kostroma, Nishnij-Nowgorod, Jaroslaw, Wladimir, Olonez, Nowgorod, Pskow, Twer, Tula, Rjasan, Tambow, Kursk, Orel, Woronesh, Saratov, Kosaken, Astrachan, Smolensk, Kaluga, from : Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Archangel, Astrakhan, Moskau, Nischnei-Nowgorod, Odessa, Petersburg, Russland, Taganrog, posted by DTBSWS
J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Archangel, posted by DTBSWS
Russia in Europe, pp.291-299 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Russia, pp.183-192 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Russia in Europe, pp.96-107 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Russian Region, pp.408-433 in Th. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
Russia pp.236-250 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Russia
Article Economy of Russia, Russian Ruble, from Wikipedia
History of Russian Pipeline Transport, from Transneft
History of Oil in Russia, from Gazprom
The Beginnings of Railway in Russia, by Kevin Fink
The Cotton Textile Industry in Russia and the Soviet Union, by Dave Pretty
List of Match Factories in the Russian Empire, from The Virtual Matchbox Labels Museum
Ethnography Languages of Russia (105), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Russia - Avars, Buryat, Chechen, Ingush, Karachay, Kumyk, Lezgin, Roma, Tatars, Tuvinians, Yakut
Category : Ethnic Groups in Russia, from Wikipedia
Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire, posted by eki
Russia and Eurasia, from World Cultures Encyclopedia
Russia (in Europe), pp.319-343 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Russia, from Kirken i Norge; Virtual Jewish History Tour : Russia, from Jewish Virtual Library; Article Religion in Russia, Russian Orthodox Church, Islam in Russia, Dukhobors, Old Believers, from Wikipedia
Russia, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
History of Regions WHKMLA History of Karelia, Komi, Udmurtia, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Mari-El, Chuvashia, Mordvinia, Kalmykia
Category : Administrative Divisions in Russia, from Wikipedia
Subjects of Russia, Rayons of Russia, from www.statoids.com (Gwillim Law)
History of Cities History of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Nizhni Novgorod, Volgograd, Kazan, Samara, Saratov, Astrakhan, Rostov, Voronezh, Kursk, Ryazan, Oryol, Tula, Yaroslavl, Tver, Smolensk, Kiev, Odessa, Sevastopol, Minsk, Riga, Tallinn (Reval), from Wikipedia
Institutions History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, from Wikipedia
History of Lomonosov Moscow State University
History, from JSC Russian Railways
Article Okhrana, Katorga, Zemstvo, State Duma of the Russian Empire, from Wikipedia
Bibliography Russian and East European Studies - list of books published by Routledge Curzon
National Bibliography of Russia, posted by University of Illinois at Urbana
Russian DVD.com
Biographies Biographies of Russian Saints, from Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon, in German
List of Russians, from Wikipedia
Cultural History Article Russian Literature, from Wikipedia
Article Russian Ballet, from Wikipedia
Article Music of Russia, from Wikipedia
Article Russian Architecture, from Wikipedia
Others Russian Chess History, by Bill Wall
Category : Russia at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
The History of Tea : Russia, from Go27
History of the Russian Vegetarian Societies, from IVU
Russia : Forbidden Books and Newspapers, from Beacon for Freedom of Expression
Freemasonry in Russia, from CFO

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Population Figures from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Document Collections Russian Historical Texts in English, posted by John Slatter, Univ. Durham
Russian History Digital Library, extensive collections of links to primary sources
Primary Sources, from russianhistory.org
Russia - Belarus - Ukraine - Uzbekistan Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Online Exhibitions, from National Library of Russia, comment in English
Archives, Musea, Libraries Archives in Russia, from ArcheoBiblioBase
Russian Archives Online
Yale Russian Archive Project
Museums in Russia, from WWW Virtual Library
www.russian museums.info
Libraries of Russia, from Libraries on the Internet, from LibDex
Others

REFERENCE
Online Libraries Virtual Library Eastern Europe, maintained in Germany, most sources in German
General Accounts Melvin K. Wren, Course of Russian History, Waveland 1997, 617 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947 W945
Charles E. Ziegler, The History of Russia, Greenwood 1999, 272 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947 Z66t
Irene Neander, Grundzüge der Russischen Geschichte (An Outline of Russian History) , Darmstadt 1970, in German [G]
Economic History Falkus. M.E., The Industrialisation of Russia, London : MacMillan (1972) 1984 [G]
Fr.-Chirovsky, Nicholas L., The Economic Factors in the Growth of Russia, NY : Philosophical Library 1957 [G]
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Russland, vol.1 1830 pp.401-434, vol.4 1844 pp.257-302, posted by DTBSWS
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Russland
Specific Periods Peter Waldron, The End of Imperial Russia, 1855-1917, NY : St. Martin's, 1997, 189 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947.08 W167e
Simon Dixon, The Modernization of Russia 1676-1825, Cambridge : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign.: 947 D621t
M.E. Falkus, The Industrialization of Russia 1700-1914, London : MacMillan (1972) 1984 [G]
Documents Gregory L. Freeze, From Supplication to Revolution. A Documentary Social History of Russia, Oxford : UP 1988 [G]
Regional History Anna Reid, Borderland: A Journey Through the History of Ukraine, Westview 2000, 258 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 947.7 R353b
Europa Publications, The Territories of the Russian Federation, London : Europa Publications 1999 [G]
James R. Harris, The Great Urals. Regionalism and the Evolution of the Soviet System, Ithaca : Cornell UP 1999 [G]
Historical Atlasses John Channon, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Russia, London : Penguin 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947 C458p
Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Russian History, Dorset Press (1972) 1985 [G]
Paul Robert Magocsi, Ukraine, A Historical Atlas, Toronto UP 1985 [G]
Wladyslaw Czaplinski and Tadeusz Ladogorski, Historical Atlas of Poland, Wroclaw (1967) 1986 [G]
Red Army Publishing Bureau, Atlas Oficera, Moscow 1984; voluminous, has historical map section at end, mostly showing military campaigns [G]
Historical Dictionaries B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h
Jan Zaprudnik, Historical Dictionary of Belarus, Methuen : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 Z35h
Kohut, Zenon E., Historical Dictionary of Ukraine, Rowman & Littlefield 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.7 K79h